After crossing so many hurdles Calcutta Metro started its journey onOctober 24, 1984 </li></ul>2<br />HISTORY OF INDIAN<br /> METRO RAILWAY<br />
3<br />Why it is needed<br />unprecedented growth of personal vehicles.Growing traffic congestion. Air pollution and traffic accidents has become a major concern.To avoid congestion at peak hours. Time saving.Reduced fuel consumption.<br />
BENEFITs OF METRO RAIL<br /><ul><li> Requires 1/5th energy per passenger km compared to road-based transport system.
Causes less noise, no air pollution and eco friendly transport system.
Occupies no road space if underground and only about 2.60 meters width of the road if elevated.
A public address system is provided on the trains to announce approaching stations.</li></ul>5<br />
INDIAN METRO RAILWAY<br /> EXISTING METRO RAILWAY<br /> Kolkata Metro Rail.<br /> Delhi Metro Rail.<br />2. FUTURE & PROPOSED METRO RAILWAY<br />Mumbai Metro Rail<br />Bangalore Metro Rail.<br />Hydrabad Metro Rail.<br />Chennai Metro Rail.<br />Kochi Metro Rail<br />6<br />
KOLKATA METRO RAILWAYS<br /><ul><li>System length - 22.3 km
The starting point of Metro rail in Cochin is in Aluva and the proposed ending point is the place called Pettah. </li></ul>23<br />
<ul><li> The alignment was created by the DMRC and is planned to be made on a Public-Private Partnership basis.
Since it has almost 24 stops between the 25 km, average speed 35kms/hour.
The proposed gauge is standard gauge unlike the broad gauge on the Delhi Metro.</li></ul>24<br />
Suggestions<br />integrated ticket for bus & metro rail.Luggage carrying facility should be there.To encourage people to use Metro there should be a separate parking place for the monthly pass holders.Concern authority should drop their kind attention to minimize the maintenance cost.<br />25<br />
CONCLUSION<br />Although Metro systems are more reliable, comfortable and safer than road based systems & it reduce congestion on the roads. However systems planned in India shows that cost overrunning and under utilization of capacity. Methodology and arguments used to justify these systems needs careful analysis. High capacity system does not necessarily generate high demand. Estimation of passenger demand for transit services should consider complete journey of commuters including access time.<br />26<br />