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Federal AviationAdministrationAircraft MaintenanceDocumentation
Federal AviationAdministration2Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationIntroductionThis course provides a review of aircraftmain...
Federal AviationAdministration3Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationAccident Data
Federal AviationAdministration4Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationRegulation Cited
Federal AviationAdministration5Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationCommon Findings• No documentation.• Inadequate descriptio...
Federal AviationAdministration6Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationMaintenance Related Accident3/24/2005 Prescott, AZ Robins...
Federal AviationAdministration7Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationMaintenance Related AccidentA company mechanic had perfor...
Federal AviationAdministration8Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationMaintenance Related AccidentThe mechanic forgot to reposi...
Federal AviationAdministration9Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationNTSB FindingProbable CauseThe company mechanics improperm...
Federal AviationAdministration10Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationSept. 11, 1999 near Eagle Lake Texas.Continental Express...
Federal AviationAdministration11Aircraft Maintenance Documentation
Federal AviationAdministration12Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationNTSB FindingDepartures from approved procedures included...
Federal AviationAdministration13Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe Regulations (Title 14 CFR)• Part 43 MAINTENANCE, PRE...
Federal AviationAdministration14Aircraft Maintenance Documentation• Part 135 OPERATING REQUIREMENTS:COMMUTER AND ON-DEMAND...
Federal AviationAdministration15Aircraft Maintenance Documentation• Part 145 Repair StationsThe Regulations
Federal AviationAdministration16Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe RegulationsSec. 43.9(a) Maintenance record entries. ...
Federal AviationAdministration17Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe RegulationsSec. 91.417 (a) (1) Maintenance RecordsTh...
Federal AviationAdministration18Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe RegulationsSec 91.417 (a) (2) Records containing the...
Federal AviationAdministration19Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe Regulations(iv) The current inspection status of the...
Federal AviationAdministration20Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationRecord retention• The owner or operator shall retain the...
Federal AviationAdministration21Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe Regulation• Sec. 135.427 Manual requirements• c) Eac...
Federal AviationAdministration22Aircraft Maintenance Documentation(1) A description (or reference to data acceptable to th...
Federal AviationAdministration23Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe RegulationsSec.145.219 Recordkeeping.(1) A descripti...
Federal AviationAdministration24Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationINCORPORATION BY REFERENCE• You don’t have to write a bo...
Federal AviationAdministration25Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationIf the work performed on the aircraft, airframe, aircraf...
Federal AviationAdministration26Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationAirworthiness DirectiveFAR Part 39
Federal AviationAdministration27Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationAIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVESAn unsafe condition exist in a p...
Federal AviationAdministration28Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationRESPONSIBILITYThe Owner/Operator is primarily responsibl...
Federal AviationAdministration29Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationRESPONSIBILITYMaintenance personnel have the responsibil...
Federal AviationAdministration30Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationRECORDSThe owner must keep a record showing the currents...
Federal AviationAdministration31Aircraft Maintenance Documentation
Federal AviationAdministration32Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationSample Logbook EntryN12345 Tach/Hobbs: ____________ ACTT...
Federal AviationAdministration33Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationDESCRIPTION OF WORK PERFORMEDThe description should be i...
Federal AviationAdministration34Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationShift /TurnoverThe transfer of critical information betw...
Federal AviationAdministration35Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationWhy is Shift/Task Turnover ImportantData show that poor ...
Federal AviationAdministration36Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationWhy is Shift/Task Turnover Important4. Finishing workers...
Federal AviationAdministration37Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationHow do you implement a Shift/Task Turnover process?• For...
Federal AviationAdministration38Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationHow do you implement the Shift/Task Turnover process?• P...
Federal AviationAdministration39Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationSummaryThe basic requirements for aircraft maintenancedo...
Federal AviationAdministration40Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationSummaryIt may be a simple airframe, engine, propeller lo...
Federal AviationAdministration41Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationCommon problems• No documentation.• Inadequate descripti...
Federal AviationAdministration42Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationEasy solutions• Follow the regulations.• Follow company ...
Federal AviationAdministration43Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationBEFORE
Federal AviationAdministration44Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationAFTER
Federal AviationAdministration45Aircraft Maintenance Documentation
Federal AviationAdministration46Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThank you.
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Aircraft Maintenance Documentation

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Aircraft Maintenance Documentation

Aircraft Maintenance Documentation

  1. 1. Federal AviationAdministrationAircraft MaintenanceDocumentation
  2. 2. Federal AviationAdministration2Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationIntroductionThis course provides a review of aircraftmaintenance documentation requirements.It emphasizes the importance of properdocumentation.It identifies common documentation problemsthat can lead to maintenance errors.
  3. 3. Federal AviationAdministration3Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationAccident Data
  4. 4. Federal AviationAdministration4Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationRegulation Cited
  5. 5. Federal AviationAdministration5Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationCommon Findings• No documentation.• Inadequate description of work performed.• Using the wrong reference.
  6. 6. Federal AviationAdministration6Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationMaintenance Related Accident3/24/2005 Prescott, AZ Robinson R22The helicopters main rotor drive belts broke on thebase leg and the helicopter rolled over during thesubsequent autorotation and landing.Upon exiting the helicopter, the instructor observedthat the V-belts were shredded.
  7. 7. Federal AviationAdministration7Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationMaintenance Related AccidentA company mechanic had performed a 100-hourinspection about 4.3 hours prior to the accidentflight.During the inspection, he had loosened the selflocking nut and stop screw on the belt actuatorhousing assembly.
  8. 8. Federal AviationAdministration8Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationMaintenance Related AccidentThe mechanic forgot to reposition the stop screw andtighten the nut. This action resulted in the main rotordrive V-belts becoming excessively loose. The beltsexited their seated position on the lower pulleysheave and were severed.
  9. 9. Federal AviationAdministration9Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationNTSB FindingProbable CauseThe company mechanics impropermaintenance actions, which resulted in thetotal failure of the main rotor drive belt system
  10. 10. Federal AviationAdministration10Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationSept. 11, 1999 near Eagle Lake Texas.Continental Express Flight 2574 an EMB 120In flight the left horizontal stabilizer leading edge bent downand then separated from the aircraft14 passengers and crew killed near Eagle Lake Texas.
  11. 11. Federal AviationAdministration11Aircraft Maintenance Documentation
  12. 12. Federal AviationAdministration12Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationNTSB FindingDepartures from approved procedures included failuresto solicit and give proper shift / turnover reports, failuresto use maintenance work cards as approved, failures tocomplete required maintenance/inspection shift /turnover forms, and a breach in integrity of the qualitycontrol system.
  13. 13. Federal AviationAdministration13Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe Regulations (Title 14 CFR)• Part 43 MAINTENANCE, PREVENTIVEMAINTENANCE, REBUILDING, AND ALTERATION• Part 91 GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULESSubpart E--Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, andAlterations
  14. 14. Federal AviationAdministration14Aircraft Maintenance Documentation• Part 135 OPERATING REQUIREMENTS:COMMUTER AND ON-DEMAND OPERATIONSSubpart J--Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, andAlterations• Part 121 OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC,FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS SubpartL--Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, andAlterationsThe Regulations
  15. 15. Federal AviationAdministration15Aircraft Maintenance Documentation• Part 145 Repair StationsThe Regulations
  16. 16. Federal AviationAdministration16Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe RegulationsSec. 43.9(a) Maintenance record entries. Except as provided in paragraphs (b) and (c) of thissection, each person who maintains, performs preventive maintenance,rebuilds, or alters an aircraft, airframe, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, orcomponent part shall make an entry in the maintenance record of thatequipment containing the following information:(1) A description (or reference to data acceptable to the Administrator) of the workperformed.(2) The date of completion of the work performed.(3) The name of the person performing the work if other than the personspecified in paragraph (a)(4) of this section.(4) If the work performed on the aircraft, airframe, aircraft engine, propeller,appliance, or component part has been performed satisfactorily, the signature,certificate number, and kind of certificate held by the person approving thework. The signature constitutes the approval for return to service only for thework performed.
