Macro Manpower Planning[Elementary Education Under Five YearPlans in India]Dr Sorab Sadri and Prof. Jayashree Sadriwww.sch...
Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationArticle 45 – “The state shall endeavour toprovide within a period of 10 ye...
Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationArticle 29(2) – “No citizen shall be deniedadmission into any educational ...
Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationArticle 30(2) - “The State shall not, in grantingaid to educational insti...
Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationThe 42nd Amendment to the Constitution of 1976has put education in the Co...
Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationThe Central Government on 28th July 1997introduced 83rd constitutional am...
National Policy on Education, 1968“Strenuous efforts should be made for earlyfulfillment of the Directive Principle under...
Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationThe Central Government on 28th July 1997introduced 83rd constitutional am...
Approaches and StrategiesIst Plan (1951-56)To provide educational facilities to at least 60% of allchildren of the school-...
Approaches and StrategiesIIIrd Plan (1961–66)The main emphasis was on the provision of facilities foruniversal elementary ...
Approaches and StrategiesVth Plan (1974-79)* Very high priority was given to elementary educationand adequate provision wa...
Approaches and StrategiesVIth Plan (1980-85)• Highest priority to programme of UEE to continue as a part ofminimum needs p...
Approaches and Strategies* Schemes which were taken up, were i)  Accepting the principle of average attendance toovercome...
Approaches and StrategiesVIIth Plan (1985-90) Highest priority to realising UEE for children in the age-group of 6-14 yea...
Approaches and StrategiesVIIIth Plan (1992-97)Highest priority to universalisation of free andcompulsory education upto t...
Approaches and StrategiesProgrammes/Schemes A national programme of mid-day meals was started inAugust, 1995 to promote a...
Approaches and StrategiesIXth Plan (1997-2002)“We are committed to a total eradication of illiteracy. We willformulate and...
Approaches and StrategiesStrategyi)   the national goal of providing primary education as a universalbasic service,ii) the...
Approaches and StrategiesIssues in Ninth Plan I) backlog of un-enrolled children (142 millions out of which 69 millionwer...
Elementary Education in theTenth Five Year Plan (2002-07) ApproachesApproaches to achieve the goal ofuniversal elementary...
Elementary Education in theTenth Five Year Plan (2002-07)The national resolve to provide free and compulsoryeducation of ...
Targets in Elementary Education in theTenth Five Year Plan (2002-07)•Universal Access•(a) All children (age groups 6-11 an...
Universal Enrolment(a) Enrolment of all children in schools or other alternatives by 2003;and(b) All children complete fiv...
Equity Bridge all gender and social gaps in enrolment,retention and learning achievement in primarycycle by 2007. In uppe...
Strategies in the Tenth Plan Convergence Institutional Reforms Community Empowerment Institutional Capacity Building ...
Strategies in the Tenth Plan Education of Girls and Adolescents Girls SCs and STs Working Children Children from Minor...
Some Achievments in the Tenth Plan Enrolment:Primary: Huge increase in Jharkhand.Increases above national average in Jamm...
Some Achievments in the Tenth PlanEnrolment:GER in primary has increased from 96.3% in 2001-02to 107.8% in 2004-05 & to ...
Some Achievments in the Tenth PlanEnrolment: Dropout rate at primary has decreasedfrom 39.03% in 2001-02 to 29% in 2004-...
Issues in Elementary Education in the11thPlan The Constitution of India was amended in2002 to make Elementary Education a...
Issues in Elementary Education in the11thPlan States to be pursued to enact their ownlegislation or amend the existing on...
Issues in Elementary Education in the11thPlan The backlog for additional classroomswould be about 6.87 lakh. Opening of ...
Targets in Elementary Education in the11thPlan Universal enrolment of 6-14 age group childrenincluding hard to reach segm...
Targets in Elementary Education in the11thPlan Universalize MDMS at Elementary level by2008-09.Universal coverage of ICT...
Targets in Elementary Education in the11thPlan All States/UTs to adopt NCERT QualityMonitoring Tools.Strengthen BRCs/CRC...
Special Quality Intervention forDisadvantaged Groups in the 11thPlan The XI plan would lay special focus ondisadvantaged ...
Special Quality Intervention forDisadvantaged Groups in the 11thPlan Special attention to Districts with high SCs, STsand...
