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When Is a Child Accountable Before God? – Part 1

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Part 1 in this sermon: Many are uncertain about "when" a child is accountable before God. Before looking at the "when" we look at the "what" that makes a child (or adult) accountable before God.

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When Is a Child Accountable Before God? – Part 1

  1. 1. When Is a Child Accountable Before God? – Part 1 Looking at factors that indicate when a child becomes accountable before God. Rom. 7:7-9
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>There is doctrinal uncertainty surrounding the “age of accountability” regarding children. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calvinistic doctrine: infants born in sin although they do not commit sin. cp. Rom. 5:12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opposite doctrine: children declared ‘sinless’ even though they knowingly commit sin. Matt. 18:3-4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even those “in the middle” fail to biblically answer questions/statements to questions raised. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Looking at the what and when children are accountability before God: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This morning – What makes a person (child or adult) accountable before God. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This evening – When is a child accountable before God and how this applies to children. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What Makes a Person (Child or Adult) Accountable Before God <ul><li>Committing sin brings about accountability. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sin is a violation of a command or law. 1 Jn. 3:4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability means “to be found guilty of sin.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In a legal sense, a person who commits sin is a “law breaker” becoming accountable through the law unto God. Rom. 3:19; Gen. 2:16-17 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What Makes a Person (Child or Adult) Accountable Before God <ul><li>Accountability to the law is not effectual unless it is revealed to man. Rom. 5:12-14 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In other words, there can be no accountability if the law is not given to man. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What Makes a Person (Child or Adult) Accountable Before God <ul><li>Examples of God making Himself known to man and man’s accountability. Rom. 1:17-19, 32 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adam and Eve up till the Flood: Adam/Eve (Gen. 3:1-3, 24); Cain/Abel (Gen. 4:4-7, 13); Lamech (Gen. 4:15, 23-24). 2 Pet. 2:4-9 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Flood till the Law of Moses: Melchizedek (Gen. 14:18); Jethro (Exo. 18:12). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During the Law of Moses: Gentiles had God’s will through the prophets. Jonah 3:4-5; Matt. 12:41, 42 </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What Makes a Person (Child or Adult) Accountable Before God <ul><li>Accountability to the law is not effectual unless it is revealed to man. Rom. 5:12-14 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In other words, there can be no accountability if the law is not given to man. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of God making Himself known to man and man’s accountability. Rom. 1:17-19, 32 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even children (under the Law of Moses) were responsible for adhering to the Law of Moses. Dt. 6:5-7 </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. What Makes a Person (Child or Adult) Accountable Before God <ul><li>Doctrinal significance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Babies have no means by which they could conceivably commit a sin. Ecc. 7:29 (Rom. 9:11) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversely, numerous children know better and purposefully “commit sin”. Psa. 58:3; Gen. 8:21 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the point a child is accountable before God he is looked at no differently than an adult who is also guilty of transgressing God’s word. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The question is: when does a child pass that threshold from innocence to becoming accountable before God? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>We have just looked at what makes a person (child or adult) accountable before God. </li></ul><ul><li>The following lesson will look at when a child is accountable before God. </li></ul>

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