  17. 17. Federal AviationAdministration17Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe RegulationsSec. 91.417 (a) (1) Maintenance RecordsThe records must include--(i) A description (or reference to data acceptable to theAdministrator) of the work performed; and(ii) The date of completion of the work performed; and(iii) The signature, and certificate number of the personapproving the aircraft for return to service.
  18. 18. Federal AviationAdministration18Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe RegulationsSec 91.417 (a) (2) Records containing the following information:(i) The total time in service of the airframe, each engine, eachpropeller, and each rotor.(ii) The current status of life-limited parts of each airframe, engine,propeller, rotor, and appliance.(iii) The time since last overhaul of all items installed on the aircraftwhich are required to be overhauled on a specified time basis.
  19. 19. Federal AviationAdministration19Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe Regulations(iv) The current inspection status of the aircraft, including the timesince the last inspection required by the inspection program underwhich the aircraft and its appliances are maintained.(v) The current status of applicable airworthiness directives (AD)and safety directives including, the method of compliance, the ADor safety directive number and revision date. If the AD or safetydirective involves recurring action, the time and date when the nextaction is required.vi) Copies of the forms prescribed by Sec. 43.9(a) for each majoralteration to the airframe ,engines, rotors, propellers, andappliances.
  20. 20. Federal AviationAdministration20Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationRecord retention• The owner or operator shall retain the following records for theperiods prescribed:• The records specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section shall beretained until the work is repeated or superseded by other work orfor 1 year after the work is performed.• The records specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section shall beretained and transferred with the aircraft at the time the aircraft issold.
  21. 21. Federal AviationAdministration21Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe Regulation• Sec. 135.427 Manual requirements• c) Each certificate holder shall put in its manual asuitable system (which may include a coded system)that provides for the retention of the followinginformation--
  22. 22. Federal AviationAdministration22Aircraft Maintenance Documentation(1) A description (or reference to data acceptable to theAdministrator) of the work performed;(2) The name of the person performing the work if thework is performed by a person outside the organizationof the certificate holder; and(3) The name or other positive identification of theindividual approving the work.•135.427 Manual requirements
  23. 23. Federal AviationAdministration23Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThe RegulationsSec.145.219 Recordkeeping.(1) A description (or reference to data acceptable to the Administrator) ofwork performed.(2) The date of completion of the work performed.(3) The name of the person performing the work if other than the personspecified in paragraph (a)(4) of this section.(4) If the work performed on the aircraft, airframe, aircraft engine,propeller, appliance, or component part has been performedsatisfactorily, the signature, certificate number, and kind of certificateheld by the person approving the work. The signature constitutes theapproval for return to service only for the work performed.
  24. 24. Federal AviationAdministration24Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationINCORPORATION BY REFERENCE• You don’t have to write a book.• The regulations permit reference to technical data inlieu of making a long step by step detailed entry• Common references include maintenance manuals,service letters, bulletins, work orders, advisory circulars(AC43.13-1B), and others• Major alterations may reference STC’s• Reference documents must be retained
  25. 25. Federal AviationAdministration25Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationIf the work performed on the aircraft, airframe, aircraftengine, propeller, appliance, or component part has beenperformed satisfactorily, the signature, certificate number,and kind of certificate held by the person approving thework.The signature constitutes the approval for return to serviceonly for the work performed.
  26. 26. Federal AviationAdministration26Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationAirworthiness DirectiveFAR Part 39
  27. 27. Federal AviationAdministration27Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationAIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVESAn unsafe condition exist in a product.The condition is likely to exist or develop in other productsof the same design.
  28. 28. Federal AviationAdministration28Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationRESPONSIBILITYThe Owner/Operator is primarily responsible formaintaining the aircraft in an airworthy condition,including compliance with ADsThe Owner/Operator is responsible for ensuring thatproperly certificated persons perform the work.
  29. 29. Federal AviationAdministration29Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationRESPONSIBILITYMaintenance personnel have the responsibility ofcompliance at the time they are performing inspectionsto determine all airworthiness requirements are met.
