South Korea<br />The Land of Morning Calm<br />09218105D   Lam Kit Hung<br />09081679D  Lee KwaiLan<br />09075395D  Ho Sze...
Brief Introduction<br /><ul><li>In Eastern Asia
Southern half of the   Korean Peninsula
Bordering the Sea of    Japan and the Yellow Sea
Area: </li></ul>    total: 99,720 sq km<br />(country comparison to the world: 115)        land: 96,920 sq km<br />   wate...
Brief Introduction<br />Motto:널리 인간을 이롭게 하라 (홍익인간)&quot;Devotion to the welfare of humanity“<br />National flower         ...
Brief Introduction<br />Government  Type: Republic<br />Country name: Conventional long form: Republic of Korea(ROK)Local ...
Brief Introduction<br />Population(2009 est.):48,508,972Country comparison to the world: 26<br />Age structure (2009 est.)...
Brief Introduction<br />Religion<br />  Shamanism<br />  Daoism and Buddhism<br />  Christianity<br />  Roman Catholics<br...
Brief Introduction<br />GDP & Economy(2008 est.):Korea&apos;s GDP (PPP) per capita was estimated at $27,600 GDP - real gro...
Brief Introduction<br /><ul><li>Public HolidaysLiberation Day, 15 August</li></ul>Chungjang Recollection Festival <br />Ch...
Brief Introduction<br />Korean History<br />A modern nation with a history of over 5,000 years<br />Myth - THE STORY OF ...
Brief Introduction<br />Other Attractions<br />Jagalchi Market<br />Jungdo Island <br />Naksan Beach<br />Kim Il Sung&apo...
Brief Introduction<br />Korean History – Korean War<br />June 25th, 1950<br />South Korea was invaded by North Korea <br ...
Brief Introduction<br />9 Provinces,  7 administratively separate cities<br />Capital:Seoul- one of the world&apos;s top t...
Brief Introduction<br />Transportation and energy<br />South Korean fishing boats<br />Incheon International Airport<br />...
Brief Introduction<br />Hanbok한복<br />Children&apos;s hanbok<br />Female and male hanbok<br />Dolhanbok<br />Wedding cloth...
Brief Introduction<br />Hanok한옥<br />Create a living space based on the coexistence of nature and humans<br />Types<br />g...
Brief Introduction<br />Festival<br />Seollal설날 – The Korean  New Year<br />Chuseok추석 – major harvest festival<br />Perfor...
Brief Introduction<br />Dano단오<br />Daeboreum대보름 <br />“Great Full Moon”<br />Ssireum<br />Swing jump<br />
Korean Wave<br />Food – snacks / street food<br />
Korean Wave<br />Food – Main course (with many garnish )<br />Yummy!!<br />
Korean Wave<br />Spicy Food!<br />
Korean Wave<br />Entertainment – Music<br />Big Bang - Top 10 Asian Boy Bands<br />Tort Music<br />Super Junior - Top 10 A...
Korean Wave<br />Popular Drama & Movie - changes<br />Dramatic mini-series<br />
Korean Wave<br />International Brand<br />
Current Issues<br />Cyber suicideSouth Korea shaken by celebrity suicide<br />!Beauty industry is a big business in South ...
Korean Culture<br />Hierarchy<br />Confucianism<br />Respect<br />Harmony<br />
History of CONFUCIANISM<br />World view and social relations influenced by indigenous shamanistic religion, the     ancie...
2.)Collectivism - concept of &quot;neighbor”:    1.) develop a closed community;    2.) views each individual as a member ...
Hierarchy<br />Different ways to speak to the elderly or the same age as you:1. Emphasizes on family hierarchies, detailed...
Impacts<br />When foreigners interact with Korean, they may use the following ways to avoid cultural conflicts:1.)Follow K...
Impacts<br />Hospitality Industry<br />Restaurant:  -  Pay attention to the sitting arrangement  -  Provide comprehensive ...
Impacts<br />Society<br />Higher positions in a company  occupied by men<br />People  have the highest authority in a uni...
Respect<br />Shake hands 1. Two - hand maneuver     – use in all situations (esp. giving & receiving)    – show respect2. ...
Respect<br />Invited to a drinking party : expected to drink offer to pour the drink of the others                use b...
The greeting : Annyonghashimnikka?  - show special respect<br />Encounter a group of people  the elderly are to be acknow...
Harmony<br />People treat others equally without discriminationi.e. Professionals earnings = Unionized bus driver in Seoul...
Impacts<br />Hospitality industry<br />Hotel: - Staffs should avoid conflicts / come into arguments with guests - Manager ...
