Leadership1

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Leadership1

  1. 1. Pav³emdwknaM LEADERSHIP pøÚvNaEdlemdwknaMExµrKYreFIVdMeNIr ?esckþIR)rB§ mnusSekItmkRbkbedaysiT§iesrIPaBxagKMnitnigkarbdibtiþCaeRcInCaBiesssMrab;emdwknaMEdlCabuKÁlsMxan;KMrUeK naMmuxeK kñúgkarkMNt;eCaKvasnarbs;RbCaCnPaKeRcIn dUecñH etIemdwknaMExµrKYreRCIserIsykpøÚvmYyNa?> CakarcaM)c;Nas;ebIemdwknaMExµrTaMgGs;b¤yuvCnExµrCMnan;eRkay EdlnwgkøayeTACaemdwknaMnaeBlGnaKt;enaH RbwgEsVgyl;ykpøÚvEdlRtwmRtUvmYy nigsikSaykKMrUl¥²tamemdwknaMrbs;ExµreyIgBIGtItkal RBmTaMgemdwknaMl/I²kñúgBiPBelakeyIgenH> GtßbTenHRKan;EtCaGnusasn_nigCaBnøWxøH²sMrab;emdwknaMExµrTaMgGs; CaBiessKWyuvCnExµrCMnan;eRkayEtb:ueNÑaH >PaBcaM)c;sMrab;Pav³CaemdwknaM emdwknaMb¤GñkdwknaM CaeKalkarN_mYyEdlmnusSmñak;²RtUvEtBüayamEsVgrkmkTukkñúgRkeGAebHdUgerog²xøÜn> ebImnusSmñak;²xVHPav³CaemdwknaMenAkñúgcitþehIy eKBi)knwgeFVICIvit[cMerInrugerOgxøaMgNas;> ExµreyIgPaKeRcInEtgyl;fa Pav³emdwknaMKWmansMrab;EtRbmuxrdæb¤Gñkneya)ymYyRkumtUcb:ueNÑaH> CakarCak;EsþgRbeTsEdlRbkan;yklT§ipþac;kar RbeTsCatiTaMgmUlnwgRKb;RKgTaMgRsugedaymnusSmYyRkumtUc> EtsMrab;yuKbc©úb/nñCayuKRtas;dwg(Enlightenment Era)buKÁlmñak;²enAkñúgRbeTsmYy²KWCaemdwknaM> rab;cab;taMgBIsmaCikmñak;²kñúgsgÁm 1niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  2. 2. RKYsar PUmi Rsuk extþ Rkug nigRbeTs RtUvEtGPivDÆn_Pav³dwknaM[manenAkñúgxøÜnedIm/ICaEPñkRcmuHkñúgkarGPivDÆn_sgÁmrYmKñanUvRKb;vis½y> EteTaHCay:agNak¾eday fan³CaGñkdwknaMkñúgRKYsarnigGñkdwknaMsgÁmCatiTaMgmUlmanPaBxusKñaq¶ayNas;eRBaHplb:HTgÁicBIkardwknaMxus dwknaMRCul manTMhMxusKñaxøaMgNas; > enAkñúgesovePAsklcinþarbs;RBHPikçúFmµ)lexov CuM PaK2 Rtg;TMB½r433)nbBa¢ak;fa :sRgÁamCaehtueFIV[raMgsÞHdl;karGPivDÆn_sgÁm b:uEnþebIemdwknaMKµansmtßPaB KµanKMnitsgÁm KµansµartIyutþiFm’>l> cat;karRKb;RKgRbeTsKµanRbsiT§iPaB RbCaBlrdæsþab;min)n emIlminyl; mindwgCaGñkdwknaMdwkédxøÜncg;edIrpøÚvNa?> RBwtþikarN_RsukeTsmansPaBdUcenH kMrnwgeKcputBIGnaFibetyüKWPaBvwkvrclacl> CaBiessPaBGarat;Garaysþab;KñaElgekItrvagGñkdwknaMnigGñkedIrtamenHCaktþamYyeTotEdleFIV[karGPivDÆn_ecjminrYc> buBVehtuénkarKµansNþab;Fñab;EdlCaFatuCan;BnøickarGPivDÆn_ KµanmkBIGñkNadéTeT KWmkBIGñkRKb;RKgKµansmtßPaB eFIVcMNat;karesdækic© neya)y sgÁmkic© vb/Fm’ KµanRbsiT§iPaBhñwgÉg : >niymn½yBaküfa {GñkdwknaM{ PasaExµreyIgmanBaküCaeRcInEdleRbIbBa¢ak;Gtßn½yCaGñkdwknaMdUcCa emRbFan nayk Rbmux ecAhVay nig raCa CaedIm > enAkñúgvcnanuRkmTaMgBIrPaKrbs;semþcRBHsgÇraCCYn Nat )n[niymn½yBaküTaMgGs;enHdUcteTA em mann½yfa mnusS stV b¤GIV²EdlEdlCaFM CaRbFan Cacm/gelIeK RbFan mann½yfa em, GñkEdlCaemelIeK, EdlCaFMCageK 2niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  3. 3. nayk mann½yfa GñknaM, GñkdwknaM, GñkRtYtRta Rbmux mann½yfa EdlCaRbFan, CaFMbMput, cm/g, EdlRbesIréRkElg,EdlCaÉk CaTI1 ecAhVay mann½yfa GñkEdlCam©as;, CaGñknaykelIeK b¤GñkEdlRtYtRtakarnImYy² CaFMCagGñkTaMgGs;kñúgBYkenaH² raCa mkBIBaküraC mann½ytamrUbsBÞfa GñkrugerOgedayviesseRBaHmanetC³éRkElg b¤ERbfa GñkjúaMgRbCaBlrdæ KWRKb;RKgRbCanikr[mansVamIPkþicMeBaHRBHGgÁ eRBaHRBHGgÁmansgÁhFm’4ya:gKWkar[eTyüvtßú, kareBalvacaKYr[cg;sþab;,karRbRBwtþGMeBICaRbeyaCn_, kartaMgRBHGgÁesµI² KWeRbIbJkBa[lµmeBjcitþRbCaraRsþ > TaMgBakü em RbFan nayk Rbmux ecAhVay nig raCa Canic©CakalExµreyIgniymehAfa GñkdwknaM b¤fñak;dwknaM b¤edayn½ytamnamsBÞERbfaGñkdwknaMenaHÉg> GñkdwknaMGacEbgCaBIrBaküKW Gñkdwk nig GñknaM > GñkdwkGacmann½yepSg²BIKñadUcCa - GUsTajRbCaCn[RbtibtiþRtwmRtUvtamKnøgc/ab;énrdæ manc/ab;rdæFmµ nuØCaedIm edayykxøÜnÉgCabegÁalCaKMrU dUceyIgdwkeKa[edIrRtg;pøÚv TamTar[GñkedIrmuxRtUvedIrRtg;pøÚvEdr eTIbdl;eKaledAEdlxøÜncg;)n> - GUsTajRbCaCn[manesckþIBüayamkñúgkarlHbg;GMeBI)bTaMgBYgEdl manenAkñúgxøÜn karBarGMeBI)bmin[cUlmksßitkñúgxøÜneTot xitxMRbwg ERbgeFIVEtGMeBIbuNü nigrkSakarRbRBwtþGMeBIbuNüenaH[mankareCOn elOneTAmux b¤ya:gehacNas;rkSaKuNPaBrbs;va[Kg;vgSenA dEdl >l> 3niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  4. 4. cMENkGñknaM KWGacmann½yfa - naMRbCaCn[sikSaerOgc/ab;TMenomTMlab;RbeTsCati[yl;c/as; nig GacykeTAGnuvtþ)ny:agmanRbsiT§iPaB - naMRbCaCn[yl;GMBIsiT§iesrIPaBrbs;xøÜn kñúgnamCasmaCikrbs;sgÁm RtUvEtmankatBVkic©TTYlxusRtUvnigcUlrYmya:gskmµkñúgbBaðasgÁmCati rbs;xøÜn> - naMRbCaCn[yl;GMBIPaBcaM)c;kñúgkarGnuvtþlT§iRbCaFibetyü kñúgkar BRgwgnigBRgIkRbeTsCati[køayCanitirdæ> eBlnitirdæRtUv)nBRgwgnig BRgIk karGPivDÆn_EpñkepSg²manesdækic©CatiCaedIm nwgrIkcMerInRbkb edaysmPaBnigPaBéføfñÚrR)scakGMeBIBukrlYynigkariyaFibetyü - naMRbCaCn[eFIVEtGMeBIl¥ lHbg;nUvGMeBIGaRkk; nigeFIVcitþ[s¥atpUr pg; >l> Gñkdwk nig GñknaMGacmanlkçNHkarbdibtþixusKña eRBaHGñkdwkcaM)c;RtUvEteFIVCaKMrUmuneK[)nl¥tex©aH cMENkGñknaMRtUvEtmansmtßPaB suxPaBnigKuNFm’CacMbg> ya:gNak¾edayExµreyIgRtUvEteRbIBaküTaMgBIrenHCaBaküpSMrYmKñaminGacpþac;ecjBIKña)neLIyKW GñkdwknaM eTIbGacyl;)n>KMremdwknaMExµrBIGtIt U tamRbvtþisaRsþExµr eyIgmanemdwknaMsMxan;²nigCaKMrUl²CaeRcInsMrab;Gnu ¥CnExµreyIgCMnan;eRkay)nsikSaeronsURttam> RBHnagsk;RkGUb¬lIvyI¦sMKal;eXIjfaCakSRtIExµrdMbUgeK Edl)neFIVexmrvUbnIykmµBIGariyFm’NÐaeq<aHeTArkPaBcMerInrugerOgénRBHraCaNacRkrbs;RBHnag> RBH)TC½yvrµ½nTIBIrk¾CaesþcExµr KYr[kt; 4niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  5. 5. sMKal;mYyRBHGgÁEdr RBHGgÁ)neTAFMFat;nigeronsURtenAkñúgRbeTsCVa¬éseln-RFbur³¦ EtRBHGgÁmin)nsßiteRkamT§iBlrbs;CVaTaMgpøÚvkaynigpøÚvcitþeLIy> RBHGgÁ)nrMedaHRbeTskm<úCarbs;eyIgecjBIGaNaniKmrbs;CVa RBmTaMgksagraCFanImYyd¾rugerOgeQµaHmehRnÞbBVtaeTotpg> RBH)TC½yvrµ½nTI7 CaesþcGs©arürbs;ExµreyIgmYyRBHGgÁEdr EdleBareBjeTAedayemtþakruNanigbØajaN RBHGgÁCaemdwknaMEdlykFm’CaGMNac nigCaRBHeBaFistVGvelaeksVr³> enAsm½yeRkayGgÁreyIgmanGñkts‘UedIm/ICatiCaeRcIn Edl)nxitxMrkSaTwkdIeyIgsBVéf¶[enAKg;vgS eTaHbIeyIgCYbRbTHnUvkarjúHjg;bMEbkbM)k;ya:gxøaMgBIRbeTsesom nigGNÑam¬evotNam¦ k¾eday > enAeBlEdl)raMgcUlmkRKb;RKgdIExµr eyIgmanRBHsgÇEdl)nswkeFIVCaGacarünaMRbCaCneRkakeLIgts‘UCamYyGaNaniKm)raMgd¾mhimaCabnþbnÞab; dUcCaGacarüsVa GacarüeBaFi_kMe)r Gacarüehomecov CaedIm> Cak;EsþgGñktaXøaMgemOgCaemT½Bd¾Gg;Gackøahan enAeBlEdldwgfakMLaMgT½Brbs;esommancMnYneRcInnigxøaMgkøaCag sukcitþeFIVBlikmµsMLab;xøÜnedayR)b;eTAkgTahanfa cUrGñkTaMgLayxMts‘UsVHEsVgeLIg ´nwgeTARbmUlkgT½BexµacmkCYyc/aMg> kgT½BTaMgGs;eBl)neXIjPaBkøahanedIm/ICatidUecñaHk¾ekItmanPaBkk;ekþAnigkMLaMgcitþxøaMgeLIgts‘UsVitsVajrhUt)nC½yCMnHeTAelIkgT½Besom> semþcGgÁdYgCaRBHmhakSRtExµrEdlesomBüayambMBak;bMb:nbNþúHmenaKmviC¢a[manKMnitCaesom eday)nykeTAciBa©wmtaMgBItUcnigbNþúHbNþal[eronsURtmancMeNHdwgeRCARCH rYcelIkbnþúb[eLIgCaRBHmhakSRtExµr EtTIbMputRBHGgÁ)nerIbMras;ecjBIT§iBlesomrhUtTTYl)neCaKC½y > 5niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  6. 6. TaMgenHCalkçNHBiessrbs;emdwknaMExµreyIgeTaHbICaTTYlkarEfTaMnigtMeLIgskþi BIbreTsya:gNak¾edayk¾minePøcedImkMeNItCatisasn_rbs;xøÜneLIy>emdwknaMBIrRbePT KWsMedAykemdwknaMEdlykGMNacCaFm’ nig emdwknaMEdlykFm’CaGMNac> TaMgBIrya:genH manlkçNHxusKñaq¶ayNas; TaMgRTwsþInigbdibtiþ> emdwknaMEdlykGMNacCaFm’ Canic©CakaleRbIGMeBIhwgSa sMLútKMramKMEhg b¤eRbIl/ickle)kbeBaäatRbCaCn edayGMeBIviT§gSnaepSg²> PaKeRcInénemdwknaMEdlykGMNacCaFm’ CamnusSelµaPGMNac GtþTtßbuKÁl nigpþac;kar > cMENkemdwknaMEdll¥ KWykFm’CaGMNac ykFm’CaRtIvis½ykñúgkarkMNt;vasnarbs;RbCaraRsþ> Fm’mann½yeRcInya:gdUcCa c/ab; suRkitPaB esckþIl¥manemtþa kruNa BlIkmµ xnþI sc©³ nigbØaCaedIm> emdwknaMEbbenHCanic©CakalykPaBRtwmRtUvCaFMkñúgkarsMerckic©karTaMgBYgminEmnykGasµiman³nigxøÜnÉgCaFMeLIy>karykFm’CaGMNacCakarbdibtþiRtwmRtUvtamBuT§dIka nigCarbbmYyEdleKsÁal;farbbRbCaFibetyü> RbeTsTaMgLayenAkñúgsklelaksBVéf¶mankarrIkcMerInRbCaCnmanCIvitrs;enAesµIPaB mansiT§iesrIPaBkñúgkarRbkbmuxrbrciBa©wmCIvit karbeBa©jmti nigbeBa©jnUvsmtßPaBEterog²xøÜn kñúgkarGPivDÆn_xøÜnÉg RkumRKYsar k¾dUcCasgÁmCatiTaMgmUl >emdwknaMl¥RtUvRbkbedayFm’BIrya:gKWbiy³nigKru kareFIVCaemdwknaMl¥RtUvEtmanRBhµviharFm’KWemtþa kruNa muTita nig«ebkça> 6niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  7. 7. semþcRBH)TC½yvrµ½nTI7 CaesþcExµrd¾Gs©arüEdlRBHGgÁRtUv)nRbCanuraRsþeKarBeRbobRbdUceTAnwgRBHeBaFistVGvelaeksVr³ Edlmann½yfaRBHGgÁsMLwgemIlmkeRkam mkrkRbCanuraRsþrbs;RBHGgÁRbkbedayemtþaRBhµviharFm’tRBMEdn>eyIgeXIjkMBUlR)gÁ)ynþmuxbYn CaPsþútaRsab; TuksMrab;eRkInrMlwkdl;kUnecAExµreyIgCMnan;eRkayykKMrUtam> dUcKñaEdrmanerOgeRBg erOgdMNal nigsuPasitExµrCaeRcInEdldas;etOneRkInrMlwkExµrRKb;CMnan;[Rbkan;x¢ab;kñúgRkeGAebHdUgnUvRBhµviharFm’4enH> Cak;EsþgerOgRbvtþibuNücUlqñaMExµr EdlBImYyqñaMeTAmYyqñaMmaneTvtaRBHnamepSg² nwgdak;evNKñamkRTnigEfrkSak/alRBHRBhµ EdlCaRBhµviharFm’enaHÉg > RBhµviharFm’enaHRbkbedayFm’TaMgLayEdlmanGgÁ4KW 1.emtþa mann½yfaRslaj; Fm’Rslaj;enH CaFm’EdlmnusSmñak;²RtUvkarCaBiessKWkarRslaj;xøÜnÉg> mnusSmñak;²KµanRslaj;GIVxøaMgCagkarRslaj;xøÜnÉgeLIy> ebIdUecñH eyIgKYrKitfa eyIgRslaj;xøÜnÉgb:uNÑa eKk¾Rslaj;xøÜneKb:ueNÑaHEdr> eyIgpþl;esckþIRslaj;dl;xøÜnÉgb:uNÑa eyIgk¾KYrpþl;esckþIRslaj;dl;GñkdéTb:ueNÑaHEdr> CaBiessemdwknaMeKEdl»kaspþl;esckþIRslaj;dl;xøÜnÉgmaneRcIn ehIyk¾Gacman»kaspþl;esckþIRslaj;dl;GñkdéTeRcInEdr> tamc/ab;énFm’ eyIgpþl;esckþIRslaj;dl;GñkdéTeRcInb:uNa eyIgk¾)nTTYlnUvesckþI ÑRslaj;BIGñkdéTvijb:ueNÑaHEdr > 2.kruNa mann½yfaGaNitGasUr RKan;EtRsLaj;xøÜnÉgb¤Rslaj;GñkdéTenaHvaenAminTan;RKb;RKan;eT RtUvEtecHGaNitxøÜnÉgnigGaNitGñkdéT> GaNitxøÜnÉgya:gem:c? KWGaNitfa ehtuGIV)nCaxøÜnÉgenAmanman³ eTas³ emah³ elaP³karx¢ilRbGUs karminecHdwgnwgeKCaedIm> karGaNitGñkdéTk¾dUcKñaEdr eBl 7niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  8. 8. eXIjeKTn;exSay eyIgCYyRKaRtkg eBleXIjeKl¶g; eyIgCYybgðat;beRgonENnaMeBleXIjeKTukçeyIgCYyrMElkTukçCaedIm> sMrab;emdwknaMFm’enHKW sMxan;Nas; > 3.muTita mann½yfaCYyQWq¥al CakarbdibtiþsuICMerAnigBuHBarkan;EtxøaMgEfmeTotRbkbedayesckþIBüayamTaMgkMLaMgkay citþ nigR)CJa edIm/IsenþasRbNIxøÜnÉgRBmTaMgGñkdéT[ecjputBIesckþITukçlM)kevTna CaBiessemdwknaMRtUvEtCaGñknaMmuxeKkñúgkarCYyxñHExñgQWq¥alykGasarRbCaCn[)nrs;enAmanPaBsuxdumrmnanigkarGPivDÆn_BitR)kd manesckþIsuxTaMgpøÚvkaynigpøÚvcitþ > 4.«ebkça mann½yfakartaMgcitþCakNþal CapøÚvkNþal edayeFIVctþ[R)s icakGKtibYnya:gdUcCa minGKtiedaykarRsLaj; karP½yxøac karxwgs¥b; nigkarvEgVgl¶g;exøA> karbdibtiþFm’«ebkçaTamTar[eyIg CaBiessemdwknaMRtUvEtRbwgERbgeronsURtnigbdibtiþ[xagEt)n> karmanFm’«ebkçakñúgcitþ KWeRbobRbdUcnwgPñMEdlminjab;j½redaykMLaMgBüúHsgÇraCaedIm > RBhµviharFm’TaMgbYn GacEbgEck)nCaBIrya:gKW biy³Edlmann½yfaKYrCaTIRsLaj; KYrCaTIcUlcitþnigeBjcitþ nigKru Edlmann½yfaeKalCMhrrwgbuwgRbkbedayGMNt;Gt;Fn;nigcMeNHdwgeRCARCH> biy³ manGgÁRbkbBIrya:gKWemtþa nigkruNa cMENkKru manGgÁRbkbBIrya:gdUcKñaKWmuTita nig «ebkça> karEdleyIgmanemtþaKWesckþIRslaj;mYyd¾RtwmRtUv nigkruNaKWesckþIGaNitGasUr EdlecjBIRkeGAebHdUgBitR)kd eFIV[eyIgmñak;²TTYl)nnUvkarRslaj;cUlcitþBIGñkdéTya:gBitR)kd> cMENkkarEdleyIgmanmuTitaKWkarQWq¥albeBa©jskmµPaBBit nig«ebkçaKWkarminmanGKtienAkñúgcitþ CaEpñkmYyéneKalCMhrKMrUeKRbkbedaycMeNHviC¢a bØaQøasvagév karts‘UnigkarGt;Fn; naM[eyIgCamnusSEdlKYr[eKarBKarv³ 8niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  9. 