Developing Capital Markets Through Regional Cooperation



December| 2...


Mr. Hari K.
Vice President, National Stock Exchange of India Limited

An exclusive interview of NSE’s Vice Pre...
per cent of the retail investors are investing from these small towns. If we take Income Tax payment as a proxy for


National Stock Exchange of India Limited

National Stock Exchange of India Ltd.

The National Stoc...

Mr. Muhammad Hanif Jakhura
Chief Executive Officer CDC Pakistan

An exclusive interview of CDC’s Chief Executiv...
Depositories (AECSD), European Central Securities Depositories Association (ECSDA), Africa and Middle East
Depositories As...

Central Depository Company of Pakistan

Vision & Mission
Incorporated in 1993, Central Depository Company...
ADX Signs
Agreement with
Etihad Capital
-ADX Press Release

Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange...
RBI's response:
Signposts for
other central
-D.R. Dogra, MD & CEO, CARE Ratings

The domesti...
imports have been attributed to the
country's high CAD.
6. Adjusting the Marginal Standing
Facility (MSF) Rate. The MSF,
which are earning impressive savings
for the Company.
Mr. Anees
expressed DG Khan Cement
Company Limited (DGKC) is a
access to technology, differentiation in
terms of research and advisory inputs,
access to diversified products, and
CDC launches Investment Portfolio Services for Government Securities

Press Release

CDC is the only non banking instituti...
S&P Dow Jones to Upgrade UAE to Emerging Market Status

S&P Dow Jones said that the UAE's current foreign owner...
HBL to launch financial literacy programme

Habib Bank Limited (HBL) has partnered with Idara-e-Taleem-...
November 2013



S&P CNX ...
The 'cap' confusion
Business Standard
Different agencies define large, medium or small cap, according to their own methodo...
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Sourajit Aiyer - Trends in Consolidation in Indian Stock Broking - South Asian Federation of Exchanges, Pakistan, Dec 2013


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Sourajit Aiyer - Trends in Consolidation in Indian Stock Broking - South Asian Federation of Exchanges, Pakistan, Dec 2013

