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Airworthiness: Preventive Maintenance

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Airworthiness: Preventive Maintenance

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Airworthiness: Preventive Maintenance

  1. 1. Presented to:By:Date:Federal AviationAdministrationAirworthinessPreventive MaintenanceR1
  2. 2. Federal AviationAdministrationOBJECTIVE• Define preventive maintenance.• Persons authorized to performpreventive maintenance.• Maintenance record entries.• Performance rules (general).• List of Preventive Maintenancework.2
  3. 3. Federal AviationAdministrationPreventive Maintenance - DefinedFAR 1• Simple or Minor preservationoperations and the replacement ofsmall standard parts not involvingcomplex assembly operations.3
  4. 4. Federal AviationAdministrationPersons Authorized to PerformPreventive Maintenance – FAR 43.3• Holder of a mechanic certificate issued underPart 65• Holder of a repairman certificate• Holder of Part 145, 121 and 135 certificate• Holder of a Pilot Certificate issued under Part61• A person working under the supervision of amechanic or repairman4
  5. 5. Federal AviationAdministrationLet’s Take a Closer Look at what typeof Pilot is authorized to Perform…PREVENTIVE MAINTENCE5
  6. 6. Federal AviationAdministrationTypes of Pilot Licenses• Student Pilot• Recreational Pilot• Sport Pilot• Private Pilot• Commercial Pilot• ATP
  7. 7. Federal AviationAdministrationA Person holding a PilotCertificate can performPreventive MaintenanceAlthough 43.3 does not specify the typeof pilot certificate that is required toperform preventive maintenance, 43. 7does specify at least a private pilotcertificate to make the logbook entry.The person making the logbookentry must be the same person whoperformed the maintenance7
  8. 8. Federal AviationAdministrationQuestion• Can a holder of at a Private Pilot certificatesupervise and sign off preventivemaintenance work performed on his/heraircraft if the work is done by anotherperson?A) YesB) No
  9. 9. Federal AviationAdministrationPreventive Maintenance FAR 43.3• The Sport Pilot – Limited to the sport pilotplane that they own or operate.9
  10. 10. Federal AviationAdministrationPreventive Maintenance Items10
  11. 11. Federal AviationAdministrationFAR 43 Appendix APreventive Maintenance• (1) Removal, installation, and repair of landing geartires.• (2) Replacing elastic shock absorber cords onlanding gear.• (3) Servicing landing gear shock struts by addingoil, air, or both.• (4) Servicing landing gear wheel bearings, such ascleaning and greasing.• (5) Replacing defective safety wiring or cotter keys• (6) – (31)
  12. 12. Federal AviationAdministrationTypes of Aircraft Authorized• Operated under Part 91.• Not operated under FAR 121, 125or 13512
  13. 13. Federal AviationAdministrationMaintenance Record Entries(43.9)• 1) A description of work performed.• 2) The date of completion of the workperformed.• 3) The name of the person performing thework if other than the person approvingreturn to service.• 4) Upon satisfactory performance of thework, the signature, certificate number, andkind of certificate held by the personapproving the work.
  14. 14. Federal AviationAdministrationPerformance Rules (general)(43.13)• 43.13 a) “use the methods, techniques, andpractices prescribed in the currentmanufacturer’s maintenance manual orInstructions for Continued Airworthinessprepared by its manufacturer or othermethods, techniques, and practicesacceptable to the Administrator.”
  15. 15. Federal AviationAdministrationPPPP
  16. 16. Federal AviationAdministrationPerformance Rules (general)(43.13 a) Cont’d• “use the tools, equipment, and testequipment so the work is done inaccordance with accepted industrypractices. Must use special tools or testequipment recommended by themanufacturer involved, or its equivalentacceptable to the Administrator.”
  17. 17. Federal AviationAdministrationPerformance Rules (general)43.13 (cont’d)• 43.13 b) ……”shall do that work and usematerials that the condition will be at leastequal to its original or properly alteredcondition (with regard to aerodynamicfunction, structural strength, resistance tovibration and deterioration, and otherqualities affecting airworthiness).”
