A Glimpse of America This presentation will attempt to… Set the stage for a period of American history Focus on significant developments Help you understand overall meaning
America From 1935-1960 Black Tuesday Global icons The Great Depression Amelia Earhart Gandhi Rise and fall of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler World War II Rosie the Riveter Cold War tensions Fidel Castro First satellite launch The Beatles
1936: Fallingwater History Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright Clients wanted view of waterfall New design put house on waterfall Construction began in 1936
1936: Fallingwater Design Wright designed 1141 building 532 designs completed 409 still standing 20 open to public Popularized living rooms, car ports, open floorplans
1936: Fallingwater Ethics Wright not known for working well with others Original designs criticized for lacking structural integrity “If I don’t have your full confidence, then to hell with the whole project.” Wright’s style was extreme confidence
1936: Fallingwater Aesthetics Fallingwater truly reflects natural surrounding Lines mimics waterfall Created with surrounding elements Created feeling of being outside
1945: Atomic Bomb History Prompted by Einstein-Szilard letter warning of potential Nazi weapon development Joint effort by U.S., U.K., and Canada Employed more than 130,000 at 30 locations Cost over $22 billion Research based on destructive force of nuclear reactions (fission and fusion) Resulted in first atomic bomb
1945: Atomic Bomb Design First fission (atomic) test produces explosion equal to 20,000 tons of TNT First thermonuclear (hydrogen) test produces explosion equal to 10,000,000 tons of TNT Little Boy design (uranium) was gun- type Fat Man design (plutonium) was complex implosion-type Designed for mass destruction
1945: Atomic Bomb Ethics Potential use on civilian populations Einstein deeply regretted his involvement Who are our enemies? Military? Civilian? Would our enemies use this? Would using this save human lives?
1945: Atomic Bomb Aesthetics Engineering focus on function rather than form Aesthetics focus not physical, but philosophical Changed the way we think about war Changed the way the world thinks about weapons Brought global awareness to radiation, mutilation, and after effects What will World War III look like?
Late 1940s: Television History Originally popularized in 1920s Somewhat of a letdown Almost entirely eliminated Popularized after end of the World War II
Late 1940s: Television Design Artist involvement (graphic designers, architects, set designers, curators, advertisers) Apparent in program content, set design, and presentation
Late 1940s: Television Ethics In sales opportunists In brand advertising In mass communication
Late 1940s: Television Aesthetics Made to look like radios Intended to blend in with other furniture Intended to be hidden Screen sizes changed aesthetics into visible permanent fixtures
A Glimpse of America 1935-1960 This time period was significant Globally Economically Technologically Culturally Slice of American history Showcases some best and worst moments Demonstrates resilience of America Was just a slice