Proxy Servers

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Rajavardhan
Rishikesh
Rishabh
Siddharth
Sriniketan

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Proxy Servers

  1. 1. PROXY SERVERS Rajavardhan Rishabh Rishikesh Siddharth Sriniketan
  2. 2. AGENDA <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>How it works </li></ul><ul><li>Types & Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Performance aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages/Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Demo </li></ul>
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>A proxy server is a server that acts as an intermediary between a workstation user and the Internet so that the enterprise can ensure security, administrative control, and caching service. </li></ul><ul><li>By using the proxy server you can hide, conceal and make your network id anonymous by hiding your IP address </li></ul><ul><li>A server that sits between a client application, such as a Web browser, and a real server  </li></ul>
  4. 4. HOW DOES IT WORK?
  5. 5. HOW DOES IT WORK?
  6. 6. TYPES AND FUNCTIONS <ul><li>Caching Proxy : A caching proxy server accelerates service requests by retrieving content saved from a previous request made by the same client or even other clients </li></ul><ul><li>Web proxy : A proxy that focuses on World Wide Web traffic is called a &quot;web proxy&quot;. The most common use of a web proxy is to serve as a web cache. </li></ul><ul><li>Content-filtering web proxy : A content-filtering web proxy server provides administrative control over the content that may be relayed through the proxy. It is commonly used in both commercial and non-commercial organizations (especially schools) to ensure that Internet usage conforms to acceptable use policy </li></ul>
  7. 7. TYPES AND FUNCTIONS <ul><li>Anonymizing proxy : An anonymous proxy server (sometimes called a web proxy) generally attempts to anonymize web surfing. </li></ul><ul><li>Intercepting proxy : An intercepting proxy combines a proxy server with a gateway or router .Connections made by client browsers through the gateway are diverted to the proxy without client-side configuration. </li></ul>
  8. 8. TRANSPARENT / OPAQUE SERVERS <ul><li>Transparent – both parties (local/remote) are unaware that the connection is being proxied </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zorp - application layer proxy is transparent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Opaque – the local party must configure client software to use the proxy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>client software must be proxy-aware software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Netscape proxy server is opaque </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With all of the things modern firewalls can do in the area of redirection you could configure the firewall to redirect all http requests to a proxy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>no user configuration required (transparent) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. PERFORMANCE ASPECTS <ul><li>Caching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By keeping local copies of frequently accessed file the proxy can serve those files back to a requesting browser without going to the external site each time, this dramatically improves the performance seen by the end user </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only makes sense to implement this at the ISP rather than the small business level because of the number of pages available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because of dynamic content many pages are invalidated in the cache right away </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Load balancing (Reverse Proxy) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A proxy can be used in a reverse direction to balance the load amongst a set of identical servers (servers inside the firewall and users outside) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used especially with web dynamic content (.asp, .php,.cfm,.jsp) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. SECURITY ADVANTAGES <ul><li>Hide internal clients from external network </li></ul><ul><li>Blocking of dangerous URLs </li></ul><ul><li>Filter dangerous content </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate need for transport layer routing between networks </li></ul><ul><li>Single point of access, control and logging </li></ul>
  11. 11. PROXY LIABILITIES <ul><li>Single point of failure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>if the proxy dies , no one can get to the external network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Client software must usually be designed to use a proxy </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t protect the OS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>proxies run at the application level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usually optimized for performance rather than security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WINGATE was installed to be easy to configure; opened a winsock proxy to the external interface, which let hackers essentially hijack the machine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a service bottleneck </li></ul><ul><ul><li>solved via parallelism (more proxies, and load balance) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Softwares <ul><li>Invisible IP Map </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows 2000 to Vista Compatible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linux Compatible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works without a considerable drop in performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Invisible Browsing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows XP to Windows 7 compatible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mac OS X compatible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide variety of proxy servers. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>www.publicproxyservers.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.sourceparadise.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.wikipedia.com/proxyservers </li></ul><ul><li>www.howstuffworks.com/firewall </li></ul><ul><li>www.slideshare.com/proxyservers </li></ul><ul><li>www.isaserver.org </li></ul>
  14. 14. Acknowledgments <ul><li>We would like to thank our guide for the project Mr. Raja Ram Gowda for his support and our professor Mr. Siddesh S. for giving us the opportunity to work on the same. </li></ul>
  15. 15. APPLAUSE THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!

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