BUSINESS ETIQUETTE“There is no accomplishment so easy to acquire as politeness, and none more profitable.” George Bernard Shaw
Good manners“Manners are a sensitive awareness of the feelings of others. If you have that awareness, you have good manners, no matter what fork you use.” Emily Post
Why good manners ?• Helps you to stay ahead in business world.• Helps you to gain goodwill.• Promotes fruitful and rewarding relationships with other• Promotes business.• What goes around comes around – good manners get good manners in return.
Ten commandments of good mannersThou Shalt Be ThyselfThou Shalt Say "Thank You."Thou Shalt Give Compliments.Thou Shalt Not be Boastful, Arrogant or Loud.Thou Shalt Listen Before Speaking.
Ten commandments of good mannersThou Shalt Speak with Kindness and Caution.Thou Shalt Not Criticize or Complain.Thou Shalt Be Punctual.Thou Shalt Not Embarrass OthersThou Shalt Act and Look Your Best.
Basic principles of professional business1. Adopt a positive attitude.2. Be professionally competent.3. Overcome self centeredness.4. Be discreet.5. Be considerate and sensitive.6. Be punctual.7. Learn the forms of courtesy and respect.
“What we think or what we know, or what we believe is, in the end, of little consequence. The only consequence is what we do.” John Ruskin
Office etiquette With seniors 3. Rise and stand whenever a senior member enters your office. 4. Younger executives should walk to the door and open it for the senior executives. This also applies when you are the host. 5. Avoid voicing a strong contrary opinion in the presence of third parties or guests. 6. Keep superiors informed at all times of what you are doing.
Office etiquetteWith colleagues1. Shoulder your fair share of work.4. Show appreciation to colleagues for helping you.5. Seek permission before using colleagues possessions.6. Avoid criticizing your colleagues.7. Give people their space – both physical and mental.
Office etiquetteWith sub ordinates3. Everyone, including your subordinates has a right to be treated with courtesy.4. Give appropriate feedback and praise.5. Avoid being over intimate.6. Be objective.7. Give clear and accurate instructions.
Cubicle etiquette• Respect other people’s privacy.• Don’t enter someone’s cubicle without permission.• Don’t peek into other cubicles as you walk past.• Never read someone’s computer screen or comment on conversation overheard.• Keep your hands off people’s desks.
Cubicle etiquette1. Answer your phone after two – three rings.2. Set the ringer volume at a low level.3. Limit the use of speaker phone.4. When you leave your cubicle, turn the ringer off and forward messages to voice mail.5. Watch your volume. Remember, others can hear what you are saying.
Cubicle etiquette1. Use your library voice.2. For meetings, go to a conference room or the break room.3. Don’t bring clients to your cube. Meet them in a conference room.4. Don’t yell across the cubes.5. Play radios at a low volume.6. Set PC volume low and turn off screen saver effects.7. Eat quietly, preferably, use the cafeteria or the break room.
Making an appointment• It is practical and polite to make an appointment before meeting people in their office.• As a general rule, the person granting the appointment will set the date and time.• Arrive at least five minutes early.• Do a “ 30 second detail check” in a restroom before the meeting.• On arrival, inform the receptionist of your appointment. Give your business card.• If you have to wait, be ready to stand up with your briefcase or handbag in your left hand so that the right
Handshakes• A firm handshake is the appropriate business greeting in most countries today.• In business, it is appropriate for persons of either sex to offer their hand.• Introduce yourself and address the other person by name as you shake hands.
Being a good guest1. Remain standing until the host indicates where to sit.2. If offered a drink, it is polite to accept.3. Avoid placing you handbag on anyone’s desk.4. If you need to borrow something, always ask permission.5. On leaving, express your appreciation for the host’s time and attention.
Receiving guests in office1. Make sure your desk is clutter free.2. If the guests are early, they may be asked to wait until the appointed time.3. A guest with appointment should never be kept waiting.4. If you are delayed, do offer an apology.5. Receive your guest personally or have your secretary escort the visitor to the meeting.6. Smile, shake hands and offer a seat to your guests.7. Make them feel comfortable.8. Avoid long telephone calls.
Presenting a business card2. Most polite way to exchange a card is to offer your own card first.3. Present your cards with both hands.4. Accept a business card with both hands.5. Acknowledge it with a “ thank you”.6. Do take time to look at the card and read it before putting it away.6. Do not glance at it and flick it away carelessly.
“Charm is the quality in others that makes us more satisfied with ourselves.” Henri Frederic Am
"Be fearless and each day you must meet someone new." Lord Beaverbrook
When you are being introduced2. Rise3. Smile – it improves your face value4. Make eye contact5. A firm handshake6. Do say “How do you do ?”
How to introduce othersThe most important part of the introductions is to make them.Golden rule : Say the more important person’s name first.
How to introduce othersBusiness introductions• Are based on power and hierarchy.• Persons of lesser authority are introduced to persons of higher authority.• Gender plays no role in business introductions.
Business introductionsThis is the pecking order for business introductions :3. Introduce a non official person to an elected official.“ Mr. Secretary, allow me to introduce Mr. Silva from ABC Corp.”2. Introduce someone from your firm to a client or customer.“ Mr. Sanders, this is Mr. Narayan, our CEO. Mr. Sanders is from XYZ.”7. Introduce a junior executive to a senior executive.“Mr. Senior executive, please meet Mr. Junior executive from Sales.”
Social introductions1. According to rules of diplomatic protocol, people are presented to royalty, chiefs of state, ministers in charge of legations, ambassadors and dignitaries of the church regardless of age or gender. “ Reverend O’Conner, this is Ms. Wright.”2. Social etiquette is based on chivalry, so both formal and informal introductions are made according to age, gender , and then social status.