Local Culture<br />Customs<br /><ul><li>Weddings1. Marriages  arranged by parents </li></ul>     2. Wedding ceremony  we...
Local Culture<br />Dining<br />Never pour your own drink let the elderly people pours your drink;     turn away from him ...
Local Culture<br />Dining - Business<br />- Keep glass half full- Drink slowly - Never let it be empty<br />Own rice and s...
Local Culture<br />Socializing<br />Nod  accompanied by handshake (esp. S.Korean)<br />Common greeting: Annyonghaseyo?<br...
Local Culture<br />Socializing<br />   Refer to others by their given name(except among peers and very close friends)<br /...
Local Culture<br />Socializing<br />Refer to the age to differentiate the relationship<br />Heterosexual people (same sex)...
Local Culture<br />Socializing - Dressing<br />Appearance is important to them     e.g.    1.  Men go to work in suits,   ...
Local Culture<br />Business Manner<br />Entertaining  important for doing business<br />Contracts: starting point  of a ...
Local Culture<br />Business Manner<br />Use Korean title with family name<br />Use Mr./Mrs./Miss if there is no title<br /...
Local Culture<br />Gift Giving<br />Business gifts  often presented at the 1st  meeting<br />Give to those who have helpe...
Local Culture<br />Gift Giving<br />Koreans feel more comfortablebuying household items &     leaving the wrapped package...
Local Culture<br />Shopping Industry<br />Say yes to questions       lose face       The way you phrase a question is cru...
Local Culture<br />Holidays and celebrations<br />The New Year<br /><ul><li> 1st day of the 1st lunar month
 1 to 3 January
 Families gather around & dress in their best clothesyounger members make New Year’s obeisance          to their elders &...
 Exchange gifts, honor the dead & enjoy large meal
 Fortunes are told</li></li></ul><li>Local Culture<br />Holidays and celebrations<br />Birthday celebration<br />People 60...
Local Culture<br />Values & norms<br />Inappropriate to touch older people of opposite sex<br />Harmony in personal relati...
Local Culture<br /><ul><li> Permeates every facet of Korean life
 External signals of politeness > other moral values
Involves listening & gauging the others’ mood
Non verbal cues convey emotion & meaning through different means    e.g. voice pitch and volume </li></ul>Kibun<br />Nunc...
Local Culture<br />Inhwa – eye measure<br /><ul><li>Drawing from Confucian beliefs signify Korean approach to harmony    ...
 Business culture  Innate sense of loyalty employee obedience</li></li></ul><li>Impacts on hospitality<br />Restaurant<b...
Impacts on hospitality<br />Hotels & accommodations<br />Korean wave  (e.g. Hong Kong ) - Decorate the rooms or other area...
Western  Culture<br />Children undertake physical development<br />Golf expensive sports in the country<br />Main cultur...
Impacts on Hospitality<br />Hotels<br />Sports facilitiesincreasingly important part of everyday life in Korea<br />Luxur...
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HTM2118-South Korea Yvonne,Cathy,Connie and Susan

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  • http://www.paulnoll.com/Korea/History/South-Korean-flag.html
  • www.wikipedia.com
  • ?????????????????????
  • Higher positions in a company  occupied by men as they have a higher status in societyPeople have the highest authority in an organization/ a unit / a company will receive the greatest respectDue to limited sphere of freedom :they may succumb to the decisions of the people in higher authority
  • Invited to a drinking party  expected to drinkIf he says no ruin the general atmosphere of the partyglance briefly at the card(name & positions) use of someone’s title shows respect.
  • An honorific  added to the greeting to show special respect: Annyonghashimnikka?
