Dr. RAVI GUTTAL
Innovation for small farmers
LOW YIELDS
EDUCATION
MONEY
DISTANCE
TIME CONSTRAINTS
WATER SCARCITY
LABOR SHORTAGE
ISSUES
RAGHU, A small farmer in South I...
THE BIG PICTURE
1960 1980 2000 2020 2040
1.4 Billion
people
India’s Population
Agricultural land
(% of land area)
35.7 %
I...
233 million underfed people in India
THE BIG PICTURE
THE BIG PICTURE
INDIA 2,471
CHINA 5,460
US 7,238
Cereal yield (kg/ha)
INDIA 150
CHINA 277
US 258
Tractors per 100 km2
Low ...
INDIAN AG VALUE CHAIN
Information
Asymmetry
Inaccessible
Value Chain
Low
Mechanization
INEFFICIENCY
OPPORTUNITY
Low
Mechanization
Inaccessible
Value chain
Information
Asymmetry
Solution to one problem
automatically address...
FOCUSED PROBLEMS
No proper training facilities to operate farm machinery
Lack of education about better agricultural best ...
SOLUTION
INNOVATION
“I define creativity as producing novel,
workable ideas and solutions to problems;
innovation is implementing those ideas
...
Farmer
Seeds, Fertilizers,
Pesticides, Irrigation
solutions
Any output
procuring company
and
Future Market
John Deere Trac...
FUNCTIONALITY
SCHEDULING FINANCING IMPLEMENTS RATINGS
SALES TRAINING INFORMATION BROCHURES REPAIRS
LASER LEVELLINGSOIL TES...
INTERFACE
Gujarat Project
| Gujarat Project Update| July 200915
Self Help Group - Concept
Small Farmers form a group facing Common Situation
Pool Re...
| Gujarat Project Update| July 200916
Public Private Partnership Initiative
Public Private
Farm
Mechanization
Project
TRIB...
| Gujarat Project Update| July 200917
Stakeholders Roles and Responsibilities
JD Govt
NGOsMonitoring & Supervision
Hiring ...
| Gujarat Project Update| July 200918
Resource
Centre
One Resource Centre caters 600 acre of farmland
Assets
6 Tractors
Im...
|
Machinery & Technology Division
Name of component
Pattern of
Assistance Central
/State/ Farmer
12th 5 Year
plan out lay
...
|
Government’s initiative on CHC
THANK YOU
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IFPRI - CSISA - Production Technologies, Water, Energy and Value Chain Development - Ravi Guttal

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IFPRI- CSISA organized a one day high level policy roundtable on Sustainable Intensification in India’s Risk-Prone Ecologies: Investment strategies for productivity growth, resource conservation, and climate risk management” on May 19, 2014 in New Delhi.

This roundtable, brings together a high-level small group of individuals from the corporate, government, and research sectors to address one of India’s most urgent challenges to food security and economic growth—how to encourage private sector investment in accelerating productivity growth in India’s risk-prone ecologies while simultaneously conserving the environment.

There are solutions already in farmers’ fields and rural markets that respond to these challenges, and this Roundtable will highlight recent advances, for example: innovative financial products and information services for small-scale farmers; diagnostic tools for managing water and soil nutrient scarcity; custom-hired resource-conserving machinery for small farms; crop diversification and high-value marketing strategies; and stress-resistant wheat and rice varieties. But the search for solutions is far from complete. This Roundtable is meant to engage participants in a rapid-fire discussion of recent technical solutions in Indian agriculture, the prospects for policy change, and corporate outlooks for the next five years. The purpose is to help public and private sector players to identify common investment strategies, forge partnerships, and chalk out collaborative efforts to effect technological, market, and policy improvements in India’s risk prone ecologies.

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IFPRI - CSISA - Production Technologies, Water, Energy and Value Chain Development - Ravi Guttal

  1. 1. Dr. RAVI GUTTAL Innovation for small farmers
  2. 2. LOW YIELDS EDUCATION MONEY DISTANCE TIME CONSTRAINTS WATER SCARCITY LABOR SHORTAGE ISSUES RAGHU, A small farmer in South India
  3. 3. THE BIG PICTURE 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040 1.4 Billion people India’s Population Agricultural land (% of land area) 35.7 % Increasing population Limited arable land
  4. 4. 233 million underfed people in India THE BIG PICTURE
  5. 5. THE BIG PICTURE INDIA 2,471 CHINA 5,460 US 7,238 Cereal yield (kg/ha) INDIA 150 CHINA 277 US 258 Tractors per 100 km2 Low yields in India Low Tractor penetration
  6. 6. INDIAN AG VALUE CHAIN Information Asymmetry Inaccessible Value Chain Low Mechanization INEFFICIENCY
  7. 7. OPPORTUNITY Low Mechanization Inaccessible Value chain Information Asymmetry Solution to one problem automatically addresses the other problems as they drive each other
  8. 8. FOCUSED PROBLEMS No proper training facilities to operate farm machinery Lack of education about better agricultural best management practices Low numbers of readily available labor due to urban migration Non-localized and inaccurate weather updates Limited accessibility to the agricultural value chain Inconsistent water supply Limited options for financing farm equipment Training | Education | Labor | Weather | Distance | Accessibility | Water | Finance
  9. 9. SOLUTION INNOVATION
  10. 10. “I define creativity as producing novel, workable ideas and solutions to problems; innovation is implementing those ideas within an organizational context.” – Teresa Amabile Michael Roberts, “The Power of Ordinary Practices”, (Harvard Business School Working Knowledge, September 20, 2006), retrieved from http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/5492.html on January 19, 2010 Creativity vs. Innovation
  11. 11. Farmer Seeds, Fertilizers, Pesticides, Irrigation solutions Any output procuring company and Future Market John Deere Tractors Implements, Agri Services Agri Business Centers Ag Universities Local NGOs and National NGOs Local leaders Crop loan, Weather Insurance, farm mechanization loan INPUT SUPPLIERS MARKET LINKAGES FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS Products Solutions Progressive thinkers Building JD Agri - Ecosystem JOHN DEERE
  12. 12. FUNCTIONALITY SCHEDULING FINANCING IMPLEMENTS RATINGS SALES TRAINING INFORMATION BROCHURES REPAIRS LASER LEVELLINGSOIL TESTINGTILLAGEAG ADVISORY
  13. 13. INTERFACE
  14. 14. Gujarat Project
  15. 15. | Gujarat Project Update| July 200915 Self Help Group - Concept Small Farmers form a group facing Common Situation Pool Resource Gather Information Mutual Support Non Governmental Organization
  16. 16. | Gujarat Project Update| July 200916 Public Private Partnership Initiative Public Private Farm Mechanization Project TRIBAL DEV DEPT Funds Partnership
  17. 17. | Gujarat Project Update| July 200917 Stakeholders Roles and Responsibilities JD Govt NGOsMonitoring & Supervision Hiring Tribal Youths Usage of Tractors Training Tribal Youths Maintenance for 5 years Supply Farm Machinery Funding JDDealers,ImpleMfgs SHGs Facilitator John Deere Drives the Project
  18. 18. | Gujarat Project Update| July 200918 Resource Centre One Resource Centre caters 600 acre of farmland Assets 6 Tractors Implements 6 Operators Manpower 1 Mechanic Implementation Model
  19. 19. | Machinery & Technology Division Name of component Pattern of Assistance Central /State/ Farmer 12th 5 Year plan out lay Rs. Cr 1 Promotion & strengthening of Agricultural Mechanization through Training & Testing 100% Central 237 2 Post harvest technology & Management 100% Central 125 3 Financial assistance for procurement subsidy for selected agricultural machinery & equipment 90% Central 10% State 900 4 Establishment of farm machinery banks for custom hiring 90% Central 10% State 624 5 Establishment of high tech. productive equipment centers to target low productive agricultural regions 90% Central 10% State 50 6 Enhancing farm productivity of villages level by introducing appropriate farm mechanization 80% Central 10% State 10% Farmer 70 7 Input subsidy to small & marginal farmers through co- operative in North Eastern region for adopting suitable farm mechanization 80% Central 10% State 10% Farmer 75 8 Assistance for mechanized farming 90% Central 10% State 215 Total outlay - 2296 Machinery & Technology Division (M&T), Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India is launching a National Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (NMAM) during 12th Plan. Submission on Machinery & Technology has 8 components as under:
  20. 20. | Government’s initiative on CHC
  21. 21. THANK YOU

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