9. EdlkareKarBKarv³enH minEmn)nmkedaysareyIgmanluykak;buNüskþienaHeTEt)nmkedaysareyIgmanKuNFm’ karlHbg; smtßPaB nigeTBekaslüx<s; > GñkdwknaM minRtUvRKan;EteFIVxøÜn[eKRslaj;cUlcitþedaykarEtgxøÜns¥at)trUbragsgðar sMdIEp¥m ecHfñak;fñmykcitþGñkdéT nigmansnþancitþl¥b:ueNÑaHeT EtemdwknaMRtUvmanKruenAkñúgxøÜn manPaBTn;Pøn;RbkbedayPaBrwgbuwgecjBIxagkñúgmansMdIEpñmElðmRbkbedayGtßrsnigGtßn½y lMGedayPaBesµaHsµR½K maneKalkarN_c/as;las;Rbdab;edaybØa bTBiesaFn_x<s; nigcMeNHdwg> CakarcaM)c;Nas;sMrab;emdwknaM minfaeLIyemdwknaMRKYsar emdwknaMshKmn_tUctac rhUteTAdl;emdwknaMRbeTs RtUvEtmanKuNsm/tiþRbkbedaybiy³nigKruenH[)n nigmantulüPaBrvagKñanigKña > ebIeyIgniyaybEnßmeTAelIFm’xøHkñúgRBHBuT§sasnakareFIVTanEdlRtwmRtUvnigkarrkSasIlCaRbRktIcat;TukfaCakarEsVgrknUvbiy³sMrab;xøÜn ehIykarcMerInPavnaGPivDÆn_stibØanigkarGMNt;Gt;Fn; cat;TukfaCaKru)npgEdr >emdwknaMKYreronsURtemeronCIvitbIya:g¬éRtsikça¦ sikçaERbsikSaEdlCanaTIcaM)c;rbs;mnusSmñak;² EdleyIgGacniyay)nfaKµannrNamñak;rs;enA)nkñúgelakenHb¤EtmYyvinaTIéndegðImecjcUledayR)scakkarsikSaenaHeLIy> CaBiessKWemdwknaMTaMgLayRtUvEtmancMeNHdwgRKb;Ebbya:gTaMgEpñkneya)y sgÁmviTüa FmµCativTüa nigcitþviTüaCaedIm> EtkñúgRBHBuT§sasna iRBHBuT§GgÁsMNUmBr[eyIgeronsURtemeronbIya:gb:ueNÑaH edIm/IeFIV[CIvitmanPaBéføfñÚrx<g;x<s;nigGacrMedaHxøÜn[ecjputBIebtvis½yb¤tircäanvis½y> emeronbIya:genaHKWsIl smaFi nigbØa b¤mann½yya:gsamØfaemeronénkarsMEdgecjnUvkayvikar 9niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  10. 10. nigBaküsMdIEdlRtwmRtUv karerobcMpñt;KMnitviFIKitnigstism/CسEdlRtwmRtUvnigkaryl;dwgQøasvagévRbkbedaysuBlPaBx<s; > ebIniyay[lMGiteTA emeronTaMgbIenHKWGriymKÁRbkbedayGgÁ8 EdlCavifIEtmYyKt;GacnaMmnusSelakTaMgmUleTArksuxsnþiPaB esckþIcMerInnigkarGs;eTAénTukçTaMgBYgKWRBHniBVanenaHÉg> mKÁRbkbedayGgÁ8enaHbRgYmCaéRtsikçadUcteTAenHKW 1.sIl(Sila or precepts, morality, ethics) Rbdab;edayGgÁRbkb3ya:gKW - smµavaca(right speech) KWvacaRtwmRtUv CavacaEdlniyayEtBaküBitminkuhke)kR)s vacaEdlniyayEtBaküjúaMg[GñkdéTecHRslaj;eyaKyl;KñamineRbIBaküjúHjg;bMEbkbM)k; vacaEdlniyayEtBaküTn;Pøn;BIeraHBisa minniyayBaküGsueraHminsmrmütamKtiviØÚCn nigvacaEdlniyayEtBakümanRbeyaCn_manxøwmsar minniyayBaküerayraytRbeyaCn_eRcIn> CaBiesssMrab;emdwknaM EdlCanic©CakalrEmgs<ayykEtBaküsMdIb:ueNÑaHeTAbMeBjtYnaTIRKb;Ebbya:grbs;xøÜn KYrEtRKb;RKgvacarbs;xøÜn[dUcstVdMrIkarBarPøúkrbs;va> - smµakmµnþ³(right action) KWkarRbRBwtþRtwmRtUvedaykay edayvaca nigedaycitþ> eBleRbIR)s;kay vaca citþmþg² RtUvEtmanstism/CسCab;Canic©> - smµaGaCIv³(right livelihood)KWkarciBa©wmCIvitRtwmRtUv evorcakkareFIVCMnYjxus5ya:g KWCYjdUrmnusS CYydUrGavuFyuT§PNÐ CYjdUreRKOgejon fñaMeBTüEkøgkøayfñaMBis CYjdUrsac;rs; nigCYjdUreRKOgRsvwg> cMENkemdwknaMvijCabuKÁlEdlman»kaseRcInkñúgkarEsVgrkPaBman)ndl;xøÜn R)k;Exrbs;rdæRBmTaMgeRKOgGMnYyPaBsuxsb/ayepSg²k¾mankar«btßmÖBIfvikaCatipgEdr dUecñHemdwknaMKYrEtmansmµaGaCIv³ tamPaBman)nEdlrdæpþl;[ minKYrmancitþelaPln;BukrlYyykfvikaCatirbs;sYnrYmmkksagPaBman)nsMrab;RKYsarxøÜnnigbkSBYkxøÜneLIy> kar 10niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  11. 11. man»kasCaemdwknaMKWvaRKb;RKan;eTAehIykñúgkarbnSl;TukkitþinamnigKMrUl¥²dl;hVÚgCnTaMgBYg > 2.smaFi(Samadhi or meditation, concentration, oneness of the mind)KWkarbgVwkcitþ[manPaBcuHFøúgeTAkñúgGarmµN_minrevIrvay kareFIVcitþ[CaÉktarmµN_ eFIVcitþ[s¶b;rMgab; edIm/ICakMEpgkarBarnUvGkuslFm’TaMgBYg> ExµreyIgeRcInyl;xusfa smaFiCakareFIV[mnusSeyIgmincg;eFIVkargar eFIV[mnusSeyIgmankarFujRTan;nwgCIvitRkumRKYsarsac;jati ehIysmaFienHGaceFIV[mnusSqáÜtCaedIm> TaMgGs;enHCakaryl;xusFMNas;sRmab;GñkEdlminFøab;)neFIVsmaFi> tamBitsmaFieFIV[eyIgmankMLaMgkay kMLaMgcitþ nigkMLaMgbØa kan;EtxøaMgeLIgkñúgkarbMeBjtYnaTIkic©kargarTaMgBYg> smaFiRbdab;edayGgÁRbkbbIya:gKW ³ - smµaviriy³(right effort) KWkarBüayamRtUv mandUcCaBüayammineFIVnUvGMeBI)bTaMgBYg lHbg;nUvGMeBI)bTaMgBYgEdlmanenAkñúgxøÜn RbwgERbgeFIVnUvGMeBICakuslnigRbwgERbgkarBarnUvGMeBIkuslEdlmanehIy[sßitenACaGmt³ > - smµasmaFi(right meditation) KWkartMkl;citþRtUv karebþCJacitþRtUv karBlikmµRtUv nigkartaMgsc©aRbNiFanRtUv > - smµasti(right mindfulness) KWkarmanstism/CسRtUv Edlstism/ -CسenHCaFm’ Edlman«b/karKuNeRcInCageK> 3.bØa(Panna or wisdom) KWktþaEdlGaceFIV[eyIgseRmckic©karTaMgBYg> bØakñúgRBHBuT§sasnamanBIrya:gKWelakIybØanigelakutþrbØa> elakIybØasMedAeTAelIkarecHdwgQøasvagévnUverOgdMeNaHRsayxagpøÚvelakdUcCabBaðaneya)yesdækic© sgÁmkic© criyFm’ sgÁm nItiviFI nigcitþsaRsþCaedIm> elakutþrFm’sMedAykkarecHdwgyl;c/as;nUvsc©PaBBiténCIvit dUcCayl;faCIvitKWGnic©MmineTogTat; 11niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  12. 12. CIvitKWTukçMCavtßúFatuEdlRtUveRbHFøayCaFmµta nigCIvitKWGntþaminEmnCarbs;xøÜneLIyBIeRBaHeyIgminGacbgÁab;bBa¢avakuM[cas;QWsøab;)n> eBlNaeyIgyl;nUvéRtlkçN³énFmµCatienHehIyeFIV[eyIgCaemdwknaMEdlGacebþCJacitþ«TÞisxøÜnCaGñkCYysgÁm nigGñkdéTedayBuMKitBIRbeyaCn_pÞal;xøÜneLIy> müa:gvijeTotkarmanelakutþrbØaenAkñúgcitþenH eFIV[eyIgmñak;²CaBiessemdwknaMmanhiriKWxµas)b nigman»tþb/³ KWkarxøac)benAkñúgxøÜn> sIl smaFi bØa enHcat;TukfaCaemeronkMritx<s;mYysMrab;buKÁlEdlyl;nigmansmµaTidæirwgmaM> sMrab;buKÁlEdleTIbEtcab;epþImeronsURtemeronTaMgbIenHKYrEtcab;epþImemeronTImYyedaykareFIVTan emeronTIBIrKWkarrkSasIl nigemeronTIbIKWkarcMerInPavna > 1> Tan(Dana or generosity)mann½yfakar[ karCYyseRgÁaHKñaeTAvijeTAmkkarmansnþancitþecjmkGMBIkarlHbg;BitR)kd> TanenHEbgecjCabIKW -GamisTanCaTanEdlRbkbedayvtßúmanbc©½y4CaedIm, -FmµTan CaTanEdlCYyKñaedayBaküTUnµanl¥² nig -GP½yTan CaTanEdlpþl;[KñaeTAvijeTAmkedaykarGP½yeTaskMhusqÁgTaMgBYg> CaBiesscMeBaHkareFIVTan emdwknaMRtUvEtsikSa[lMGitcMeBaHkarbdibtiþemeronTI1enH> TanEdlRtwmRtUv RtUvmanGgÁRbkbRKb;RKan;rbs;vabIya:gmanvtßúTan Gñk[Tan nigGñkTTYlTanCaedIm> enAkñúgsgÁmRbCaFibetyüRbeTsEdlmankareKarBc/ab;BitR)kd manRbB½n§yutþiFm’esµIPaKKñasMrab;RbCaCnTUeTA kareFIVTanEckGMeNayrbs;emdwknaMnigmRnþIraCkarcMeBaHRbCaCnTUeTAEdlCaGñke)Heqñat[xøÜnCakarxusc/ab;nigminsmrmümYy> EtGIVEdlemdwknaMGacCYyviPaKTanb¤kareFIVTan[)nRtwmRtUvtamRBHBuT§sasnaenaH KWRtUvCYyRbCaCnrs;enA[)nesµIPaKKñakñúgkarmanbc©½y4eRbIR)s; karsikSaeronsURt karcUlrYmkñúgsgÁm 12niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  13. 