  •  conflict of the guests &the employees in a hotel the manager of the hotel can act as the third party to resolve their conflicts Impacts on society:Stress harmony  suppress their emotions so as to avoid the direct confrontation with others easily
  • Business cards/ “name card” in Korean → Show interest and look it over thoroughly → First : Title Second: Surname e.g. “Manager Kim”
  • It is very hard for Koreans to admit failure and it is devastating to lose face in Korean culture
  • Kibun:A concept that permeates every facet of Korean lifeIn terms of pride, face, mood, or state of mindexhibit the external signals of politeness rather than other moral valuesconcept  involves listening and gauging the other person’s mood – often without the help of clear signalsnon-verbal cues convey emotion and meaning through various meansE.g. voice pitch and volume High context countries
  • Drawing from Confucian beliefs which signifies the Korean approach to harmony reply with positive answers show reluctance to give direct refusals Business culture  an innate sense of loyalty, employee obedience, courteous and formal behavior
  • (3)Koreans often speak loudly, like they are shouting (4) restaurants with traditional /special settings decorating the hotel to become “Korean”
  • (3) fondness for Korean drama and films Travel agencies should take this kind of tour as their selling pointhttp://meverden.blogspot.com/2008/09/korean-full-house-visit-part-2.htmlhttp://ahbald.blogspot.com/2009/08/song-hye-kyo-of-full-house-korean-drama.html
  • Children  undertake physical development seek excellence in competitive athletic events Golf expensive sports in the country considered a prestige game Main cultural interest of the younger generation : the visual media E.g. animation, advertisement, videos & films.Music- show s culture - use western instrument to compose a Korean song - Rock ballads  the slower songs - samulnori and nongak (farmer’s music)  rock and roll; heavy metal and hip-hop The side dishes refilled at no chargeif you wish for more
  • http://www.hotelcapital.co.kr/english/index.asp
  • HTM2118-South Korea Yvonne,Cathy,Connie and Susan

    1. 1. South Korea<br />The Land of Morning Calm<br />09218105D Lam Kit Hung<br />09081679D Lee KwaiLan<br />09075395D Ho SzeChing<br />09517712D Yip TszWa Yvonne<br />
    2. 2. Brief Introduction<br /><ul><li>In Eastern Asia
    3. 3. Southern half of the Korean Peninsula
    4. 4. Bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea
    5. 5. Area: </li></ul> total: 99,720 sq km<br />(country comparison to the world: 115) land: 96,920 sq km<br /> water: 2,800 sq km<br /><ul><li>Climate</li></ul> Temperate climate <br /> Four distinct seasons <br />
    6. 6. Brief Introduction<br />Motto:널리 인간을 이롭게 하라 (홍익인간)&quot;Devotion to the welfare of humanity“<br />National flower <br />National flag<br />National emblem<br />
    7. 7. Brief Introduction<br />Government Type: Republic<br />Country name: Conventional long form: Republic of Korea(ROK)Local form: Taehan-min&apos;guk / Han&apos;guk<br />Legal system: <br />Continental European civil law systems, Anglo-American law, Chinese classical thought; Has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction<br />Suffrage: 19 years of age<br />
    8. 8. Brief Introduction<br />Population(2009 est.):48,508,972Country comparison to the world: 26<br />Age structure (2009 est.):0-14 years: 16.8% 15-64 years: 72.3% 65 years and over: 10.8%<br />Birth rate: Death rate: 8.93 births/1,000 population 5.94 deaths/1,000 population (2009 est. – nearly the lowest) (2009 est.)<br />Life expectancy at birth:total population: 78.72 years<br />
    9. 9. Brief Introduction<br />Religion<br /> Shamanism<br /> Daoism and Buddhism<br /> Christianity<br /> Roman Catholics<br /> Confucianism<br />Ch&apos;ondogyoj<br />Jikjisa Temple<br />
    10. 10. Brief Introduction<br />GDP & Economy(2008 est.):Korea&apos;s GDP (PPP) per capita was estimated at $27,600 GDP - real growth rate: <br />2.2% Unemployment rate: 3.2% country comparison to the world: 37Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.7% Exchange rates: South Korean won (KRW) per US dollar - 1,101.7<br />
    11. 11. Brief Introduction<br /><ul><li>Public HolidaysLiberation Day, 15 August</li></ul>Chungjang Recollection Festival <br />ChoenamdanBangeo Festival <br />Icheon Rice Cultural Festival <br />