  1. 1. Developing Capital Markets Through Regional Cooperation SOUTH ASIAN FEDERATION OF EXCHANGES CAPITAL MARKETS December| 2013 p1 p3 Interviews this month’s special Industry Focus this month’s special Members’ Contributions p9 p14 South Asian Securities Markets Highlights A MONTHLY E-PUBLICATION ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENTS IN THE CAPITAL MARKET INDUSTRY OF THE REGION An Interview with Mr. Hari K. Vice President, National Stock Exchange of India Limited Special Industry Focus National Stock Exchange of India Limited An Interview with Mr. Muhammad Hanif Jakhura Chief Executive Officer CDC Pakistan Special Industry Focus
  2. 2. QA & with Mr. Hari K. Vice President, National Stock Exchange of India Limited An exclusive interview of NSE’s Vice President Mr. Hari K. with SAFE Secretariat Q: What initiatives have been taken to develop and increase the efficiency & investor outreach of NSE in year 2013? A: The exchange has played a key role in growing investor participation, through engagement initiatives with various market participants and stakeholders. NSE is conducting programmes to create awareness in the youth, investors and potential investors. The exchange conducts nearly 1500 investor awareness seminars every year in metros as well as small towns on different aspects of the financial markets. The seminars throw light on the various do's and don'ts of trading, rights and obligations of investors and educates investors on investing opportunities. Investors are also educated so that they can overcome some of the fears they have about the markets. The exchange is also educating its investors on various products like Nifty ETF's, the upcoming CPSE-ETFs (which will be based on stocks of public sector enterprises) and other retail products. NSE is also conducting knowledge builder and knowledge hour sessions for its dealers and members. The knowledge hour sessions focus on discussing product specifics for a better understanding of different products and other market related issues. Nearly 50 such programmes are being conducted in the different regions every month. The knowledge builder sessions are more detailed interactions, where domain experts are imparting soft skills like awareness on the economy, how the world economy affects the Indian markets, how the Indian economy affects the markets and more detailed perspective on different products. Our regional offices are organizing at least 20 such sessions in a month. Today, NSE has nearly 45 RMs across India. This becomes critical because members and dealers are the first point of contact for investors. These initiatives are helping in growing the investor base significantly. For instance, there is high retail participation from the non-tier one and non-tier two cities in the capital market segment. Of the investment by retail investors in the cash market, nearly 44 per cent turnover is coming from investors in non-tier one and non-tier two cities and 50 PAGE 01
  3. 3. per cent of the retail investors are investing from these small towns. If we take Income Tax payment as a proxy for financial capacity to have risk capital to invest in stock markets, of the 3.4 crore tax payers, 1.5 crore investors are investing through NSE which is approximately 45% penetration. This is comparable to most markets. We are placing emphasis on systematic investment in capital markets through instruments like ETF's which are well suited for retail investors who may have financial, technical and time constraints in investing on their own. We are seeing encouraging results with large number of SIP accounts getting opened for ETF investment every month. There is further significant potential for taking the benefits of capital markets to larger sections of the population. For achieving this, large trained and skilled manpower is required. NSE has been very active in ensuring that requisite skills are imparted to our youth to undertake this effort. In this direction NSE has certified over 10 lakh people in various aspects of capital market operations. NSE has launched financial awareness and skill development programs directed at various levels of students – from class 8 to MBA. Both financial awareness and skill development are ongoing efforts and we at NSE will continue to dedicate ourselves to this task. What plans are in offering to increase market share of NSE and what is your vision for a marketplace in year 2014? While NSE has been focusing on the domestic market through various investor initiatives, considerable importance is given to expanding NSE's global footprint. This is being done through product partnerships with International exchanges and global tie ups, to give foreign investors an opportunity to invest in Nifty 50, the index which constitutes the top 50 stocks traded on NSE, by market cap. Currently, Nifty futures and options are trading on the Singapore stock exchange and mini Nifty contracts are being traded on Chicago Mercantile exchange. NSE also has a partnership with the Japan exchange group, to launch Nifty futures in the summer of 2014. Exchange traded funds based on Nifty are also trading in 15 international exchanges. NSE would continue to focus its attention on protecting investor interest, launching products which suit the needs and risk profiles of all classes of investors and maintaining a robust risk management system. NSE will also continue to take initiatives to reduce overhead costs for market participants and stay ahead of the curve by providing technology, with the lowest latency and quick response time. PAGE 02
  4. 4. IN DUSTRY FOCUS National Stock Exchange of India Limited National Stock Exchange of India Ltd. About The National Stock Exchange (NSE) is India's leading stock exchange covering various cities and towns across the country. NSE was set up by leading institutions to provide a modern, fully automated screen-based trading system with national reach. The Exchange has brought about unparalleled transparency, speed & efficiency, safety and market integrity. It has set up facilities that serve as a model for the securities industry in terms of systems, practices and procedures. NSE has played a catalytic role in reforming the Indian securities market in terms of microstructure, market practices and trading volumes. The market today uses state-of-art information technology to provide an efficient and transparent trading, clearing and settlement mechanism, and has witnessed several innovations in products & services viz. demutualisation of stock exchange governance, screen based trading, compression of settlement cycles, dematerialisation and electronic transfer of securities, securities lending and borrowing, professionalisation of trading members, fine-tuned risk management systems, emergence of clearing corporations to assume counterparty risks, market of debt and derivative instruments and intensive use of information technology. Awards and Recognition è NSCCL Rated “CCR AAA” for fifth consecutive year – 3rd Jan, 2013. è For fifth consecutive year CRISIL has assigned its highest corporate credit rating of 'CCR AAA' to the National Securities Clearing Corporation Ltd (NSCCL). 'CCR AAA' rating indicates highest degree of strength with regard to honouring debt obligations. As per CRISIL the rating reflects NSCCL's status as Clearing Corporation for NSE. The rating also factors in NSCCL's rigorous risk management controls and adequate settlement guarantee cover. è CRISIL has further stated that NSCCL's risk management system is comprehensive, and is regularly upgraded to preempt market failures. The company addresses risks in clearing and settlement with its stringent norms for selection of members, robust margining system, and risk-based position limits and surveillance mechanism. è NSE and NSCCL receive Asian Banker awards April 26th, 2010 NSE has been awarded 'The Asian Banker Financial Derivative Exchange of the Year Award" NSCCL has been awarded 'The Asian Banker Clearing House of the Year Award’ è NSE awarded 'Derivative Exchange of the Year' [older than 2010] The award recognizes best practice, quality service and innovation in derivatives and risk management in the AsiaPacific region. The winning institutions are those that, over the past year, have responded best in the needs of their clients, both on the asset and liability side, along with the end-users that have demonstrated outstanding trading and risk management strategies. è 'Asia Risk' is the only publication dedicated solely to the business of financial risk management and the derivatives market in the Asia-Pacific region since 1995. Know more Brief History 13-May-13 10-Jan-13 3-Jan-13 18-Sep-2012 27-Jun-12 3-May-12 22-Mar-12 PAGE 03 NSE launches the first dedicated Debt Platform on the Exchange Agreement on Launch of S&P CNX Nifty Futures in Japan NSCCL Rated CCR AAA for fifth consecutive year NSE launches SME operations NSE launches financial literacy initiative ' Jagruti' in Mohali, in partnership with India Post Futures and Options contracts on FTSE 100 NSE and India Post start Unique Financial Inclusion Initiative "Jagruti"14-Mar-12NSE launches “EMERGE” - SME Platform
  5. 5. QA & with Mr. Muhammad Hanif Jakhura Chief Executive Officer CDC Pakistan An exclusive interview of CDC’s Chief Executive Officer Mr. Muhammad Hanif Jakhura with SAFE Secretariat Q: What initiatives have been taken to develop and increase the efficiency & services of CDCPL in the year 2013? A: The year 2013 has witnessed steady growth in almost all areas of our operations. The securities under our custody have crossed one hundred billion rupees with its market value touching approximately Rs. 3trillion, which is a great achievement for our company. During the year, State Bank of Pakistan has reposed its trust on us by granting us with the membership of Pakistan Real Time Interbank Settlement Mechanism (PRISM) and Real time Gross Settlement (RTGS) enabling us to offer Investment Portfolio Services of Government Securities to retail investors so they can maintain their complete investment portfolio with us. Similarly, we have signed Memorandum of Understanding with Insurance Industry for Centralized Information Sharing Solution which will enhance efficiency of the Insurance Industry and another service called Back Office System for the Mutual Fund industry is about to be launched. Apart from these development initiatives, we have also conducted several awareness sessions, information seminars and trainings to increase investor outreach. Informational material has been developed and distributed, and direct interaction with investors has been ensured on a regular basis. Q: The CDCPL was recently elected as the secretariat of the Asia-Pacific Central Securities Depositories Group (ACG) with yourself being elected as Chairman of its Executive Committee. How in your opinion will this development help to enhance infrastructure resilience and promote greater stability in the South Asian capital markets as well as that of Pakistan in particular? A: It's an honor for me that I have been elected as the Chairman of Executive Committee of the Asia-Pacific Central Securities Depositories Group (ACG) and similarly CDC Pakistan has become ACG Secretariat for the next three year term by the virtue of my election. With this appointment, I will be representing the Asia-Pacific Region on the Executive Board of World Forum of CSDs (WFC), which comprises of 5 regional CSD associations including Americas' Central Securities Depositories Association (ACSDA), Association of Eurasian Central Securities PAGE 04