13. mankarbeBa©jmtiCaedIm nigkarmankargareFIVsmrmüeTAtamkMLaMgsmtßPaBnigkMritviC¢arbs;xøÜn EdlenHCaTanmYysMxan;Nas;sMrab;emdwknaMTaMgLay > 2> sIl KWkarsRgYmkaynigvacarbs;xøÜn[sßitkñúgstism/CسCanic©> emdwknaMRtUvevorcakkarsMLab; ebotebon eFIVTukbukemñjGñkdéT edayRbkan;ykemtþaFm’CaFM> evorcakkarRbRBwtþGMeBIBukrlYy ekgRbv½Ba©ejIsQamRbCaBlrdæ RbkbEtGMeBIsucritCaKMrUeKkñúgkarlHbg;nigkarmineXIjRbeyaCn_pÞal;xøÜn> evorcakkarRbRBwtþxusqÁgmankark/t;citþKUsVamIPriya nigkarmanRbBn§cugb¤RsþIlYclak;eRcIn KYrEtmankareFIVtb³sRgYmenAkñúgerOgkamKuN> cMENkvacavij emdwknaMRtUvEtminniyaykuhk; minniyayRkLicRkLúc minniyayjúHjg; minniyayBaküGsursGasGaPaseCrRbeTcbNþasa nigminniyayBaküerayraytRbeyaCn_ edayniyayEtBaküBit BaküEdlnaM[RbCaCnmanPaBTukcitþ kk;ekþAcitþ BaküEdlCasuPasit nigniyayBaküEdlmanRbeyaCn_tamTsSnvis½yviØÚCn > 3. Pavna mann½yfakarGPivDÆn_ EdlemdwknaMRtUvEtCYyGPivDÆn_sgÁmCatinigRbCaraRsþ[mankarrIkcMerInTnÞwmKñadUcCakarGPivDÆn_pøÚvkayb¤esdækic© karGPivDÆn_pøÚvcitþb¤TMnYlxusRtUvRbkbedayhirinig»tþb/³ karGPivDÆn_pøÚvsIlb¤RkitRkmsIlFm’nigkarGPivDÆn_pøÚvFm’b¤PaBRtwmRtUvmankareKarBc/ab;CaFM> karGPivDÆn_sMxan;EdlRtUvcab;epþImmuneK KWkarGPivDÆn_xøÜnÉg mandUcCakayPavna karGPivDÆn_pøÚvkay,citþPavna karGPivDÆn_pøÚvcitþ, sIlPavna karGPivDÆn_pÚvsIlFm’ nigbØaPavna kar øGPivDÆn_pøÚvstibØa> eBlyl;eXIjfa xøÜnÉgmankarGPivDÆn_RtwmRtUvehIy KYrEtecjeTACYyGPivDÆn_GñkdéTtamryHkarRbRBwtþbdibtiþnigkarQanmuxeKnUvRKb;vis½y> 13niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  14. 14. pøÚvkNþalCapøÚvEtmYyKt;sMrab;emdwknaM pøÚvkNþalb¤mdÄimabdibTa CapøÚvEtmYyKt;EdlRBHBuT§GgÁRTg;)nRtas;dwgehIyGb;rMENnaM[eyIgTaMgLaybdibtiþtamviFIenHedIm/I[CIvit)neCaKC½yCYbRbTHEtesckþIsux esckþIcMerIn nig)nsMercnUvbrmsuxKWRBHniBVan> pøÚvkNþalrbs;RBHBuT§KWxusBIpøÚvkNþalrbs;)øtugb¤GIVEdleyIgFøab;KitfavaenAcMkNþalrvagcugTaMgBIrénExSRtg; b¤GIVEdleyIgEtgKitfarvagl¥nigGaRkk;> EtesckþIBit pøÚvkNþalrbs;RBHsmµasm<úT§Cam©as;CapøÚvkNþalEbbrgVg;mUl> karbdibtiþ[)nRtwmRtUv KWbdibtiþdUcGñk)j;RBYj )j;eTArkcMNuckNþalenAkñúgrgVg;mUldUecñaHÉg > pøÚvkNþal¬mCÄimabdibTa¦enH KWkarevorcakviFIRCulniymBIrya:g karRCulniymeTAxagvtßúb¤karesBkamKuN sb/ayePIøtePøIn¬kamsuxlikanueyaK¦ nigkarRCulniymeTAxagkarRbRBwtþtwgEtg Catiniymcas;KMrilhYsehtu¬GtþkilamfanueyaK¦> karminbdibtiþRCulniymenH CakareFIV[mantulüPaBpgEdrnUvkarGPivDÆn_smÖar³xagesdækic©RtUvedIrTnÞwmKñanwgkarGPivDÆn_KuNtMélxagsIlFm’> dUcKñaEdr emdwknaMRtUvEtbdibtiþ[mantulüPaBrvagkareFIV[eKRslaj;¬biy³¦nigkareKarB¬Kru¦,karmanRBHetC¬GMNac¦nigRBHKuN¬KuNFm’¦ nigkarmanviC¢aRbkbedayKuNFm’CaedIm> karbdibtiþtampøÚvkNþalenHCakarelIksÞÜy[eyIgyl;nUvehtupl¬Griysc©³4¦ karyl;nUvCMerAénmKÁviFInaMeTArkkarrIkcMerIn¬GriymKÁRbkbedayGgÁ8¦ nigkaryl;nUvehtubc©½ykarCMBak;Tak;TinKña GaRs½yKñaeTAvijeTAmk minGackat;pþac;BIKña)neLIynUvRKb;bBaðaTaMgGs;¬bdic©smub/)T³¦ > RbeTsRbCaFibetyüEdlmankarGPivDÆn_CaeRcIn )nkMBugBüayamGPivDÆCatirbs;eK[mantulüPaBrvagFnFanFmµCatinigkarcMraj;plxagesdækic©, kar 14niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  15. 15. begáIncMnYnbØv½nþnigTIpSarkargar, kMeNInRbCaCnnigkMeNInesdækic©, karGPivDÆn_pøÚvelaknigpøÚvFm’, ehIyCaBiessKWkartMrUv[RbCaCnenAkñúgsgÁmmansiT§ikñúgkarrs;enAesµIPaKKña manbc©½ybYneRbIR)s;esµIKña edaykareFIVneya)yesdækic©dak;kMhitdl;buKÁlEdlmanFnFaneRcIn b¤manR)k;ebovtSr_eRcIn RtUvbg;Bn§darcUlrdæeRcInEdr edIm/IbEgVrluyTaMgenaHmkEckcaydl;buKÁlTn;exSay nigGñkEdlmancMNUlkñúgRKYsarTabeRkamkMriténCIvPaBcaM)c;rbs;CIvit >emdwknaMl¥RtUvPJak;rlwkCab;Canic© RBHsmµasm<úT§Cam©as; RBHGgÁCaGñkPJak;BIdMeNkRtaMenAkñúgkgkielsmanelaP³ eTas³ emah³ nigGviC¢aCaedIm eTIbRBHGgÁ)nkøayeTACaemdwknaMKMrUeKCasastaéneTvtanigmnusSTaMgBYg> stinigsm/CسCaFm’Edlman«b/karKuNeRcInCageKkñúgkareFIV[emdwknaMPJak;rlwkCab;Canic© RbkbedaysmaFicitþkñúgkarbMeBjtYnaTI KUsvasKMnitfµI² nigkaredaHRsaybBaðaTaMgLay> karbdibtiþEdlGMeNaypleRcIndl;karrkSastiKWkarcMerInnUvsmfkmµdæanb¤vibsSnakmµdæan b¤srubedayxøIKWkarmanstiCab;Canic©¬stima¦nigkardwgxøÜnCanic©¬sm/Qaena¦ nUvral;skmµPaBTaMgGs;rbs;ragkay > enAkñúgragkayrbs;eyIg manvtßúsMxan;bIya:g EdleyIgGacehAfaRtImux b¤GñknaMmuxeKbIya:gKW KMnit sMdI nigskmµPaB> KMnitmanRbPBecjBIcitþ EdlCaEpñkmYysMxan;CageKbMput> mnusSeyIgminGacmanBaküsMdIb¤skmµPaBGIV)neLIyRbsinebIeyIgKµankarKitRBagTukCamun> dUecñHehIy )nCaemdwknaMl¥ RtUvEtsÞat;CMnajkñúgkarbBa¢acitþxøÜnÉg[KitenAkñúgpñt;KMnitEdlRtwmRtUv c/as;las;nigRbkbedayehtupl> mnusSeyIgmancitþCaRbFan mancitþFM mancitþCatYnaM GIVRKb;y:ag 15niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  16. 16. ksageLIgGMBIcitþ dUecñHebIcg;eFIVCaemdwknaMl¥ ehIyGacRKb;RKgGñkdéT)nenaH RtUvhVwkGb;rM dwknaMnigRKb;RKgcitþrbs;xøÜnÉgsin> kartMkl;citþ[PJak;rlwkCab;Canic©Rbkbedaystism/Cس CaEpñkmYysMxan;énkardwknaMnigRKb;RKgcitþrbs;xøÜn > tamesckþIBit mnusSeyIgGacGb;rMBaküsMdInigskmµPaBrbs;xøÜn)ntamryHkarmansIlb¤vin½yb¤RkitRkmc/ab;enAkñúgxøÜnnigc/ab;sgÁm EtvaminGacGb;rMEpñkpñt;KMnit)neLIy> manEtsmaFib:ueNÑaHEdlGacGb;rMeTAelIpñt;KMnitrbs;mnusS)nehIysmaFienHÉgCa«b/krN_sMxan;sMrab;eFIV[GñkkøayCaemdwknaMd¾BUEkRbkbedayKuNFm’ b¤eFIV[mnusSbufuC¢nkøayeTACaGriyCn)n >KuNsm/tiþévqøatkñúgerOgesdækic© erOgRkBHrbs;RbCaraRsþ CaerOgcaM)c;bMputmYysMrab;emdwknaMTaMgLaykñúgelakeyIgenH> eBlNaRbCaCnmanhUbcukRKb;RKan; snþiPaBsgÁmk¾manl¥ sIlFm’karrs;enAnigvis½ykareKarBc/ab;k¾manl¥pgEdr> EteBlNaesdækic©xSt;exSayRbCaCnsßiteRkambnÞat;énPaBRkIRkKWmanbc©½ybYneRbIR)s;minRKb;RKan; sgÁmenaHnigsMbUreTAedayGaCJakmµ cM)MgraMgCl; bMBanKñaeTAvijeTAmk mankarerIseGIg karRbkan;vNѳ GMeBIBukrlYy nigviT§gSnaepSg² > enAkñúgRkugsavtßIkalBIsm½yBuT§kalk¾Føab;manbBaðaesdækic©nigsgÁmFøak;cuHEdr ehIyRBHBuT§GgÁ)neTsnaeRbonRbedAdl;emdwknaMnKrenaH nUvmUlehtuBiténTukçesaksgÁmenaHfabNþalmkBI - esckþIRsvwgkñúgkamtNða - esckþIelµaPelaPln;Kµancb; 16niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  17. 