English final bamboo strategy sith soukchaleunphone

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English final bamboo strategy sith soukchaleunphone

  1. 1. Á°¨¨÷©ê½¦¾© ¡¾−²ñ©ê½−¾Ä´É¯Èº¤5 ¯ó £˜¤ê† I (2011 - 2015)The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy(2011-2015)Á¢¸¤¹ö¸²ñ−Houaphanh Province
  2. 2. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province2TABLE OF CONTENTSAbbreviationsAcknowledgementslist of tables.............................................................................................3list of figures............................................................................................3EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.............................................................................6I. Introduction……………………………………………………………………………….81. Why we need a strategy......................................................................8II. Overview of Houaphanh Province ......................................................91. Location............................................................................................92. Economy...........................................................................................93. Demography......................................................................................94. Land use......................................................................................... 10III. Overview of Bamboo ......................................................................101. A Global View of the Bamboo Industry................................................. 112. The Local Industry…………………………………………………………………………………………12IV. Prospects and challenges in developing the bamboo sector inouaphanh…………………………………………………………………………………….121. Prospects ........................................................................................ 122. Challenges ...................................................................................... 13V. Development Plan.............................................................................151. Our Vision ....................................................................................... 152. Our Goals (what we intend to achieve by 2015).................................... 162.1 Strategic Components ..................................................................... 162.1.1 Sustainable Resource Management ......................................... 162.1.2 Bamboo Business Development .............................................. 162.1.3 Favorable Bamboo Policies to Promote the Development and Growthof the Bamboo Sector ........................................................................ 163. Our Objective 2010 -2015…………………………………………………………………………….163.1 Sustainable Resource Management ................................................ 173.2 Bamboo Business Development ..................................................... 173.3 Favorable Policy for Bamboo Development ...................................... 174. Our Geographic focus ...................................................................... 175. Indicative Action Plan…………………………………………………………………………………..186. Funding Strategy………………………………………………………………………………………….187. Monitoring and Evaluation……………………………………………………………………………18VI. Institutional Arrangement...............................................................19     1. Provincial Task Force.........................................................................................................19     2. District Bamboo Working Committee .........................................................................19     3. Village Bamboo Working Committee ..........................................................................20 
  3. 3. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province3ANNex I. Indicative action plan ............................................................21Annex II. Monitoring and Evaluation………………………………………………33references.............................................................................................37LIST OF TABLESTable 1. Monitoring and evaluation.......................................................................Table 2. Key Performance Indicators ....................................................................LIST OF FIGURESFigure 1. Bamboo stands ....................................................................................Figure 2. Map of Houaphanh Province ...................................................................Figure 3. Land Use Map of Houaphanh Province .....................................................Figure 4. Kitchen utensils and baskets made of bamboo ..........................................Figure 5. Bamboo plantation ...............................................................................Figure 6. Bamboo mats ......................................................................................Figure 7. Strategic Pyramid.................................................................................Figure 8. Priority areas for the bamboo development plan .......................................Figure 9. Proposed organizational structure ...........................................................
  4. 4. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province4LIST OF ABRIVIATIONSDAFO District Agriculture and Forestry OfficeDOIC Department of Industry and CommerceDPI Department of Planning and InvestmentGRET Groupe de Recherche et dÉchanges TechnologiquesHa HectareHP HouaphanhKm KilometerLWU Lao Women UnionMSME Micro, Small and Medium EnterpriseNGPES National Growth and Poverty Alleviation StrategyNSEDP National Social and Economic PlanPAFO Provincial Agriculture and Forestry OfficePI Prosperity InitiativeSNV Netherlands Development OrganisationUNDP United Nations Development ProgrammeUSD United States DollarWREA (FormerlySTEA)Water Resources & Environmental Agency (Science,Technology And Environmental Agency
  5. 5. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province5ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSThis Bamboo Development Strategy document is researched and prepared bythe Houaphanh provincial departments and is supported by SNVNetherlands Development Organisation’s advisory team, and inparticipation with Groupe de Recherche et dÉchanges Technologiques(GRET) and Prosperity Initiative (PI). It is interdepartmental efforts to builda common framework and clear directions to develop and manage a sustainablebamboo industry in Houaphanh Province.This work was completed under the overall supervision of Provincial governor’scabinet office, and developed by the Department of Planning and Investment(DPI), the Department of Agriculture and Forestry (PAFO), the Department ofIndustry and Commerce (DOIC), and other relevant departments. Especially thebamboo taskforce consisting of department directors and selected technical staffcoordinated the development of the bamboo development strategy. Thisdocument benefited from inputs provided by district officials, communities andprivate sector, who participated in interviews and a peer review discussions ofearlier drafts of the current document. The final strategy document was editedby Mr. Vanhxay PHENGSUMMA, DPI Director, Mr. Phouvong SISOMHACK, PAFODeputy Director, Mr. Vongphanh CHANNGAKHAM, Deputy Head of InvestmentPromotion, DPI.The overall layout, graphics and desktop publishing including editing were doneby Mr. Sith SOUKCHALEUNPHONE.On behalf of the Houaphanh Provincial Government we express our sincerethanks to all stakeholders mentioned above, for their constant encouragementand support throughout the process, especially for useful suggestions andrecommendations given during the bamboo strategy drafting and multi-stakeholder workshops.Finally, we take this opportunity to extend our sincere appreciation to our familyand friends, for all that they meant to us during the crucial time of thecompletion of our strategy.PROVINCIAL GOVERNORMr. Khamhoung HEUANVONGSY
  6. 6. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province6EXECUTIVE SUMMARY1. Globally, bamboo is increasingly becoming an important natural resourcefor economic as well as environmental reasons. The world bamboo marketis expected to grow to USD 15-20 billion by the year 2017 with handicrafts,food (bamboo shoots) and furniture accounting for the largest share of themarket. Bamboo as a timber substitute for flooring, panels and non-traditional furniture is an emerging significant market.2. Bamboo has also important environmental regeneration qualities. Its waterabsorption qualities help maintain soil stability. Its carbon sequestrationproperties make bamboo one of the better options to counter pollutioncaused by excessive carbon emission.3. The province of Houaphanh has abundant untapped natural bambooresources. The provincial government recognizes the potential of bamboo tocontribute significantly to the local economy and help alleviate the highincidence of poverty.4. The bamboo industry in the province however, remains at an embryonicstate. There are critical constraints to the growth of the industry such as:vague government policies to support the bamboo sector, low level oftechnical and business skills, limited product offerings and lack ofknowledge and access to markets.5. While there are initiatives to help develop the industry, activities have oftenbeen fragmented, uncoordinated and lacking a common direction.6. This draft strategy paper therefore seeks to provide a common frameworkand a clear direction in developing the bamboo industry in HouaphanhProvince.7. The strategic vision for Houaphanh is “to become the leading province inLao PDR in developing and managing a sustainable bamboo industry,providing “green gold“ (kham kieo) to the people and contributing topoverty alleviation”.8. The strategic goals to be achieved by 2015 are:♦ 1,000 hectares cultivated for bamboo plantation;♦ 2,000 hectares of bamboo forest lands protected and managedsustainably;♦ 1 million U.S. dollars generated from the domestic and export tradeof bamboo.; and♦ 1,000 jobs created by bamboo and bamboo-related businesses.♦ Favorable and supportive policies approved and implemented regardingland allocation/land rights, import and export tax reduction/exemption, investment incentives and abolition of the quota system.9. The strategy shall focus on 3 priority areas: Sam Neua, Sobbao and Vienxay.
  7. 7. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province710. The strategic approach will pursue 3 main components:A. Sustainable resource management♦ Protection and management of existing bamboo stands♦ Propagation and cultivation of bamboo for individual andcommunally owned plantations♦ Planting of bamboo in degraded and critical areas (mountain slopes,denuded areas, along river banks, etc.)B. Bamboo Business Development♦ Product development - Improve existing products (semi-processed,handicrafts, household wares, semi-industrial); and test anddevelop new product (food, housing and construction, semi-industrial).♦ Market development - Expand domestic and tourist markets,develop cross-border and export markets; improve existingproducts (semi-processed handicrafts); and test and develop newproducts.C. Favorable Policy for Bamboo Development♦ Favorable bamboo policies to promote the development and growthof the bamboo sector.♦ Land allocation/ land use policy, forest users’ rights and quotasystem, import and export tax policy and business andinvestment incentives.11.Strategy implementation shall be coordinated by a provincial task force to beorganized by the provincial governor’s office. The task force shall becomposed of provincial departments’ directors or their appointedrepresentatives. District and village bamboo committees shall also make surethat people at different levels are involved in coordination, planning,implementation and monitoring. Sectoral activities shall remain theresponsibility of the mandated government department.12.A funding and resource mobilization strategy shall be developed by the taskforce. The provincial government shall set aside a bamboo development fundto kick-start the implementation of the bamboo strategy. Internationalorganizations currently involved in bamboo development such as ProsperityInitiative, GRET and SNV shall augment this fund. These initial funds shall beleveraged to attract additional funding from bilateral and multi-lateral fundingsources.
  8. 8. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province8Figure1. Natural Bamboo standsin Houaphahn.I. INTRODUCTION1. WHY WE NEED A STRATEGYBamboo is often known as the “grass of life”. It is well known for its versatility,having an huge variety of applications ranging from food, medicine, fuel, tohandicrafts, housing and construction materials. With the rapid depletion offorest resources worldwide, bamboo has become an important crop not only asan alternative to timber- based products but also as a medium for environmentalprotection and source of income.Bamboo is a natural resource growing abundantly in Houaphanh province (Figure1). The crop is largely consumed domestically. The bamboo sector ischaracterized by small scale operations andlimited markets (Boupha and Phimmavong,2006). Aside from traditional bamboo crafts,there are a few small bamboo processingactivities going on. Three internationalorganizations have expressed interest andhave started to undertake activities to developthe bamboo sub-sector. However, theseinitiatives are still fragmented, uncoordinatedand without a clear direction and a commondevelopment framework.Boupha and Phimmavong (2006) found thatbamboo has a high income-generatingpotential. The provincial government desires tomake bamboo as an important contributor tothe provincial economy and as means to alleviate poverty. However, the rawmaterial is sourced primarily from natural bamboo forest. Therefore, withoutproper management, this resource may rapidly deplete. It is in this regard thatthis strategy paper is put forward.This paper therefore attempts to:♦ provide a guide for all agencies, government, private and internationaldonor organizations, to work together in developing the bamboo sector inthe province;♦ make clear the aspiration and ambitions of the province and the way toachieve them;♦ define the priorities for action and investment;♦ provide a clear plan to support the National Social and Economic Plan(NSEDP) and the National Growth and Poverty Alleviation Strategy(NGPES); and♦ Provide donors with an overview for potential funding and technical support.