  18. 18. Federal AviationAdministrationTool CalibrationBe absolutely sure your measuringtools are accurate.18
  19. 19. Federal AviationAdministrationPerformance Rules (general)43.13 (cont’d)• 43.13 b) ……”shall do that work and usematerials that the condition will be at leastequal to its original or properly alteredcondition (with regard to aerodynamicfunction, structural strength, resistance tovibration and deterioration, and otherqualities affecting airworthiness).”
  20. 20. Federal AviationAdministrationQuestionA pilot may perform PreventiveMaintenance on any Part 91 aircraft?A.TrueB.False20
  21. 21. Federal AviationAdministrationQuestionWhich of the following is/are authorized to“approve for return to service” afterpreventive maintenance?a. A Sport Pilotb. Certificated Mechanicc. A Private Pilotd. All the above21
  22. 22. Federal AviationAdministrationQuestion:What regulation lists Preventive Maintenanceactions?a.FAR 43.3b.FAR 43.7c.FAR 43.9d.FAR 43 Appendix A22
  23. 23. Federal AviationAdministrationQuestionWhat conditions must be met before amechanic or repairman can supervisepreventive maintenance?a. Authorized to perform the workb. Observes the work is done properlyc. Is readily available for consultationd. All of the above23
  24. 24. Federal AviationAdministration(4) Servicing landing gear wheelbearings, such as cleaning andgreasing.24
  25. 25. Federal AviationAdministration(6) Lubrication not requiringdisassembly other than removal ofnonstructural items such as coverplates, cowlings, and fairings.25
  26. 26. Federal AviationAdministration(7) Making simple fabric patches notrequiring rib stitching or the removalof structural parts or controlsurfaces.26
  27. 27. Federal AviationAdministration(9) Refinishing decorative coating of fuselage,balloon baskets, wings tail group surfaces(excluding balanced control surfaces), fairings,cowlings, landing gear, cabin, or cockpit interiorwhen removal or disassembly of any primarystructure or operating system is not required.
  28. 28. Federal AviationAdministration(11) Repairing upholstery and decorativefurnishings of the cabin, cockpit, or balloonbasket interior when the repairing does notrequire disassembly of any primary structure oroperating system or interfere with an operatingsystem or affect the primary structure of theaircraft.
  29. 29. Federal AviationAdministration(12) Making small simple repairs to fairings,nonstructural cover plates, cowlings, and smallpatches and reinforcements not changing thecontour so as to interfere with proper air flow.
  30. 30. Federal AviationAdministration(13) Replacing side windows where that workdoes not interfere with the structure or anyoperating system such as controls, electricalequipment, etc.
  31. 31. Federal AviationAdministration(14) Replacing safety belts.
  32. 32. Federal AviationAdministration(15) Replacing seats or seat parts withreplacement parts approved for the aircraft, notinvolving disassembly of any primary structureor operating system.
  33. 33. Federal AviationAdministration(16) Trouble shooting and repairing brokencircuits in landing light wiring circuits.
  34. 34. Federal AviationAdministration(20) Replacing or cleaning spark plugsandsetting of spark plug gap clearance.
  35. 35. Federal AviationAdministration(26) Replacement or adjustment of nonstructuralstandard fasteners incidental to operations.
  36. 36. Federal AviationAdministrationAdditional Guidance• AC 20-106, Aircraft Inspection for theGeneral Aviation Aircraft Owner• AC 23-2A Flammability Tests• AC 43.12A Preventive Maintenance– (Find these and more AC’s on FAA.gov)• FAA Publication P-8740-15Maintenance Aspects of Owning Your OwnAircraft ( find it on FAASafety.gov)
  37. 37. Federal AviationAdministrationConclusion• Questions and comments• Faasafety.gov• G A Awards Program• WINGS Program• AMT Award Program• Feedback wanted:http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/avs/stakeholder_feedback/afs/field/sf_faasteam37
  38. 38. Federal AviationAdministration38Sometimes thinking you are safe, doesn’talways mean that you are!

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