17. - minRtwmEtminRbkan;yksIlFm’CaKUCIvitb:ueNÑaHeT EfmTaMgRbkan;ykCM enOGrUbIy_ manmnþGaKmn_Kafa esþaHpøúM kat;eRKaHh_ eTaHTay CaedIm CaFMEfmeTot > - vNѳx<s;CiHCan;emIlgayemIlefakvNѳTab mRnþIraCkarCiHCan;raRsþRk xSt; > - tulakarminmantmøaPaBnigyutþiFm’sMrab;RbCaBlrdæ - KµanesckþIeKarB KµanesckþIKYrsmrvagKñanigKña eXIjxusfaCaRtUv eXIj sfaCaexµA eXIjGaRkk;faCal¥ > - GñkmanGMNacmanesckþIRBehInekagkac R)scakesckþIemtþakruNa Rbkan;GMNacCaFm’ minEmnRbkan;Fm’CaGMNac > - GñkrdækarminEmnRtwmEtminbMeBjkrNIkic©edIm/IesckþIsuxsanþrbs;raRsþ b¤eKarBekatxøacraRsþeT EteRbIGMNacsMLútKMramkMEhgRbCaraRsþ > kñúgkarGPivDÆn_CatiKYredaHRsay[RbCaCn)nTTYlnUvesckþIsuxBIrya:gKWsuxpøÚvkay nig suxpøÚvcitþ> suxpøÚvkaymandUcCa - RbCaCnmanbc©½ybYneRbIR)s;RKb;RKan;> bc©½yTaMgbYnenaHKWsMelokbM Bak;RKb;dNþb;ragkay mðÚbGaharcMNIEpøeQImanCIvCati pÞHsMEbgs<an pøÚvfñl;nigyanBahnH nigmnÞIreBRT RKUeBRT fñaMeBRT mNÞlsuxPaB mNÐlGnam½yRKb;RKan; > - manbridæanl¥edaykarGPivDÆn_sYnc/arsaFarN³CaTIlMEhkay[)n eRcInrkSamNÐlGnurkStMbn;PñM nigéRBeQIBiess edIm/I)nCatMbn; eTscrN_FmµCatisMrab;ePJóvCatinigGnþrCati > 17niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  18. 18. - RbCaCnminTTYlkarvaytb;Tat;Fak;BIsMNak;CnNamYyb¤GaCJaFrrdæ eRBaHehtukarN_xusqÁgb¤bMBanGIVmYy> ehtukarN_RKb;ya:gRtUvRbRBwtþ eTAtampøÚvc/ab;tulakard¾smFm’mYy > - pþl;ebovtSr_RKb;RKan;dl;mRnþIraCkarGñkbMerICati CaBiessRKUbeRgon eTA tamsmtßPaBerog²xøÜn> CYyrkTIpSarkargar[RbCaCnmankargareFIVTaMg nisSitbØvnþ nigksikrCnbT [)nTTYléføQøÜlsmrmüsMrab;CIvPaBRb caMéf¶> karCYyenH minEmnCYyedaykarykGMeNayenH GMeNayenaHeTA edIrEckRbCaCnenaHeT eRBaHminEmnCakarpþl;esckþIsuxpøÚvkaydl;Rb CaBlrdæyUrGEgVg nigsmRsbtamnItikmµeLIy > cMENkesckþIsuxpøÚvcitþmandUcCa - elIksÞÜykarRbRBwtbdibtiþxagpøÚvsasnaEdlbeRgonFm’BiteCosvagCMenO þ GrUbIy_ EdlCaEpñkmYyBRgwgRkbsIlFm’ nigCaTIBwgBMnak;xagpøÚvcitþ> edayRbCaCnExµrPaKeRcInelIslubCaBuT§sasnikCn sßab½nRBHBuT§sa sna KYrEtRtUv)nBRgwgtaMgEtfñak;elIrhUtdl;fñak;eRkam karbYsrbs; kulbuRtExµrKYrBRgwgkñúgRkbFm’vin½yc/as;las; TMnukbMrugsalaeronBuT§ik sikSanigsklviTüal½yRBHBuT§sasna edIm/I[smNsisS)neronsURt BRgIkcMeNHdwg[)nx<g;x<s;munnwgykeTAGb;rMdl;GñkdéT> CaBiessmCÄ mNÐlvibsSnanigkarbdibtiþsmaFi KYrEtRtUv)nBRgwgnigBRgIkeday fñak;dwknaMrdæ > emdwknaMrdæ mRnþIraCkarsuIvil kgeyaFBl nKr)l nig sisSnisSit KYrmanKMeragkarcUlrYmhVwkhVWnpøÚvcitþedaykarbdibtiþsmaFi vibsSna [)nya:gticmYydgkñúgmYyqñaM > 18niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  19. 19. - plitFnFanmnusS[)neRcInnigmanRbsiT§iPaBx<s; edIm/I[buKÁlmñak;² enaHmanTIBwgxøÜnÉgedaymancMeNHBitR)kdenAkñúgxøÜn> erobcMRbB½n§ Gb;rMryHeBlEvgsMrab;CnTUeTAnigRKb;v½yTaMgGs; > - mineFIVneya)ye)kbeBaäat nigviT§gSnabMPan;RbCaCnkñúgkarBRgwgGMNac xøÜnÉgeLIy> kic©karRKb;ya:gRtUvEtRbRBwtþeTAtamtmøaPaB vimCÄkar nig nItikmµ edIm/I[RbCaCnmanPaBkk;ekþAkñúgcitþfaGIVRKb;ya:gRtUv)nedaH RsayeTAtamKnøgc/ab;rbs;rdæ RbkbedayGBüaRkitPaB> enAkñúgKm<IrsMyutþikniyay sKafvKÁ RBHBuT§GgÁRTg;sMEdgR)b;dl;RBahµNBI _karbUCayØ5ya:gdUcCakarsMLab;esH sMLab;mnusS kardak;GnÞak; karpwkfñaMkMLaMg nigkarbUCaTUeTA1 [pþÚreTACakarbdibtiþnUvraCsgÇhvtßú42 b¤karseRgÁaHbYnya:grbs;emdwknaMdl;RbCaBlrdæKW 1. mankarqøatBUEkkñúgkareFIV[esdækic©edIr pþl;BUC CI RbB½n§FarasaRsþ plitplksikmµnig«sSahkmµmanbribUrN_RKb;RKan;sMrab;eRbIR)s; kñúgRsuk nigGacnaMecjeRkARsukEfmeTot > 2. qøatvagévkñúgkaredaHRsaybBaðardæ)lsaFarN³ mankarerIsmnusS l¥[cUlmkeFIVkarpþl;rgVan;dl;GñkEdlmansñaédcMeBaHCatimatuPUmi nigBUEk kñúgkarcat;EcgkargarsmrmüeTAtamsmtßPaBmnusS > 3. qøatvagévkñúgkaredaHRsaybBaðasgÁm elIksÞÜykMritkarsikSa Gb;rM TaMgkarGb;rMryHEvgnigryHxøI elIkkMBs;mnusSl¥nigdak;eTasCnRbRBwtþelµIs nwgc/ab;sgÁm rkTIpSarkargarpþl;CUndl;RbCaBlrdæeTAtamlT§PaB smtß1. GsSemF³, burisemF³, smµaemF³, vaCeby³ nig nirKÁL³ b¤ sBVemF³2. ssSemF³, burisemF³, smµa)s³ nig vaCeby³ 19niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  20. 20. PaBnigeTBekaslüEterog²xøÜn> CaBiessGñkEdlmkkan;kab;kargarrdæRtUv EtmanTaMgcMeNHdwg cMeNHeFIV KuNFm’karlHbg; PaBbrisuT§icitþ nigsIl Fm’x<s; > 4. manvacaBIeraHBisar vacaEdlsc©³eTogRtg; vacaEdlnaMmknUv samKÁIFm’ vacaEdlnaMRbeyaCn_mk[nigpþl;kMLaMgdl;GñkeFIVl¥ >eKalkarN_12ya:grbs;GñkdwknaMEdlCaesþccRkBti3 þ cRkBtþi tamPasa)lIERbfa esþcb¤k¾GñkdwknaMEdlmanGMNacbJT§anuPaBd¾xøaMgkøa b¤CaGñkmanbuNü)rmIxøaMg eRBaH)nmkGMBIkarbdibtiþtameKal)rmIFm’12ya:gKW 1. eKarBrab;GanFm’CaFM bUCaekatERkgFm’ ykFm’CaeKal ykFm’CaRtIvis½y nigykFm’CaTg;C½y > 2.cat;rkSakarBarnigRKb;RKgedayRtwmRtUvtamFm’ nigCaFm’ dl;CnxagkñúgtaMgEtPriya buRtabuRtI rhUtdl;mRnþIraCkarsßiteRkambgÁab;bBa¢a [manreboberobry mansNþab;Fñab; nigeKarBrab;GanesµaHsµR½KnwgKña> 3.Binitüditdl; dl;kgkMLaMgraCGavuFhtß EdlQreCIgkarBartamtMbn;RBMEdn nigTItaMgdak;BRgayTaMgLay [)nTTYlkarpÁt;pÁg;TaMgEpñksmÖar³nigsµartI> 4.emIlTMnukbMrugdl;RbeTsEdlCacMNuHTaMgLay b¤CnCatiPaKticEdlmanviFICIvitRbéBNITMenomTMlab;xusBIeyIg [rs;enA)nsuxRsYl mankarGPivDÆn_esµIPaKKña nig)nTTYlsiT§iesrIPaBRKb;RKan;eTAtamc/ab; >3. FmµaFibetyü, GenþaCn, Blkay, xtþiy, Gnuynþ, RBahµNKhbtI, enKmCanbT,smNRBahµN_, miKbkSI, maGFmµkar, FnanuRbTan, smNRBahµNbribucäa 20niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  21. 21. 5.emIlkarxusRtUv TMnukbMrug[)nRKb;RKan;dl;raCbriBar mRnþIraCkarsuIvilTaMgGs;edaypÁt;pÁg;R)k;Ex R)k;bMNac;[)nsmrmüeTAtamtMrUvkarCIvitCaedIm > 6.cat;rkSakarBarnigRKb;RKgya:gRtwmRtUvdl;bNÐitbØvnþ GñkCMnYj m©as;dIGñkRbkbGaCIvkmµxñattUcb¤xñatFM RKUbeRgon nieyaCik nieyaCk kmµkr RBmTaMg«b/krN_eRbIR)s;Tan;sm½yCaedIm > 7.RKb;RKgrkSakarBary:agesµIPaKKñadl;BYgCnTaMgLayEdlsßitenAeRkamkardwknaM eTaHrs;enAniKmCnbT TIRkug b¤tMbn;dac;RsyalCayEdnk¾eday> 8.«btßmÖKaMBardl;RBHsgÇnigbBVCitEdledIrtYCaGñkKMrUeKkñúgkarGnuvtþKuNFm’ nigkarRbkan;x¢ab;kñúgFm’vin½yEdlCanimitþsØaénGMeBIl¥TaMgBYg > 9.ykcitþTukdak;rkSatMbn;GnurkSstVéRB éRBeQI nig«TüanCatiBiess[)neRcInnigmanRbsiT§iPaB > 10.bRgáabmin[man«Rkidækmµ ecarkmµ GMeBIGaRkk;eXareXATaMgLayekItmankñúgRbeTs > 11.EbgEckRTBüsm/tiþCatiEdlrk)nmkedaysm/tiþCatinigBn§darrbs;RbCaCn [)nsmrmüRtwmRtUv edayykeTAGPivDÆn_tMbn;saFarN³manmnÞIreBRT pøÚvfñl; s<an salaeron sYnc/ar b¤CaR)k;ExR)k;bMNandl;mRnþIraCkarnigcas;RBwT§acarüCaedIm> eCosvagkareRbIR)s;x¢Hx¢ay b¤karkibekgbnøMykmkeFIVCasm/tiþpÞal;xøÜnnigbkSBYkxøÜn > 12.