Special Quality Intervention forDisadvantaged Groups in the 11thPlan Creation of capacity within the school for dealingwi...
Pre-School Education: in the 11thPlanSSA would have a component of one-year EarlyChildhood Care Education (ECCE), which c...
KGBV and DPEP in the 11thPlanThese scheme would be subsumed within SSAin the 11thplan. Expansion of 500 KGBVs inDistrict/...
Teacher Education: Thrust areas in the11thPlan Establishing organic linkages between CRCs-BRCs-DIETs-SCERTs-NCERT and Uni...
Teacher Education: Thrust areas in the11thPlan Linkages with reputed teacher educationinstitutions for possible drawing u...
Teacher Education: Thrust areas in the11thPlan The teacher Education Scheme would be implementedin partnership with state...
Madarsas/Maktabs in the 11thPlan Additional maddarsas/maktabs would besupported for modernization under AIEcomponent and ...
Mahila Samakhya: in the 11thPlan The MS programme would be continued asper the existing pattern and expanded in aphased m...
Mid Day Meal Scheme in the 11thPlanThe scheme would be extended to upperprimary schools (Govt., Local Body and Govt.Aided...
MDM: Action Points in the 11thPlan MDM to be managed by the local communityand PRIs/NGOs. And not contracts driven civieq...
MDM: Action Points in the 11thPlan Revive School Health Programme: disseminate andreplicate best practices adopted by Sta...
Thank You Very Muchwww.schoolofeducators.com
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LMA & HR demand forecasting

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LMA & HR demand forecasting

  1. 1. Macro Manpower Planning[Elementary Education Under Five YearPlans in India]Dr Sorab Sadri and Prof. Jayashree Sadriwww.schoolofeducators.com
  2. 2. Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationArticle 45 – “The state shall endeavour toprovide within a period of 10 years from thecommencement of the Constitution free andcompulsory primary education for all childrenuntil they complete the age of 14 years”Article 46 – “The state shall promote withspecial care the educational and economicinterests of the weaker sections of the people,and in particular, of the SCs and STs”www.schoolofeducators.com
  3. 3. Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationArticle 29(2) – “No citizen shall be deniedadmission into any educational institutionmaintained by the state or receiving aid out ofState fund on grounds of religion, race, caste,language or any of them "Article 30(1) enjoins that "all minorities,whether based on religion or language shallhave the right to establish and administereducational institutions of their choice,"www.schoolofeducators.com
  4. 4. Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationArticle 30(2) - “The State shall not, in grantingaid to educational institutions, discriminateagainst any educational institution on the groundthat it is under the management of a minoritywhether based on religion or language."Article 350-(A) - “It shall be the endeavor ofevery state and of every local authority within theState to provide adequate facilities forinstructions in the mother-tongue at the primarystage of education to children belonging tolinguistic minority group."www.schoolofeducators.com
  5. 5. Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationThe 42nd Amendment to the Constitution of 1976has put education in the Concurrent List andempowered the Indian Parliament with theauthority to legislate on education concurrentlywith the States.The 73rd and 74th Amendment to theConstitution provided for decentralization ofschool education and entrusts primary educationto Panchayati Raj Institutions and Urban Areacommittees so that the participatory andinteractive management for primary educationcould be evolved.www.schoolofeducators.com
  6. 6. Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationThe Central Government on 28th July 1997introduced 83rd constitutional amendment inRajya Sabha proposing to make elementaryeducation as the fundamental right of the child.The Constitution of India was amended in2002 to make Elementary Education ajusticiable Fundamental Right.www.schoolofeducators.com
  7. 7. National Policy on Education, 1968“Strenuous efforts should be made for earlyfulfillment of the Directive Principle underArticle 45.Reiterated the resolve that "by 1995, allchildren will be provided free and compulsoryeducation up to 14 years of age."The Constitution of India was amended in2002 to make Elementary Education ajusticiable Fundamental Right.www.schoolofeducators.com
  8. 8. Constitutional Provisions in ElementaryEducationThe Central Government on 28th July 1997introduced 83rd constitutional amendment inRajya Sabha proposing to make elementaryeducation as the fundamental right of the child.The Constitution of India was amended in2002 to make Elementary Education ajusticiable Fundamental Right.www.schoolofeducators.com
  9. 9. Approaches and StrategiesIst Plan (1951-56)To provide educational facilities to at least 60% of allchildren of the school-going age within the age-groupof 6-14.IInd Plan (1956-61)The emphasis was on linking education with economicdevelopment. It also advocated for expansion of basicand elementary education.www.schoolofeducators.com
  10. 10. Approaches and StrategiesIIIrd Plan (1961–66)The main emphasis was on the provision of facilities foruniversal elementary education for all children in the age-group 6-11 on basic line. There was also a specialconcentration on the education of girls and to reduce theexisting disparities in the level of development in educationboys and girls.Annual Plans (1966–69)- No change in the approachIVth Plan (1969–74)Educational Programme in the IVth plan were related to socialand economic objectives of the country.It was a prospective plan based on Manpower needs, socialdemand and the availability of financial, material and humanresources. www.schoolofeducators.com
  11. 11. Approaches and StrategiesVth Plan (1974-79)* Very high priority was given to elementary educationand adequate provision was made for additional enrolment.* Provisions for curricular orientation, work experienceand strengthen of educational institution for teachers.Annual Plan (1979-80)www.schoolofeducators.com
  12. 12. Approaches and StrategiesVIth Plan (1980-85)• Highest priority to programme of UEE to continue as a part ofminimum needs programme.• To achieve UPE in the next 5 years* The approach to UEE was to coveri) intensified uses of existing facilities, including the adjustmentof schooling hours which would not be more than 3 hours aday according to local conditions,ii) provision of new facilities which would be economicallyviable and educationally relevant, andiii) promotion of non-formal system of learning.www.schoolofeducators.com
  13. 13. Approaches and Strategies* Schemes which were taken up, were i)  Accepting the principle of average attendance toovercome wastage and stagnation, ii)  Ensuring that a school is available to a child within 1.5Kms in a town and within 6 Kms in a village, iii)  Laying emphasis upon compulsory enrolment, iv) Bringing about the expansion of part-time informaleducation, and v)  Eradication of regional imbalances.www.schoolofeducators.com
  14. 14. Approaches and StrategiesVIIth Plan (1985-90) Highest priority to realising UEE for children in the age-group of 6-14 years by 1990. Emphasis shifted from mere enrolment to retention andattainment of basic elements of learning.These objectives were to be achieved through formaland non-formal methods focusing sharply on the needsof girls and the children belonging to economically andsocially weaker sections.Annual Plans (1990-92)www.schoolofeducators.com
  15. 15. Approaches and StrategiesVIIIth Plan (1992-97)Highest priority to universalisation of free andcompulsory education upto the age of 14.Reduction of disparities in access among states andwithin states, between boys and girls and amongdifferent segments of the population andImproving the retention and achievement of children ofthe relevant age-group.To provide alternative channels for education tochildren of deprived sections and working children.Reduction of drop-outs particularly among girls andchildren belonging to SCs, STs and other economicallyand socially disadvantaged communities.www.schoolofeducators.com
  16. 16. Approaches and StrategiesProgrammes/Schemes A national programme of mid-day meals was started inAugust, 1995 to promote access, retention and nutritionalcare of primary schools. Improvement in the quality of schooling and achievementlevels of children enrolled in schools was attempted throughthe introduction of minimum levels of learning (MLL) andenhancement of infrastructure facilities.Operation Black Board (1987), National Programme ofNutritional Support (1995), District Primary EducationProgramme (1994), Bihar Education Project (1991), UP BasicEducation Project, Mahila Samakhya, Lok Jumbish, ShikshaKarmiwww.schoolofeducators.com
  17. 17. Approaches and StrategiesIXth Plan (1997-2002)“We are committed to a total eradication of illiteracy. We willformulate and implement plans to gradually increase thegovernmental and non-governmental spending on educationupto 6% of the GDP; this is to provide education for all. Wewill implement the constitutional provision of making primaryeducation free and compulsory upto 5thstandard. Our aim is tomove towards equal access to and opportunity of educationalstandards upto the school-learning stage. We shall strive toimprove the quality of education at all levels – from primarylevel to our universities.” www.schoolofeducators.com