  9. 9. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province9II. OVERVIEW OF HOUAPHANH PROVINCE1. LOCATIONHouaphanh is situated in the northern part of Lao PDR (Figure 2). The provinceis bounded in the north by Vietnam, in the south and east by Xiengkouang andin the west by Luang Prabang provinces. The province covers a total land areaof about 1,750,566 hectares. Houaphanh is around 650 kilometers away fromthe capital city of Vientiane.2. ECONOMYHouaphanh is one of the least developed provinces in Lao PDR, with 52% of itspopulation in poverty (United Nations Development Programme, 2006). Thetotal income of the province in 2005 was 45.51 billion kip1while expendituresamounted to 66.53 billion kip. The average annual per capita income in 2005was 1,980,000 kip. Total unemployment for the same year was 11,595.The main industry sectors are Agriculture and Forestry, Services, andManufacturing (Provincial Tourism Office Houaphanh, 2007). The Agricultureand Forestry Sector which accounts for 64.13% of the economic activity ismainly focused on growing crops like rice, maize, cassava, ginger, and soyabean and growing livestock. Services which accounts for 23.64% of theeconomic activity is mainly on tourism which generated 5% of the totalprovincial income (>2.5 billion kip). The Manufacturing Sector which accountsfor 12.23% of the economic activity, includes weaving, mining and small-scalemanufacturing (furniture, drinking water and bamboo chopsticks).3. DEMOGRAPHYThere are 9 ethnic groups which make up the province population of 288,287(Provincial Tourism Office Houaphanh, 2007). Houaphanh Province is dividedinto 8 districts consisting of 730 villages and 45,453 households. The average1! USD = 8,500 kipFigure 1. Map of Houaphanh Province
  10. 10. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province10household size is 6.34 persons. The provincial capital is Xam Neua, and eachdistrict has a small district town. The population density is 17 persons persquare kilometer, with the rural population accounting for 90,14% of the total(DPI, 2008).4. LAND USENatural forests dominate the hilly landscape of Houaphanh Province, althougha substantial area is secondary forest (Figure 3). Bamboo is abundant in thedistricts of Viengxai, Sobbao, XamNeua and Ett (Lao National ForestInventory, 2004). Of the total area devoted to bamboo (526,238 ha), 90% arein upper mixed deciduous forest. Only 17,870 hectares are devoted purely tobamboo.Shifting cultivation remains as the dominant land-use pattern in HouaphanhProvince. Forests are cut and burned at intervals ranging from 5 to 20 yearsbased on the traditional cycle of rotational shifting cultivation.The average bamboo plantation holding size of families in the province is 247m2for an average of 18 clumps per household (Boupha and Phimmavong,2006).III. OVERVIEW OF BAMBOOBamboo, a versatile giant grass, is a very important plant both economicallyand ecologically. It is one of the world’s most versatile building materials,specifically in areas where timber is in short supply. More than 1,000 differentproducts are derived from bamboo (Lewington, 1990). In East Asia andSoutheast Asia, bamboos are extensively used in everyday life as buildingmaterials, food source and as a highly adaptable raw material for a variety ofproducts. The plant plays an important role in the social and economic life ofthe Lao people particularly those living in remote areas. Besides being atraditional source of food and medicine, bamboo is processed into handicraftsFigure 2. Land Use Map of Houaphanh Province
  11. 11. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province11and artifacts (Figure 4).Bamboo is also important for its environmental regeneration qualities. It absorbsmore water than many other plants helping maintain soil stability. It has greatpotentials for checking soil erosion andstabilizing road embankment. As a fastgrowing plant, bamboo can provide rapidvegetative cover to deforested areas (Figure5). A bamboo plantation has carbonsequestration properties and can absorb twiceas much metric tons of harmful carbondioxide per hectare compared to a similarforest. It is also able to produce 35 to 46%more beneficial oxygen than most plants.Hence, it is one of the better options tocounter pollution caused by excessive carbonemission.1. A GLOBAL VIEW OF THE BAMBOO INDUSTRYThe world bamboo market is currently worth USD 7 billion/year, of which Chinahas USD 5.5 billion. The largest markets are handicraft (USD 3 billion),bamboo shoots (USD 1.5 billion) and traditional furniture (USD 1.1 billion).Traditional markets cover handicrafts, blinds, bamboo shoots, chopsticks andtraditional bamboo furniture which account for 95% of the market. Emergingbamboo markets are wood substitutes such as flooring, panels and non-traditional furniture.The global market is expected to grow to USD 15-20 billion/year in 2017. Non-traditional markets are expected to claim 45% of the total bamboo market.China is one of the most important markets in the region and the world with3.4 million hectares of bamboo of which 85% is consumed domestically. TheMekong region currently generates USD 261 million/year, but the selling andprocessing of whole bamboo poles has been inefficient and markets have notbeen developed.Figure 5. Bamboo plantationFigure 4. Kitchen utensils and baskets made of bamboo
