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LWIT BTAD: Group "Era" Presentation

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Part of our condensed group presentation.

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LWIT BTAD: Group "Era" Presentation

  1. 1. 1935-1960Presented by:Aaron, Jennifay, Randy, Steve
  2. 2. Message FromOur Sponsor
  3. 3. A Glimpse of America›  This presentation will attempt to… ›  Set the stage for a period of American history ›  Focus on significant developments ›  Help you understand overall meaning
  4. 4. America From 1935-1960›  Black Tuesday ›  Global icons›  The Great Depression ›  Amelia Earhart Gandhi›  Rise and fall of Nazi Germany ›  ›  Adolf Hitler›  World War II ›  Rosie the Riveter›  Cold War tensions ›  Fidel Castro›  First satellite launch ›  The Beatles
  5. 5. ARCHITECTURE1935-1960
  6. 6. 1936: Fallingwater›  History ›  Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright ›  Clients wanted view of waterfall ›  New design put house on waterfall ›  Construction began in 1936
  7. 7. 1936: Fallingwater›  Design ›  Wright designed 1141 building ›  532 designs completed ›  409 still standing ›  20 open to public ›  Popularized living rooms, car ports, open floorplans
  8. 8. 1936: Fallingwater›  Ethics ›  Wright not known for working well with others ›  Original designs criticized for lacking structural integrity ›  “If I don’t have your full confidence, then to hell with the whole project.” ›  Wright’s style was extreme confidence
  9. 9. 1936: Fallingwater›  Aesthetics ›  Fallingwater truly reflects natural surrounding ›  Lines mimics waterfall ›  Created with surrounding elements ›  Created feeling of being outside
  10. 10. MEDICAL1935-1960
  11. 11. 1943: Kidney Dialysis›  History ›  First made in 1943 ›  Started at beginning of WWII ›  Physician worked at Dutch hospital under Nazi scrutiny and at great risk
  12. 12. 1943: Kidney Dialysis›  Design ›  Dr. Willem Kolff responsible for first modern drum dialyzer ›  Dr. Belding Scribner responsible for shunt ›  Led to portable, family operated unit
  13. 13. 1943: Kidney Dialysis›  Ethics ›  Artificial organs were controversial ›  Dr. Kolff ridiculed and his design called an abomination ›  Need for bioethics committee to determine treatment
  14. 14. 1943: Kidney Dialysis›  Aesthetics ›  Hospital focus on function, rather than form ›  Portable, home units consider aesthetics ›  Wheels ›  Case ›  Hidden tubes
  15. 15. WARFARE1935-1960
  16. 16. 1945: Atomic Bomb›  History ›  Prompted by Einstein-Szilard letter warning of potential Nazi weapon development ›  Joint effort by U.S., U.K., and Canada ›  Employed more than 130,000 at 30 locations ›  Cost over $22 billion ›  Research based on destructive force of nuclear reactions (fission and fusion) ›  Resulted in first atomic bomb
  17. 17. 1945: Atomic Bomb›  Design ›  First fission (atomic) test produces explosion equal to 20,000 tons of TNT ›  First thermonuclear (hydrogen) test produces explosion equal to 10,000,000 tons of TNT ›  Little Boy design (uranium) was gun- type ›  Fat Man design (plutonium) was complex implosion-type ›  Designed for mass destruction
  18. 18. 1945: Atomic Bomb›  Ethics ›  Potential use on civilian populations ›  Einstein deeply regretted his involvement ›  Who are our enemies? Military? Civilian? ›  Would our enemies use this? ›  Would using this save human lives?
  19. 19. 1945: Atomic Bomb›  Aesthetics ›  Engineering focus on function rather than form ›  Aesthetics focus not physical, but philosophical ›  Changed the way we think about war ›  Changed the way the world thinks about weapons ›  Brought global awareness to radiation, mutilation, and after effects ›  What will World War III look like?
  20. 20. MEDIA1935-1960
  21. 21. Late 1940s: Television›  History ›  Originally popularized in 1920s ›  Somewhat of a letdown ›  Almost entirely eliminated ›  Popularized after end of the World War II
  22. 22. Late 1940s: Television›  Design ›  Artist involvement (graphic designers, architects, set designers, curators, advertisers) ›  Apparent in program content, set design, and presentation
  23. 23. Late 1940s: Television›  Ethics ›  In sales opportunists ›  In brand advertising ›  In mass communication
  24. 24. Late 1940s: Television›  Aesthetics ›  Made to look like radios ›  Intended to blend in with other furniture ›  Intended to be hidden ›  Screen sizes changed aesthetics into visible permanent fixtures
  25. 25. A Glimpse of America›  1935-1960›  This time period was significant ›  Globally ›  Economically ›  Technologically ›  Culturally›  Slice of American history ›  Showcases some best and worst moments ›  Demonstrates resilience of America ›  Was just a slice
  26. 26. THANK YOU1935-1960

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