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Adverbial clauses


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Adverbial clauses

  1. 1. Adverbial Clauses
  2. 2. An adverbial clause is a clause thatfunctions as an adverb. In other words,it contains subject (explicit or implied)and predicate, and it modifies a verb.
  3. 3. It tells you … How? (under what condition?) Why? When?… Something happens in a sentence.
  4. 4. Adverb Clausesexpress:
  5. 5. TYPE QUESTION EXAMPLE ANSWEREDPlace Where? Where there are computers, there is Microsoft software.Time When? After the fruit is harvest, it is sold at the marker.Cause Why? (what caused I didn’t call her this?) because I am shy.Purpose What was the She took a computer reason for doing course so that she this? could not get a better job.Concession Why is this Although Jay has a unexpected? master degree, he works as a store clerk.Condition Under what If you save your conditions? money, you will be able to go to college.
  6. 6. He went to the store because he needed some eggs. She makes diner after she gets home. After she gets home , she makes diner. John goes to the bank if he needsmoney. If he needs money, John goes to the bank
  7. 7. Subordination ConjunctionsAn adverb clause is always introducedby a subordinating conjunction:
  8. 8. Kind of clause Common Function Example conjunction TIME After, before, are used to say when Her father died when, while something happens when she was young. As, as soon as, by referring to a since, until period of time or to another event. By the time, once, as/so long as, whenever Every time, the first time, the last time, the next time CAUSE & Because › indicate the reason. I couldnt feel anger EFFECT now that › Means ‘because against him now’ (present/future). because I liked him too much. Used to mean Since › ‘because’
  9. 9. Kind of clause Common Function Example conjunction CONTRAST Even though › Unexpected results. Even though I although, wasnt tired, I went though to bed. DIRECT While, are used to show Mary is riche, while CONTRAST whereas (formal direct contracts, with John is poor written English) no difference of meaning. CONDITION If (prest.tense) are used to talk If it rains tomorrow, I unless, only if, about a possible will take my Even if situation and its umbrella. consequences. Whether or not› ›express the idea I’m going to that neither this swimming tomorrow condition nor that whether or not it’s condition matters. cold. In case, Express the idea In the even that in the event that something you (should) need that› probably won’t to reach me, I’ll be at happen. my house.