  12. 12. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province122. THE LOCAL INDUSTRYWhile there is an abundance of natural bamboo resources in Laos and inHouaphanh in particular, there is little to speak of in terms of the bambooindustry in Lao. The bamboo industry is in its infant stage. Very few smallbamboo processing businesses are involved in producing simple products andare barely able to survive. Most activities are at a very micro-level involvingbamboo shoot collection, mat making (Figure 6) and traditional handicraft andartifact making.IV. PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES IN DEVELOPING THEBAMBOO SECTOR IN HOUAPHANHThe potential for bamboo is huge but at the same time there is a multitude ofchallenges to overcome. To help craft the bamboo strategy, the followingprospects (opportunities) and challenges (constraints/ issues) were identified:1. PROSPECTS1.1 Abundant bamboo resources – Houaphanh province has an abundanceof a variety of bamboo resources which remains largely untapped for economicuse. The province has also large tracts of land available that can potentially beused to cultivate bamboo.1.2 Expanding global market – There is an increasing demand for bambooboth globally and locally. Globally, the market is expected to double in 5years, with bamboo becoming a practical substitute for timber-based products.1.3 Growing cross-border market – The bamboo industry is rapidly growingin Vietnam. To cope with the growth, there will be a huge demand for raw andsemi-processed bamboo to feed the cross-border market.1.4 Underdeveloped local Lao market - There is an opportunity to improveFigure6: bamboo mats and Furniture
  13. 13. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province13and expand the local market, both for handicraft, furniture and house wareswith the expected growth in the tourism sector and the expected increase inper capita income.1.5 Comparatively low labor cost – Low wage rates in Lao PDR provides akey advantage over other countries involved in bamboo production andprocessing. China has so far been the biggest bamboo processor. But withincreasing labor costs, it may soon explore outsourcing production to otherlocations with a better cost advantage.1.6 Environmental benefits of bamboo – Developing a bamboo industry isan attractive proposition in the wake of worldwide environmental concerns.Aside from its soil improvement capability, bamboo has double the carbonsequestration capacity relative to other plants.1.7 Special interest of the Provincial Government - The provincialgovernment actively supports the development of bamboo as potentially one ofthe more important economic sectors in the province that can contribute toeconomic growth and poverty alleviation.1.8 Consistency with national development plans and priorities -Thedevelopment of the sector aligns well with the National Social and EconomicDevelopment plan (NSEDP) as well as with the National Growth and PovertyEradication Strategy (NGPES).1.9 High community interest - Villagers in Houaphanh are interested andwilling to participate in bamboo development activities such as bamboocultivation and bamboo handicraft making.1.10 Age-old traditional skills – Bamboo craft is an age-old skill among thedifferent and diverse ethnic groupings in Houaphanh. There is an opportunityto revive and promote the distinct products and designs that are unique to theprovince.1.11 Growing interest of international development organizations -There are currently 3 international organizations (GRET, PI and SNV) whichare interested in developing the bamboo sector in Houphanh.2. CHALLENGES2.1 Poor market information and linkage - There is little knowledge ofthe needs and wants of potential markets. The link with cross-border marketsparticularly Lao’s next door neighbors Vietnam and China has not beenexplored. As such, the province has very little or no experience in internationaltrade.2.2 Limited products available – Products available are very limited,ranging raw materials or semi -processed to few simple processed products.Traditional crafts exist but they cater more to local needs than to growthmarkets.
  14. 14. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province142.3 Weak industry base – There is no significant industrial processing withthe capability to transform raw materials into higher value processed products.Without an industry base, demand for raw materials is weak and does notencourage growing of bamboo at scale.2.4 Low technology level – Current level of technology for bamboo isassessed as low at the village and processor level. For the bamboo industry toflourish, improved and appropriate technology has to be sourced andintroduced. Technology upgrading is needed starting from harvesting to post-harvest treatment, semi-processing, processing and finishing.2.5 Limited know-how - There is little knowledge in the province indeveloping bamboo as a major industry. There is a need to upgrade knowledgeas well as skills in bamboo cultivation, product development and diversificationand market identification and penetration.2.6 Vague policies supportive of bamboo development - A majorroadblock to the development of the bamboo industry is the lack of clear andcoherent policies on land allocation, taxation, business development andinvestment promotions.2.7 Land use/allocation - Land is a major asset required in bamboofarming. Currently land use and land allocation have not been finalized andallocated. While villagers see the benefit of planting bamboo and are keen toallocate part of their land to bamboo cultivation, they are hesitant to initiateplanting without clear policies on land use planning and land rights or landownership.2.8 Forest (and bamboo) management – The lack of clear forestmanagement policies does not allow for the protection and efficient harvestingof existing bamboo stands. The quota system currently used to exploit bambooresources from the forest needs to be reviewed to provide long-term benefitsfor upland communities.2.9 Taxation policy – Tax policies are perceived to have a negative effect onthe development of the bamboo industry. These taxes include those imposedon harvesting bamboo from the forest (quota system), small and mediumenterprises and cross-border trading.2.10 Investment policy – There is no clear investment policy to promote thebamboo industry and attract domestic as well as foreign investors.