    12. 12. Brief Introduction<br />Korean History<br />A modern nation with a history of over 5,000 years<br />Myth - THE STORY OF TAN&apos;GUN<br /><ul><li>August 25th, 1945 Korea was divided into North and South KoreaNorth Korea  Community form-Democratic People's Republic of Korea &South Korea  United States turned its authority - Republic of Korea  </li></li></ul><li>Brief Introduction<br />World Heritage <br />Gochang Dolmens Site<br />ChangdeokgungPalace Complex<br />
    13. 13. Brief Introduction<br />Other Attractions<br />Jagalchi Market<br />Jungdo Island <br />Naksan Beach<br />Kim Il Sung&apos;s Summer Residence<br /> Ulsanbawi Rock <br />Bampo Bridge<br />
    14. 14. Brief Introduction<br />Korean History – Korean War<br />June 25th, 1950<br />South Korea was invaded by North Korea <br />Korean War lasted three years, ended in 1953<br />Demilitarized Zone - The 4 kilometer-wide area along the Military Demarcation Line which divides North and South Korea<br />
    15. 15. Brief Introduction<br />9 Provinces, 7 administratively separate cities<br />Capital:Seoul- one of the world&apos;s top ten financial and commercial cities<br />The richest region:Ulsan<br />
    16. 16. Brief Introduction<br />Transportation and energy<br />South Korean fishing boats<br />Incheon International Airport<br />Seoul Metro’s New Golden Line 9<br />South Korea Taxi<br />Express Bus Terminal<br />Seoul Subway Line 9<br />
    17. 17. Brief Introduction<br />Hanbok한복<br />Children&apos;s hanbok<br />Female and male hanbok<br />Dolhanbok<br />Wedding clothing<br />Baby’s clothes<br />
    18. 18. Brief Introduction<br />Hanok한옥<br />Create a living space based on the coexistence of nature and humans<br />Types<br />giwajip (nobility)<br />chogajip (peasantry)<br />Special design <br />ondolgudeul +daecheong<br />
    19. 19. Brief Introduction<br />Festival<br />Seollal설날 – The Korean New Year<br />Chuseok추석 – major harvest festival<br />Perform sebae<br />Tteokguk<br />Chuseokbim<br />Ganggangsullae<br />songpyeon<br />Seongmyo<br />
    20. 20. Brief Introduction<br />Dano단오<br />Daeboreum대보름 <br />“Great Full Moon”<br />Ssireum<br />Swing jump<br />
    21. 21. Korean Wave<br />Food – snacks / street food<br />
    22. 22. Korean Wave<br />Food – Main course (with many garnish )<br />Yummy!!<br />
    23. 23. Korean Wave<br />Spicy Food!<br />
    24. 24. Korean Wave<br />Entertainment – Music<br />Big Bang - Top 10 Asian Boy Bands<br />Tort Music<br />Super Junior - Top 10 Asian Boy Bands<br />2NE1<br />TVXQ<br />SS501<br />K-Pop<br />SHINee<br /> The earliest form of Korean pop music <br />
    25. 25. Korean Wave<br />Popular Drama & Movie - changes<br />Dramatic mini-series<br />
    26. 26. Korean Wave<br />International Brand<br />
    27. 27. Current Issues<br />Cyber suicideSouth Korea shaken by celebrity suicide<br />!Beauty industry is a big business in South KoreaCosmetic surgery<br />Improve their career prospects?<br />operations have become cheaper?<br />Surgery is becoming more and more common<br />
    28. 28. Korean Culture<br />Hierarchy<br />Confucianism<br />Respect<br />Harmony<br />
    29. 29. History of CONFUCIANISM<br />World view and social relations influenced by indigenous shamanistic religion, the ancient religious and philosophical traditions of ChinaShamanism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism: Forming Korean culture & pattern of social relations<br />Key categorical dimensions of culture1.)Human Nature Confucian, Neo-Confucian and philosophersShaping the Korean view of human nature<br />
    30. 30. 2.)Collectivism - concept of &quot;neighbor”: 1.) develop a closed community; 2.) views each individual as a member of a groupemphasis unified effortsApplications (Modern): - identify appropriate ranking with prescribed rules for defining senior and social status<br />
    31. 31. Hierarchy<br />Different ways to speak to the elderly or the same age as you:1. Emphasizes on family hierarchies, detailed genealogies: Much respect is given to elders – e.g. sit at the table 1st others – e.g. Leave before the elders finish<br />Father-son relationship - expand to other institutionse.g.leaders and superiors;juniors or subordinates  raise questions to seniors.<br />Bowing:The deeper the bow, the more respect you are showing<br />
    32. 32. Impacts<br />When foreigners interact with Korean, they may use the following ways to avoid cultural conflicts:1.)Follow Koreans’ way to react and behave i.e. combine different ways of greeting2.)Be aware of how to communicate with them i.e. talk to whom, use the proper appellation3.)Show your respect wherever you go and whatever you do i.e. let elderly pour your drink and eat first4.)Leave individual achievements behind i.e. engage in group activities – focus on teamwork5.)Pay attention to your manners instead of the content of contract<br />
    33. 33. Impacts<br />Hospitality Industry<br />Restaurant: - Pay attention to the sitting arrangement - Provide comprehensive services to fulfill their needs and wants <br />
    34. 34. Impacts<br />Society<br />Higher positions in a company  occupied by men<br />People have the highest authority in a unit  receive the greatest respect<br />Due to limited sphere of freedom : succumb to the decisions of the people in higher authority<br />Individual<br />
    35. 35. Respect<br />Shake hands 1. Two - hand maneuver – use in all situations (esp. giving & receiving) – show respect2. Shake with your right hand & place your left hand between your wrist & elbow<br />Guests invited to a home  remove their shoes before entering be arranged the warmest /best position<br />Guests invited for a meal or party  bring small gifts in appreciation gifts: open in front of the giver <br />
    36. 36. Respect<br />Invited to a drinking party : expected to drink offer to pour the drink of the others  use both hands to pour & accept a drink<br /> Traditional greeting: gentle nod & slight bow<br />Business cards: present face up  accept with both hands exchanged in professional meeting for 1st time glance briefly at the card(name & positions)Foreign visitors : address people formally<br />Show respect<br />
    37. 37. The greeting : Annyonghashimnikka? - show special respect<br />Encounter a group of people the elderly are to be acknowledged first<br />Respect<br />
    38. 38. Harmony<br />People treat others equally without discriminationi.e. Professionals earnings = Unionized bus driver in Seoul<br />Societal stability - essential for survival and progress<br />Harmony within Business world:e.g.superior  obligated to track subordinates‘ hidden feelingscreating a sense of unity and intimacy <br />Harmony in personal relationships is a dominant force in a Korean’s life <br />Conflicts - avoid open confrontation & allow save face<br /> 3rd party to act as an intermediary <br />
    39. 39. Impacts<br />Hospitality industry<br />Hotel: - Staffs should avoid conflicts / come into arguments with guests - Manager can be the 3rd party to resolve the problems <br />Encounter a group of people - Elderly are to be acknowledged first<br />
    40. 40. Local Culture<br />Customs<br /><ul><li>Weddings1. Marriages  arranged by parents </li></ul> 2. Wedding ceremony  wear traditional-style costumes<br /><ul><li>Family</li></ul>1.Women retain their birth names<br /> 2.Traditional homesguests sit on cushions<br />
    41. 41. Local Culture<br />Dining<br />Never pour your own drink let the elderly people pours your drink; turn away from him as you drink -> apply the two-hand technique<br />Alcoholic drinks are common in company before meals<br />Soup  a vital part of every meal<br />Generally like hot/spicy foodred pepper is an indispensable seasoning<br />
    42. 42. Local Culture<br />Dining - Business<br />- Keep glass half full- Drink slowly - Never let it be empty<br />Own rice and soup;Others  placed in the centre of the table<br />Metal chopsticks and spoons commonly used utensils<br />Right hand  pass the food & pour the drink;Left hand  support the forearm or wrist <br />Adults  Eating while walking on the street<br />
    43. 43. Local Culture<br />Socializing<br />Nod  accompanied by handshake (esp. S.Korean)<br />Common greeting: Annyonghaseyo?<br />Young children bow or nod when greeting adults<br />Personal space  limited in South Korea generally do not form queues; pushing and crowding are considered normal<br />e.g. everyone may crowd around & push to enter a bus<br />
    44. 44. Local Culture<br />Socializing<br /> Refer to others by their given name(except among peers and very close friends)<br /> Admit ignorance or uncertainty try to answer even if they think it is wrong <br />Custom  Decline a gift at least twice<br />Gift giving  Simple and Personal <br />The word “friend”  Reserved for the same age <br />
    45. 45. Local Culture<br />Socializing<br />Refer to the age to differentiate the relationship<br />Heterosexual people (same sex) commonly walk hand in hand<br />Extremely direct communicators  ask naturallye.g. “How old are you?” or“How much money do you make?”<br />Selection of nouns and pronouns Implying different levels of social status ; determined by hierarchy<br />Often speak very loudly, sounds as though they are shouting<br />
    46. 46. Local Culture<br />Socializing - Dressing<br />Appearance is important to them e.g. 1. Men go to work in suits, 2. Women wear skirts and heels<br />