  18. 18. Approaches and StrategiesStrategyi)   the national goal of providing primary education as a universalbasic service,ii) the Supreme Court judgement declaring education to be afundamental right for children upto 14 years of age,iii)  the need to operationalise programmes through Panchayat Rajinstitutions (PRIS) and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs),iv)   the legal embargo on child-labour,v)    the provisions of the Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995, andheightened awareness of human rights violations in respect ofwomen, children and persons from disadvantaged sections of society.www.schoolofeducators.com
  19. 19. Approaches and StrategiesIssues in Ninth Plan I) backlog of un-enrolled children (142 millions out of which 69 millionwere girls) ii) dropout rate & wide inter-state disparities (38.95 at primary) iii) 16.6 per cent habitations were not served by primary schools within adistance of one km. iv) lack of physical infrastructures like toilet facilities for girls, drinkingwater facilities in schools, teaching-learning equipment etc., v) evaluation studies on childrens’ achievement show low levels inlanguage and mathematics. vi) There are also regional disparitiesvii) Equity concerns like low enrolment of girls, educational requirementsof special need groups like SCs/STs, OBCs, minorities, disabled & workingchildren, children from disadvantaged locations like deserts, hilly, coastaland deep forest areas and children from migratory families etc.www.schoolofeducators.com
  20. 20. Elementary Education in theTenth Five Year Plan (2002-07) ApproachesApproaches to achieve the goal ofuniversal elementary education in the yearsto come have to measure the magnitudeand complexity of the task, which has so farremained incomplete. Efforts to pursue thisgoal are guided by three broad concerns:www.schoolofeducators.com
  21. 21. Elementary Education in theTenth Five Year Plan (2002-07)The national resolve to provide free and compulsoryeducation of satisfactory quality to all children up to theage of 14 years;The political commitment to make the right to elementaryeducation a Fundamental Right and enforcing it throughnecessary statutory measures; and Enactment of 73rdand 74thConstitutional Amendmentwhich has set the stage for greater decentralisation and ssignificantly enhanced role for local bodies, communityorganisations as well as voluntary agencies in the effortstowards UEE.www.schoolofeducators.com
  22. 22. Targets in Elementary Education in theTenth Five Year Plan (2002-07)•Universal Access•(a) All children (age groups 6-11 and 11-14) should have access to primaryschools, upper primary schools or their alternatives within the walking distanceof one kilometer and three kilometers respectively.•(b) Universal access to early childhood care and education centers for allchildren of 3-6 years of age;•(c) Need based expansion of upper primary education facilities, particularlyfor disadvantaged section. There should be one upper primary school for everytwo primary schools;•(d) All schools should have buildings, toilets, drinking water, electrification,playground, black boards and other basic facilities; and•(e) Provision of one classroom for every teacher at elementary stage.www.schoolofeducators.com
  23. 23. Universal Enrolment(a) Enrolment of all children in schools or other alternatives by 2003;and(b) All children complete five years of primary schooling by 2007; and(c) All children complete eight years of schooling by 2010Universal Retention(a)   Universal retention in primary cycle by 2007 and in upper primarylevel by 2010; and(b)  Dropout rate to be reduced to less than 10 percent for grades VI-VII by2007Universal Achievement• Improve all aspects of quality of education (content and process) toensure reasonable learning outcomes at elementary level, especiallyin literacy, numeracy and in life skills.www.schoolofeducators.com
  24. 24. Equity Bridge all gender and social gaps in enrolment,retention and learning achievement in primarycycle by 2007. In upper primary it should bereduced to less than 5% by 2007 Special interventions and strategies to includegirls, SC/ST children, working children, childrenwith special needs, urban deprived children,children from minority groups, children belowpoverty line, migrating children and children inhardest to reach groups.www.schoolofeducators.com
  25. 25. Strategies in the Tenth Plan Convergence Institutional Reforms Community Empowerment Institutional Capacity Building Community Based Monitoring Habitation as a Unit of Planning Focus on Education of Girls and Special Groups Focus on Quality and Relevance Sustainable Financing Support to NGOs Public and Private Partnershipwww.schoolofeducators.com