  6. 6. Depositories (AECSD), European Central Securities Depositories Association (ECSDA), Africa and Middle East Depositories Association (AMEDA) and ACG. I will also be serving on other platforms like International Securities Services Association (ISSA), Association of Global Custodians (AGC) and the Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (CPSS-IOSCO). I think my election as the Chairman of ACG is an honor for the entire South Asia and will promote softer image of Pakistan and at the same time will provide me with an opportunity to further strengthen the ACG platform for all members. It is also very interesting to note that out of eight executive committee members of ACG, three are from South Asia. In terms of infrastructure resilience, we have recently introduced the Risk & Recovery Management Taskforce in ACG. The task force members will be sharing information and insight on how we can minimize risks and ensure early recovery at minimal possible time in case of any untoward event. The taskforce will enable its members to exchange information on various procedures and systems in place so as to improve any deficiencies. Q: What are the prevalent pitfalls faced by the South Asian financial services industry towards achieving an exchange of information and mutual assistance on the regional scale? A: Being the Chairman of the Asia-Pacific Central Securities Depositories Group (ACG), I would like to see more information sharing and mutual assistance among countries especially in South Asia. Of course Politics do play a role but I don't see anything which I can say is a pitfall faced by countries in South Asia for information sharing and mutual assistance on the regional scale. Rather, I would say that SAFE itself is one of the great platforms for regional information sharing and similarly, the broader platform of ACG allows securities depositories and clearing companies to meet and share information and promote mutual assistance between Asia-Pacific countries. Q: In your opinion, how shall the stock market in Pakistan benefit, if cross-border listing is allowed within South Asian region? A: It will be great news for the entire South Asia and its economy. Karachi Stock Exchange has been among the world's best performing stock markets and 14 Pakistani equity funds have been among the world's 100 top performing funds in the past year. So certainly our stock exchanges will be able to attract listings from companies across South Asia. It will specially benefit companies from smaller South Asian nations. Similarly, it will provide opportunity to Pakistani companies in raising equity from other successful regional Stock Markets. Q: What is your ideal vision for the year 2014, and what goals does the CDCPL intend to achieve in the near future? A: Regional economic integration is a great way of moving forward making our knowledge sharing circle stronger and broader. CDC Pakistan being a catalyst of change will keep its focus on strategy of diversification into other services having synergy with our core competencies. We have already launched Investor Portfolio Services for Government Securities and Centralized Information Sharing Solution for the Insurance Industry and planning for the launch of Back Office System for Mutual Fund industry is underway. We intend to grow these services and also focus our attention towards Investor Awareness to help promote financial literacy and investor base in Pakistan. PAGE 05
  7. 7. IN DUSTRY FOCUS Central Depository Company of Pakistan Vision & Mission Incorporated in 1993, Central Depository Company of Pakistan Limited (CDC) is the sole entity handling the electronic (paperless) settlement of securities transactions carried out at all three stock exchanges of Pakistan without any physical movement or endorsement of security certificates and execution of transfer instruments. The company manages approximately 99% of the Pakistani market settlement in book entry form and provides depository services to a wide range of Capital market participants which includes Stock Brokers, Asset Management Companies, Banks (including Custodian Banks) and general retail investors. Regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP), the company has offices in Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad. Vision & Mission Vision To be a leading national institution providing quality services to capital & financial markets stimulating economic growth. Mission CDC is committed to provide secured & dependable services to the capital & financial markets in an efficient & cost effective manner comparable to best international practices. The Company's aim is to be the centre of excellence by continuously employing the state-of-the-art technology available & best talent in the country while maintaining good corporate governance in its working. It is committed to provide its employees an environment of professional & personal growth. International Affiliations CDC is continuously enhancing its knowledge and capabilities in response to an increasingly unpredictable and dynamic business environment to achieve better results. CEO-CDC has recently been elected as the Chairman of Executive Committee of Asia-Pacific Central Securities Depository Group (ACG) whereas CDC Pakistan has become ACG Secretariat for a three year term. The company is also an active member of South Asian Federation of Exchanges (SAFE), International Securities Services Association (ISSA) and Association of National Numbering Agencies (ANNA). To avail benefits of cross-border cooperation, explore avenues of mutual assistance and enhance coordination with international depositories, CDC has signed ten Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) with regional and international depositories. These include: è è è è è è è è è è Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC), U.S.A. China Securities Depository and Clearing Corporation (SD&C) Japan Security Depository Centre (JASDEC) Korean Securities Depository (KSD) Indonesia Clearing & Guarantee Corporation (KPEI) Thailand Securities Depository (TSD) Central Securities Depository of Iran Abu Dhabi Securities Market (ADSM) Dubai Financial Market (DFM) Taiwan Depository & Clearing Corporation (TDCC) These MoUs entail cooperation in the areas of technology exchange, operational procedures, mechanism for cross-border listing of securities and exchange of information. These affiliations, MoUs, techs and practices help the company to learn from each other's experience in the areas of operations, product development, infrastructure development and several other areas. PAGE 06
  8. 8. MEMBERS’ CONTRIBUTIONS ADX Signs Registrar Agreement with Etihad Capital -ADX Press Release Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange (ADX) signed a Registrar Agreement with Etihad Capital Company. The agreement was signed between Mr. Ghanem Al Dhaheri, Deputy CEO of ADX, and Mr. Khamis Buharoon Al Shamsi, Chairman and CEO of Etihad Capital, at Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange main offices in Abu Dhabi n the presence of senior staff of both parties. Mr. Ghanem Al Dhaheri, Deputy CEO of ADX said in an ADX Tadawul and ADX Sign Cooperation Agreement -ADX Press Release The Saudi Stock Exchange (Tadawul) and the Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange (ADX) have today entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), which will serve to augment the already robust bilateral relationship between the two exchanges. According to the MoU, signed by Rashed Al-Baloushi, the Chief Executive Officer of the Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange and official press release “This agreement is a significant move that will generate the opportunity for investors to trade in company stocks due to the availability of an official market record established under the terms of this agreement. ADX is obligated to provide an electronic stock-saving system for transferring stock ownerships in the company in accordance with UAE financial laws” Deputy CEO of ADX concluded by saying:” ADX looks forward to providing all the necessary services and meet all the requirements in accordance with the finest standards available in capital markets. We hope that this agreement will help us move closer to achieving our goals in line with the Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030,” Mr. Khamis Buharoon Al Shamsi, Chairman & CEO of Etihad Capital said in the press release issued by ADX:” We extend our sincere thanks to Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange on the outstanding services provided by their management and the team work that facilitated the tasks and support of our agreement. Our agreement is pursuant to the decision of the Minister of Economy No. 360 for the year 2009 for record shares of private equity firms and in accordance with the decision of the Securities and Commodities Authority No. 33 for the year 2009, we choose Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange (ADX) to take advantage of the integrated services provided by the exchange to save the stock. We look forward to more successes this year through this fruitful cooperation. " Adel Saleh Al-Ghamdi, the Chief Executive Officer of the Saudi Stock Exchange, the two parties have formally agreed to enhance information and knowledge sharing with the aim of furthering communication, mutual understanding and cooperation. The signing ceremony was held at Tadawul's headquarters in Riyadh. Amongst the various terms of the MoU, it was agreed to institute an exchange program for employees of both bourses, and explore opportunities for technology and market data sharing, cross-listings, as well as collaboration on market development initiatives. Commenting on the signing, Mr. Rashed Al Balsouhsi, CEO of ADX said:”We are opening a gate for a new era, a new field where we look for new opportunities for collaboration and cooperation. This agreement will contribute to the already good relations between our countries. The MoU will strengthen the coordination between the two markets. We look forward to working with Tadawul in developing the business of our common interests in our region. Mr. Adel Al-Ghamdi, Chief Executive Officer of the Saudi Stock Exchange, expressed his confidence that the MoU “would serve to strengthen alignment and collaboration on matters of mutual interest and benefits to both exchanges” stating that “a unified effort in identifying opportunities and addressing challenges will pave the way for harmonizing the experience of market stakeholders on both platforms, particularly since earnest efforts have been underway to unify capital market policies across the GCC in terms of corporate governance, security registrations, trading rules, and listing and disclosure requirements”. Al-Ghamdi concluded, “We are glad to have developed such an outstanding relationship with ADX over the years, and look forward to this exciting new chapter of our collaboration” PAGE 08