    47. 47. Local Culture<br />Business Manner<br />Entertaining  important for doing business<br />Contracts: starting point of a business agreement flexible: adjustments can be made legal implications: less important than interpersonal relationship loosely structured consensus statements <br />
    48. 48. Local Culture<br />Business Manner<br />Use Korean title with family name<br />Use Mr./Mrs./Miss if there is no title<br /> Criticizing someone in public so as to prevent loss of face<br />Business people devote a great deal of timegetting to know the peopleprefer to do business with whom they have a personal connection<br />Most Koreans have 3 names<br /><ul><li>South Koreans. </li></li></ul><li>Local Culture<br />Business Manner<br />Relationships  developed through informal social gatherings<br />Make each other successful by Mutually Trust & RespectBusiness cards/ “name card” in Korean : -> Show interest and look it over thoroughly-> First : Title ; Second: Surname e.g. “Manager Kim”<br />
    49. 49. Local Culture<br />Gift Giving<br />Business gifts  often presented at the 1st meeting<br />Give to those who have helped them or assist them in the future<br />Family gift giving:- Candles,- A large box of matches - Even toilet tissue<br />Proper gift to any family occasion is money<br />New Year’s give lucky money to children<br />Family :just move into a new house<br />
    50. 50. Local Culture<br />Gift Giving<br />Koreans feel more comfortablebuying household items & leaving the wrapped package on the table <br /> Not always the gift item that counts, it&apos;s first-class or luxury brand name<br />Gift wrapping: how it looks is important than the item itself<br />
    51. 51. Local Culture<br />Shopping Industry<br />Say yes to questions  lose face The way you phrase a question is crucial<br />Not generally like to haggle with foreign customers<br />Try not to exchange items or haggling excessively during the morning hours <br />
    52. 52. Local Culture<br />Holidays and celebrations<br />The New Year<br /><ul><li> 1st day of the 1st lunar month
    53. 53. 1 to 3 January
    54. 54. Families gather around & dress in their best clothesyounger members make New Year’s obeisance to their elders & Family members bow to older person generally dress in traditional clothing
    55. 55. Exchange gifts, honor the dead & enjoy large meal
    56. 56. Fortunes are told</li></li></ul><li>Local Culture<br />Holidays and celebrations<br />Birthday celebration<br />People 60th birthday - Hwan’gapExtended family members gather for a grand celebration<br />100 days after a child’s birth<br />Small feast is held In honor of the child’s survival – Many died in the past<br />
    57. 57. Local Culture<br />Values & norms<br />Inappropriate to touch older people of opposite sex<br />Harmony in personal relationships  dominant force in a Korean’s life<br />Friendships  tight-knit & valuable<br />Difficult for them to admit failure lose face in Korean culture <br />
    58. 58. Local Culture<br /><ul><li> Permeates every facet of Korean life
    59. 59. External signals of politeness > other moral values
    60. 60. Involves listening & gauging the others’ mood
    61. 61. Non verbal cues convey emotion & meaning through different means e.g. voice pitch and volume </li></ul>Kibun<br />Nunchi<br />
    62. 62. Local Culture<br />Inhwa – eye measure<br /><ul><li>Drawing from Confucian beliefs signify Korean approach to harmony e.g. reply with positive answer show reluctance to give direct refusals
    63. 63. Business culture  Innate sense of loyalty employee obedience</li></li></ul><li>Impacts on hospitality<br />Restaurant<br />Provide foods with spicy items<br />Koreans’ fondness for kimchi  kimchi burger in the McDonald’s<br />Managers  responsible to explain to other customers and employees<br />Wear traditional costumes during special days<br />
    64. 64. Impacts on hospitality<br />Hotels & accommodations<br />Korean wave (e.g. Hong Kong ) - Decorate the rooms or other areas with 1. photos of the protagonists 2. beautiful scenery of popular Korean films<br />Korean cultural products enters the markets of many countries <br />Many tourists would like to visit the film locations in Koreae.g. Korean drama ‘Full House’ scenery<br />
    65. 65. Western Culture<br />Children undertake physical development<br />Golf expensive sports in the country<br />Main cultural interest of the younger generatione.g. visual media <br />Music<br />- use western instrument to compose songs<br /> - Rock ballads  the slower songs<br /> - samulnori and nongak (farmer’s music)  rock and roll; heavy metal and hip-hop <br />The side dishes <br /> refilled at no chargeif you wish for more<br />