  26. 26. Strategies in the Tenth Plan Education of Girls and Adolescents Girls SCs and STs Working Children Children from Minority Groups Education of UDCs Children below Poverty Line Education of Hard to Reach Groups Education of Children with Special Needs Need Based Expansion of Upper Primary Education ECCEwww.schoolofeducators.com
  27. 27. Some Achievments in the Tenth Plan Enrolment:Primary: Huge increase in Jharkhand.Increases above national average in Jammu& Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh and MadhyaPradesh.●Upper Primary: Huge increase inJharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu &Kashmir and Arunachal Pradesh.www.schoolofeducators.com
  28. 28. Some Achievments in the Tenth PlanEnrolment:GER in primary has increased from 96.3% in 2001-02to 107.8% in 2004-05 & to 109.4% in 2005-06. GER in upper primary has increased from 60.2% in2001-02 to 69.9% in 2004-05 & to 71.4% in 2005-06.Out of school children has decreased from 32 millionin 2001-02 to 7.1 million in 2005-06. Number of districts having out of school children ofmore than 50, 000 each has reduced from 48 to 29.www.schoolofeducators.com
  29. 29. Some Achievments in the Tenth PlanEnrolment: Dropout rate at primary has decreasedfrom 39.03% in 2001-02 to 29% in 2004-05 Dropout rate at the elementary levelhas remained very high at 50.8%. Reduction in gender gap and socialcategory gap.www.schoolofeducators.com
  30. 30. Issues in Elementary Education in the11thPlan The Constitution of India was amended in2002 to make Elementary Education ajusticiable Fundamental Right. 7.1 million children being out of school andover 50% dropping out at elementary level arematters of serious concern. SSA to be reoriented to meet the challengesof equity, retention and high qualityeducation.www.schoolofeducators.com
  31. 31. Issues in Elementary Education in the11thPlan States to be pursued to enact their ownlegislation or amend the existing ones toensure UEE. SSA would be restructured into a NationalMission for Quality Elementary Education toensure minimum norms and standards for aschool (both government and private) that isaccessible to all children. It would addressaccess, quality and equity holistically thoughSystems Approach.www.schoolofeducators.com
  32. 32. Issues in Elementary Education in the11thPlan The backlog for additional classroomswould be about 6.87 lakh. Opening of about 20,000 new primaryschools and up gradation of about 70,000primary schools are required. Giving good quality education of commonstandards, pedagogy and syllabi to ensureminimum learning levels.www.schoolofeducators.com
  33. 33. Targets in Elementary Education in the11thPlan Universal enrolment of 6-14 age group childrenincluding hard to reach segment. Substantial improvement in quality and standardswith the ultimate objective to achieve standards ofKVs under CBSE pattern. All genders, social and regional gaps in enrolmentsto be eliminated by 2011-12.One year ECCE for all children in the age group of 4-6 years.Dropouts at primary level to be eliminated anddropout rate at Elementary level to be reduced fromover 50% to 20% by 2011-12.www.schoolofeducators.com
  34. 34. Targets in Elementary Education in the11thPlan Universalize MDMS at Elementary level by2008-09.Universal coverage of ICT at Upper Primaryschools by 2011-12. Lay emphasis on full retention in schoolswith ‘nil’ dropout rate at primary level. Bring significant improvement in learningconditions with emphasis on learning basicskills, verbal and quantitative.www.schoolofeducators.com
  35. 35. Targets in Elementary Education in the11thPlan All States/UTs to adopt NCERT QualityMonitoring Tools.Strengthen BRCs/CRCs: setting up oneCRC for every 10 schools and 5resource teachers per block.www.schoolofeducators.com
  36. 36. Special Quality Intervention forDisadvantaged Groups in the 11thPlan The XI plan would lay special focus ondisadvantaged groups and educationally backwardareas. This focus would include not only higher resourceallocation but also capacity building for preparationand implementation of strategies based on identifiedneeds, more intensive monitoring and supervisionand tracking of progress. Give top priority in ECCE to habitations of marginalizedsections.Set up additional 500 KGBVs in Blocks with higherconcentration of SC, ST, OBC and Minority population.www.schoolofeducators.com
  37. 37. Special Quality Intervention forDisadvantaged Groups in the 11thPlan Special attention to Districts with high SCs, STsand Minority population, Innovative funds forspecial Focus Districts to be doubled.Focus on improving the learning levels of SC, ST,minority chi9ldren through remedial coaching inschools and also in habitations through educatedyouth of NYKS, NSS, SHGs and local NGOs.Special schools for slum children in 35 cities withmillion plus population. Special intervention for migrating children, Urbandeprived and working children.www.schoolofeducators.com
  38. 38. Special Quality Intervention forDisadvantaged Groups in the 11thPlan Creation of capacity within the school for dealingwith students lagging in studies.Setting up 1000 hostels in EBBs with resident to PGTeacher as warden to provide supplementary academicsupport.Sensitize teachers for special care of weaker sections& children with special needs.Intensive social mobilization in dalit, tribal andminority habitations through community support.Provide housing for teachers in tribal and remotehabitations.www.schoolofeducators.com
  39. 39. Pre-School Education: in the 11thPlanSSA would have a component of one-year EarlyChildhood Care Education (ECCE), which can beuniversalized to cover 2.4 crore children in aphased manner. A large number of primary schools in Stateslike U.P. and Rajasthan already have ECCE.Primary schools within the habitations, ICDS-Anganwadi would be supported.www.schoolofeducators.com
  40. 40. KGBV and DPEP in the 11thPlanThese scheme would be subsumed within SSAin the 11thplan. Expansion of 500 KGBVs inDistrict/Blocks with high concentration of SCs,Sts, OBCs and Minorities would be taken up.DPEP would come to an end in November 2008and would be subsumed under SSA as per theexisting procedure. The external commitmentswould however be met.www.schoolofeducators.com
  41. 41. Teacher Education: Thrust areas in the11thPlan Establishing organic linkages between CRCs-BRCs-DIETs-SCERTs-NCERT and Universities.Teacher absenteeism: Accountability to betackled through PRT’s.Need to work towards enhancing quality of anintegrated system of teacher education.Linking teacher education with institutions ofresearch and higher education.Countinued professional development ofteachers and teacher educators.www.schoolofeducators.com
  42. 42. Teacher Education: Thrust areas in the11thPlan Linkages with reputed teacher educationinstitutions for possible drawing up of qualityfaculty resources on contractual basis. PPPmodels for rejuvenating poor quality DIETs andalso setting up of new DIETs/DRCs.At least one training for all teachers once inevery two years.Capacity building of para teachers.www.schoolofeducators.com
  43. 43. Teacher Education: Thrust areas in the11thPlan The teacher Education Scheme would be implementedin partnership with states. The entire recurringexpenditure, including salaries and contingencies duringthe 11thplan period would be met by GOI to the tune of100% in 2007-08 and thereafter reduced by 10%progressively each year to 90% in 2008-09, 80% in 2009-10, 70% in 2010-11 and 60% in 2011-12 so that graduallythe States can take up their committed liabilities and oldestablishment expenditure.The GOI would bear 100% of new establishment andprogramme components expenditure.www.schoolofeducators.com
  44. 44. Madarsas/Maktabs in the 11thPlan Additional maddarsas/maktabs would besupported for modernization under AIEcomponent and it should be possible to coverall the 12,000 odd Madarasas during the planperiod.www.schoolofeducators.com
  45. 45. Mahila Samakhya: in the 11thPlan The MS programme would be continued asper the existing pattern and expanded in aphased manner to cover all the EBBs and alsoin arban/suburban slums, as it contributes toeducational empowerment of poor women.www.schoolofeducators.com
  46. 46. Mid Day Meal Scheme in the 11thPlanThe scheme would be extended to upperprimary schools (Govt., Local Body and Govt.Aided Schools, and EGS/AIE Centres) in 3479EBBs from 1stJune, 2007 to cover additional 30million children and to all upper primary schoolsfrom April, 2008 to cover about 18 crore childrenby 2008-09. The nutritional value of meals forupper primary children would be fixed at 700caloreis derived from 150 gms of cereals and 20gms of protein.www.schoolofeducators.com
  47. 47. MDM: Action Points in the 11thPlan MDM to be managed by the local communityand PRIs/NGOs. And not contracts driven civiequality and safety to be prime considerations.Sensitize teachers and others involved innutrition, hygiene, cleanliness and safety normsto rectify observed deficiencies.Involve nutrition experts in planning low costnutrition menu and for periodic testing ofsamples of prepared food.Promote locally grown nutritionally rich fooditems through kitchen gardens in school etc.www.schoolofeducators.com
  48. 48. MDM: Action Points in the 11thPlan Revive School Health Programme: disseminate andreplicate best practices adopted by States.Provide drinking facilities in all schools on urgent basis.Status regarding supplies, funds, norms, weekly menuand coverage displayed in schools to ensuretransparency.Central assistance to cooking cost based on actualnumber of beneficiary children and not on enrollment.Promote social audit.Online Monitoring.www.schoolofeducators.com
  49. 49. Thank You Very Muchwww.schoolofeducators.com

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