  9. 9. Currency depreciation: RBI's response: Signposts for other central banks? -D.R. Dogra, MD & CEO, CARE Ratings The domestic currencies of various economies, especially of emerging market economies, have been subject to steep declines in the last 6 months. Amongst the worst hit has been the Indian Rupee, which has depreciated nearly 15% during the April-November'13 period, touching a lifetime low of Rs.68.8/US dollar. This fall in the currencies of emerging market economies has been the result of the shift in foreign investor preference towards US markets and dollar denominated assets with the US Federal Reserve indicating that improving US economic environment could see it scale down, earlier than anticipated, its quantitative easing programme i.e. its $ 85 bn monthly bond buying programme that has been largely responsible for infusing liquidity into the global markets and propelling asset prices. The purpose here is to examine what all the RBI has done to restore confidence in the rupee which can serve as a template for other central banks too. Although, fundamental factors such as India's high current account deficit PAGE 09 (CAD) (4.8% of GDP in the last fiscal year) and the surge in FII outflows from the domestic capital markets ($ 12 bn between June-August following indications of the tapering of US economic stimulus programme), have been the chief contributors to the rupees steep decline, weak investor sentiments towards India on account of its sluggish economic growth and widening budget deficits, added to the weakness in the Indian Rupee. The decline in the Rupee emerged as the foremost macro-economic concern for the country. Already suffering from high budget deficits and given the high inelastic or essential imports of the country, a depreciating currency is something India could ill afford. Curbing/reversing the steep and persistent fall in the rupee necessitated various policy measures from the Indian central bank i.e. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) as well at the government. To this end in the last few months a series of measures have been announced ranging from adjusting interest rates to rein in fund outflows from the country, to measures attracting foreign inflows into the country (FDI,FII and NRI deposits), increasing the import duty of non-essential items viz. gold, sale of dollars from RBI reserves to policies that build investor sentiments. While some of these measures have been temporary in nature, having already been reversed, some of them have long term implications. We have listed here the various measures introduced by the RBI in the last 6 months to control the rupee depreciation and try to gauge the overall effectiveness of these so far. 1. Reduction in the limit of Overseas Direct Investment (ODI) under automatic route for all fresh ODI transactions (wef 14 Aug'13) from 400% of net worth to 100% of net worth of an Indian entity. This limit applies to remittances made by Indian Companies under the ODI scheme for setting up unincorporated entities outside India in the energy and natural resources sectors. This limit does not apply for ODI by the Navratna PSU's, ONGC Videsh Ltd and Oil India in overseas unincorporated entities and incorporated entities, in the oil sector. This also does not apply for all financial commitments made on or before 14 Aug'13, in compliance with the earlier limit of 400% of net worth and for financial commitments funded by way of external commercial borrowings (ECBs). 2. Reduction in limit for remittances made by Resident Individuals, under the Liberalized Remittance Scheme (LRS), from USD 200,000 to USD 75,000 per financial year. While resident Individuals have been permitted to set up Joint Venture (JV)/Wholly Owned Subsidiary (WOS) outside India under the ODI route within the revised LRS limit, LRS cannot be used for acquisition of immovable property outside India directly or indirectly. Earlier restriction on use of LRS for prohibited transactions such as margin trading and lottery continues. 3. Raising of interest rate ceiling on long-term maturity Foreign Currency Non-Resident [FCNR (B)] deposits by from LIBOR/Swap plus 300 bps to LIBOR/Swap plus 400 bps for deposits with maturity of 35 years. 4. Deregulation of interest rates on Non-Resident (External) Rupee (NRE) Deposits. Earlier, interest rates offered by banks on NRE deposits could not be higher than those offered on comparable domestic rupee deposits. However, in order to pass on the benefit of exemption provided on incremental NRE deposits with maturity of 3 years and above from CRR/ SLR requirements and to increasing fund inflows, the RBI decided to give banks the freedom to offer interest rates on such deposits without any ceiling. 5. Restrictions on gold imports that includes ban on import of gold coins and medallions, 20% of every lot of gold imported to the country to be exclusively made available for purpose of exports and only the balance for domestic use. Definition of domestic use of gold modified as gold available to entities engaged in jewellery business/bullion dealers and to banks authorized to administer the Gold Deposit Scheme against full upfront payment. The RBI has also put curbs on credit directed to purchase of gold. The demand for gold and thereby the higher gold
  10. 10. imports have been attributed to the country's high CAD. 6. Adjusting the Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) Rate. The MSF, introduced in May'11, enables banks to borrow in excess of the regular repo auctions under LAF, but at a higher cost. At inception the MSF rate was designed to be 100 bps above repo rate. This rate was increased to 200 bps above repo rate on 20 Sept'13 in an attempt at constraining liquidity in the system. The MSF rate has however been bought back to the 100 bps above repo rate level. This had helped to lower the speculative positions being taken by some banks in the forex market by borrowing thought the repo window. 7. Restriction on bank borrowing through the LAF (Liquidity Adjustment Facility) window (from 1% of Net Demand and Time Liabilities to 0.5%) in an attempt to curb liquidity and thereby speculative activity. 8. Introduction of liquidity tightening measures through CMB (cash management bills) auctions every week to take out funds from the banking system. 9. RBI decided to directly sell dollars to three public sector oil marketing companies to meet their import requirements through a special window to reduce the pressure on the rupee. Oil companies are the largest buyers of dollars, as such their demand for dollars has been a major factor driving the exchange rate. The RBI since early November'13 has reduced the quantum of dollar sales to the oil companies and they have been sourcing a part of their requirement DG Khan Cement Company Ltd senior management visit LSE - LSE Press Release from the market. 10. Dollar sales by the RBI. The RBI has been time and again intervening in the forex markets by way of dollar sales from its reserves. The central bank has for the period Apr-Sept'13 sold US dollars amounting to $24.7 bn (for the whole of FY13 the RBI dollar sales were $16.2 bn) to curtail the depreciation in the Indian Rupee. The effectiveness and sustainability of this tool to retain the value of the domestic currency has been debated given the limited foreign currency reserves with the RBI. As of mid-November'13, the RBI has in its reserves foreign currency assets totaling $256 bn. 11. Increase in overseas borrowing limit for banks from 50% to 100% of their unimpaired Tier-1 Capital and allowed banks to convert the same into rupee and hedging the same with the RBI at concessional rates. 12. The RBI has opened a special swap window for banks till 30 Nocember'13 to swap foreign currency non-resident (FCNR) dollar deposits with a minimum duration of 3 years at a fixed rate of 3.5% per annum. 13. The RBI has provided exporters and importers more leeway/flexibility in cancelling and rebooking forward exchange contracts. Exporters are permitted to rebook cancelled forward exchange contracts to the extent of 50 % of the value of cancelled contracts. Earlier this limit was capped at 25 %. Importers too can rebook to the extent of 25%. Importers were previously not allowed to rebook cancelled forward exchange contracts. The government too enacted DG Khan Cement Company Ltd senior management visited The Lahore Stock Exchange to participate in the Corporate Briefing Program. CBP is an interactive program initiated by the Lahore Stock Exchange under the Corporate Communications Department to encourage companies to come forward and share their financials and non financial projects before the members, TREC Holders, investors and the media to abridge the communicational gap between the listed companies and the market participants through this platform. measure that complemented the RBI measures to rein in the currency fall. Some of the main government measures to shore up the rupee included raising the duty on nonessential import items viz. gold, increasing the limit of its currency swap agreements with Japan from $15 bn to $50 bn and liberalization of FDI limits in 12 sectors. The measures enacted by the RBI and the government, often argued to have yielded only a limited result, has nevertheless had an overall positive impact on the Rupee. The rupee has recovered from its low of over Rs.68/$ and is currently seen to be relatively stable around Rs.62-63/$. The inflows of funds into the country too have increased and the RBI forex position too has improved. India's trade balances too have been recording encouraging improvements in recent month. Nevertheless, the downside risks to the currency persist. With the tapering of the US quantitative easing regarded to be a given, although timelines for the same are yet to be finalized, the rupee could come under renewed pressure in the coming future. The rupee would also be susceptible to external shocks that could disrupt its trade dynamics i.e. impact on the country's oil imports and its overall exports. Continued monitoring and proactive policy action from the RBI and the government is essential to maintain the value of the Rupee. Chief Financial Officer and Director, Mr. Inyat Ullah Niazi, Company Secretary, Mr. Khalid. M. Chohan and Senior Manager Finance, Mr. Syed Anees Hassan addressed the participants explaining and highlighting the financial performance of the company. Mr. Anees while sharing DGKCC's financial performance stated that energy shortage is one of the biggest challenges faced by the industrial sector of Pakistan. He also mentioned that the company has successfully installed and operated Waste Heat Recovery plant and Alternate Fuels project PAGE 10