  15. 15. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province15V. DEVELOPMENT PLANThis section discusses the key priorities of HP province in initiating thedevelopment of a sustainable bamboo industry. Figure 7 attempts to illustratethe structure of the plan in a clear and simple manner.The vision represents the “dream” or what we want to see by 2020.The goals represent our ambitions - what we want to achieve by 2015. Itprovides us the basis to measure our successes and failures.Objectives are the milestones we need to achieve within the period 2010-2015.These are the small steps we need to take to be able to reach our goals.1. OUR VISIONWe see Houphanh as the leading province in Lao PDR in the development andmanagement of a sustainable bamboo industry, providing “green gold“ (khamkieo) to the people and contributing to poverty alleviation.Our vision is guided by the following principles by which activities, programsand projects will be evaluated and prioritized:♦ Maximization of returns by promoting value-adding processes andproducts rather than exporting raw materials.♦ Optimization of the benefits for the people of Houphanh with a fair andequitable sharing of revenues between and among businesses,government, the communities at large.♦ Involvement of and consultation with all stakeholders in the developmentand implementation of the plan.♦ Ensuring protection of the environment.Figure 7. Strategic Pyramid
  16. 16. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province162. OUR GOALS (WHAT WE INTEND TO ACHIEVE BY 2015)Towards the realization of our vision, our ambition is to achieve the followinggoals by 2015. The following present our measures of success:♦ 1,000 hectares cultivated for bamboo plantation♦ 2,000 hectares of bamboo forest lands protected and managedsustainably♦ USD 1 million generated from the domestic and export trade of bamboo♦ 1,500 jobs generated by bamboo and bamboo-related businesses♦ Favorable and supportive policies approved and implemented regardingland allocation/land rights, import and export tax reduction/ exemption,investment incentives and abolition of the quota system.2.1 STRATEGIC COMPONENTSTo achieve these goals we will pursue a 3-component strategy as follows:2.1.1 Sustainable Resource Management♦ Protection and management of existing bamboo stands♦ Propagation and cultivation of bamboo for individually- and communally-owned plantations♦ Planting of bamboo in degraded and critical areas (mountain slopes,denuded areas, along river banks, etc.)2.1.2 Bamboo Business Development♦ Product development• Improvement of existing products (semi-processed, handicrafts,household wares, semi-industrial)• Testing and development of new products (food, housing andconstruction, semi-industrial)♦ Market development• Expansion of domestic market and tourist market• Development of cross-border and export markets2.1.3 Favorable Bamboo Policies to Promote the Development andGrowth of the Bamboo Sector♦ Land allocation♦ Forest users’ rights and quota system♦ Import and export tax♦ Business and investment incentives3. OUR OBJECTIVES 2010 -2015To reach our goal, we aim to achieve milestones or objectives between 2010
  17. 17. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province17and 2015. The objectives per component are as follows:3.1 Sustainable Resource Management♦ Bamboo resource inventory and mapping completed (distribution, species,density and utilization)♦ 8 bamboo nurseries set-up♦ 2 bamboo demonstration farms established♦ 8 post-harvest facilities established♦ 8 protected bamboo sites identified, maintained and managed♦ 2 bamboo forest parks established3.2 Bamboo Business Development♦ 15 new MSMEs involved in the bamboo sector♦ 6 community groups organized involved in bamboo product making♦ 10 products (new and old) expanded and diversified (handicraft, semi-industrial, etc.) and quality and pricing improved♦ Marketing database established♦ 10 Community-based and 2 District-based training and demonstrationcenters set-up♦ 1 Trade Fair organized per year♦ 5 sister city business partnership agreements with Vietnam and othercountries involved in bamboo-related business3.3 Favorable Policy for Bamboo Development♦ Policy on individual and communal land rights/land allocation approvedand implemented♦ Policy on Tax exemption for MSMEs, import and export incentives,approved and implemented♦ Policy to provide incentives to investors approved and implemented♦ Policy to abolish/minimize tax (quota) for harvesting natural bamboostands approved and implemented4. OUR GEOGRAPHIC FOCUSThe bamboo development plan will focus on three main areas: Xamneua,Viengxay and Sopbao (Figure 8). Expansion of the plan will be considereddepending on the progress achieved in the priority areas and availability offunding.
  18. 18. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province18The average bamboo plantation holding size of families in the province is 247 m2 for anaverage of 18 clumps per household (Boupha and Phimmavong, 2006).5. INDICATIVE ACTION PLAN “Please see the ANNEX I”6. FUNDING STRATEGYThe provincial government of Houaphanh shall set up an initial bamboodevelopment fund with an initial allocation of USD____ from the province. SNV,GRET and PI shall augment this fund to undertake initial activities.The bamboo development fund shall be used by the province as a leverage tosecure funding from international donors. The provincial government, with theactive involvement of the provincial departments shall prepare funding proposalsand discuss potential funding with interested donors. Resource mobilization shallbe the responsibility of departments concerned with support provided by PI,GRET and SNV.7. MONITORING AND EVALUATION PLAN “Please see the annex II”Figure 8. Priority areas for the bamboo development plan
  19. 19. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province19VI. INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTWhile activities other than the strategy will be implemented through theconcerned government departments, a new structure will be put in place toensure that the bamboo strategy is given the attention and focus to achievethe desired results (Figure 9).1. PROVINCIAL TASK FORCEThe provincial government of Houaphanh will set up a bamboo task force as anapex body to oversee the implementation of the strategy. The task force shallbe composed of the department heads (or their assigned representatives) fromDPI, DOIC, PAFO, STEA as well as representatives from the private sector andinternational donor organizations. The chair of the task force shall be appointedby the governor. The main responsibilities of the task force are:♦ to oversee overall implementation of the strategy;♦ to ensure coordination among different departments, donor agencies andinternational organizations;♦ to initiate regular strategy reviews and consultation meetings on a semi-annual basis; and♦ To revise and adapt the strategy and operational plans based on thechanges in the social, economic and political situation.2. DISTRICT BAMBOO WORKING COMMITTEEThe District committee shall be in charge of planning and coordinating allactivities at the district level. The committee shall be composed of districtofficers from the relevant departments and associations (DOIC, PAFO, LWU,etc.) and representatives from the private sector. The chair of the districtcommittee shall be appointed by the District governor in close consultationwith the provincial task force. The main responsibilities of the task force are:♦ to plan and coordinate activities at the district level;♦ to conduct regular reviews and resolve problems at the district level;Figure 9. Proposed organizational structure
  20. 20. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province20♦ to revise plans and activities based on the changes in the social, economicand political situation in consultation with the provincial task force; and♦ To report progress of implementation to the task force.3. VILLAGE BAMBOO WORKING COMMITTEEThe Village committee shall be in-charge of coordinating activities at the villagelevel. The committee shall be composed of the village chief andrepresentatives from government agencies working in the villages. The villagecommittee shall work closely with the district bamboo committee in theimplementation of plans and monitoring of work progress.
  21. 21. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province21ANNEX I. INDICATIVE ACTION PLANINDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSStrategy: Sustainable Bamboo Resource ManagementOrganize the survey teams. Vienxayand Sopbao1stQ2011PAFODesign survey plan . Xamneua 1stQ2011PAFOConduct desk review and conductfield survey.Vienxayand Sopbao1stQ2011PAFOCompile and analyze the data. Xamneua 1stQ2011PAFOTarget 1:Bamboo resourceinventory and mappingcompleted.(distribution, specie,density and utilization )Prepare and submit report. Xamneua 1stQ2011PAFOAwareness-raising session withvillagers on bamboo nursery set-up.Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2011 PAFOIdentify species with commercialpotential.Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2011 PAFODevelop and prepare manual onnursery development.Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2011 PAFOTrain PAFO/ DAFO and villagers innursery establishment andpropagation techniquesVienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2011 PAFOTarget 2:8 bamboo nurseries set-upIdentify potential villagers (orgroup of villagers) who areinterested, motivated and able toengage in nursery development onVienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2011 PAFO
  22. 22. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province22a co-financing basis.Prepare and establish nurserysites.Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2011 PAFOINDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSIdentify potential villagers willingand able to engage in bamboofarming on a co-financing basis.Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2011 PAFOIdentify and select appropriatesites for demonstration farms.Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2011 PAFODevelop farm plan and layout. Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2011 PAFOPlan selected bamboo species. Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2011 PAFOTarget 3:4 bamboo demonstrationfarms established.Develop manual for demonstrationfarm establishment.Xamneua 3ndQ2011 PAFOIdentify appropriate post-harvesttechnologies and facilities required.Xamneua 4thQ2011STEATrain villagers and staff in post-harvest techniques andestablishment of post-harvestfacilities.Vienxayand Sopbao4thQ2011STEAPilot techniques and constructprototype facility in 1 village.Vienxayand Sopbao4thQ2011STEATarget 4:At least 8 village levelpost harvest facilitiesestablished.Based on result of pilot, identifyother priority villages.Vienxayand Sopbao4thQ2011STEA USD1,000
  23. 23. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province23Create awareness among villagerson post-harvest facilities anddetermine appropriatemanagement arrangement(individual or group) on a co-financing basis.Vienxayand Sopbao4thQ2011STEAINDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSConstruct post harvest facilities. Vienxayand Sopbao1stQ2012STEATarget 4:At least 8 village levelpost harvest facilitiesestablished.Develop manual on post-harvesttechniques and construction offacilities.Xamneua 1stQ2012STEAIdentify and select potentialbamboo forest areas for pilot sites.Vienxayand Sopbao1stQ2012PAFOMake an inventory and mapbamboo forest.Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2012PAFODevelop a sustainable community-based management plan.Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2012PAFODevelop the regulations, guidelinesand manual in the management ofthe bamboo resources.Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2012PAFOTrain villagers on sustainableharvesting and management ofnatural bamboo stands.Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2012PAFOTarget 5:8 protected bamboosites identified,maintained andmanaged.Determine the best managementstructure to implement the plan(community or individuallymanaged).Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2012PAFO
  24. 24. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province24Monitor management of theprotected bamboo areas.Vienxayand Sopbao2012-1015PAFO USD 3,000INDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSIdentify potential sites. Vienxayand Sopbao3rdQ2012PAFOCollect data, zone and plan thebamboo forest park.Vienxayand Sopbao4thQ2012PAFOResearch and identify the speciesfor conservation, demonstration/experiment.Vienxayand Sopbao4thQ2012PAFODetermine the most appropriateorganizational set-up to managethe forest park.Vienxayand Sopbao1stQ2013PAFODevelop the regulations, guidelinesand manual for the parkmanagement.Vienxayand Sopbao2ndQ2013PAFOTrain staff on forest parkmanagement.Vienxayand Sopbao3rd Q2013PAFOEstablish the park. Vienxayand Sopbao4thQ2013PAFOTarget 6:2 forest park establishedas a gene bank andshowcase of the diversevariety of bamboo.Maintenance of the park. Vienxayand Sopbao2013-2015PAFO
  25. 25. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province25INDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSStrategy: Development of Bamboo BusinessIdentify potential entrepreneursand investors.Viengxay,Xamneua,Sopbao2011-2015DOICRaise awareness on businessopportunities in the bamboo sector.Viengxay,Xamneua,Sopbao2011-2015DOICTrain and provide technical andbusiness advice to potential start-up MSMEs.Viengxay,Xamneua,Sopbao2011-2015DOICAssist MSMEs in registration,financing and business star-tup.Viengxay,Xamneua,Sopbao2011-2015DOICTarget 1:10 new MSMEs involvedin the bamboo sector.Provide marketing and businessmanagement support.Viengxay,Xamneua,Sopbao2011-2015DOIC
