SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 2
Download to read offline
HEPATITIS
AND
GET YOURSELF SCREENED,
THAT WAY YOU'LL KNOW
AND CAN DO SOMETHING
ABOUT IT

WHAT IS THE POSITION WITH HEPATITIS B
AND C WORLDWIDE?

HOW ARE THE VIRAL FORMS OF HEPATITIS
TRANSMITTED?

Hepatitis is very widespread - 410 million people worldwide
are chronic hepatitis B or C carriers and the viruses kill almost
a million people every year. They are especially common in
Africa, Southern Asia (China, India, etc.) and Eastern Europe.
There are 500,000 people who are affected in France and
almost half of them do not know that they are infected.

There are several forms of viral hepatitis: A, B, C, Delta and E.
Hepatitis B is transmitted through blood and sexual fluids,
hepatitis C only through blood.
They are highly resistant even to the open air (alcohol and
bleach do not kill them) and there are many situations in
which they can be transmitted:
HBV
Human contact (touching)

O

+++

+

+++

+

Excision, circumcision

+++

+++

Tattooing, piercings, acupuncture scarring

+++

+++

The use of unsterilised or poorly sterilised equipment by the
medical profession

+++

+++

Dental treatment with equipment which has been reused without
being sterilised

+++

+++

Sharing objects such as razors, toothbrushes, etc.

+++

+++

Sharing equipment when taking drugs

+++

+++

Low < 2%
Low/Intermediate 2-4%
High/Intermediate 5-7%
High > 8%
No data

O No risk

MAP OF THE WORLD SHOWING
THE HEPATITIS C EPIDEMIC

Low < 1,5%

Prevalence

Intermediate 1,5-3,5%

K. Mohd Hanafiah et al. Global epidemiology
of hepatitis V virus infection: new estimates of age-specific
antibody to HCV seroprevalence. Hepatology, Month 2012, 1-10.

+

Mother-to-child transmission at birth

J.J. Ott et al. Global epidemiology of hepatitis B virus
infection: New estimates of age-specific HBsAg seroprevalence
and endemicity. Vaccine 30 (2012) 2212– 2219

O

Unprotected sexual intercourse

Prevalence of chronic infections

O

French kissing

MAP OF THE WORLD SHOWING
THE HEPATITIS B EPIDEMIC

HCV

High > à 3,5%

+ Low risk

+++ High risk

There is an effective vaccine against hepatitis B. The best thing
is to be vaccinated from birth. Not only does getting vaccinated
as soon as possible offer lifelong protection for yourself, it also
protects the people you love.
The vaccine will protect you from HBV but not from other STIs1
or from hepatitis C, so make sure that you protect yourself and
your partner and always use a condom whenever you have sex.

No data
1 STI: Sexually transmitted infection
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HEPATITIS B
OR C INFECTION?
In most cases, HBV2 or HCV3 infection goes unnoticed because
it does not produce any symptoms. So be on your guard and
see a doctor if you have been in an at-risk situation or have the
slightest doubt.
When the infection does produce symptoms, these can include
fatigue, a temperature, a yellowing of the eyes and skin
(jaundice), or itching.

TO FIND OUT: SCREENING
If you have been in at least one of the at-risk situations or have had
any of the symptoms, it is important to undergo screening. In
France there are two ways in which you can get yourself screened:
> By going to a CDAG4 or a CIDDIST5 . There will be a medical
consultation, a blood sample will be taken and you will get the
results of your tests, all in one place. The CDAGs and CIDDISTs are
anonymous and free of charge and they will not ask you for your
identity card or social security card.
> By going to see a doctor who will give you a prescription.
If you are looking for a CDAG or a CIDDIST close to where you live
Call the 0 800 004 372 freephone number (calls are free from a landline telephone)

WHAT SHOULD YOU DO FAIRE AFTER
SCREENING?
If the analyses have not picked up any traces of HBV, you
should get yourself vaccinated in order to protect yourself
against any future infection - talk to a doctor who will tell you
how to go about this.
If the analyses have detected a virus, you will need to have a
blood sample taken to find out how the infection is developing.

When you have contracted hepatitis B or C, there are two
possible scenarios. After the incubation and acute infection
phases:
> You may get well spontaneously. This means that your
immune system has responded to the attack from the hepatitis
B or C virus and beaten it. The fact that you will have an
antibody against HBV will mean you are now protected against
any further infections. This is not the case with hepatitis C, as
the antibodies do not protect you and another infection is
always possible. This is the scenario in most cases among
young adults.
> Your infection has set in and after six months it has become
chronic. This case of chronic hepatitis B or C means that you
will need to see a hepatologist who will prescribe additional
examinations and treatment, if necessary.

Both hepatitis B and C
are very common
so get yourself screened!
www.soshepatites.org

There is a vaccine against
hepatitis B, so get yourself
vaccinated!

If you do have chronic hepatitis B or C, remember that there
are effective treatments available!

The hepatitis B and C viruses are both transmitted through
blood. Unlike hepatitis B, hepatitis C is not an STI and cannot
be transmitted by a kiss or unprotected sexual intercourse.

Authors: Patrick Favrel, Michelle Sizorn, Johann Volant
Grphic design : ouf-atelier.com
Printed by: Fargier Fabrication
Registration: 2013
Print run: 2500 copies
Also available in French, Bulgarian, Russian and Mandarin

Brochure produced with the support of
2 HBV: Hepatitis B virus
3 HCV: Hepatitis C virus
4 CDAG: anonymous, free screening centre
5 CIDDIST: information and screening centre for sexually transmitted infections

With full editorial independence

More Related Content

What's hot

What Is Hepatistis St E. Transition
What Is Hepatistis  St E. TransitionWhat Is Hepatistis  St E. Transition
What Is Hepatistis St E. Transition
willow45
 
Hepatitis Ppt Sept 2006
Hepatitis    Ppt   Sept 2006Hepatitis    Ppt   Sept 2006
Hepatitis Ppt Sept 2006
NorthTec
 

What's hot (20)

Hepatitis [full]
Hepatitis [full]Hepatitis [full]
Hepatitis [full]
 
Tuberculosis: Why are we still fighting tb final
Tuberculosis: Why are we still fighting tb finalTuberculosis: Why are we still fighting tb final
Tuberculosis: Why are we still fighting tb final
 
World Hepatitis Day
World Hepatitis DayWorld Hepatitis Day
World Hepatitis Day
 
Hepatitis A B C
Hepatitis A B CHepatitis A B C
Hepatitis A B C
 
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis BHepatitis B
Hepatitis B
 
What Is Hepatistis St E. Transition
What Is Hepatistis  St E. TransitionWhat Is Hepatistis  St E. Transition
What Is Hepatistis St E. Transition
 
Hepatitis
HepatitisHepatitis
Hepatitis
 
Viral hepatitis in human
Viral hepatitis in humanViral hepatitis in human
Viral hepatitis in human
 
Hepatitis Ppt Sept 2006
Hepatitis    Ppt   Sept 2006Hepatitis    Ppt   Sept 2006
Hepatitis Ppt Sept 2006
 
Viral hepatitis A
Viral hepatitis AViral hepatitis A
Viral hepatitis A
 
Hepatitis viruses - A,B & C
Hepatitis viruses - A,B & CHepatitis viruses - A,B & C
Hepatitis viruses - A,B & C
 
Hepatitis day,2021
Hepatitis day,2021Hepatitis day,2021
Hepatitis day,2021
 
Hepatitis abcde.ppt
Hepatitis abcde.pptHepatitis abcde.ppt
Hepatitis abcde.ppt
 
Viral hepatitis- At a glance.ppt
Viral hepatitis- At a glance.pptViral hepatitis- At a glance.ppt
Viral hepatitis- At a glance.ppt
 
Viral Hepatitis
Viral HepatitisViral Hepatitis
Viral Hepatitis
 
Hepatitis c
Hepatitis cHepatitis c
Hepatitis c
 
Medicine 6th year, Acute Viral Hepatitis
Medicine 6th year, Acute Viral HepatitisMedicine 6th year, Acute Viral Hepatitis
Medicine 6th year, Acute Viral Hepatitis
 
Hepatitis A & B
Hepatitis A & BHepatitis A & B
Hepatitis A & B
 
Hepatitis A, B, C & HIV presentation (2011)
Hepatitis A, B, C & HIV presentation (2011)Hepatitis A, B, C & HIV presentation (2011)
Hepatitis A, B, C & HIV presentation (2011)
 
Hepatitis Presentation
Hepatitis PresentationHepatitis Presentation
Hepatitis Presentation
 

Viewers also liked

Brochure mandarin hep B&C: Se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure  mandarin hep B&C: Se dépister pour savoir et agirBrochure  mandarin hep B&C: Se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure mandarin hep B&C: Se dépister pour savoir et agir
soshepatites
 
Brochure russe hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure  russe hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agirBrochure  russe hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure russe hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
soshepatites
 
Brochure bulgare hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure  bulgare hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agirBrochure  bulgare hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure bulgare hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
soshepatites
 
Brochure français_web bis
Brochure  français_web bisBrochure  français_web bis
Brochure français_web bis
soshepatites
 
Hepatite b espagnol
Hepatite b espagnolHepatite b espagnol
Hepatite b espagnol
soshepatites
 
Hepatite b portugais
Hepatite b portugaisHepatite b portugais
Hepatite b portugais
soshepatites
 
Hepatite b allemand
Hepatite b allemandHepatite b allemand
Hepatite b allemand
soshepatites
 
Hépatite b français
Hépatite b françaisHépatite b français
Hépatite b français
soshepatites
 
2011 lyon-actes forum sos hepatites
2011 lyon-actes forum sos hepatites2011 lyon-actes forum sos hepatites
2011 lyon-actes forum sos hepatites
soshepatites
 
Géorgien 2 buklet 2
Géorgien 2 buklet 2Géorgien 2 buklet 2
Géorgien 2 buklet 2
soshepatites
 
Bulletin d'informations N°34 Mars 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°34 Mars 2006Bulletin d'informations N°34 Mars 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°34 Mars 2006
soshepatites
 
Géorgien 1 buklet 1
Géorgien 1 buklet 1Géorgien 1 buklet 1
Géorgien 1 buklet 1
soshepatites
 
Bulletin d'informations N°37 décembre 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°37 décembre 2006Bulletin d'informations N°37 décembre 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°37 décembre 2006
soshepatites
 
Hepatite b chinois
Hepatite b chinoisHepatite b chinois
Hepatite b chinois
soshepatites
 
Bulletin d'informations N°39 Juillet 2007
Bulletin d'informations N°39 Juillet 2007Bulletin d'informations N°39 Juillet 2007
Bulletin d'informations N°39 Juillet 2007
soshepatites
 
Guide des hepatites_2012-v6-3
Guide des hepatites_2012-v6-3Guide des hepatites_2012-v6-3
Guide des hepatites_2012-v6-3
soshepatites
 
Bulletin d'informations N°38 Avril 2007
Bulletin d'informations N°38 Avril 2007Bulletin d'informations N°38 Avril 2007
Bulletin d'informations N°38 Avril 2007
soshepatites
 
Journal L'Hépatant N°49 Octobre 2010
Journal L'Hépatant N°49 Octobre 2010Journal L'Hépatant N°49 Octobre 2010
Journal L'Hépatant N°49 Octobre 2010
soshepatites
 
Bulletin d'informations N°35 Juin 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°35 Juin 2006Bulletin d'informations N°35 Juin 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°35 Juin 2006
soshepatites
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Brochure mandarin hep B&C: Se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure  mandarin hep B&C: Se dépister pour savoir et agirBrochure  mandarin hep B&C: Se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure mandarin hep B&C: Se dépister pour savoir et agir
 
Brochure russe hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure  russe hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agirBrochure  russe hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure russe hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
 
Brochure bulgare hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure  bulgare hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agirBrochure  bulgare hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
Brochure bulgare hep B&C se dépister pour savoir et agir
 
Brochure français_web bis
Brochure  français_web bisBrochure  français_web bis
Brochure français_web bis
 
Hepatite b espagnol
Hepatite b espagnolHepatite b espagnol
Hepatite b espagnol
 
Hepatite b portugais
Hepatite b portugaisHepatite b portugais
Hepatite b portugais
 
Hepatite b allemand
Hepatite b allemandHepatite b allemand
Hepatite b allemand
 
Hépatite b français
Hépatite b françaisHépatite b français
Hépatite b français
 
2011 lyon-actes forum sos hepatites
2011 lyon-actes forum sos hepatites2011 lyon-actes forum sos hepatites
2011 lyon-actes forum sos hepatites
 
Géorgien 2 buklet 2
Géorgien 2 buklet 2Géorgien 2 buklet 2
Géorgien 2 buklet 2
 
Bulletin d'informations N°34 Mars 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°34 Mars 2006Bulletin d'informations N°34 Mars 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°34 Mars 2006
 
Géorgien 1 buklet 1
Géorgien 1 buklet 1Géorgien 1 buklet 1
Géorgien 1 buklet 1
 
Bulletin d'informations N°37 décembre 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°37 décembre 2006Bulletin d'informations N°37 décembre 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°37 décembre 2006
 
Hepatite b chinois
Hepatite b chinoisHepatite b chinois
Hepatite b chinois
 
Bulletin d'informations N°39 Juillet 2007
Bulletin d'informations N°39 Juillet 2007Bulletin d'informations N°39 Juillet 2007
Bulletin d'informations N°39 Juillet 2007
 
Guide des hepatites_2012-v6-3
Guide des hepatites_2012-v6-3Guide des hepatites_2012-v6-3
Guide des hepatites_2012-v6-3
 
Bulletin d'informations N°38 Avril 2007
Bulletin d'informations N°38 Avril 2007Bulletin d'informations N°38 Avril 2007
Bulletin d'informations N°38 Avril 2007
 
Hepatite b russe
Hepatite b russeHepatite b russe
Hepatite b russe
 
Journal L'Hépatant N°49 Octobre 2010
Journal L'Hépatant N°49 Octobre 2010Journal L'Hépatant N°49 Octobre 2010
Journal L'Hépatant N°49 Octobre 2010
 
Bulletin d'informations N°35 Juin 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°35 Juin 2006Bulletin d'informations N°35 Juin 2006
Bulletin d'informations N°35 Juin 2006
 

Similar to Brochure anglais hep B&C: se dépister pour savoir et agir

ESU 10 Staff BBP Annual Review
ESU 10 Staff BBP Annual ReviewESU 10 Staff BBP Annual Review
ESU 10 Staff BBP Annual Review
jason_everett
 

Similar to Brochure anglais hep B&C: se dépister pour savoir et agir (20)

Bloodborne Pathogens
Bloodborne PathogensBloodborne Pathogens
Bloodborne Pathogens
 
HIV Aids 104
HIV Aids 104 HIV Aids 104
HIV Aids 104
 
Hiv aids
Hiv aids Hiv aids
Hiv aids
 
Assignment of research.docx
Assignment of research.docxAssignment of research.docx
Assignment of research.docx
 
Hepatitis a
Hepatitis aHepatitis a
Hepatitis a
 
Everything You Need to Know About Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Everything You Need to Know About Sexually Transmitted DiseasesEverything You Need to Know About Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Everything You Need to Know About Sexually Transmitted Diseases
 
Aids
AidsAids
Aids
 
ESU 10 Staff BBP Annual Review
ESU 10 Staff BBP Annual ReviewESU 10 Staff BBP Annual Review
ESU 10 Staff BBP Annual Review
 
Basic info about Hepatitis B & C
Basic info about Hepatitis B & CBasic info about Hepatitis B & C
Basic info about Hepatitis B & C
 
Hiv aids
Hiv aidsHiv aids
Hiv aids
 
HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDSHIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS
 
Hiv Aids Best
Hiv Aids BestHiv Aids Best
Hiv Aids Best
 
Insel11e ppt18
Insel11e ppt18Insel11e ppt18
Insel11e ppt18
 
HIV-AIDS.pdf
HIV-AIDS.pdfHIV-AIDS.pdf
HIV-AIDS.pdf
 
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Sexually Transmitted InfectionsSexually Transmitted Infections
Sexually Transmitted Infections
 
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Sexually Transmitted InfectionsSexually Transmitted Infections
Sexually Transmitted Infections
 
AIDS, an awareness, necessary.
AIDS, an awareness, necessary.AIDS, an awareness, necessary.
AIDS, an awareness, necessary.
 
HIV Required Training
HIV Required TrainingHIV Required Training
HIV Required Training
 
Class activity 11 march 2012
Class  activity 11 march 2012Class  activity 11 march 2012
Class activity 11 march 2012
 
hepatitis
hepatitishepatitis
hepatitis
 

More from soshepatites

Brochure "Infections virales et bactériennes, mieux les connaître pour les p...
 Brochure "Infections virales et bactériennes, mieux les connaître pour les p... Brochure "Infections virales et bactériennes, mieux les connaître pour les p...
Brochure "Infections virales et bactériennes, mieux les connaître pour les p...
soshepatites
 

More from soshepatites (20)

L’HÉPATITE B, M’AIDER À LA COMPRENDRE, SAVOIR CE QU’IL FAUT FAIRE
L’HÉPATITE B, M’AIDER À LA COMPRENDRE, SAVOIR CE QU’IL FAUT FAIREL’HÉPATITE B, M’AIDER À LA COMPRENDRE, SAVOIR CE QU’IL FAUT FAIRE
L’HÉPATITE B, M’AIDER À LA COMPRENDRE, SAVOIR CE QU’IL FAUT FAIRE
 
JE VIS AVEC L’HÉPATITE B, UNE MALADIE POTENTIELLEMENT GRAVE : MON MÉMO !
JE VIS AVEC L’HÉPATITE B, UNE MALADIE POTENTIELLEMENT GRAVE : MON MÉMO !JE VIS AVEC L’HÉPATITE B, UNE MALADIE POTENTIELLEMENT GRAVE : MON MÉMO !
JE VIS AVEC L’HÉPATITE B, UNE MALADIE POTENTIELLEMENT GRAVE : MON MÉMO !
 
J'AI UNE HEPATITE B CHRONIQUE
J'AI UNE HEPATITE B CHRONIQUEJ'AI UNE HEPATITE B CHRONIQUE
J'AI UNE HEPATITE B CHRONIQUE
 
PLAQUETTE SOS HÉPATITES
PLAQUETTE SOS HÉPATITESPLAQUETTE SOS HÉPATITES
PLAQUETTE SOS HÉPATITES
 
Flyer VHB Guadeloupe.pdf
Flyer VHB Guadeloupe.pdfFlyer VHB Guadeloupe.pdf
Flyer VHB Guadeloupe.pdf
 
Éliminer l’hépatite B
Éliminer l’hépatite BÉliminer l’hépatite B
Éliminer l’hépatite B
 
SOSH Carte PVC 86x54 mm « N’oublions pas l’élimination des hépatites B et D (...
SOSH Carte PVC 86x54 mm « N’oublions pas l’élimination des hépatites B et D (...SOSH Carte PVC 86x54 mm « N’oublions pas l’élimination des hépatites B et D (...
SOSH Carte PVC 86x54 mm « N’oublions pas l’élimination des hépatites B et D (...
 
Brochure "La NASH"
Brochure "La NASH"Brochure "La NASH"
Brochure "La NASH"
 
SOS Hépatites Rapport d'activité 2018
SOS Hépatites Rapport d'activité 2018SOS Hépatites Rapport d'activité 2018
SOS Hépatites Rapport d'activité 2018
 
SOS Hépatites Rapport d'activité 2017
SOS Hépatites Rapport d'activité 2017SOS Hépatites Rapport d'activité 2017
SOS Hépatites Rapport d'activité 2017
 
Brochure "Infections virales et bactériennes, mieux les connaître pour les p...
 Brochure "Infections virales et bactériennes, mieux les connaître pour les p... Brochure "Infections virales et bactériennes, mieux les connaître pour les p...
Brochure "Infections virales et bactériennes, mieux les connaître pour les p...
 
INVITATION PRESSE
INVITATION PRESSEINVITATION PRESSE
INVITATION PRESSE
 
C mon-traitement v3 2018
C mon-traitement v3 2018C mon-traitement v3 2018
C mon-traitement v3 2018
 
J'ai une hépatite B chronique édition 2018
J'ai une hépatite B chronique édition 2018J'ai une hépatite B chronique édition 2018
J'ai une hépatite B chronique édition 2018
 
Sos hépatites rapport d'activité 2016
Sos hépatites rapport d'activité 2016Sos hépatites rapport d'activité 2016
Sos hépatites rapport d'activité 2016
 
Guerir de l'hepatite c 2016
Guerir de l'hepatite c 2016Guerir de l'hepatite c 2016
Guerir de l'hepatite c 2016
 
Etre hepatant 01_2016
Etre hepatant 01_2016Etre hepatant 01_2016
Etre hepatant 01_2016
 
Etre hepatant 02_2016
Etre hepatant 02_2016Etre hepatant 02_2016
Etre hepatant 02_2016
 
Etre hepatant 03_2016
Etre hepatant 03_2016Etre hepatant 03_2016
Etre hepatant 03_2016
 
Etre hepatant 04_2016
Etre hepatant 04_2016Etre hepatant 04_2016
Etre hepatant 04_2016
 

Brochure anglais hep B&C: se dépister pour savoir et agir

  • 1. HEPATITIS AND GET YOURSELF SCREENED, THAT WAY YOU'LL KNOW AND CAN DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT WHAT IS THE POSITION WITH HEPATITIS B AND C WORLDWIDE? HOW ARE THE VIRAL FORMS OF HEPATITIS TRANSMITTED? Hepatitis is very widespread - 410 million people worldwide are chronic hepatitis B or C carriers and the viruses kill almost a million people every year. They are especially common in Africa, Southern Asia (China, India, etc.) and Eastern Europe. There are 500,000 people who are affected in France and almost half of them do not know that they are infected. There are several forms of viral hepatitis: A, B, C, Delta and E. Hepatitis B is transmitted through blood and sexual fluids, hepatitis C only through blood. They are highly resistant even to the open air (alcohol and bleach do not kill them) and there are many situations in which they can be transmitted: HBV Human contact (touching) O +++ + +++ + Excision, circumcision +++ +++ Tattooing, piercings, acupuncture scarring +++ +++ The use of unsterilised or poorly sterilised equipment by the medical profession +++ +++ Dental treatment with equipment which has been reused without being sterilised +++ +++ Sharing objects such as razors, toothbrushes, etc. +++ +++ Sharing equipment when taking drugs +++ +++ Low < 2% Low/Intermediate 2-4% High/Intermediate 5-7% High > 8% No data O No risk MAP OF THE WORLD SHOWING THE HEPATITIS C EPIDEMIC Low < 1,5% Prevalence Intermediate 1,5-3,5% K. Mohd Hanafiah et al. Global epidemiology of hepatitis V virus infection: new estimates of age-specific antibody to HCV seroprevalence. Hepatology, Month 2012, 1-10. + Mother-to-child transmission at birth J.J. Ott et al. Global epidemiology of hepatitis B virus infection: New estimates of age-specific HBsAg seroprevalence and endemicity. Vaccine 30 (2012) 2212– 2219 O Unprotected sexual intercourse Prevalence of chronic infections O French kissing MAP OF THE WORLD SHOWING THE HEPATITIS B EPIDEMIC HCV High > à 3,5% + Low risk +++ High risk There is an effective vaccine against hepatitis B. The best thing is to be vaccinated from birth. Not only does getting vaccinated as soon as possible offer lifelong protection for yourself, it also protects the people you love. The vaccine will protect you from HBV but not from other STIs1 or from hepatitis C, so make sure that you protect yourself and your partner and always use a condom whenever you have sex. No data 1 STI: Sexually transmitted infection
  • 2. WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HEPATITIS B OR C INFECTION? In most cases, HBV2 or HCV3 infection goes unnoticed because it does not produce any symptoms. So be on your guard and see a doctor if you have been in an at-risk situation or have the slightest doubt. When the infection does produce symptoms, these can include fatigue, a temperature, a yellowing of the eyes and skin (jaundice), or itching. TO FIND OUT: SCREENING If you have been in at least one of the at-risk situations or have had any of the symptoms, it is important to undergo screening. In France there are two ways in which you can get yourself screened: > By going to a CDAG4 or a CIDDIST5 . There will be a medical consultation, a blood sample will be taken and you will get the results of your tests, all in one place. The CDAGs and CIDDISTs are anonymous and free of charge and they will not ask you for your identity card or social security card. > By going to see a doctor who will give you a prescription. If you are looking for a CDAG or a CIDDIST close to where you live Call the 0 800 004 372 freephone number (calls are free from a landline telephone) WHAT SHOULD YOU DO FAIRE AFTER SCREENING? If the analyses have not picked up any traces of HBV, you should get yourself vaccinated in order to protect yourself against any future infection - talk to a doctor who will tell you how to go about this. If the analyses have detected a virus, you will need to have a blood sample taken to find out how the infection is developing. When you have contracted hepatitis B or C, there are two possible scenarios. After the incubation and acute infection phases: > You may get well spontaneously. This means that your immune system has responded to the attack from the hepatitis B or C virus and beaten it. The fact that you will have an antibody against HBV will mean you are now protected against any further infections. This is not the case with hepatitis C, as the antibodies do not protect you and another infection is always possible. This is the scenario in most cases among young adults. > Your infection has set in and after six months it has become chronic. This case of chronic hepatitis B or C means that you will need to see a hepatologist who will prescribe additional examinations and treatment, if necessary. Both hepatitis B and C are very common so get yourself screened! www.soshepatites.org There is a vaccine against hepatitis B, so get yourself vaccinated! If you do have chronic hepatitis B or C, remember that there are effective treatments available! The hepatitis B and C viruses are both transmitted through blood. Unlike hepatitis B, hepatitis C is not an STI and cannot be transmitted by a kiss or unprotected sexual intercourse. Authors: Patrick Favrel, Michelle Sizorn, Johann Volant Grphic design : ouf-atelier.com Printed by: Fargier Fabrication Registration: 2013 Print run: 2500 copies Also available in French, Bulgarian, Russian and Mandarin Brochure produced with the support of 2 HBV: Hepatitis B virus 3 HCV: Hepatitis C virus 4 CDAG: anonymous, free screening centre 5 CIDDIST: information and screening centre for sexually transmitted infections With full editorial independence