    66. 66. Impacts on Hospitality<br />Hotels<br />Sports facilitiesincreasingly important part of everyday life in Korea<br />Luxury hotels offer spa services on site, steam room, indoor swimming pool, aerobics, yoga and health club<br />
    67. 67. Conclusion<br />
    68. 68. References<br />http://www.hotelcapital.co.kr/english/index.asp<br />http://www.paulnoll.com/Korea/History/South-Korean-flag.html <br />http://www.fotosearch.com/UNN592/u20412704/<br />https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ks.html<br />https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/rawdata_2119.text<br />http://www.oregonlive.com/business/index.ssf/2008/06/south_korea_us_agree_on_beef_d.html<br />http://www.drawingnow.com/acenull <br />http://amyjokim.vox.com/ <br />http://www.expats-lifestyle-in-korea.com/south-korea-facts.html<br />http://theseoulite.com/?tag=meditation <br />http://www.fotosearch.com/UNN592/u20412704/ <br />http://koreanforniancooking.blogspot.com/2009/08/korean-liberation-day-gwangbokjeol.html<br />http://www.logocollect.com/google/logo.php?key=290 <br />http://www.life.com/image/53348336U20412704 fotosearch.com<br />http://www.leonardfrank.com/Worldheritage/Changdeokgung.html <br />http://wheresfab.blogspot.com/2007/07/korea-temples.html<br />http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/cms/dispatcher.jsp?cid=264577&fid=ENGA02010700&ctypeid=76<br />http://media.graniteschools.org/curriculum/korea/history.htm<br />http://www.tangun-taekwondo.co.uk/story_of_tangun.html <br />http://www.cartoonstock.com/newscartoons/directory/W/Weapons_of_Mass_Destruction.asp<br />http://mbouffant.blogspot.com/2009_07_26_archive.html<br />http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1782.gif <br /> http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1807.gif <br />http://wispa.pixnet.net/blog/post/19948836<br />http://qbar.qq.com/u2017063/39.htm?owner=598241357<br />
    69. 69. References<br />http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1807.gif <br />http://www.arcspace.com/architects/asymptote/wbc/wbc.html<br />http://www.tipsfortravellers.com/2007/07/streets-in-seoul-korea.html <br />http://expatjane.blogspot.com/2007/12/seoul-sixth-most-densely-populated-city_27.html<br />http://theriverreporter.wordpress.com/2009/02/17/teaching-not-just-for-education-majors/<br />http://english.visitseoul.net/visit2007en/aboutseoul/whyseoul/whyseoul.jsp?cid=45&sid=2025<br />http://www.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/cms/dispatcher.jsp?page=/03Sightseeing/TravelSpot/travelspot_read.asp&oid=2840&kosm=m3_8<br />http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_6.jsp?cid=262223<br />http://discoveringkorea.com/2009/07/10/gangnam-underground-shopping-arcade/<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seoul_Subway_Line_9<br />http://www.autoblog.com/2009/02/06/south-korean-woman-fails-driving-test-771-times/2<br />http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/asiapcf/08/29/north.south.korea.boat/index.html<br />http://www.fareastgizmos.com/transport/incheon_airport_named_best_airport_worldwide_for_third_consecutive_year php<br />http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Korean.snacks-Street_food-01.jpg <br />http://creativejuice.wordpress.com/2007/09/ http://blog.asiahotels.com/10-must-try-south-korean-snacks/silkwormpupae/ <br />http://www.travelbyfood.com/Foodpic/saskr0005a.jpg<br />http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Korean.snacks-Tteokbokki-07.jpg<br />http://thedailykimchi.blogspot.com/2007/07/eating-live-baby-octopus-in-korea.html<br />http://mycoolbibi.blogspot.com/2009/08/new-arrivals-korean-baby-hat-for-girls.html<br />http://www.noodlepie.com/2005/11/minireview_dae_.html<br />http://www.agrafood.co.kr/contents/contents.asp?category_code=0791<br />http://janetleekim.blogspot.com/2009/04/korean-bbq-recipe.html<br />http://www.city-data.com/forum/food-drink/602508-tradition-has-best-seafood-your-opinions-2.html<br />http://dolsotbibimbap.com/tag/tofu/<br />http://www.davidgrajal.com/life/korean-food/ <br />http://www.transparent.com/korean/insam-%EC%9D%B8%EC%82%BC/ <br />http://visitseoul.blogspot.com/2007/08/korean-food-spicy-ham-sausage-soup.html<br />