  11. 11. which are earning impressive savings for the Company. Mr. Anees expressed DG Khan Cement Company Limited (DGKC) is a company with farsightedness. Mr. Niazi, Director D.G Khan Cement stated that the Company's strategy is to stabilise and enhance its profitability yet not neglecting the social responsibility aspects. Mr. Niazi shared that the Company has plans for its expansions in Pakistan and is also looking for a joint venture in Africa. Mr. Niazi while addressing the participants informed that the Company has started two projects with name of Lahore Green and Multan Green. Through these projects the Company will procure waste from local government body and process that for further use in replacement of imported coal. He expressed that the projects are expected to boost savings for the Company. Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Lahore Stock Exchange Mr. Aftab Ahmed Chaudhry was chief guest of this event while addressing the participants stated that the purpose of the Corporate Briefing Program is to provide an opportunity to the companies to brief investors and the broker community on the updated operational, financial and strategic positioning of the companies. He expressed that an opportunity of periodical communication through the Corporate Briefing Program would enable the companies to create a strong investors following, besides, providing the investors an opportunity to gain first- hand knowledge from a company's management. He stated that LSE considers it essential for the companies to participate in such programs so that there is no information asymmetry regarding our listed companies. Ms. Maryam Baqir, Manager Corporate Communications LSE said that Corporate Briefing Program (CBP) aims to bridge the gap between the listed companies and investor's community and provide them with an opportunity to share company's first hand information. The basic goal of the Corporate Briefing Program is to enhance investor's understanding of financial statements, company's short term and long term projects. CBP is an opportunity for investors to better understand the economic/financial affairs of a company which might affect company's share price and ultimately impact their investments as well as investment decisions. The LSE under this initiative will be conducting regular programs for different listed companies. Management of the companies shall brief and explain the investors about company's assets and liabilities, financial soundness, credit worthiness, current and expected revenue and growth rates. MCX-SX launches investor service centres in 4 more cities November 29, 2013, Mumbai: In keeping with its culture of promoting investor protection and education, MCX-SX, the third and India's New Stock Exchange, launched Investor Service Centres (ISCs) at Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Indore and Kanpur, in addition to its existing centres. The initiative has not only increased the Exchange's reach to investors and market participants, but also makes it convenient for investors and market players to redress their grievances. this, the MCX-SX has operationalized total of eight Investor Service Centres, including the earlier ones in Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and Chennai. - MCX-SX Press Release - - MCX-SX announces launch of investor service centres at four new locations across India – Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Indore and Kanpur Service Centres to help investors with complaint resolution and arbitration, apart from servicing their educational and awareness requirements With Indian stockbroking heading towards consolidation, what are the new trends - Sourajit Aiyer, Finance professional currently based in Mumbai ISCs have Investor Grievance Redressal Committees and will also function as Regional Arbitration Centres. The centres facilitate ease of complaint registration and speedy resolution to investors, in addition to making available educational material and providing general awareness to visitors. With The Indian stockbroking sector has been undergoing severe challenges given declining yields, disproportionate rise in derivatives volumes, technology advances, competition and an overall disinterest of retail investors towards this asset class. With the shift away from high-yield cash equities segment, the annual broking commission pool has been fairly stagnant for the last three years. At the same time, the number of cash equities brokers has largely held firm, with closure of few brokers negated by entry of some foreign brokers in recent years. This indicates the increasing intensity of competition. Secondly, the proportion Commenting on the initiative, Mr Gopal K. Pillai, (IAS Retd.), Chairman and Public Interest Director, MCX-SX, said, “One of the most important functions of an Exchange is to protect investor interest and promote inclusive growth. Especially at a time when the retail investor participation in capital markets has been on a steady decline, it becomes important to provide adequate support and protect their interest. We will continue to engage in such activities and actions, which are in line with our commitment to transparency and investor protection.” of cash equities volumes controlled by top few brokers has gone up over the last decade. The stockbroking industry is essentially cyclical in nature. The correlation between broking revenues with market returns is visible, given the recent news emanating on this industry. With cyclicity breeding uncertainty, this phenomenon has rendered a natural situation for consolidation. The purpose of this article is to reasonably gauge what are the trends to be expected in this aspect. In India, the larger brokers are currently maintaining their leadership position on the back of strong balance sheets, PAGE 10
  12. 12. access to technology, differentiation in terms of research and advisory inputs, access to diversified products, and distribution reach. For the smaller brokers, strong relationships with their critical clients remain key. Those firms unable to scale up in a low-cost manner or offer a critical value-differentiator to attract and retain clients represent the excess capacity. They may eventually have to exit by closing or selling. The last year or so has seen few small brokers close as lower cash equities volumes, entry of foreign rivals and increase of algorithmic trading has put viability pressures. Brokerages have also seen some acquisition activity with the main aim of the acquirer being to increase its product offerings across segments or across geographies. Strategic alliances were mainly used for online trading expansion, since India's current low web penetration at ~8-9% offers ample scope for growth. But what are the trends that the industry can expect in the future, if the current pressures continue? Looking at the experience of a matured brokerage market like USA offers critical insights. The US broking industry (~4,000 firms) is also concentrated, just like India. However, the Top 10 NYSE brokers comprised 40% of total shares traded as of Dec 2011, which is higher than India. Based on the commission revenues of Schwab, Ameritrade, E*Trade, Interactive Brokers, Morgan Stanley, Goldman Sachs, their market concentration has moved up within the overall commission pool, putting smaller brokers under pressure. USA has seen an increase in its competitive intensity, given less than proportionate decline in FINRA members vis a vis the decline in cash volumes since 2008. So what have the US brokers done in such a situation, and what can Indian brokers learn from their experience? Lower trading in high-yield cash equities in the US has had an impact on the proportion of this segment's income within the commission pool and also commissions per revenue trade of leading US brokers. With the depressed cash equities commissions as well as volatile and uncertain markets, US firms are pushing towards a fee-based advisory model. They are pitching a holistic financial solution for clients with extensive product access and trading platforms overloaded with learning tools. As a result, the combined client assets of leading US brokers have grown since 2009, and new assets shot up to its highest since the last 5 years in 2011. They have PAGE 11 been building advisory platforms for a broader set of clients – across retail, private clients, managed accounts, ETF clients etc. Secondly, with market pressures led to closures/acquisitions, firms have moved towards building specific valueproposition to retain clients. For instance, Ameritrade is pitching its best-in-class trading platform to attract beginners and novice investors, apart from active traders. E*Trade has been pitching a whole lot of promotional offers to bring in traders. Charles Schwab has built its broking-cumbanking integrated platform and Scottrade has focused on best prices. M&As were mainly seen in USA as firms looked to grow into universal financial houses or offer a wider product range, like Citigroup (Citibank +Travellers+ Salomon Smith), Schwab (acquired The 401K Co, optionsXpress, Compliance 11) . A number of smaller