«sSah_eTAsikSaRsavRCavnigsaksYrdl;BYkbNÐit b¤CnajÉkeTs MCaBiesssmNRBahµN_manRBHPikçúsgÇCaedIm EdlCaGñkRbRBwtþl¥RtwmRtUvtamKnøgsIl smaFi bØa nUvkarNaGaRkk; karNal¥ KYreFIV b¤minKYreFIV manRbeya-Cn_b¤Kµan ehIyGnuvtþtam[)nRtwmRtUv > 21niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  22. 22. bec©keTsGPivDÆn_xøÜn[køayCaemdwknaMRbkbedaysmtßPaBx<s; edIm/IeFIVxøÜn[køayeTACamnusSEdlmanPav³CaemdwknaM ehIyCaemdwknaMd¾mansmtßPaB lT§PaB nigRbsiT§iPaB KYrbdibtiþtameKalkarN_EdlehAfasb/úrisFm’47 KWFm’sMrab;CaRKwsßanKaMRTdl;mnusSEdlmanbdiPaN(flexibility)TaMgLay > 1.yl;TisedAnigyl;ehtu KWyl;eKalkarN_nigc/ab;énFmµCatiTaMgLayEdlxøÜnmanTMnak;TMngkñúgkardMeNIrCIvit kñúgkarbdibtiþnaTInigeFIVkic©karepSg²> yl;dwgerOgEdlxøÜnRtÚvRbRBwtþbdibtiþtamehtupl dUcCayl;nUvtMENg zan³muxrbr kargarrbs;xøÜn mannaTInigTMnYlxusRtÚvy:agNa manGVICaeKalkarN_ nig RtÚveFIVy:agNaeTIbnwgCaehtueGay)nTTYl)nplsMerc eTAtamnaTInigTMnYlxusRtÚvTaMgGs;enaHCaedIm> rhUtdl;kMritx<s;bMput KWyl;c/as;c/ab;Fmµtab¤sc©PaBénFmµCatiedIm/IbdibtiþrvagelaknigCIvity:agRtwmRtÚv mancitþKMnitRbkbedayesrIPaB minFøak;xøÜnCaTaskrrbs;CIvit > 2.yl;eKalbMNgnigyl;pl KWyl;Gtßn½ynigTisedAéneKalkarN_ EdlxøÜnbdibtþi yl;vtßúbMNgEdlxøÜnkMBugeFIV dwgfaxøÜneFIVdUecñH dMeNIrCIvitdUecñH edIm/IsMedARbeyaCn_GIVb¤KYrnwg)npldUcemþc> karEdlmannaTI tMENgzan³ kargary:agdUecñH eKkMNt;TukedIm/IbMNgGIV kic©karEdlxøÜneFIVxN³enHeBleFIVeTAehIynwgekIt4. FmµØúta(knowing principles, knowing causes), GtßØúta(knowing objectives, knowingresults), GtþØúta(knowing oneself), mtþØúta(knowing moderation), kalØúta(knowingoccasion), brisØúta(knowing company) nig buKÁlØúta(knowing persons) 22niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  23. 23. plGIVxøH Capll¥b¤plGaRkk;dUcenHCaedIm> rhUtdl;kMritx<s;bMput KWyl;Gtßn½yénKMnityl;tamehtuBitFmµta nigRbeyaCn_EdlCaTisedAsMxan;bMputénCIvit > 3.sÁal;xøÜnÉg KWsÁal;tamesckIþBitfaxøÜneyIgenaHebIcat;edayzan³ Pav³ePT kMLaMg cMeNHdwg CMnajrbs;xøÜn smtßPaBnigKuNF’mCaedIm LÚvenHmanb:unµany:agNa ehIyRbRBwtþbdibtiþeGaysmrmü nigeFIVkarepSg²eGaycuHsMrugRtwmRtÚvtameKalkarN_ nwg)neCaKC½yrhUtdl;edaHRsayEkERbxøÜneGaycMerInlUtlas;sMbUrsb/aykan;EtxøaMgeLIg > 4.ecHRbmaN KWecHsÁal;lµmdUcCaecHRbmaNkñúgkarbriePaKerOgkarcayvayRTBü sÁal;PaBKYrBMuKYrkñúgkarniyay karbdibtiþkic©kar nigkargarepSg²rhUtdl;karsMraklMEhkay nigkarrIkrayePøItePøInTaMgLay> eFIVkarRKb;y:agedayyl;c/as;nUvvtßúbMNg edIm/IlT§pll¥Edlcg;)n minRKan;EtedIm/IesckþIeBjcitþ cUlcitþb¤ykEtcitþxøÜnÉg EtRtÚveFIVeGaysmlµmdl;ehtubc©½yb¤ktþaRbkbTaMgLay EdlnigcuHsMrugeGayekItpll¥tamEdlqøúHbBa©aMgedaybØa > 5.dwgkal KWdwgkalevlaEdlsmrmünigry³eBlEdleRbIRbkbnaTIkic©karepSg² nigkarTMnak;TMngCamYyGñkdéT edaydwgfaeBlNaKYreFIVGIV eFIVy:agNa nigeFIVeGayRtg;evla eGayekItevla eGayTan;evla eGaylµmKYrsmdl;evla eGayRtÚvevla rhUtdl;ecHEbgEckevla nigkMNt;KMeragkareRbIeBlevlaeGay)npl > 6.sÁal;TIRbCuMCn KWsÁal;TwkdI sÁal;TICMnM nigCMuCn sÁal;karKYrRbRBwtþbdibtþienA uTICMunMnigCMuCnenaH²fa CMuCnenaHeBlcUleTAR)Rs½yTak;TgKYreFIVGakb/kiriyay:agenHKYrniyayy:agenH CMuCnenHmanreboby:agenH manvb/F’mRbéBNIy:agenH manesckIþRtUvkary:agenH KYrTMnak;TMng KYrCYyseRgÁaH KYrCYyedaHFur³ KYrbMeBjRbeyaCn_eGayy:agenH² CaedIm > 23niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  24. 24. 7.sÁal;buKÁl KWsÁal;nigyl;nUvPaBxusEbøkKñaénbuKÁl dUcCaGFüaRs½ysmtßPaBnigKuNF’mCaedIm nrNatwgEtgb¤FUrrlugy:agNa> ecHviFIdibtiþdl;buKÁlepSg²eGayl¥fa KYrnigesBKb;b¤eT GacTTYl)nKMnitGIVeBlcgsm<½n§CamYy GacécñeRbI ehIyKYrelIksresIr, Tieton b¤ENnaMeRbonRbedAy:agNaeTIb)npll¥CaedIm >RtUvRbKl;xøÜn[)nCaTIBwgsMrab;GñkdéTeday)nsagTIBwg[xøÜnÉgrYcehIy CakarBitNas;emdwknaMRtUvmaneKalCMhrrwgmaMRbkbedaycMeNHdwg nigcMeNHeFIV EdlcMeNHenHekIteLIgBIkarRbwgERbgBüayamedayxøÜnÉg CakarsagxøÜnÉg[)nCaekaHd¾manRbeyaCn_ ehAfanafkrNFm’5 10 ya:g KW 1.bdibtiþl¥manvin½ynigsIlFm’ KWdMeNIrCIvitedaysucritTMagpøÚvkay pøÚvvacamansuCIvFm’ nigRbkbsmµaGaCIv³ > 2.)nsikSaRtgRtab;mkeRcIn KWRtgRtab;sþab;nigsikSaeronsURtmkeRcInc/úcykmYyNaEdlCaviC¢aCIv³rbs;;xøÜnb¤xøÜnsikSasil/³viC¢amYyNaedaysikSaeGayCak;c/as;yl;dwgeGayTUlMTUlayRCaleRCA ecHy:agc/as;las;nigGaceRbIkar)n> 3.ecHesBKb;mnusSl¥ KWmanklüaNmitþ ecHerIsrkesvnacUleTArkKN³TIRbwkSa nigGñkENnMadas;etOnEdlmansmtßPaB cUlCitsñiT§ nigyktMrab;tambridæansgÁmCMuvijEdll¥ nigjMuagCIviteGaycMerInlUtlas;l¥ >5.sIl(good conduct), Bahusc©H(great learning), klüaNmitþa(good company), esavcsSta(meekness), kW krNIeysu Tkça(willingness to give a helpful hand), Fmµkamta(love oftruth), viriyarmÖ³(energetic exertion), snþúd(contenment), sti(mindfulness) nig bØa(insight) æI 24niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  25. 25. 4.CamnusSEdlgayniyayKña KWminrwgt¥wg ecHsþab;ehtupl nigesckþIBiteRtomnwgEkERbdusCMr³xøÜnÉgeTAtamtfPaBCak;Esþg > 5. xVl;xVaynUvkic©karrbs;BYknigRkum KWykcitþTukdak; CYyedaHFur³ nigkic©karrbs;GñkrYmRkumCamYy manjatimitþnigbuKÁlikrYmkargar ecHeRbIbØaBicarNarkviFIdMeNIrkarEdlsmrmü eFIVekIt cat;EcgeGay)nsMercCasßaBr > 6.CaGñkR)fñanUvFm’ KWRslaj;RBHFm’ cUlcitþkarsikSa RsavRCav ecHsaksYrEsVgrkcMeNHdwg rkesckþIBit ecHniyay ecHsþab; sagGarmµN_rs;raysb/aycitþ eFIVeGayGñkdéTcg;cUlmkRbwkSarYmesvnanigsnÞnaCamYy > 7.manesckþI«sSah_Büayam KWBüayamlHecalesckþIGaRkk; RbRBwtþEtesckþIl¥ BuHBarQaneTAmux minrafy mine)Hbg;ecalnUvtYnaTIxøÜn > 8.ecHRbmaNmansenþas KWrIkrayeBjcitþEtkñúglaPskáar³ lT§plnigplsMercepSg² EdlxøÜn)neFIVb¤EsVgrkmk)nedaykMLMag«sSah_Büayamrbs;xøÜnÉg RbkbedayFm’ehIyminvegVgvgVan;emIleXIjEtesckþIsuxEpñkvtßúEtm:üag > 9. PJak;rlwkCab;Canic©KWecHkt;cMNMaTuk nwkdl;TegIVEdl)neFIV sMdIEdl)nFøab;niyay kargarEdleFIVehIynigenAminTan;eFIV eFIV)nl¥itl¥n; ecHføwgEføgcitþminRsevmRsvam > 10. manbØaCab;kñúgGarmµN_ KWmanbØayl;;dwgehtupl dwgGaRkk;dwgl¥KuNnigeTas manRbeyaCn_nigKµanRbeyaCn_ emIleXIjerOgr:avTMagLaytamsPav³Bitrbs;va ecHKitBicarNavinicä½yedaycitþEdlÉkraCü eFIVkic©karepSg²RbkbedayKMnit nigmanvicarNjaN > 25niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  26. 