Social introductions3. A man should be introduced to a woman. “ Betty, I’d like you to meet David”4. When introducing relatives, always clarify therelationship.5. When introducing your spouse, don’t use titles. Just say, “ Seema , my wife.”
Self introduction• Introduce yourself by extending your hand and smiling .• Give your complete name.• In business introductions, it is important to say where you work.• Keep it short and simple.• At a business meal, always introduce yourself to the people sitting next to you.
Responding to introductions• In response to informal introductions, simply say “ hello”.4. Say, “ How do you do “ in response to formal introductions.5. Always use the other persons name when responding to introductions.6. Always stand for introductions.
Etiquette for informal meetings• The person calling the meeting or “ the chair”, should be the most senior or with the most direct interest in the topic at hand.• The chair should decide the time, place and agenda.• These details should be communicated to everybody.• The chair must make the purpose of the meeting clear to the attendees, how long it will last and what is expected of them.
Etiquette for informal meetings2. Punctuality is a must.5. Ensure that the meeting stays within the agenda.6. Someone should be pre-appointed to record the proceedings.7. The results of the meeting should be communicated to everyone concerned.
Etiquette for formal meetings2. Prepare well.3. Dress well and be punctual.4. Switch off your mobile phone or keep it on silent mode.5. Sit as per the seating arrangement. If not sure, ask.6. Acknowledge any introductions or opening remarks with a brief recognition of the chair and other participants.
Etiquette for formal meetings6. When discussions are under way it is good business etiquette to allow the more senior figures to contribute first.7. Never interrupt anybody.8. When speaking – KISS9. Always address the chair.10. Be discreet and never disclose information about the meeting to others.
Ten commandments of effective business meetings1. Thou Shalt Always Know What Time It Is2. Thou Shalt Not Forget the Main Reason for Meetings3. Thou Shalt Praise in Public, Criticize in Private4. Thou Shalt Not Convene Meetings Outside of Normal Business Hours5. Thou Shalt Not Use Group Pressure to Logroll Conclusions6. Thou Shalt Not Use Meetings to Destroy Others Careers7. Thou Shalt Keep the Personal and the Corporate Distinct8. Thou Shalt Remember that the Best Model for Meetings Is Democracy, Not Monarchy9. Thou Shalt Always Prepare a Clear Agenda and Circulate It Beforehand10. Thou Shalt Terminate a Regularly Scheduled Meeting When Its Purpose for Being No Longer Exists
Basic table settingDinner Plate: Largest plateSalad Plate: MediumBread Plate: SmallGoblet/Wine: Right side above dinner plateDinner Knife: Largest knife, right side closest to plateBread Knife: Small, across bread plateDinner Fork: Largest fork, left side closest to plateSalad Fork: Small, outer left sideTeaspoon: Small spoon, next to knife on right sideSoup Spoon: Large, next to teaspoon on outer right side
Basic table setting3. Always use utensils from the outside inward to plate: forks = left, knives/spoons = right, dessert = above4. You work from the bottom up on your glassware5. Remember, “ liquids on your right” and “solids on your left”.6. Keep blades of knives turned toward plate and bread knife blade turned downward toward yourself
Basic table setting • Cups are above your plate; glassware sets to top right of plate positioned by height beginning with water goblet 6. Bread plate/ butter knife is to top left of plate 7. Salad plates are sometimes found immediately to left of plate/silverware, below bread plate 8. When in doubt, wait and see what others are doing.
The mealFirst course – SoupSecond course – SaladThird course – Palate cleanserFourth Course- Entree, Potato or Pasta, and VegetablesFifth Course- Dessert
Napkin etiquette1. Place the napkin in your lap immediately after the last person has been seated at your table.2. Do not shake it open.3. If the napkin is large put the fold toward your waist.4. If you must leave the table during the meal be sure to put the napkin on your chair or to the left of your plate.5. When you are finished eating, place the napkin to the right of the plate.6. Don’t use your napkin like a handkerchief.
Eating etiquette3. Begin eating only after everyone has been served.4. Bread and rolls should be broken into small pieces. Butter only one or two bites at a time. Butter should be taken from the butter dish and placed on the bread plate, not directly on the bread.5. Bring food to your mouth, not your mouth to the food.6. Chew with your mouth closed.
Eating etiquette5. Always scoop food away from you.6. Do not leave a spoon in the cup, use the saucer or plate instead.7. Taste before seasoning.8. Cut food one piece at a time.9. Do not smoke while dining out.10. Do not use a toothpick, or apply makeup at the table.
Eating etiquette11. If food spills off your plate, you may pick it up with a piece of your silverware and place it on the edge of your plate.12. Never spit a piece of food into your napkin. Remove the food from your mouth using the same utensil it went in with. Place the offending piece of food on the edge of your plate. The exception to this is a fish bone or a seed which you may remove with your fingers.13. Do not talk with your mouth full.14. Take small bites so you can carry on a conversation without the delay of chewing and swallowing large amounts of food.
Eating etiquette1. Once you use your utensil, no part [even a clean handle] should ever touch the table surface2. If merely pausing during a meal, place fork with tines down over knife, forming an inverted V on your plate6. Second servings necessitate placing both knife and fork on right side of plate to allow serving room
Eating etiquette 1. When meal is completed, knife [blade toward you] and fork [ tines up or down and to left of knife] should be paired together diagonally or horizontally across plate 5. Do NOT stack your plates or push them away from you - leave them as you found them