broking firms in the US have closed down recently (employing <100). No sustained earnings due to lower volumes and higher costs of regulations and technology led to a shortage of capital, and hence an inability to invest in building a specific value-add. In short, those capable to invest in building a value-add, and those able to build a differentiator, have a better chance of prospering in the industry under pressure. Thirdly, brokers are seeking sustained revenue growth using a scalable approach across product categories and clients types – to utilize economies of scale and scope. US brokers have been building a diversified product suite to increase client trading activity across segments, like Schwab and Ameritrade's acquisitions of OptionsXpress and ThinkOrSwim for option strategies. Differentiation has meant pursuing differentiated models as per client types: long-term, active, self-driven traders. Some have scaled up using RIA networks, an experienced talent pool using knowledge and deep client relationships. This included automation to reduce human intervention and handle more business with low incremental cost, technology tools like analytics, faster access, research tools, mobile/tablet platforms, and DMA and algorithmic trading. Quality processes and platforms have been key differentiators as all efforts have been focusing to ensure repeat business. Client referral programmes have also been a critical tool, using word of mouth referrals. Schwab's retail referral raised $11bn in new assets in 2011. Lastly, mega deals do not seem to have yielded much value in the US. Hence, M&As were driven primarily for superior technology platforms. But most major deals are yet to show results as clients do not necessarily stick on post-acquisition. Integration of the two firms has often been difficult, and most have been existing separately within the combined entity. This makes it difficult to achieve economies of scale for revenue growth - its very purpose. Going forward, acquisition deals are mainly expected in small transactions focusing on specific, niche competencies. So what is the scenario for consolidation in India going forward? There is ample scope for consolidation in India as the sector is still highly fragmented and profitability pressures are expected to continue. Firms with varied offerings, strong research and advisory, balance sheet strength, technology capabilities, scalable processes and deep relationships should dominate eventually, and garner a larger share of the incremental business once market activity picks up. Remaining players will either close or sell as business becomes unviable at the current scale. Consolidation process should produce stronger domestic players to counter foreign competition; The resultant competition amongst equal peers could also improve overall customer experience and satisfaction levels, which could bring in further new clients into equities. · India may eventually restructure with universal one-stop financial shops and pure brokers offering value-adds. · Need for technology for sophisticated trading platforms, automation and algorithms may drive deal flow. · Depth of client relationships will be key for client stickiness, retention and referrals. Clients will move on if dissatisfied with the service, hence a need to leverage strong personal relationships for referrals. · Build fee-based businesses to minimize the impact of cyclicity on corebroking income and grow the product suite. · Web/mobile platforms hold further potential given its advantages of convenience, low costs and fast execution. · Since cost pressures in expanding own infrastructure in this cyclical business, focus will be on scalable, asset-light operating models.
  13. 13. CDC launches Investment Portfolio Services for Government Securities Press Release CDC is the only non banking institution entrusted by the State Bank of Pakistan to provide custody and settlement services of Government Securities to Asset Management companies and Retail Investors through Real Time Gross Settlement. Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) will enable CDC to safe keep Government Securities acquired by different funds under its own custody rather relying upon other banks. At the same time, the facility will improve efficiency of our trustee operations by reducing the settlement time and help mutual funds maintain their complete securities portfolio under one roof. The current range of GOP debt securities include Pakistan Investment Bonds, Treasury Bills and Ijrah Sukuks, issued by the State Bank on behalf of the Government of Pakistan. Previously these securities were only available by the Bank to a certain category of corporate clientele and the sale was directly handled by Bank's Treasury Department. General investors will also be able to invest in government securities by opening Investor Portfolio Securities (IPS) account with CDC through partner brokers. IPS account will enable them to maintain custody of their investing securities directly with CDC and avail high returns with zero investment risk. Bhutan pact opens doors to S Asia That advice came after the signing of an agreement on economic cooperation in Bangkok yesterday by Bhutanese Economic Minister Lyonpo Norbu Wangchuk and Commerce Minister Niwatthumrong Boonsongpaisan covering trade, investment, tourism, construction, healthcare, education, energy, logistics and the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. The two countries agreed to set up a joint trade commission to exchange views and discuss strategies to promote trade and investment every year. Niwatthumrong said closer ties with Bhutan should help open up more trade and investment opportunities to Bhutan for Thai businesses, as well in other countries that Bhutan has bilateral trade agreements with. Those countries are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, which are members of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation and the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation, a grouping of Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal and Thailand. Thai investors could use Bhutan as an investment base to sell goods in the domestic market and to ship to other countries, as Bhutan has tariff privileges with many nations. Projects that Bhutan has highlighted for foreign investors include a 10-gigawatt power plant that could be tripled in capacity in the future to supply the domestic market and export electricity to India and other nearby countries. Bhutan is also open to investment in many businesses that Thais have high potential in such as healthcare, education, resorts and restaurants, and other tourism and service businesses. The Bhutanese government is studying developing a hydropower plant for exporting electricity to other countries, and organic horticulture, as well as health and tourism, fields that Thais are experts in. Indians are the largest group of foreign investors in Bhutan. Thailand's trade with Bhutan should grow stronger in the following year thanks to the closer ties. Shipments from Thailand to Bhutan should also increase from an average of about US$150,000 (Bt4.7 million) a year. Exports from Thailand to Bhutan grew by 98.97 per cent this year. The Commerce Ministry's data showed average trade between Thailand and Bhutan was worth $12.10 million in the past five years. Bhutan is Thailand's 153rd-biggest trading partner. Thai goods with sales potential in Bhutan include textiles, automobiles and parts, wood and products, plastic products, fabrics, and furniture and parts. DSE, KPAGEC mull gold trading on stock exchanges The Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) and Kunming Pan Asia Gold Exchange Co. Ltd (KPAGEC) are working on introducing gold trading on both the stock exchanges. To this end, DSE President Ahsanul Islam recently signed a letter of intent in China to promote the joint development of precious metal market based on Dhaka of Bangladesh and Kunming of China, DSE said in a statement on Wednesday. The two exchanges will jointly analyse the trading feasibility in both the exchanges to trade the gold and its derivatives denominated in renminbi (RMB), taka and US dollar. The agreement came when a DSE delegation attended a three-day conference of Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) Economic Corridor Connectivity Forum ended on November 11 at Fuzhou, China. The DSE president proposed the innovative financial products – Infrastructure Development Fund for the BCIM Forum, Islamic Financial Products like Sukuk, BCIM 50 Index, Currency Swap based on Gold standard, Regional Commodity Exchange like Gold Exchange – to provide financial support for the establishment of BCIM countries. Clearing and settlement yet to go online The clearing and settlement of share trading is yet to be done online even though CDS and Clearing (CDSC) has started dematerializing share ownership certificates. CDSC took over the task of clearing and settlement from the Nepal Stock Exchange (Nepse) about a year ago. The central depository system (CDS) was launched to end the manual system of clearing and settlement of share transactions, but it is still being done the old way. The necessary regulation is in place, but there are not enough depository participants (DPs) and clearing members (CMs) to conduct clearing and settlement online. DPs convert the paper share certificates into digital format while CMs help in the clearing of share trading online. While the number of CMs has grown to 25, the number of DPs is just 10. According to CDSC, only 6,561 share certificates have been digitalized so far as the listed companies have not shown the necessary eagerness to digitalize the share certificates they have issued to their shareholders. “Stockbrokers are yet to acquire their DP licence as the regulation requires them to have a net worth of Rs 10 million, so they are reluctant to become Dps,” said a CDSC official. “The number of CMs was also negligible initially as they were required to make a cash deposit of Rs 1 million. After the rule was relaxed allowing them to submit a bank guarantee instead of cash, many brokers came forward to become CMs.” CDSC has not said when the task of clearing and settlement will be done online. After the bank guarantee system was introduced, 25 out of the 50 stockbrokers obtained CM licences. Before that, only two brokers had acquired the permit. However, brokers have not shown much interest in becoming DPs. The only companies that have obtained DP licences are merchant bankers. They are Civil Capital Market, Ace Capital, Stock Management & DP, Nabil Investment Banking, NIBL Capital Market, Laxmi Capital, Everest Bank, Siddhartha Capital, NMB Capital and Bank of Kathmandu. PAGE 14