  26. 26. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province26INDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSIdentify and select the villages. Vienxay andSopbao1stand2ndQ2011DOICRaise awareness amongcommunity member and identifypotential leaders.Vienxay andSopbao2ndand3rdQ2011DOICOrganize group and train leadersand members on groupdynamics/ mechanics.Vienxay andSopbao3rdand4thQ2011DOICDevelop and establishorganizational goals, plans,management structure, rules andregulations.Vienxay andSopbao4thQ2011DOICIdentify bamboo making activityand train group on productionand marketing techniquesVienxay andSopbao1stQ2012DOICTarget 2:6 community groupsorganized and/orstrengthened andundertaking bambooproduct makingactivities.Provide continuing training ongroup development and businessmanagement.Vienxay andSopbao2012-2015DOICTarget 3:10 products (new andold) expanded andIdentify and conduct technicaland market feasibility of potentialproducts for food, handicraft ,house wares and semi-industrial.Xamneua 2ndQ2012DOIC
  27. 27. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province27diversified (handicraft,semi- industrial, etc.)and quality and pricingimproved.Test, evaluate and pilot identifiedpotential new products fordevelopment.Xamneua,Vienxay andSopbao2ndhalf of20121sthalf of2013DOICINDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSBased on pilots, develop guidesand manuals (including economicand technical information) onnew products.Xamneua 4thQ2013DOICTarget 3:10 products (new andold) expanded anddiversified (handicraft,semi- industrial, etc.)and quality and pricingimproved.Conduct training on bamboo,production techniques.Xamneua 2013-2015DOICDesign bamboo marketinformation system.Xamneua 3rdQ2011 DOICTrain staff on collection,management and disseminationof market information.Xamneua 2011-2015DOICDevelop linkages with otherinstitutions within Lao PDR andacross border.Xamneua 2011-2015DOICTarget 4:Marketing data baseand information systemestablishedProvide regular updates onproduct trends, pricing toentrepreneurs, communitygroups and other users.Xamneua 2011-2015DOIC
  28. 28. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province28INDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSIdentify potential site of bambootraining and demonstrationcenter.Vienxay andSopbao2ndQ2011DOICDetermine management andimplementation arrangement forcommunity-based training anddemonstration centers.Vienxay andSopbao3rdQ2011DOICLayout and submit plan forcenter.Vienxay andSopbao4thQ2011DOICProcure materials, equipmentand machinery required.Vienxay andSopbao1stQ2012DOICConstruct center. Vienxay andSopbao2ndQ2012DOICTarget 5:10 Community basedBamboo processingtraining anddemonstration centersset up.Conduct training anddemonstration activities.Vienxay andSopbao2012-2015DOICPlan for trade fair. Xamneua 2ndQ2012-2015DOICInvite exhibitors from theprovince.Xamneua 2ndQ2012-2015DOICSolicit financial assistance fromcorporate and individualsponsors.Xamneua 2ndand3rdQ2012-2015DOICTarget 6:At least 1 Trade Fairorganized per year.Implement trade fair plan. Xamneua 4thQ2012-2015DOIC
  29. 29. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province29INDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSStudy and select potentialinternational and regionalareas/cities involved in bambooproduction and processing.Xamneua 2ndQ2012DOICContact the chamber of commerceand/or other associations interestedto tie up with the HouaphanhChamber of Commerce and/orhandicraft association.Xamneua 3rdamd4thQ2012DOICDiscuss and negotiate a sister citypartnership arrangement.Xamneua 1stand2ndQ2013DOICFormally sign agreement ofpartnership between sister cities.Xamneua 3rdand 4thQ 2013DOICTarget 7:5 sister city businesspartnership agreementswith Vietnam and othercountries involved inbamboo-relatedbusiness.Strengthen CCI and/or handicraftassociation to implementpartnership arrangement.Xamneua 2013-2015DOICStrategy: Supportive Bamboo PoliciesReview the current policy on landrights and land allocation.Xamneua 1sthalf2011DPI/ LandManage-mentDept.Target 1:Policy on individual andcommunal landrights/land allocationapproved andimplemented.Discuss with different interestgroups the issues regarding currentland rights/ land allocation.Xamneua 2ndhalf2011DPI/ LandManage-mentDept.
  30. 30. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province30INDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSDraft a policy on improving landrights and land allocation.Xamneua 2ndhalf2011DPI/ LandManage-mentDept.Approve revised land rights andpolicy on a pilot basis.Xamneua 1sthalf of2012DPI/ LandManage-mentDept.Select sites and pilot revised policy. Xamneua 1sthalf of2012DPI/ LandManage-mentDept.Target 1:Policy on individual andcommunal landrights/land allocationapproved andimplemented.Monitor and recommendadjustment to policy based onprogress of pilot.Xamneua 1sthalf of2012DPI/ LandManage-mentDept.Review the current taxation policiesand practices.Xamneua 1sthalf2011DPI/FinanceDept.Discuss with stakeholders/ interestgroups the issues on the existingtaxation policy.Xamneua 2ndhalf2011DPI/FinanceDept.Draft and approve a revisedtaxation policy.Xamneua 2ndhalf2011DPI/FinanceDept.Target 2:Policy on Tax exemptionfor MSMEs, import andexport incentives,approved andimplemented.Pilot revised taxation policy. Xamneua 2012 -2013DPI/FinanceDept.
