Ozone layer


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Ozone layer

  1. 1. Ozone layer
  2. 2.  The ozone layer is a layer in Earths atmosphere containing relatively high concentrations of ozone The ozone layer was discovered in 1913 by the French physicists Charles Fabry and Henri Buisson.What is Ozone Layer?
  3. 3.  Although the concentration of the ozone in the ozone layer is very small, it is vitally important to life because it absorbs biologically harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation coming from the sun.Why it is important for Earth?
  4. 4.  In 1978, the United States, Canada and Norway enacted bans on CFC-containing aerosol sprays that are thought to damage the ozone layer. The European Community rejected an analogous proposal to do the same.Regulation
  5. 5.  http://www.educaplay.com/es/recursosed ucativos/675702/ozone_layer.htmActivities
  6. 6. Components
  7. 7. Nitrogen
  8. 8. Oxygen
  9. 9. Argon
  10. 10. Carbon dioxide
  11. 11. OZ OZ OZOzone
  12. 12. Ozone Layer inthe atmosphere
  13. 13. The atmosphereTheatmosphere isa layer aroundthe Earth thatmantains itsgravity. And italso protectslife in Earth byabsorbingmany sunrays.
  14. 14. The ozone layer is inside the Atmosphere, in the stratosphere.Which is after the troposphere and before the Mesosphere, theIonosphere (thermosphere) and de Exosphere. The ozone layer in the atmosphere
  15. 15. Function
  16. 16.  The ozone layer is a layer which protects the Earth from the UV (ultra violet) radiations which are originated in the sun. This UV radiations can cause skin cancer, suppressions to the immune system and eye cataract.
  17. 17.  Today, the ozone layer is being destructed by the contamination produced in the Earth. As a consequence, many phenomena such as Global Warming or the Water Crisis are causing great damages on the Earth and in society.
  18. 18. Activity & videohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WKrPd-8CJBM&feature=relatedhttp://www.educaplay.com/es/recursoseducativos/683252/ozone_layer.htm
  19. 19.  Ozone depletion describes two distinct but related phenomena observed since the late 1970s: a steady decline of about 4% per decade in the total volume of ozone in Earths stratosphere (the ozone layer), and a much larger springtime decrease in stratospheric ozone over Earths polar regions. The latter phenomenon is referred to as the ozone hole.Ozone Depletion
  20. 20.  Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and other halogenated ozone depleting substances (ODS) are mainly responsible for man- made chemical ozone depletion. The total amount of effective halogens (chlorine and bromine) in the stratosphere can be calculated and are known as the equivalent effective stratospheric chlorine (EESC).Chemicals in theatmosphereCFCs= Chemistry chlorofluorocarbon, any of a class of syntheticcompounds of carbon, hydrogen, chlorine, and fluorine formerlyused as refrigerants and aerosol propellants and known to beharmful to the ozone layer.
  21. 21.  As explained above, the primary cause of ozone depletion is the presence of chlorine- containing source gases (primarily CFCs and related halocarbons). In the presence of UV light, these gases dissociate, releasing chlorine atoms, which then go on to catalyze ozone destruction. The Cl-catalyzed ozone depletion can take place in the gas phase, but it is dramatically enhanced in the presence ofpolar stratospheric clouds (PSCs).Ozone hole and it causes
  22. 22.  Since the ozone layer absorbs UVB ultraviolet light from the sun, ozone layer depletion is expected to increase surface UVB levels, which could lead to damage, including increase in skin cancer. This was the reason for the Montreal Protocol. Although decreases in stratospheric ozone are well-tied to CFCs and there are good theoretical reasons to believe that decreases in ozone will lead to increases in surface UVB, there is no direct observational evidence linking ozone depletion to higher incidence of skin cancer and eye damage in human beings.Consequences of ozone layerdepletion
  23. 23.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UfyOJ b1widI http://www.educaplay.com/es/recursos educativos/675706/ozone_layer.htm http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qUf VMogIdr8Link of videos and an excersice: