Tm For Ptsd

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Tm For Ptsd

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Tm For Ptsd

  1. 1. Stress, Anxiety, and PTSD Research and Applicable of the Transcendental Meditation Program Stress-Free Schools Program Transcendental Meditation technique 703 823-6933 1
  2. 2. Chronic Stress and Children Early experiences of stress set responsiveness of HPA axis Children exposed to chronic stress become conditioned to higher levels of adrenaline As adults they can become “hot reactors” 2
  3. 3. The TM technique takes the mind from its active conscious Thought starts awareness from pure to its deep consciousness source in pure and develops consciousness into conscious awareness 3
  4. 4. Physiological Indicators of Deep Rest During TM 9 TM TM Eyes 5 Eyes Closed Practice to During Practice Closed Rest (standard deviations) Change from Before Rest 0 Eyes Closed TM Rest -5 Basal Skin Respiration Plasma Resistance Rate Lactate American Psychologist 42: 879-881, 1987 4
  5. 5. Decreased Stress Hormone Plasma Cortisol 6.0 5.5 Plasma Cortisol 5.0 (mcg/dl) 4.5 4.0 3.5 TM 3.0 Before During After Hormones and Behavior 10: 54–60, 1978. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1997;22(4):277-295 5
  6. 6. Biochemical Mechanisms of Transcendental Meditation TM Reduced Stress More Optimum Reduced Homeostasis Cortisol Increased Serotonin Availability 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Effectiveness in Reducing Trait Anxiety Meta-Analysis TM Placebo Other Relaxation Relaxation Response Other Meditation PMR EMG-Biofeedback Mantra Meditation Concentration 0 .05 1 Journal of Clinical Psychology. 1989; 45:957-974 8
  9. 9. Effectiveness in Reducing BP Meta-Analysis TM Relaxation Response Other Systolic BP Meditation Diastolic BP Bio- feedback All others -5 0 5 10 15 Mm Hg 9 American Journal of Health Promotion. 1998:(5)297-298
  10. 10. Effects of TM on Blood Pressure and Acute Stress in Adolescents Controls 4 Systolic Blood Pressure Systolic Blood Pressure 0 (mm Hg) (mm Hg) 0 Controls -4 -8 TM TM Car driving simulation Social stressor interview Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2001;51:597-605 10
  11. 11. Improved Psychological Outcomes Meta-Analysis TM Zen Relaxation Response 0 .05 1 American Journal of Health Promotion. 1998:(5)297-298 11
  12. 12. Meta-Analysis of Reduced Alcohol Abuse 0.6 (N=14) (N=number of treatment groups) 0.5 EFFECT 0.4 (N=13) SIZE (standard 0.3 deviation (N=11) units) 0.2 (N=39) (N=20) 0.1 0.0 TM Relaxation Preventive Other Driving Programs Programs Preventive Under the Counteracting Education Influence Peer Influence Programs Programs Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11: 13–87, 1994. 12
  13. 13. Meta-Analysis of Reduced Cigarette Use 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 Preventive Pharma- Smoking Printed Uncon- TM Education cological Cessation Self-help ventional Programs Treatment Counseling Materials Treatments Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11: 13–87, 1994. 13
  14. 14. ADHD Results After 3 Months Student Report Anxious/Depressed* 53% Somatic Complaints* 34% Internalize Prob.* 36% Attention Prob.* 26% Affective Prob. 29% Anxiety* 50% Total Problems 24% *Statistically significant 14
  15. 15. ADHD Results After 3 Months Cognitive Assessment Expressive Attention* 19% Executive Planning and Problem Solving* 13% 15
  16. 16. Behavior Inventory Improvements In: Behavior Regulation Emotional Control Global Executive Functioning Inhibiting Initiating Memory Organization 16
  17. 17. Decreased Hospital Admissions Rate in All Categories of Disease 20 Other Groups p < .00001 Admissions/1000 Members 15 TM 10 5 0 Childbirth Intestinal Nose, Heart Genital & Injuries Tumors Bones & Ill-Defined Throat, Urinary Muscle Condition 6 Lung 0 All Mental Nervous Metabolism Infectious Other Medical Skin Congenital Blood Disorders System Diseases Carveout Psychosomatic Medicine. 1987; 49:493-507 17
  18. 18. Core Symptom Clusters of PTSD Core Symptoms Other Symptoms • Re-experiencing • Insomnia • Recurrent and intrusive • Depression recollections • Recurrent dreams • Anxiety • Reliving the event • Substance abuse • Intense distress and • Interpersonal reactivity at exposure to cues problems • Avoidance • Numbing 18
  19. 19. Decreased Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome Reduced Reduced Reduced Reduced Reduced Reduced Alcohol Insomnia Insomnia Depression Alcohol Depression 1 Problem Problem Effect Size 0 TM TM TM -1 -2 p < .001 p < .025 -3 -4 Psychotherapy p < .005 Transcendental Meditation Journal of Counseling and Development. 1985:(64);212-215 19
  20. 20. Practice of Transcendental Meditation • Effortless Easy for people of all ages • Universal No belief or philosophy involved • Standard instruction Taught by specially trained, registered teachers • Lifetime followup No additional cost • Scientific validation Over 600 research studies • Unique style of rest Not seen in other relaxation techniques 20

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