  31. 31. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province31INDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSTarget 2:Policy on Tax exemptionfor MSMEs, import andexport incentives,approved andimplemented.Monitor progress and makerecommendations to improvetaxation policy and expand to otherareas.Xamneua 4thQ of2013DPI/FinanceDept.Review current policy incentives toattract investors.Xamneua 2ndQ2011DPIDetermine the profile of investorsthe province wants to attract.Xamneua 3rdQ2011DPIDevelop an investment incentivescheme to encourage targetinvestors to invest.Xamneua 4thQ2011DPIApprove investment policy. Xamneua 1stQ2012DPITarget 3:Policy to provideincentives to investorsapproved andimplemented.Develop information materials toreach potential investors.Xamneua 2ndQ2012DPI
  32. 32. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province32INDICATIVEACTIONPLANACTIVITY LOCATION TIMEFRAMEAGENCY/PERSONRESPONSI-BLEAMOUNTOF FUNDSREQUIREDSOURCE OFFUNDSReview the current quota policy. Xamneua 2ndQ2010 DPI/ PAFOConduct consultation sessions withstakeholders/ interest groups.Xamneua 3rdQ2011DPI/District Govern-mentDraft a revise quota system (eitherdevelop an alternative system orabolish the quota system).Xamneua 4thQ2011DPI/District Govern-mentPilot the revise system. Xamneua 1stQ2012-2015DPI/DistrictGovern-mentTarget 4:Policy toabolish/minimize tax(quota) for harvestingnatural bamboo standsapproved andimplemented.Monitor revised system andrecommend further policyimprovement.Xamneua 2012-2015DPI/DistrictGovern-ment
  33. 33. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province33ANNEX II.Table 1. Monitoring and evaluationTYPE OFREPORTFREQUENCY INFORMATION/CONTENTSOURCE OFREPORTUSER OF REPORTBaselinestudyOne time –preferably 1stQ of 2010ProvincialgovernmentAnnualreportOnce a year Achievements for –targets versus actualresultsFacilitating andhindering factorsMajor challengesencountered andsolutions to overcomechallenges for the yearRecommendations andplans for next yearProvincialTask forceProvincial governor’sofficeMinistries anddepartment directorsDonors /internationalagenciesProgressreportQuarterly Achievements for thequarter – targets versusactual resultsFacilitating andhindering factorsMajor challengesencountered andsolutions to overcomechallengesRecommendations andactivity plans for nextquarterDistrict taskforceProvincial task forceGovernor’s officeDepartment directorsDonors/ internationalagenciesProgressreportMonthly Status of activities forthe month - targetsversus actualMain highlights for themonthIssues encountered andsolutions takenActivity plans for nextmonthVillage taskforceProvincial task forceDonors/ internationalagencies
  34. 34. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province34Table 1 continuation…TYPE OFREPORTFREQUENCY INFORMATION/CONTENTSOURCE OFREPORTUSER OF REPORTMid-termreviewAfter 2.5yearsReview of progress inachieving set goalsReview relevance,efficiency,effectiveness andsustainability ofstrategyRecommendations forthe nextProvincialTask force/ExternalconsultantsProvincial task forcemembersDepartmentdirectors/representativesDonors/internationalagenciesEnd ofStrategyEvaluationEnd of 2015 Achievements -planned versus actualKey facilitating andhindering factorsAreas for improvementRecommendations forthe next 5-year planProvincialTask force/externalconsultantsAll stakeholders
  35. 35. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province35Table 2. Key Performance IndicatorsKEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS SOURCE OFINFORMATIONImpact Number of people with increased incomeImprovement in household incomeComparison ofbaseline and end ofstrategy reportGoal Number of hectares of bamboo plantationscultivatedNumber of hectares of bamboo forestssustainably managed and protected.Number of people employed in bamboorelated businesses and activitiesAmount of revenues generated from domesticand export trade of bambooNumber of government policies supportive ofbamboo development approved andimplementedAnnual reportSite visits/ randomsurveyData fromgovernmentdepartmentsObjectives/TargetsSustainable Resource ManagementReport on resource inventory and mappingsubmitted.Number of bamboo nurseries set-up.Number of bamboo demonstration farmsestablished.Number of post harvest facilities established.Number of protected bamboo sites identified,maintained and managed.Number bamboo forest park established.Progress reportsQuarterly site visits
  36. 36. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province36Table 2 continuation …KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS SOURCE OFINFORMATIONObjectives/TargetsBamboo Business DevelopmentNumber of new MSMEs involved in thebamboo sector.Number of community groups organizedinvolved in bamboo product making.Number of products (new and old) expandedand diversified (handicraft, semi- industrial,etc.) and quality and pricing improved.Marketing database established.Number of Community-based and districttraining and demonstration center setup.Number of Trade Fairs organized per year.Number of sister city business partnershipagreement with Vietnam and other countriesinvolved in bamboo related business.Favorable Policy for BambooDevelopmentPolicy on individual and communal landrights/land allocation approved andimplemented.Policy on Tax exemption for MSMEs, importand export incentives, approved andimplemented.Policy to provide incentives to investorsapproved and implemented.Policy to abolish/minimize tax (quota) forharvesting natural bamboo stands approvedand implemented.Progress reportsQuarterly site visits
  37. 37. The First 5 Years Bamboo Development Strategy (2011-2015), Houaphanh Province37REFERENCESBoupha, L. and Phimmavong, S. (2006). Land Resource Mapping and FarmerInput Market Studies of the Vietnam-Laos Feasibility Studies.Cane and Bamboo Technology Centre (2008). National Bamboo Mission Underthe Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.Greijmans, M., Oudomvilay, B. and Banzon, J. (2007). Houaphanh BambooValue Chain Analysis, Identifying SNV’s Potential Advisory Services for theDevelopment of the Bamboo Value Chain.Lewington, A. (1990). Plants for People. Oxford University Press, New York.Ministry of Information and Culture. Houaphanh Provincial Government.Retrieved from http://www.culturalprofiles.net/laos/Units/452.htmlProvincial Tourism Office (2007). Houaphanh Tourism Development Strategy2007-2020.United Nations Development Programme (2006). National Human DevelopmentReport Lao PDR 2006.

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