  14. 14. S&P Dow Jones to Upgrade UAE to Emerging Market Status S&P Dow Jones said that the UAE's current foreign ownership limit of 49 percent is satisfactory and there is an expectation that it will be relaxed in coming years. CEO of Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange , Mr. Rashed Al Baloushi welcomed the recent upgrade saying: "We are delighted to have the UAE market upgraded to emerging markets status by S&P Dow Jones. We believe the upgrade reflects international investors' confidence in our markets and their satisfaction with what we have accomplished." "This decision firmly establishes the UAE market on the emerging markets growth map in the minds of global institutional investors. It certainly reflects a growing realization of how far our economy and financial markets have developed in recent years." Added ADX CEO. S&P Dow Jones indexes are used as investment benchmarks by some fund managers. In June this year, index compiler MSCI said it would upgrade the UAE to emerging market status from May 2014. The UAE markets are already classified as emerging markets by FTSE, Russell Investments, and S&P. ISE introduces new trading software Islamabad Stock Exchange (ISE) has introduced new trading software to upgrade the trading platform, as per the modern day requirements and match the demands of post demutualisation scenario, which involves investors from international stock exchanges.The mock trading at the new system, which has been named 'Islamabad Electronic Exchange System' (IEES) was held here on Tuesday in the ISE building and the TREC Holders of ISE were informed about the features of the new system. The new system has been developed by M/s. Catalyst IT Solutions which is a renowned technology solutions provider to financial industries globally. The trial of IEES would continue for 10-15 days after that it is expected to become operational, making ISE the first and currently the only demutualised stock exchange to introduce a modern electronic trading platform for its members. "It will be a milestone in the history of ISE providing multiple options to the investors," Mian Ayyaz Afzal, Managing Director ISE said. He informed that the system will provide online, mobile and SMS trading facilities for the clients of the TREC Holders. "The new trading system with multiple and advances features will enable the ISE to be reap up the benefits of the information technology and to be an Exchange having latest trading software," Afzal added. The TREC holders were informed that with the help of new system they can develop business relations with the brokers at the international stock markets supporting the two way trade. The experts told the participants that clients and investors at international stock markets can also participate in the ISE through the new system, allowing the TREC holders of ISE to develop partnership with the brokers of stock exchanges in other markets. "This efficient and more transparent system of trade execution will enhance the confidence of the investors in ISE," the officials of Catalysts IT said. Syed Ali Mehdi, Chief Business Analyst of Catalyst IT, said that the new system includes portfolio management system, back office facility, risk management features, order routing, data services, direct market access for local, foreigner and institutional clients and secured connectivity features and the new system can be ranked at par with any trading system around the globe. Imtiaz Haider, Commissioner, Securities Market Division, SECP said, "demutualization of our stock exchanges has been completed and we are now moving towards the phase where the stock exchanges have to attract strategic investors." "Post-demutualization, things will change the two key areas where change is inevitable ie, our governance structure and efficiency of systems, processes and price discovery mechanisms," he added. "For efficient working and to keep shareholders satisfied and for the exchanges to stay competitive, there will be an urgent need to improve service delivery, transparency and profitability," Haider said. He further said that the automation brings in quicker turnaround times, ease of access, seamless transactions, better availability of information, etc. It will be imperative for the exchanges to invest, and invest well, in revolutionizing their IT infrastructure. He also said that the securities markets should also consider to achievement of the economies of scale. Imtiaz Haider said that with the stock exchanges becoming for-profit corporations have rendered the managements accountable for their actions and there will be a greater need for improved standards of governance and disclosure. The introduction of strategic investors possessing specialised expertise, automation solutions and precious capital will further result in the stock markets jumpstarting towards new heights. With regard to efficient working, to keep shareholders satisfied and for the exchanges to stay competitive, there will be an urgent need to improve service delivery, transparency and profitability. Key to these improvements in efficiency is the idea of better price discovery. "If we have the best price available, consistently across Pakistan, the buyers and sellers will be able to trade with confidence which will lead to growth and development of our capital market and the exchanges. These developments will address the needs of all stakeholders, including shareholders, market intermediaries, investors, the general public and regulators. The single, most important catalyst for the exchanges, in my opinion, will be taking advantage of automation technologies," Imtiaz added. He further said that the automation brings in quicker turnaround times, ease of access, seamless transactions, better availability of information, etc. It will be imperative for the exchanges to invest, and invest well, in revolutionizing their IT infrastructure. He also said that the securities markets should consider achievement of the economies of scale. "When I say "invest well", what I mean is that IT solutions should be future oriented, user-friendly, adaptable to changing requirements, reliable and most importantly transparent. With such advantages being exploited, the exchanges will witness increased volumes because the investors will have greater confidence due to better price discovery through instantaneous access to information. Without this, the growth factors will not multiply as rapidly as the management of the exchanges, their shareholders, market intermediaries, investors and regulators would like," he added. Imtiaz Haider said that ISE must avail the true potential existing in the new trading system. In the end, Muhammad Rashid Zahir, Chairman ISE Board of Directors, during the vote of thanks said that the new trading system will give more confidence to ISE to improve its working and upgrading its IT infrastructure. He congratulated all stakeholders and thanked the Commissioner SMD for his participation in the event. Goldman upgrades India to ‘marketweight’, raises Nifty target Goldman Sachs upgraded its view on India to “marketweight”, with a target for the broader National Stock Exchange (NSE) index Nifty of 6,900 points. Goldman noted optimism over political change is trumping economic concerns, given what the bank says are expectations that the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), led by prime minister candidate Narendra Modi, could prevail in parliamentary elections due by May 2014. Goldman also noted that external capital account pressures have moderated for now, and cited signs of a cyclical pick-up and structural improvements in the economy. The investment bank likely noted the earnings outlook is stabilizing, while noting that retail redemption pressures could moderate, among the factors behind its upgrade. Goldman says technology, healthcare, and energy are its top sectors.Goldman says it likes technology stocks including HCL Technologies Ltd and Tech Mahindra Ltd, oil and energy scripts such as Reliance Industries Ltd, Bharat Petroleum Corp. Ltd and Coal India Ltd, banks including Yes Bank Ltd and IndusInd Bank Ltd and select auto and cement stocks. The US bank also included some mid-cap infrastructure stocks which are trading at inexpensive valuations such as Adani Power Ltd, NHPC Ltd, materials stocks like Grasim Industries Ltd, and industrials stocks like Container Corp. of India Ltd and Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Ltd. PAGE 15
  15. 15. HBL to launch financial literacy programme Habib Bank Limited (HBL) has partnered with Idara-e-Taleem-O-Aagahi (ITA) a civil society organisation to participate in Children’s Literature Festivals (CLF) all over the country. With this partnership HBL will launch its Financial Literacy Programme, through which it aims to educate children from all strata of society on basic financial concepts in interesting way, said a statement of the Bank on Monday. It said the partnership between HBL and ITA would cover three basic objectives, explain the importance of savings to children, educate privileged and under privileged equally and inculcate the habit of early savings among children. Keeping in mind the large number of Pakistan’s unbanked population, CLF programmes will cater to both genders, of all age groups, from different sections of society, the statement further pointed out. pr Sri Lanka : CSE Officials disclose Environmental Resources Disclosure a Week Later Amidst Colombo Stock Exchange’s (CSE) regulator - Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) having early disclosure rules for listed companies and their directors and major investors who buy large parcels of stocks in Colombo Bourse, this time industry analysts and investors outline that Colombo Stock Exchange officials had delayed a disclosure about a most controversial stock ‘GREG’ in the last week. Meanwhile stock market veteran investors also note that why it had been not disclosed by Environmental Investments PLC (GREG) to Colombo Stock Exchange the company's name change in an earlier an immediate filing, although in the latest annual report of the company on 26th August 2013 it had been mentioned that company’s board of directors resolved to change the name of company to ‘Century Lanka Investments PLC’ which was hoping to seek shareholder approval at Annual General Meeting (AGM) on 27th September 2013. Accordingly investors and the market analysts are concerned “Why the Colombo Stock Exchange (CSE) delayed a major disclosure of a name change of Environmental Resources Investments PLC that was faxed to CSE at 10:34 A.M. on 23rd of October 2013 by PW Corporate Secretarial (Pvt) Ltd which was later disseminated by CSE Officials only on 31st October 2013. When CSE officials were inquired on the delay of the disclosure CSE officials were not available for comments on the matter in confident manner though they outlined the fax document 'Was Misplaced and was Later Founded'. “This is very absurd they all the time sent us letters, and warn us to disclose early about our transactions and crucial information about companies but this time Colombo Stock Exchange itself had delayed the dissemination of information to shareholders and the general public” a top investor and a director of a listed company told LBT adding that it is indeed questionable since Environmental Resources Investments PLC had come to the eyes of watchdog at several occasions whilst even the company’s earlier directors were in the spotlight of the watchdog. “Regulator has implemented several rules for investors and listed companies but if Colombo Stock Exchange itself is doing such mistakes it is arguably questionable whether the regulator have implemented rules for CSE officials to disclose filings immediately that are faxed timely by companies” another investor questioned on the grounds of anonymity. “We are surprised how Colombo Stock Exchange officials themselves can be such irresponsible although they talk about a disciplined stock market and a disclosure based trading market in the country” another investor from Matara pointed out. The disclosure released by Colombo Bourse said that Environmental Resources Investments PLC (ERI) or the famous stock counter GREG that the name of the company had been changed to Lanka Century Investments PLC in order to that accurately reflects its corporate identity. Company further said that the disclosure is being made in terms of the section 8 of the listing rules of Colombo Stock Exchange’s Listing Rules. In the filing company further said that approval from Shareholders were obtained at AGM held on 27th September 2013 and also from the Registrar General of Companies. AKD Securities organises seminar on investor awareness One of Pakistan's leading brokerage houses, AKD Securities Limited and Karachi Stock Exchange launched a nation-wide investor awareness campaign from Hyderabad recently. A large number of businessmen, doctors and salaried professionals attended the seminar which clearly showed the potential in the city which is also known as mini Karachi. The seminar commenced with the presentation of facts and figures of the past performance of KSE by Sani-e-Mehmood, Head of Marketing, KSE which was followed by a very in-depth analysis of the stock market by Farid Alam, CEO, AKD Securities Limited. The seminar was extremely interactive as the major part of the event was taken by the question and answer session. The audience showed a lot of interest but at the same time raised questions which reflected lack of confidence and trust deficit as in the past illegal brokers have managed to get away with fraudulent activities in Hyderabad. "AKD is a name which enjoys a decent reputation internationally and we have been building bridges of trust since past many years", assured Farid Alam, while answering a question. "Two hours and thirty minutes away from Karachi, Hyderabad is no different from the city of lights it is just that in the past no brokerage house has marketed stock trading in an organised manner", said Alam while talking to the audience. "Such seminars are much required to increase the investor base and the trading volumes of Karachi Stock Exchange. Other brokerage houses should also play an active role in creating awareness amongst the masses. It is not an overnight process but all the stakeholders together can make the journey easy", said Alam.-PR PAGE 16
  17. 17. The 'cap' confusion Business Standard Different agencies define large, medium or small cap, according to their own methodology. Understand them better. We humans find comfort in classification and segmentation. That is why many of us prefer the well-demarcated aisles in supermarkets, rather than popping into the local grocer's cluttered store. We extend the same desire to investing and consider it especially important when there are over 4,000 listed stocks and hundreds of mutual fund (MF) schemes. A common method of classification is the market capitalisation (MC)-based method, wherein stocks/funds are divided into large-cap, mid-cap and small-cap. MC is the product of the market price and the number of equity shares outstanding. It may be computed either on a total or a free-float basis. Many investors have a clear preference regarding the category they would like to invest. While some stick to large-caps, others gravitate towards mid-cap and small-cap stocks. However, their definition varies widely. For instance, the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) considers stocks falling within the first 80 per cent of the freefloat market capitalisation as large-caps and those within 80-95 per cent as mid-caps while computing their indices. The National Stock Exchange (NSE) considers stocks falling within 75 per cent and 95 per cent of the free-float market capitalisation as part of the eligible universe, while computing the NSE MidCap Index. Even mutual funds differ markedly. For instance, Birla Mid-Cap Fund uses an absolute filter of stocks with a market-cap between Rs 150 crore and Rs 1,500 crore. DSP Micro Cap's universe constitutes of stocks that are not part of the top 300 companies by market capitalisation. What constitutes small-cap for some may be micro-cap for another. Here's some solution to the segmentation conundrum: STRIKE A BALANCE: Rather than obsessing over the the classifications, investors could opt for clear options within each category. For instance, Hindustan Unilever and Jyothy Laboratories are large and mid-cap stocks, respectively, by most definitions. Owning both will give investors an exposure to two good companies across the market-cap spectrum. If you prefer mutual funds, choose 'go-anywhere' funds, which operate without any market-cap bias. However, even in these, the fund's philosophy will lead to a tilt in some direction. Fidelity Equity Fund, for example, is primarily large-cap oriented, while Reliance Regular Savings is mid-cap oriented, though both profess to be market-cap agnostic. Choose the one whose style you are comfortable with. CHOOSE INDEX FUNDS/ETFS: These mirror specified large and mid-cap indices and offer a low cost option to gaining exposure to a variety of stocks at one go. In fact, undertaking monthly SIPs in one Nifty/Sensex-related exchange-traded fund (ETF) (example Benchmark NiftyBeES or Franklin Index Fund – Sensex) and one mid-cap ETF (say Benchmark Junior BeES or MOST Midcap ETF) could be good enough. Any change in the underlying index's composition automatically leads to a rebalancing of your holding. There is also no fund manager-related risk. CHOOSE APPROPRIATE FUNDS: Ensure the large or mid-cap fund you are investing in is true to its mandate. For instance, Franklin Bluechip strictly ensures over 80 per cent of its corpus is invested in large-cap stocks and, hence, is a good fund for those seeking a large-cap fund. Funds which frequently modify their mandate end up confusing and disappointing investors. BE COGNISANT OF BIASES: Often, the preference for one category over the other may be due to 'recency bias'. If stocks or indices belonging to a certain category outperform for some time, investors gravitate towards that class. For instance, mid-cap indices outperformed large-cap indices for a large part of 2010. This led to heightened interest for mid-cap stocks. Similarly, during the market correction of 2008, large and well-known companies fell less than the rest, thereby creating an illusion of safety, leading to a penchant for large-caps. Continuous Listing Requirements (Source: CBSL) Colombo Stock Exchange (CSE) is currently examining the feasibility of making its continuous listing requirements (CLR) permanent. At present under its main board listing requirements, there needs to be a 25% minimum free float; and in the case of listing in the Diri Savi secondary board, the requirement is a minimum 10% free float. However, what more often than not happens, after an initial public offering, where CLR are conformed to, subsequently however the free float is diluted due to strategic interest in the company, and the requirement of a 25% minimum free float in the case of main board listing and 10% in the case of Diri Savi, is, therefore, more often than not, observed in the breach. Contentious issues such as which shareholder/shareholders should shed his/their's “excess” equity stake/stakes in order to conform to CSE's CLR, are among the matters that the CSE is grappling with, before mandating CLR. A plethora of new listings, some mandatory and some voluntary, are now before the CSE. Among the mandated listings are the need for registered finance companies to list by end June, banks by end December and insurance companies by next year. 12 YEARS OLD Grants McCann Erickson's Public Relations Department celebrated its 12th anniversary. CREDIT CARDS SHRINK The number of active credit cards in circulation as at end of last year decreased by 42,769 (5.2%) over that of November, and continued with this decline vis-àvis the end December 2009 figure, a shortfall of 62,035 (7.4%) over that figure of 840,509. However, the outstanding credit card balance in the review period increased by Rs. 853 million (2.8%) to Rs. 31,616 million month on month in December, and marginally increased by Rs. 241 million (0.8%) when compared South Asian Federation of Exchanges (SAFE) with the end December 2009 figure of Rs. 31,375 million. SAFE Secretariat RICE IMPORTS UP 132% Colombo tea auction prices last November declined by96-W, Khyber Plaza, 2nd Floor, 4.5% year on year (YoY) to US$ 3.38 a kilo, whilst tea production for the year increased by 13.1% YoY Fazal-ul-Haq Road, Islamabad-44000, Pakistan. to 329.4 million kilos.However rice import prices in the review period increased by 132.3% YoY to US$ 849.10 per metric ton (pmt) C&F. Similarly white sugar prices increased by 22.6% YoY to US$ 709.3 pmt C&F and crude oil by 7.2% YoY to US$ 84.80 per barrel C&F.But wheat prices in the review period declined Tel: +92 (51) 282 6763 | Email: by 11.8% YoY to US$ 225.50 pmt C&F. (Source: Central Bank of Sri Lanka) Fax: +92 (51) 280 4215 | URL: