TIPS FOR INCREASING STUDENT
PARTICIPATION AND MOTIVATION
Presented by Dana Bodewes and Steve Sosa
MOTIVATION AND
PARTICIPATION CHALLENGES

ss
What are some of the
challenges you face when
trying to engage students?
Motivation and Participation Challenges
Potential student challenges:
• Limited attention
• Minimum effort
• Self-defeatin...
Motivation and Participation Challenges
• PLU student reality
• Students are here to learn…or at least to get a degree
• P...
Motivation and Participation Challenges
• Instructor challenges
• Juggling act
• Limited time/availability
• Content prepa...
Motivation and Participation Challenges
• Teaching realities
• Departmental requirements
• Content
• Assessment

• Instruc...
Motivation and Participation Challenges
Instructor considerations
1. How does motivation and participation come into play?...
Motivation and Participation Challenges
• Opportunity
• Include motivation and participation in course design
• Result
• A...
DEFINITION &
RESEARCH

DB
Definition & Research

Motivation

Engagement

Engagement requires both motivation and participation

Participation
Definition & Research
Motivational Theories

Behaviorist

1960’s

Cognitive

Goal

Intrinsic

Expectancyx-Value

Today
Definition & Research
Expectancy x Value Model:
• students are engaged in learning when they think the objective is

impor...
Definition & Research
Expectancy x Value Model of Motivation
• Self-efficacy
• Self-worth
• Intrinsic
• Goals

• Feedback
...
Definition & Research
Video: “What Motivates Students to Learn?” - BYU

http://youtu.be/CoPjDYMPgPw
Which elements of motivation
will be easier or harder to
support in the classroom?
LEARNER MOTIVATION

SS
Learner Motivation
• Impossible to learn someone
• You can teach someone
• Learning is:
• Internal
• Personal
• Individual...
Learner Motivation
If fuel/energy is the basis for learning, how does my
(instructor) content fit into the equation?
• Per...
Learner Motivation

Learner
Motivation

Learner
Activity

Learner
Knowledge
Learner Motivation
If motivation is key to learning, then how do we get
student’s attention in the first place?
• The Happ...
Learner Motivation
Must get to the
village before
sunset to join in
festivities.

The Rider:
(conscious mind,
controlled t...
Learner Motivation
Get their attention: Tell elephants a story

Right-of-way and
yielding laws help
traffic flow smoothly
...
Learner Motivation
Get their attention: Surprise elephants

Upon seeing pink dog
• What am I seeing?
• Dogs are not pink.
...
Learner Motivation
Get their attention: Show elephants shiny things
“Right-of-way and yielding laws help traffic flow smoo...
Learner Motivation
Get their attention: Create a group/herd
• Groups/herd require and build:
• Negotiation skills
• Suppor...
Learner Motivation
As soon as we get the elephant’s attention, we’re that
much closer to motivating the rider to take acti...
Learner Motivation
Tip to enhance motivation: Build on anticipated outcomes

Photoshop Objective A
After you have complete...
Learner Motivation
Tip: Provide real-world context
• Moves isolated knowledge into job and life performance
• Connects lea...
Based on what you know about
PLU students, what motivational
strategies do you think are
important for increasing student
...
ACTIVE LEARNING &
PARTICIPATION

DB
“Tell me and I forget, teach me
and I may remember, involve
me and I learn.”
-Benjamin Franklin
Active Learning & Participation
Tip: Clarify instructor & student roles
• Provide structure, relinquish control
• Orient s...
Active Learning & Participation
Tip: Activate prior learning & promote transfer
• Use pre-assessments
• Connect to previou...
Active Learning & Participation
Tip: Limit & chunk information
• < 10 minute segments
• < 7 ideas at once
• Chunk similar ...
Active Learning & Participation
Tip: Use games & incorporate competition
• Active and motivating
• Uses principles of
• Co...
Active Learning & Participation
Tips: Differentiate course elements
• Provide options:
• Content
• Access
• Process
• Prod...
Active Learning & Participation
Tip: Use rubrics & help students learn to self-assess
• Clarifies performance standards
• ...
Active Learning & Participation
Tip: Incorporate physical movement
• Increases oxygen and glucose to brain
• Engages addit...
What is a student activity in one
of your courses that students
find particularly engaging.
Why do you think they like it?
NEXT STEPS