    70. 70. References<br />http://profy.com/2008/03/30/warnertax/<br />www.b6t6.com/pc/200409/20040904116378.shtm<br />ilove-koreanmovie.blogspot.com<br />http://blog.roodo.com/lovekorealove2/archives/cat_587305.html&page=5<br />en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MyGirl_Poster.jpg<br />http://media.photobucket.com/image/korean+drama+poster/BiSakamoto/Dorama/Korean-drama-Full-House-poster-1.jpg?o=7<br />http://ristinak.wordpress.com/category/korea/<br />http://www.htcphones.net/tag/lg/<br />http://justanothermobilemonday.com/Wordpress/2007/02/26/samsung-sdi-develops-thinnest-lcd-to-date/<br />http://yesnoa.wordpress.com/2008/08/31/hot-south-korean-brand-haegal-by-designer-heo-nam-hee/<br />http://www.fibre2fashion.com/news/garment-company-news/newsdetails.aspx?news_id=75051<br />http://nyoneill2.travellerspoint.com/39/<br />http://geoffmartin.wordpress.com/2009/05/31/reflections-at-the-ten-month-mark/<br />http://www.dare2livedog.com/subcategory.php?subcategory=Embroidered%20Beanies<br />http://www.friedas.com/index.cfm?show=products_detail&side=products&category=Fresh%20Specialty%20Fruits&pageNum=4&id=378 <br />http://www.lifeinkorea.com/Images/Alcohol/Night017.jpg<br />http://www.ichizen.com/chopsticks/images/1999_03_04.gif<br />
    71. 71. References<br />http://dolsotbibimbap.com/tag/tofu/<br />http://www.davidgrajal.com/life/korean-food/ <br />http://www.transparent.com/korean/insam-%EC%9D%B8%EC%82%BC/ <br />http://visitseoul.blogspot.com/2007/08/korean-food-spicy-ham-sausage-soup.html<br />http://ristinak.wordpress.com/category/korea/<br />http://www.prkorea.com/engnews/index.cgi?action=main&date=26&thread=10r09&page=2<br />http://together2ne1.blogspot.com/2009_07_01_archive.html<br />http://top40.about.com/od/top10lists/tp/asianboybands.htm<br />http://michaelgallagher.wordpress.com/category/uncategorized/<br />http://www.korea4expats.com/article-corporate-structure.html<br />http://socyberty.com/society/cultural-differences-a-glimpse-of-south-korea/ <br />http://www.brookes.ac.uk/ltsn/johlste/vol1no1/academic/0007.pdf<br />http://www.asianbrandstrategy.com/2005/11/korean-wave-driving-korean-brands.asp<br />http://www.asknow.ca/culturaldifferences.aspx<br />
    72. 72. References<br />www.wikipedia.com<br />http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/south-korea-country-profile.html<br />http://www.worldbusinessculture.com/Business-in-South-Korea.html<br />http://www.lifeinkorea.com/<br />http://www.korea4expats.com<br />http://www.hoteltravel.com/south_korea/guides/travel_tips.htm<br />http://www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/South-Korea.html<br />http://www2.shenzhenair.com:82/gate/big5/www.shenzhenair.com/pages/2008/international/leftLink/lyhg.html<br />http://www.silkroadandbeyond.co.uk/south-korea.html<br />http://www.southkoreaart.com/<br />http://www.southkoreaart.com/articles/Living_in_Seoul_South_Korea_Food_Kangnam_living_and_ingenious_ideas.html<br />http://www.4hoteliers.com/4hots_fshw.php?mwi=3472#<br />http://www.ncktpa.go.kr/eng/aboutg/pdf/musicofkorea_14.PDF<br />http://www.buzzle.com/articles/south-korean-culture.html<br />http://ailab.kyungpook.ac.kr/kmd/korea_music.htm<br />http://pusanweb.com/culture/customs/index.htm<br />
    73. 73. References<br />South Korea Language (2009). Retrieved October 29, 2009 from http://www.asiarooms.com/travel-guide/south-korea/culture-of-south-korea/south-korea-language.html<br />Herskovitz, J. & Kim, C. (2009). Fame, fortune for Web tutors in education-crazy South Korea. Retrieved October 29, 2009 from http://www.ibtimes.com.hk/articles/20090702/fame-fortune-for-web-tutors-education-crazy-south-korea_all.htm<br />South Korea - Educational System - overview (2009). Retrieved October 29, 2009 from http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/1400/South-Korea-EDUCATIONAL-SYSTEM-OVERVIEW.html<br />National Anthem of South Korea. (2009) Retrieved October 29, 2009 from<br />http://www.kbears.com/skorea/anthemtext.html<br />http://www.shevron.com.sg/catalog/index.php?cPath=63<br />http://thenot.wordpress.com/2008/05/13/culture-clash-wedding-korean-customs/<br />http://www.stockphotopro.com/photo_of/korean/53915ZLH/korean_cushion__korean<br />http://www.kwanumzen.com/practice/sitting.html <br />South Korea (2008). Retrieved October 29, 2009 from http://www.national-anthems.net/KS<br />Religion (1990) Retrieved October 29, 2009 from<br />http://countrystudies.us/south-korea/43.htm<br />http://iowa-girl-in-korea.blogspot.com/2009/03/dealing-with-cultural-differences.html<br />http://www.canuckabroad.com/overseasjobs/korea/cultural.shtml <br />http://www.convictcreations.com/culture/southkorea.html<br />http://www.lib.unb.ca/Texts/JCIM/bin/get.cgi?directory=vol1_1/&filename=Song.html<br />

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