  30. 30. Federal AviationAdministration30Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationRECORDSThe owner must keep a record showing the currentstatus of applicable ADs.This record must include the following:The current status of ADs applicable to the aircraft,including the AD number and revision date, themethod of compliance, and the time in service, or the‑ ‑cycles, and/or the date when the next action isrequired for a recurring AD.
  31. 31. Federal AviationAdministration31Aircraft Maintenance Documentation
  32. 32. Federal AviationAdministration32Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationSample Logbook EntryN12345 Tach/Hobbs: ____________ ACTT: ____________Enter the type of inspection(s) performed:Enter accomplishment of all A.D.’s including the number, revision date, method of compliance,and if recurring, the next time/date it is due.Enter replacement or inspection of any component part with Airworthiness Limitations(include part, serial number, and total time in service for that component).Enter removal and installation of any serialized component replacement parts(include part, serial number, and total time in service for that component).Enter description of any other general maintenance performed.I certify that this aircraft was inspected in accordance with a (insert type) inspection and wasdetermined to be in an airworthy condition. All work was accomplished in accordancewith current Federal Aviation Regulations and manufacturer’s maintenance instructions.Details of work performed can be found on XYZ Company work order _______.______________________ __________________________ ____________Signature Certificate # Date
  33. 33. Federal AviationAdministration33Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationDESCRIPTION OF WORK PERFORMEDThe description should be in sufficient detail to permita person unfamiliar with the work, to understand whatwas done, and the methods and procedures used.
  34. 34. Federal AviationAdministration34Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationShift /TurnoverThe transfer of critical information between work groups orshiftsIt needs to be as detailed as necessary, depending on thetasks involvedSharing of information by the people doing the task
  35. 35. Federal AviationAdministration35Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationWhy is Shift/Task Turnover ImportantData show that poor shift/task turnover is a commoncontributing factor to events.Challenges related to shift turnover include:1. A high demand for teamwork and communication skills2. Lack of structured and standardized policies andprocedures3. Using a location that is not conducive for discussion andplanning
  36. 36. Federal AviationAdministration36Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationWhy is Shift/Task Turnover Important4. Finishing workers are tired and want to depart facility.5. Lack of adequate shift overlap to provide time to give one-on-one briefings between the teams6. Absence of a process to ensure departing personnel havedocumented all tasks accomplished or started.7. Minimal training on procedures for shift/task turnoverHigh-quality shift/task turnover procedures enableimprovement in practice and improve safety andaccountability to all involved in the work.
  37. 37. Federal AviationAdministration37Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationHow do you implement a Shift/Task Turnover process?• Formalize policy and procedures that make theturnover as important as the work.• Communicate policy and procedures to all personnel.• Consider technology enhancements that improve thetransfer of visual information (e.g., photos, graphics,movies).
  38. 38. Federal AviationAdministration38Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationHow do you implement the Shift/Task Turnover process?• Provide a time and place for formal shift/task turnover.• Ensure the quality of shift/task turnover Information.• Deliver initial and recurrent training on how to conduct agood shift/task turnover.• Define acceptable communication practices.
  39. 39. Federal AviationAdministration39Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationSummaryThe basic requirements for aircraft maintenancedocumentations are the same.The method of meeting those requirements may bedifferent depending on the type of operation.
  40. 40. Federal AviationAdministration40Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationSummaryIt may be a simple airframe, engine, propeller log book,or an air carrier’s maintenance record system.A description of the work performed, date the work wasperformed and the signature with certificate number andtype are always required.
  41. 41. Federal AviationAdministration41Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationCommon problems• No documentation.• Inadequate description of work performed.• Using the wrong reference.• Poor shift turnovers
  42. 42. Federal AviationAdministration42Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationEasy solutions• Follow the regulations.• Follow company procedures (GMM).• Use the Maintenance Personal Minimums Checklist !
  43. 43. Federal AviationAdministration43Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationBEFORE
  44. 44. Federal AviationAdministration44Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationAFTER
  45. 45. Federal AviationAdministration45Aircraft Maintenance Documentation
  46. 46. Federal AviationAdministration46Aircraft Maintenance DocumentationThank you.

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