SS
Next Steps
Resources
• Reference material
• Workshops

Support
• Faculty support community
• Instructional Technologies su...
THANK YOU
See you at the next workshop!
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PLU: Tips for Increase Participation and Motivation

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Presented as part of our "Motivation and Participation" month at PLU, this presentation covers the basics of blended learning and why it is an effective means of instruction.

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PLU: Tips for Increase Participation and Motivation

  1. 1. TIPS FOR INCREASING STUDENT PARTICIPATION AND MOTIVATION Presented by Dana Bodewes and Steve Sosa
  2. 2. MOTIVATION AND PARTICIPATION CHALLENGES ss
  3. 3. What are some of the challenges you face when trying to engage students?
  4. 4. Motivation and Participation Challenges Potential student challenges: • Limited attention • Minimum effort • Self-defeating habits and strategies • Unwillingness to participate • Don’t speak unless called on directly • Want to be told exactly what to do • Rushing out the door • Priorities of grades vs. learning
  5. 5. Motivation and Participation Challenges • PLU student reality • Students are here to learn…or at least to get a degree • Paying to learn • PLU students are recognized as: • Global citizens • Hands-on, active learners • Value-based education
  6. 6. Motivation and Participation Challenges • Instructor challenges • Juggling act • Limited time/availability • Content preparation • Classroom delivery • Homework grading • Committee involvement • Potentially teach at multiple institutions
  7. 7. Motivation and Participation Challenges • Teaching realities • Departmental requirements • Content • Assessment • Instructor choices • Teaching strategies • Course design • Student motivation • Student participation
  8. 8. Motivation and Participation Challenges Instructor considerations 1. How does motivation and participation come into play? 2. Do these elements happen naturally in my courses? 3. Are these elements my or their responsibility? 4. Are these elements expected or are they designed?
  9. 9. Motivation and Participation Challenges • Opportunity • Include motivation and participation in course design • Result • Active engagement/learning experience • PLU Experience • Global citizens • Hands-on, active learners • Value-based education
  10. 10. DEFINITION & RESEARCH DB
  11. 11. Definition & Research Motivation Engagement Engagement requires both motivation and participation Participation
  12. 12. Definition & Research Motivational Theories Behaviorist 1960’s Cognitive Goal Intrinsic Expectancyx-Value Today
  13. 13. Definition & Research Expectancy x Value Model: • students are engaged in learning when they think the objective is important (value) and they believe they can accomplish it (expectancy) Expectancy Value Engagement
  14. 14. Definition & Research Expectancy x Value Model of Motivation • Self-efficacy • Self-worth • Intrinsic • Goals • Feedback • Balance
  15. 15. Definition & Research Video: “What Motivates Students to Learn?” - BYU http://youtu.be/CoPjDYMPgPw
  16. 16. Which elements of motivation will be easier or harder to support in the classroom?
  17. 17. LEARNER MOTIVATION SS
  18. 18. Learner Motivation • Impossible to learn someone • You can teach someone • Learning is: • Internal • Personal • Individual act • Each learner provides: • Energy • Fuel
  19. 19. Learner Motivation If fuel/energy is the basis for learning, how does my (instructor) content fit into the equation? • Performance automobile comparison • 0 to 60 in 5 seconds • Instructors who focus entirely on… • Tires, motor, interior, trunk, aerodynamics • Energy/fuel • No gas, no go
  20. 20. Learner Motivation Learner Motivation Learner Activity Learner Knowledge
  21. 21. Learner Motivation If motivation is key to learning, then how do we get student’s attention in the first place? • The Happiness Hypothesis (Jonathan Haidt) • The rider • The elephant
  22. 22. Learner Motivation Must get to the village before sunset to join in festivities. The Rider: (conscious mind, controlled thought) Peanuts. Yum. Yum. Peanuts. The Elephant: (sub-conscious mind, everything else)
  23. 23. Learner Motivation Get their attention: Tell elephants a story Right-of-way and yielding laws help traffic flow smoothly and safely. They are based on courtesy and common sense. Violation of these laws is a leading cause of traffic crashes. I was sixteen and riding with a friend who had just gotten their license. While entering the street we didn’t look both ways and were sideswiped by an oncoming vehicle. My friend had to be hospitalized for almost a month.
  24. 24. Learner Motivation Get their attention: Surprise elephants Upon seeing pink dog • What am I seeing? • Dogs are not pink. • Can dogs be pink? • Why would a dog be pink? Cognitive dissonance • Challenge a belief • Need to reconcile two opposing viewpoints • Need to expand your mental model • Referred to as a “teachable moment”
  25. 25. Learner Motivation Get their attention: Show elephants shiny things “Right-of-way and yielding laws help traffic flow smoothly and safely. They are based on courtesy and common sense. Violation of these laws is a leading cause of traffic crashes.” • Supporting content provides: • Scenario context • Emotional context • Contextual triggers • Such content might include: • Images • Audio • Video
  26. 26. Learner Motivation Get their attention: Create a group/herd • Groups/herd require and build: • Negotiation skills • Support systems • Social interactions • Groups/herd last a lifetime
  27. 27. Learner Motivation As soon as we get the elephant’s attention, we’re that much closer to motivating the rider to take action. Getting Their Attention Learner Motivation Learner Activity Learner Knowledge
  28. 28. Learner Motivation Tip to enhance motivation: Build on anticipated outcomes Photoshop Objective A After you have completed this chapter, given a list of possible tools, you will be able to identify and demonstrate the essential tools necessary for photo editing. Needs Safety Power Competency Self-esteem Photoshop Objective B In a very short time, say about two hours, you will learn basic image editing tools and be able to remove your ex from old photographs. Ready? Respect Money Control Comfort
  29. 29. Learner Motivation Tip: Provide real-world context • Moves isolated knowledge into job and life performance • Connects learning to current/industry news • Makes conversations relevant
  30. 30. Based on what you know about PLU students, what motivational strategies do you think are important for increasing student engagement?
  31. 31. ACTIVE LEARNING & PARTICIPATION DB
  32. 32. “Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn.” -Benjamin Franklin
  33. 33. Active Learning & Participation Tip: Clarify instructor & student roles • Provide structure, relinquish control • Orient student to active learning • Move away from authoritarian instructor role to one of • Coach • Facilitator • Manager • Co-learner
  34. 34. Active Learning & Participation Tip: Activate prior learning & promote transfer • Use pre-assessments • Connect to previous learning to new • Stay within “zone of proximal development” • Note similarities and differences • Provide associations
  35. 35. Active Learning & Participation Tip: Limit & chunk information • < 10 minute segments • < 7 ideas at once • Chunk similar ideas • Alternative models • Just-in-Time Teaching • Flipped classroom • Blended learning
  36. 36. Active Learning & Participation Tip: Use games & incorporate competition • Active and motivating • Uses principles of • Competition • Intermittent rewards • Interactivity • Team spirit
  37. 37. Active Learning & Participation Tips: Differentiate course elements • Provide options: • Content • Access • Process • Products • Materials • Time, space TEXTBOOK ARTICLE VIDEO SIMULATION APP
  38. 38. Active Learning & Participation Tip: Use rubrics & help students learn to self-assess • Clarifies performance standards • Faster grading of complex work • Consistent, equitable evaluation • Student self-assessment
  39. 39. Active Learning & Participation Tip: Incorporate physical movement • Increases oxygen and glucose to brain • Engages additional brain centers • Elevates mood and shifts attention • Provides sensory input
  40. 40. What is a student activity in one of your courses that students find particularly engaging. Why do you think they like it?
  41. 41. NEXT STEPS SS
  42. 42. Next Steps Resources • Reference material • Workshops Support • Faculty support community • Instructional Technologies support
  43. 43. THANK YOU See you at the next workshop!

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