26. mnþesñh_rbs;emdwknaM RtUvmansnþancitþrs;enACamYyKñay:ags¶b;sux mansm<½n§PaBs¥itrmYtCamYyGñkdéT CaBiessmitþrYmkic©kar b¤rYmshKmn_ rhUtdl;bgb¥ÚnkñúgRkumRKYsar KYrbdibtiþtameKalFm’énkarrs;enArYmKña EdlehAfa saraNiyFm’6 ¬Fm’CaehtunMaeGaynwkrlwkdl;Kña¦ 6 RbkarKW ³ 1.bdibtiþrvagKñanigKñaedayemtþa KWsMEdgemRtIPaB nigkþIR)fñal¥dl;mitþrYmkargar rYmkic©kar rYmshKmn_ CYyedaHkic©Fur³epSg²edaykþIeBjcitþ sMEdgGakb/kiriyasuPaB eKarBrab;GanTMagenAcMeBaHmuxnigenABIeRkayxñg > 2.niyaysasgKñaedayemtþa KWCYyBnül;R)b;erOgEdlCaRbeyaCn_ eRbonRbedAb¤das;etOnENnMaKñaedayesckþIR)fñal¥ eBalvacasuPaBTn;Pøn; sMEdgesckþIeKarBrab;GanRbkbedayPaBesµaHsµR½K > 3.Kitnignwkrlwkdl;KñaRbkbedayemtþa KWtMagcitþR)fñal¥ KiteFIVGIVEdlCaRbeyaCn_dl;Kña emIleXIjKñakñúglkçNHEdll¥ manmuxmat;jjwmjEjmdak;Kña 4.)nGIVmkk_Ebg):n;EckKña KWEbg):n;laPskáar³Edl)nmkedayyutþiFm’eTaHbICarbs;tictYc k¾EbgEckCaPaK² eGay)nykeTAbriePaKeRbIR)s;RKb;²Kña> 5.RbRBwtþeGayl¥dUceK KWmanesckþIRbRBwtþsucritl¥RbéBr_ rkSarebobvin½ymineFIVxøÜneGaykøayCaTIs¥b;ex<Im b¤xUcGnþraydl;RkumbkSBYk > 6.bRBa¢abesckþIyl;eXIj[rlaycUlKña)n KWeKarBsþab;esckþIKiteXIj6.emtþakaykmµ(friendly action), emtþavcIkmµ(friendly speech), emtþamenakmµ(friendlythought), saFarNePaKI (sharing of gains), sIlsamØta(moral harmony),TidæisamØta(harmony of views) > 26niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  27. 27. rvagKña yl;eXIjrYmKña yl;RBmKña)nkñúgeKalkarN_sMxan;² Rbkan;yk«tþmKtiénesckþIl¥ b¤eKaledArYmKñax<s;bMput >emdwknaMRtUvqøatkñúgkarRKb;RKgGgÁkarmhaCn qøatvagévkñúgkarRKb;RKg edaybdibtiþtameKalénkarTTYlxusRtUvrYmKñaEdlnigCYykarBaresckþIvinashinehac nMamknUvesckþIcMerInrugerOg edayehAfaGbrihaniyFm’ 7 RbkarKW ³ 1.«sSah_RbCMuKñaCaRbcMa CYbCMuRbwkSaedjedalkargarEdlnwgTTYlxusRtUvtamzan³rbs;xøÜnCaRbcMa > 2.RBmeRBogKñaRbCMu RBmeRBogKñaQb;RbCMu RBmeRBogKñaeFIVkic©karTMagLayEdlnwgRtUveFIVrYmKña > 3.mineFIVtamGMeBIcitþKitEtRsNuksb/ay dak;bØtiþrebobviFIepSg²EdlenAminTan;cuHkic©RBmeRBogbØtiþTuk nigminCan;QøIRbRBwtþelµIselIerOgEdl)nbØtiþTukrYcehIy bdibtiþeGayCak;lak;kñúgbTbØtiþFM²NaEdlkMNt;edayc/ab;rdæFmµnuØ > 4.buKÁlNaEdlCaGavuesa manbTBiesaFn_yUryar KYeGaykitiþyseKarBrab;GanbuKÁlTMagGs;enaH emIleXIjPaBsMxan;énBaküsMdIrbs;BYkKat;fa CaBaküsMdIEdleyIgKYrsþab;nigyktMrab;tam > 5.pþl;kitiþys nigkarBarkulRsþI mineGaymankaremIlgayemIlefakdl;RsþIePTTaMgLay > 6.eKarBbUCaskáar³ectIy_ bUCnIydæan GnusavrIy_Cati EdlCavtßúeRkInrMlwk 27niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  28. 28. nUvkþIcgcMa BØak;eGayeFIVesckþIl¥ nigCaTIrYmcitþrYmeføImrbs;smaCikkñúgsgÁm minRBegIykenþIykñúgkareKarBbUCaEdlKYrnwgeFIVcMeBaHsßanGnusSavrIy_TMagGs;enaHtamRbéBNI > 7.cat;kic©karBarrkSa TMnukbMrug karBar RbkbedayFm’ dl;bBVCitGñkmansIlmanFm’brisuTi§ EdlCaTIRbCMupøÚvcitþ nigCaTIKMrUEpñksIlFm’rbs;RbCaCn TTYlrak;Tak;edaykþIeBjcitþ nigR)fñaeGaybBVCitTaMgGs;rs;enARbkbedayesckþIs¶b;sux >BnøWrsµIénCIvitsMrab;Pav³CaemdwknaM mnusSEdlRtUveKehAfaGñkdwknaM KWCaGñkhVwk GñksikSa nigGñkGPivDÆn_xøÜnÉg CaBiessTMBaMgsñgbJsSI b¤yuvCnCMnan;eRkay EdlCasmaCikfµIrbs;mnusSCati KYrmanKuNsm/tiþsMrab;CaTun77 RbkarehAfaBnøWmasBnøWR)k;énCIvitd_«tþmb¤rsµIgGruNrHénkarsikSa EdlCa«bkrN_elIksÞÜyCIvitQaneTArkesckþIcMerInedIm/IeGaykøayCaemdwknaMsgÁmd¾RbesIrBitR)kd dUcteTAenHKW 1.manklüaNmitþ EsVgrkRbPBbØanigKMrUl¥² edayenACitsñitCamYyklüaNCn epþImtaMgEt]BukmþayCaklüaNmitþkñúgRKYsar> ecHesBKb;buKÁlnigcUlkñúgsgÁmviØÚCn GacnigmanT§iBlGUsTajnaMKñIKñaeTArkPaBcMerInlUtlas;kñúgkarpøas;bþÚrRBtiþkmµ citþKMnit nigstibØa CaBiess)neronsURtnigGPivDÆkarTMnak;TMngnigsm<½n§PaBCamYymitþmnusSedayemtþa> manesckþIeCOCak; edIrtam7.klüaNmitþa(having a good friend), sIlsm/Ta(perfection of morality), qnÞsm/Ta(perfection of aspiration), Gtþsm/Ta(perfection of oneself), Tidæism/Ta(perfection of view),Gb/maTsm/Ta(perfection of heedfulness), eyaniesamnsika(perfection of wise reflection)> 28niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  29. 29. KMrUl¥²nigecHeRbIbc©½yxageRkA TaMgbuKÁl TaMgtMraÉksar nigRbB½n§pSBVpSayTaMgLayeGay)nCaRbeyaCn_kñúgkarEsVgrkcMeNHdwg nigesckþIl¥ edIm/InaMmkbMerIkarkñúgkarGPivDÆn_CIvit edaHRsaybBaaðnigkarsagRbeyaCn_sgÁm > 2.rkSanigGPivDÆn_vin½ynigsIlFm’ EdlCabJsKl;énkarGPivDÆn_CIvitnigsgÁmKWecHcat;rebobkarrs;enA kargar nigbridæaneGaysmRsbdl;karGPivDÆn_CIvity:agehacNas;mansIlF’mCamUldæan mankic©shkarRtwmRtUvkñúgkarmanTMnak;TMngCamYybridæansgÁmedaykarrs;enACamYymitþmnusSy:agGt;Fn; GnueRKaH minebotebonKña> cMENksm½<n§PaBrvagbridæanvtßúdUcCakarbriePaKbc©½y4 rhUtdl;«bkrN_eGLicRtUnicTan;sm½yTaMgLay eRbIR)s;kúñugpøÚvénkarTMnukbMrugKuNPaBCIvit RTRTg;karsikSasagPaBcMrugcMerIn nigRbB½n§tulüPaBrbs;FmµCati > 3.juaMgqnÞ³eGaybribUr mancitþKMnitsVHEsVgrkkþIcMrugcMerInKWCaGñkmankMLaMgsmtßPaBcg;ecH cg;dwg cg;l¥ xMRbwgeFIVkar cg;)nPaBcMrugcMerIn cg;)nsMerccg;)nx<g;x<s; cg;CYyRKb;KñaEdlxøÜnCYbRbTH manshRbtibtiþkarCamYy naMeTArksPaBl¥RbéBr_ minvegVgCab;CMBak;kñúgKMnitEdlKitEtcg;)n nigminEsVgrkesckþIsuxEdl)nBIkaresBbriePaKhYsRbmaN eFVI[lg;vEgVgkñúgGnøg;énkarRsvwgegakguynigkarRbkYtRbECgRbkbedaymhicäita> EtecHtMrg;RnÞIy_ manEPñkedIm/IemIl RtecokedIm/Isþab;CaedIm kñúgkarsikSaeronsURtrkesckþIcMerIn nigmanesckþIsuxBIkar)neFVIesckþIl¥EdlekItBIkareRbIxYrk/alnigGvyv³rbs;xøÜn > 4. bMeBjxøÜn[bribUrmutmaM hVwkxøÜn[Gs;BITMhwgrhUtdl;PaBBitCamnusSQancUlmkdl; KWrlwkdl;CarhUtnUvsPaBBiténFmµCatirbs;mnusS EdlCastVGacbgVwk)nehIyRtÚvEtbgVwk[)nRbesIr«tþmbMputTaMgkayTaMgcitþ> hVwkxøÜnrhUtemIleXIjesckþITukçlM)k «bsKÁ nigbBaaððepSg²e®bobRbdUcnwgevTikareFVIkar 29niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  30. 30. BiesaFn¾ nigGPivDÆn_smtßPaBstibØa manesckþIPJak;rlwkkñugkarGPivDÆn_xøÜneGayx<s;eLIgrhUtdl;;nUvsuBlPaBEdlCaRKwHGPivDÆn_®Kb;EpñkTaMgGs; TaMgvivtþikmµcitþKMnit nigstibØa > 5.juaMgTidæi[bribUr Rbkan;x¢ab;nUvehtubc©½y sMLwgemIlGVI²RbkbedayehtunigplKWtaMgxøÜnenAkñúgpñt;KMnitkareCOCak;Edll¥RbéBr_manehtupl y:agehacNas;Rbkan;ykFm’énehtubc©½yEdlnwgnaMeTArkkarBicarNaRtiHriHRtwmRtUv> RsavRCavravrkpñt;KMnitEdlCapøÚvcMerInxagbØa nigeCOelIkarRbRBwtþfaCaGMNacFMbMputEdleFIV[eCaKvasnaRBmTaMgcitþKMnitsßitenAkñúgPaBRtwmRtUvnigrIkcMerIn > 6.jauMgesckþIminRbmaT[bribUrsßitenAkñúgxøÜn KWmancitþPJak;rlwkkñúgesckþImineTog emIleXIj[c/as;nUvPaBminenAmYykEnøg minFn;enA nigminKg;vgSTaMgCIvitnigvtßúTaMgLayCMuvijxøÜneyIg Edlpøas;bþÚreTAtamehtubc©½yTaMgxagkñúgnigxageRkARKb;eBlevla eFVI[sm¶Mes¶ommin)n ehIyemIleXIjtMéld_sMxan;éneBlevlaehIyKYrRbjab;Rbjal;EsVgrkkarsikSanigedaHRsaykarBarehtubc©½yGaRkk;TaMgLay nigrkSaTMnukbMrugehtubc©½yEdlnaMeTArkesckþIcMerInfáúMefáIg edayeRbIeBlevlaTaMgyb;TaMgéf¶EdlknøgputeTA [)nCaRbeyaCn_eRcInbMput > 7.juaMgeyaniesamnsikar[bribUr KWqøatkñúgKitBicarNaEsVgyl;[)nnUvRbeyaCn_nigesckþIBit KWecHKit ecHBicarNa yl;RtUv KitRtUv eXIjvtßúTaMgLaytamsPav³Bitrbs;va Edlsmnwgehtubc©½yedayeRbIbØaBicarNaRsavRCav ravrkriHKit edaHRsaybBaðanigviFIdMeNIrkarepSg²[)nsMerc)nedayviFIkareRbIbØaEdlGaceFVICaTIBwgxøÜnÉgnigGñkdéT)n > 30niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  31. 31. bØtiþ10ya:gsMrab;emdwknaM edIm/IGPivDÆxøÜn[eTACaemdwknaMeBjlkçNHbribUr nigmanetCanuPaBeBjelj buKÁlRtUvGnuvtþtambØtiþ108ya:genH[)nCak;lak; 1.eFIVTanEckrMElkdl;RbCaCn KWbMeBjxøÜnCaGñkeGay edaysMedAkarRKb;RKgb¤eFIVkaredIm/IeK)nminEmnedIm/IykBIeKvijeT> ykcitþTukdak;cUleTAbMerIkarcat;EcgseRgÁaH GnueRKaH eGayRbCanuraRsþ)nTTYlRbeyaCn_sux manPaBsuxRsYlR)scakP½y rhUtdl;pþl;kar«btßmÖdl;GñkEdlTTYlrgTukçevTnaehIypþl;karKMaRTdl;buKÁlEdleFIVesckþIl¥> kareFIVTanminEmnsMedAeTAelIkaredIrEckmIkBa©b;sMBt;s RkmaCaedImEdlCaGMeNaybnþicbnþÜcenaHeT EtCakarpþl;karGb;rMbeBa©ósBYkeK[eKcputBIeRKaHl¶g;exøA begáItTIpSarkargar nigsmPaBénCIviteRkamdMbUlc/ab;EtmYy > 2.rkSaPaBsucrit KWRbRBwtþl¥ sRgYmkayTVar vcITVar RbkbEtsucritPaB rkSakitiþys RbRBwtþeGaysmCaKMrU CaTIeKarBrab;Ganrbs;RbCanuraRsþ min[mancMNucNaEdlGñkdéTemIlgayemIlefak)n > 3.bMeBjkic©edaykarl³bg; KWGacl³bg;esckþIsuxsMranþrhUtdl;CIvitrbs;8. Tan(sharing with the populace), sIl(maintaining good conduct), bric©aK³(workingselflessly), GaC¢v³(working honestly), mTÞv³(deporting himself with gentleness and congeniality),tb³(rejecting indulgence through austerity), GekáaF³(adhering to reason, not anger),GvihigSa(bringing tranquility through non-violence), xnþ(overcoming difficulty with patience), iGvieraFn³(not doing that which strays from righteousness) 31niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  32. 32. xøÜnCaedIm edIm/IRbeyaCn_suxrbs;RbCaCn nigesckþIs¶b;s¶at;;manrebobrbs;RbeTsCati > 4.bdibtiþParkic©edayesµaHRtg; KWesµaHRtg;eCOCak;tEkøgkøay bdibtiþParkic©edaysucrit manesckþIeTogRtg;mine)kR)s;RbCaCn > 5.suPaBTn;Pøn;CaTIcg;R)Rs½yTak;TgBIGñkdéT KWmanGFüaRs½y minRkGWtRkeTam vaybJkBar Rbkan;xøÜn manTwkmuxsgðaRss;bs;ecjBIGakb/kiriyasuPaBTn;Pøn; KYrCaTIRslaj; eKarBekatERkg edayminEmnekItBIkarxøacjejIteT > 6. ecjxøÜnputBIkþIvEgVgePøItePøInedaykardutkMedAkielsKWdutbMpøajkielstNðamineGaycUlmkRKbsgát;citþ Tb;bg¥ak;sgát;citþ)n minvegVgvgVan;lg;lk;kñúgkamsuxnigkarbMerIpÁab;pÁún manCIvitrs;enAy:agRbRktI b¤rs;enAy:agsamØ KitEtnwgBüayambMeBjmuxnaTIeGayeBjelj > 7.ykehtuplCaFM minEmnykkMhwgTl;kMhl; KWmineRkveRkaF minvinicä½yesckþIb¤RbtibtiþkaredayGMNacénkMhwgemah³> manemtþaRbcMacitþTukbRgáabesckþIeRkveRkaF vinicä½yesckþInigRbtibtiþkaredaycitþRtCak; Rti³ri³RbkbedayFm’ > 8.manGhigSPaB nMamknUvPaBRtCak;RtCMu KWminQøk;vEgVgeTAtamGMNacminsgát;sgáinbgçitbgçM manesckIþGaNitGasUr minrkehtuebotebondak;eTasTNÐkmµdl;RbCanuraRsþNamñak; edayGaRs½yesckþIs¥b;ex<Im KMunMKMuKYn > 9.ykQñHkþIlM)kedayxnþI KWGt;Fn;dl;kargarFM²lM)k² Gt;Fn;minxøacesckþIlM)kenOyht; eTaHbIlM)kkay enOyht;y:agNa k¾minrafy eTaHbIRtUvjúHjg;edayBakübukrukcak;edaty:agNa k¾minGs;kMlMagcitþ minRBml³bg;kr-NIykic© EdlRbkbedayFm’ > 10.minbdibtiþeXøogXøatBIFm’ KWbdibtiþmineGayxusBIRBHsasnFm’ Edl 32niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  33. 33. Rbkan;ykRbeyaCn_sux esckþIl¥RtwmRtUvrbs;rdæ nigRbCanuraRsþCaeKaledA> erOgNaRbCanuraRsþR)fñay:agRtwmRtUv nwgminhamR)m> kic©karNaRbkbedayFm’edIm/IRbeyaCn_suxrbs;RbCaCn nwgminrarMag dak;xøÜneGaymuWgm:at;kñúgeKalFm’ nitiFm’ EdlCareboberobrykñúgkarRKb;RKgrhUtdl;TMenomTMlab; RbéBNId_l¥RbesIrmin RbRBwtþeGayRCulRCYsxusqÁgxUcbg;edayRbkarNaeLIy > 33niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005
  34. 34. esovePAGanRbkb - RBhµviharFm’, TIXnikay, mhavKÁ, RBHsutþnþbidk - Griysc© 4, sMyutþnikay, mhavKÁ, sutþnþbidk - GdægÁiKmKÁ, TIXnikay, mhavKÁ, sutþnþbidk - sb/úrsFm’7, TIXnikay, )diKvKÁ, sutþnþbidk 19.202.211 - nafkrNFm’10, TIXnikay, )diKvKÁ, sutþnþbidk 19.228.242-246 - cRkBtþiFm’12 TIXnikay, )diKvKÁ, sutþnþbidk - sgÁhvtßú4 GgÁútþrnikay, ctukáni)t, sutþnþbidk - raCsgÁhvtßú4 GgÁútþrnikay, ctukáni)t, sutþnþbidk - saraNiyFm’6 TIXnikay, )diKvKÁ, sutþnþbidk 29.188.196-198 - GbrihaniyFm’ 7, TIXnikay, mhavKÁ, sutþnþbidk - raCFm’b¤TsBitraCFm’10, xuTÞknikay, Catk, sutþnþbidksMKal;³ 19.202.211 mann½yfa RBHéRtbidkk/alTI19, vKÁTI202 nig TMB½r211 - FmµnuØCIvit, RBHFmµbidk¬bkERbedayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N¦, )gkk B.s.2546, K.s.2002 - vcnanuRkmExµr PaK1-2, karpSayrbs;BuT§sasnbNÐitü, B.s.2512, K.s.1967 - RBH)TFmµik, nÞbeØa h.mNIcinþa, Gnøg;vil, K.s.1995 - Dictionary of Buddhism, Dhammapitaka, Bangkok, B.E.2538 34niBn§edayRBHPikçúevaTaena esg suP½N June 13, 2005

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