Projecten 2009

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Projectlist 2009

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Projecten 2009

  1. 1. 1 Project number JAY0901 2 Project name Coaching of girls attending secondary schools 3 Desa or Kecamatan Padang Bulan, Wamena, Polimo (Baliem), Teminabuan 4 Target group/category Girls attending secondary schools 5 (In)direct beneficiaries 25 girls and their parents 6 Executive organization P3W-GKI 7 Duration 1 year 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to the project Operational costs asramas (boarding schools) 10 Requested contribution Hapin Rp. 63,700,000 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp. 63,700,000 Background/Problem It is the usual story about children living in remote villages and as a result cannot commute in one day to the principal town where they attend school. Very often they are not in a position to stay with relatives. The problem is usually inadequate coaching of the girls outside school hours. This results in underachievement at school or even in such disasters as unwanted pregnancy. Objectives Providing a safe home for the girls attending secondary schools in the principal town. Homework support Lessons in certain skills such as household management, health care, handicraft and horticulture. Activities See above. The support includes school fees, school supplies, asrama costs and pocket money. The application specifies the names of the children for each asrama and the costs of the items mentioned before for each asrama. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions 25 girls who have finished secondary school with good results. On account of their social work for women P3W almost as a matter of course ended up in child support work of girls attending secondary schools. The coaching provided by P3W outside school hours is of immense value and very important for the management training of women in Papua. At the moment Hapin does not pay the operational costs of the asrama, but the costs of the individual persons. P3W, our partner organization, keeps us well informed about the girls’ backgrounds and it is quite obvious that their parents are very poor. These parents support themselves by means of the yield of their vegetable gardens. This fits in perfectly with Hapin’s desire to broaden the study grant programme and also to take into consideration the children’s past history. In order to enable us to do this we need partners that are well informed about the backgrounds of new students. In case a number of these girls wish to continue their studies, we are acquainted with their motivation and intellectual capacities and then we also know that their parents cannot afford this.
  2. 2. 1 Project number JAY 0903 2 Project name Fuel depot Mantoway 3 Desa or Kecamatan Yongsu Desoyo, subdistrict Ravenirara, District Jayapura 4 Target/category Strengthening of local economy 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Direct 12, indirect 180 6 Executive organization Mantoway Group 7 Duration 12 months 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project One’s own kiosk 10 Requested contribution Hapin 12,100,000 (€ 930) rate € 1 = Rp. 13.000 11 Recommended contribution Hapin 12,100,000 (€ 930) Background/Problem This remote region on the north coast of Papua is situated at the foot of the Cyclops mountains, where many rivers criss-cross the coastal strip. The population tries to make a living out of fishing and agriculture, depending on the season. In times of heavy rains there is always the danger of flooding and landslides. Between the months of October and April there are usually strong winds and heavy seas, making fishing practically impossible. From the side of the authorities there is hardly any supply of fuels, such as petrol for the outboard motors or kerosene for the stoves, so that the local people have to find a way out for this problem themselves. By land there is no connection yet, by sea it is a trip of an hour and a half to Depapre, where the government institutions for this region are. To visit the large market in Jayapura in order to sell their catch takes approximately 3 hours by sea. Objectives The Mantoway Group tries to break this isolation by putting fuel up for sale for the local population in the immediate vicinity, resulting in an increase in the number of transports, a better organization thereof and allowing for more activities among the villages on the north coast. Activities The Group is taking the initiative by building a small fuel depot in their district. At the same time materials used for fishing are put up for sale. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions If the Group sticks to the agreements made regarding policy and distribution of incomes, this might well be a good example for other regions on the coast.
  3. 3. 1 Project number JAY 0906 2 Project name Kiosk Salomina 3 Desa or Kecamatan Yongsu Spari, subdistrict Ravenirara, district Jayapura 4 Target/category Strengthening of local economy 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Direct 4, indirect 270 6 Executive organization Apaseray Group 7 Duration 12 months 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project One’s own kiosk 10 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.30,000,000 (€ 2,300) rate € 1 = Rp.13,000 11 Recommended contributuion Hapin Rp.30,000,000 Background/Problem The isolated villages on the north coast of Papua can only be reached by sea. However, during the season with strong winds, which may last as many as six months, it is quite difficult to make one’s purchases. There is always a possibility that the boat gets swamped or capsizes. That’s the reason why people wish to buy their everyday necessities locally. Objectives Strengthening the local kiosks (small shops), because they are a means for the local population to get through the difficult months and in addition to this the number of accidents will be reduced. Simultaneously there is a greater diversification in nutrients, apart from the crops the people can grow themselves. Activities By purchasing provisions in greater quantities the cost of transport can be reduced and prices kept at a moderate level. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions It is precisely in the most difficult months that the kiosks may function in the most effective way, but their stocks should be kept up and there should be a sufficient variety in products. From the outset good counselling, particularly simple bookkeeping, is of the utmost importance.
  4. 4. 1 Project number JAY 0908 2 Project name Kiosk and eating-house Sona 3 Desa or Kecamatan Subdistrict Depapre, district Jayapura 4 Target/category Strengthening of local economy 5 (In)direct beneficiarfies Direct 6, indirect 100 6 Executive organization Sona Group 7 Duration 12 months 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project Own kiosk 10 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.53,750,000 (€ 4,135) rate € 1 = Rp.13,000 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp.25,000,000 (€ 1,925) Background/Problem This group which owns a small kiosk lives in a little village a few miles above Waiya. They used to live close by the market of Depapre, but due to a family dispute they had to move, as a result of which their source of income has gone. Now they are trying to start afresh and need a small start-up capital. Objectives By making adjustments to their kiosk and by offering a greater variety of products, they hope to increase the number of customers and consequently their income. Activities By offering a greater variety of hot meals the group hopes to attract more customers and as a side effect they also expect to be able to sell other products. Relatives living nearby with activities such as pig-breeding, may also make an active contribution to the success of this combination of kiosk-eating house. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions As the kiosk is situated on the road to one of the best-known beaches for miles around, which also attracts many visitors from Jayapura, a successful kiosk and adjoining eating house can most certainly win its share of the market.
  5. 5. 1 Project number JAY 0909 2 Project name Kiosk Kube Sepontouw 3 Desa or Kecamatan Tablanusu, subdistrict Depapre, district Jayapura 4 Target/category Strengthening of local economy 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Direct 10, indirect 250 6 Implementing organization Cendrawasih Papua Group 7 Duration 12 months 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project Own kiosk 10 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.25,099,000 (€ 1,930) Rate € 1 = Rp. 13,000 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp.15,000,000 (€ 1,150) Background/Problem Due to improvement of the local road system this village in the subdistrict Dapapre is now within easy reach of holidaymakers from Jaypura, an hour and a half by car. The local economy, however, is not yet sufficiently strong; a little boost is needed to give this kiosk a permanent place in the growing tourist sector. Objectives To give this already existing small kiosk a more solid basis so as to be able to develop further. Activities In order to profit of the revival of tourism it is a good professional approach to be able to offer more than a simple cup of coffee. The kiosk will be made a bit larger, there will be more covered seats and the menu will be more comprehensive. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions Wit more products on offer the daily earnings could well go up quite rapidly. It is of great importance to save and reinvest the money earned, so that the continuity of the business will be quaranteed.
  6. 6. 1 Project number JAY 0912 2 Project name Kiosk Expo 3 Desa or Kecamatan Waena, subdistrict Abepura, district Jayapura 4 Target/category Strengthening of local economy 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Direct 3, indirect 180 6 Implementing organization Familygroup 7 Duration 12 months 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project Own kiosk 10 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.20,000,000 (€ 1.540) rate € 1 = Rp.13,000 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp.20,000,000 Background/Problem This somewhat remote village situated around the exhibition ground in Waena has its own social make-up, different from city life. Within this quarter with approximately 60 families there are only 2 kiosks with which the owners hope to make enough money out of their immediate surroundings, also because they cannot be sufficiently competitive with the shops in the town. Objectives The members of the familygroup who are dependent on the money made with their kiosk still have an insufficient variety of products on offer with which to hold on to their customers or to enlarge their number. Activities With our help in the form of a small capital injection the shop can be strengthened by offering more products in a greater assortment. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions As is the case with most small entrepreneurs, including these kiosk owners, strategy and planning is not their strongest point.
  7. 7. 1 Project number JAY 0913 2 Project name Handiwork industry beads 3 Desa or Kecamatan Dock IX North, Subdistrict Jayapura Utara, District Jayapura 4 Target/category Strengthening of local economy and preservation of cultural values 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Direct 10 indirect 40 6 Implementing organization Women’s group "Nameless" 7 Duration 12 months 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project Cottage industry, but there are plans to start a kiosk 10 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.20,000,000 (€ 1.540) rate € 1 = Rp.13,000 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp.20,000,000 Background/Problem This all female group wishes to expand the supply of new as well as of traditional products and offer a greater variety of products. However, they do not have enough working capital to enable them to realize this. The women are living in a busy district with a population of various ethnic backgrounds from all over the country. The size of the orders differs greatly, but sometimes they are rather great. If that is the case the shortage of materials is a big problem, because a (short) delivery time is often of great importance to the customers. Objectives With our help these activities can be promoted and given a boost, and simultaneously the preservation of traditional art and handicraft is guaranteed through the younger generation. Activities The creativity of this group is also of great interest, because the elderly ladies in this group still possess the knowledge and skill to enable them to make the traditional manik-manik lebar or bead aprons, which is gradually becoming a rarity. In many traditional villages this type of apron is no longer produced because the know-how has gone lost. The idea behind this project is to add to the number of products and include (hanging) lamps, curtains, handbags, plates, hanging flower boxes and decorations for walls and cars. An added impulse would be to participate more often in exhibitions in and around Jayapura, provided there is sufficient money left for the cost of transport. Expected result/Indicators/Point for improvement/Questions Managing and planning of purchases is the most important support this group is in need of.
  8. 8. 1 Project number JAY 0917 2 Project name Building a fishing boat 1 GRT 3 Desa or Kecamatan Tablanusu, sub-district Depapre, district Jayapura 4 Target/category Strengthening of local economy 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Direct 10, indirect 100 6 Implementing organization KM. Malalugis Group 7 Duration 12 months 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project engine, own fishing nets, both large and small 10 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.52,210,000 (€ 4,000) rate € 1 = Rp.13,000 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp.52,210,000 Background/Problem An old fishing boat sank during a storm. They have been able to salvage the engine of the boat and all the other important equipment and tools, which were stored and maintained well afterwards. They have requested the authorities several times for help in order to build a new boat, but have never received a reply. Objectives By building this boat and subsequently using it many people in this village will get a job while the local markets will be provided with sufficient quantities of fish. Owing to this the price of fish will remain more stable. Expected result/Indicators/Point for improvement/Questions The dedication and enthousiasm of this group is admirable and the information obtained from several villagers about this group is also very positive. Materials for this boat, such as wood, are collected meanwhile. All these signs indicate a fair degree of motivation.
  9. 9. 1 Project number JAY 09 18 2 Project name Income increase for cacao farmers by quality improvement of cacao 3 Desa or Kecamatan District Yapsi, desa Iwon and Blundru 4 Target/category Improvement of economy, instruction 5 Number of beneficiaries 400 farmers (families) 6 Implementing organizations Forum Kajian (Fork) dan Konsultasi Independen Sumber Daya Papua (KISD), Fork/KISD. 7 Duration 36 months (Phase I: 24 months) 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project The local population has planted scores of hectares with cacao 10 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.191,838,200,- (€ 13,700) 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Phase I: Rp. 150,000,000,- first stage (€ 10,725) (1 € = Rp 14,000) Background/Problem In the course of the past five years gradually more and more fruit trees and other trees (also cacao trees) have been affected by a fungous disease. Owing to this fungus the output has considerably gone down, whereas the quality has decreased. The authorities have been asked for help to stop this decrease in income and/or to find a solution for this disease, but no reply has been received. Objectives Direct counselling to these farmers in the field by qualified instructors could result in an improvement of output and quality. Activities Practically-oriented couselling in the immediate environment of the farmers in question, so that all the farmers will get the necessary information with regard to choosing the right type of plants, what method of cleaning to be used and the maintenance of gardens and trees. Organizing contests in order to boost the farmers’ motivation and also to raise the cacao quality to as high a level as possible. Teaching the farmers to use better techniques: how to preserve and dry cacao; how to select a good place for fermentation; seeing to a correct fermentative process so that the cacao quality will be better preserved. Collectively learning how to build up a business network and how to contract potential buyers directly in Java for the sale of their cacao beans. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions See above (Activities). By raising the output and upgrading the quality direct potential markets to Java will be realized.
  10. 10. 1 Project number JAY 0919 2 Project name Building a pigsty 3 Desa or Kecamatan Pasir II, Tanjung Ria, subdistrict Jayapura Utara 4 Target/category Strengthening of local economy 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Direct 7, indirect 50 6 Implementing organization Karungga Makahuwai group 7 Duration 12 months 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribututon to project 8 pigs 10 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.11,435,000 (€ 880) rate € 1 = Rp.13,000 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp.20,000,000 (€ 1,540) Background/Problem This group, which consists of a few families, can scarcely provide for themselves. They have been living these past 10 years in the hills, just outside Angkasa, west of Jayapura. They have already started building a small pigsty themselves made of local materials and planting fruit trees, turnips and vegetables. However, the yield of these plants is only barely sufficient for their everyday needs and for feeding the pigs. The soil is very poor and without rain as hard as stone. Sometimes the group is forced to sell the last few pigs, which means that a source of income is lost and that they will have to start afresh. From time to time people from their immediate surroundings, school personnel and neighbours of various ethnic backgrounds help them by giving them food and drinking-water or water for the pigs. Granting this request will enable them to buy the necessary building materials and pigs. Objectives This group has already suffered quite a lot in order to survive and will go on anyway. They cannot break through the vicious circle in which they find themselves, unless they get an external contribution to give their existence a more solid basis. Activities By building a somewhat bigger pigsty with better materials, they will for the time being be able to spend more time on breeding pigs and planting. If they are in a position to buy more piglings they will also have more money available later on for reinvestment, so that the continuity can be better safeguarded. Expected result/Indicators/Point for improvement/Questions These original inhabitants of these hills need guidance in order to be able to work systematically. They are very industrious and work hard.
  11. 11. 1 Project number JAY 09 20 2 Project name Acquiring knowledge and drawing up a statement of affairs with regard to the use the adat population makes of the forest. 3 Desa or Kecamatan Desa Mamdayawan and desa Sabeyab Kecil in district Kemtuk, desa Imeno in district Nimboran, all in kabupaten Jayapura. 4 Target/category Protection of adat land rights. 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Direct 1000, indirect Papua – male/female 50/50 6 Implementing organization pt PPMA (Perkumpulan Terbatas untuk Pengkajian dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Adat) Papua 7 Duration 6 months 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project - 10 Assistance of third party - 11 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.48,975,000.- 12 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp.48,975,000.- Background/Problem If the local adat people do not learn to recognize and formulate their own potential, values and rights, the odds are that they as the original landowners will not be able to resist the offers of large-scale investors. These investors do not aim at durability, but are only interested in maximizing their profits, and they do not involve the local population in their activities. Tradional ways of forest management, as wel as traditional stories about boundaries, customs and transfer of knowledge, must be seen as an inseparable whole. It is therefore imperative to record as much as possible by means of various media. In this way the boundaries, strength and traditional stories of each clan will be set down. Objectives The aim is to collect data about the local tribes and their traditional ways of forest management and the possibilities involved, to pass this information on to the local authorities and the general public in Papua. The objective behind this is to lay the foundations for a proper development of forest management and to see to it that the supervision remains in the hands of the local people. Further (sustainable) exploitation is to be for the benefit of the local population. The aim of the above is to realize that adat land rights will be acknowledged, to get more public support, and to safeguard the land against mining or large-scale plantation agriculture. Activities With the assistance of the local population pt PPMA will collect the information needed and publish it in book form, film, video or other media. They will start with the available data and an analyis of the present circumstances. The traditional stories will also be recorded. The material could also be used for instruction purposes.
  12. 12. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions Pt PPMA have been doing this work for more than 10 years, and have put down their findings both in writing and on film. They have helped the local people to set down in book form all their stories that are so closely linked to the forest.
  13. 13. 1 Project number MAN 0901 2 Project name Exam test and specific training for junior notaries 3 Desa or Kecamatan Province of Papua Barat 4 Target/category Advancement and strengthening of Papua notaries with the aim of benefiting the legal rights and defence of the local population 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Direct 60, indirect population of the province of Papua Barat 6 Implementing organisation Cooperation between LP3BH and DPD-PERADIN 7 Duration From September 2009 until January 2010 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project - 10 Assistance from third parties - 11 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.298,260,000.- 12 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp.298,260,000.- = € 22,000,- (€ 1 = Rp.13,500) Background/Problems While providing the population with legal aid, particularly in the province of Western Papua, it appears that few organisations that give legal assistance, such as LBH (Lembaga Bantuan Hukum) and other NGOs and social organisations which are active in the field of law enforcement and human rights, can dispose of qualified lawyers and practising barristers/counsel for the defence. This deficiency is usually the cause of failure of the defence in lawsuits. Many cases are concluded without the correct legal frame of reference to fundamental rights and respect for democratic values. Moreover it is essential that counsellors for the defence acting on behalf of NGOs and social organisations should be trained in other techniques so as to be able to settle cases successfully. Knowledge and command of the above matters are extremely important for improving the expertise of lawyers and consequently a proper judicial procedure and protection of the fundamental rights of man in Western Papua. Objectives 1. Raising the level of knowledge and command of techniques of sixty young lawyers and barristers/counsel for the defence who work for NGOs and other social organisations, so that they, equipped with a legally certified licence, can adequately defend the rights of the people and give assistance to each and every person requesting justice. 2. Building up the capacity within the DGFD-PERADIN (bar associates) of Western Papua and other organisations which are advocates of safeguarding the law and human rights. This should be done within the framework of a strategic development of advocacy regarding the human rights, especially in the province of Western Papua. Activities 1. Examine sixty potential lawyers in Manokwari in October 2009. 2. Organize special tuition facilities for the profession of lawyer, for a period of three months. See appendix: “Curriculum Professional Training Lawyer”. This will be effected in cooperation with the court, the public prosecutor and the police.
  14. 14. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions Some thirty lawyers/barristers/counsel for the defence pass the UCA exam in Manokwari for the province of Western Papua, so that from that moment on they will have a licence to work as lawyers. These thirty people are given special professional training to broaden their practical competency for a good defence and legal assistance of the population.
  15. 15. 1 Project number MAN 0902 2 Project name Women excavating limestone 3 Desa or Kecamatan Maruni, district of Manokwari 4 Target/category Strengthening of civil society 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Direct 20, Indirect 500 m/f 60/40 6 Implementing organisation Mnukwar group 7 Duration 7 months 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project Rp. 2,425,000.- (± € 175) 10 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.17,820,000.- (± € 1,275) 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp.17,820,000.- (± € 1,275) Background/Problem When the act of law with number 21 about Special Autonomy for Papua was passed, many people expected life in Papua to improve. This law, called Otsus, would create freedom in the planning and implementation in Papua in accordance with the local situation. This applies for example to the use of the natural resources which are so abundant in Papua. It is generally acknowledged that Otsus has brought some changes: the development process is more rapid because of improvements of general facilities and infrastructure, resulting in progress in the economic activities. Unfortunately the fight against poverty has not proved to be so easy, although the Otsus law has been operative for 7 years. There are still great segments of the Papua population who do not share in the blessings of the Otsus, many people who do not experience that the quality of their lives has improved. Among these less fortunate people are among others the women who dig for limestone in the district of Manokwari. Day after day they work themselves to the bone in gorges and crevices to excavate rocks and stones, so that they can earn a meagre amount of money to provide for their families. Using very simple tools and without any safety devices they excavate limestone in order to sell it to companies for the production of building stones in the town of Manokwari. Objectives The basic idea behind this film is to picture the circumstances and conditions of life of the Papua population from a different point of view, in this case particularly from that of the women in this age of Otsus. Actually Otsus was supposed to bring change and improvement for them. With this film Mnukwar is picturing the actual situation of this group of underprivileged women who do not share in the benefits as promised by Otsus. Activities 1. Investigation stage In the course of this first phase information and facts will be accumulated and also during this time prominent people representing the community will we consulted, after which it will be examined in what way the factual information is to give shape to the story. The result of the examination will be assimilated in the script. 2. Production stage In the course of this stage video recordings will be made, including interviews where deemed necessary. When alle the recorded material is ready it will be edited in accordance with the story.
  16. 16. 3. Publication and distribution stage Publication of the material and direct distribution to local governmental institutions, local partner organisations, including the general public. Non-direct distribution will take place by making use of internet media, such as YouTube, Narsis, MySpace etc. 4. Discussion at district level The film about the limestone digging women will be discussed at a seminar at district level. The film will then be used in the discussion about the way in which Otsus may after all benefit the population. The local authorities will take part in these discussions. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions The ultimate aim of this film is to achieve a greater involvement of the governmental authorities in the activities of the population and collectively to try to find a way to improve the living conditions of the people.
  17. 17. 1 Project number MAN 0903 2 Project name Participative film documentary about adat land rights and long-lasting use of the natural resources, to be used for lobbying and consciousness-raising 3 Desa oor Kecamatan Districts of Ransiki, Kebar, Masni and the town of Manokwari. 4 Target/category Education and protection of adat land. 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Direct 60, indirect population of Ransiki, Kebar, Masni, the town of Manokwari, male/female 70/30 6 Implementing organization Mnukwar Media Center 7 Duration 17 months 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project - 10 Assistance from third party - 11 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.313,500,000.- 12 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp.287,950,000.- Background/Problems District of Kebar The Kebar District is part of the Kabupaten Manokwari, which covers an area of 1,620.60 km² and comprises eight villages. From an administrative point of view Kebar borders directly on the districts of Kabupaten Sorong and Kabupaten Bintuni, approximately 110 km from the town of Manukwari. The population includes a number of indigenous tribes, such as Mpur, Meyach and Irires. The number of people living there is 2,348 (567 families). Although a number of inhabitants have come from outside the district, e.g. Papuas from Biak, Serui, Wandamen, but also people from outside Papua (from Bugis, Makassar, Toraja, Manado, Java), their total number is small and they have mostly settled in the centre of the district. Kebar is quite rich in natural resources, but the local population is as yet unable to make optimal use of them. The very high costs of transport and inadequate amenities, such as roads and bridges, are serious problems that the local population has been up against for scores of years, and they have been the reason for the lack of economic growth. People’s income is very low, because the employment opportunities are slim and people have no access to information (no radio either). Until new roads are constructed the district of Kebar can only be reached by air. Transportation over some very bad roads is a possibility now, but is very expensive. For instance: A person wanting to travel from Manokwari to Kebar will have to pay an amount varying from Rp.300,000.- to Rp.500,000.- (€21 - €36). Renting a car (4WD) is an option, but will cost from Rp.4,000,000.- to Rp.5.000.000,- (€285 - €360). The adat population practises subsistence farming: peanut, cacao, bananas, turnip and the like. From time to time they move on to other parcels of land, because the previous patch yields too low (shifting cultivation), they try to find edible foodstuffs in the forest and they go hunting. There are no traders to buy their vegetables or turnips for sale to a distribution centre. In Anjai
  18. 18. there is a marketplace built by the local authorities, but it is not a success. There are no kiosks or little shops that sell household goods. There are no eating-houses. Danger The Kebar district is situated in the area between the two nature reserves South and North Tambrauw. The Kebar people live in the mountains and according to adat (customary law) they are the owners of the land in the Tambrauw mountains. A great part of the adat land has been claimed by the authorities for use as a reserve without consulting the local population.1 This area used to be under the control of the WWF Forest Programme, but the local people could hardly benefit from the forest, as admittance to the forest was restricted and sometimes made illegal. Neither was there any interest in the needs and problems of the local population. Finally in 2005 pressure was put upon the WWF to end their programme and to leave the area. To this day the original population is still waiting for an official explanation about their adat rights with regard to the forest and the land claimed by the government for nature conservation. Another threat is the plan for development of the Tambrauw area as a new kabupaten of the Manokwari region. One of the consequences of this development will be that the forest, the land and even the adat rights can be simply transferred to the authorities (the state). There is every possibility that adat conflicts will surface, because this development is definitely not in the interest of the population, but all the more so to that of the political elite of the local as well as the national authorities in Jakarta. The Kebar region will then be targeted as an area for goldmining and plantations. In 2008 a number of important, but one-sided studies were carried out by possible investors, during which they also took soil samples to enable them to determine the gold content. This situation is for Mnukwar the principal incentive to work hard at strengthening the capacities of the local people, so that in the period to come they will be able to protect their rights in various ways. One means to achieve that could be providing information through the media. If insufficient attention will be given the result will be that the local adat population will not only lose the rights of their land and its natural resources, but will also be sidetracked as a result of being unprepared to deal with the possible external influences and the changes to come. Background of the film The proposal entails making a film that pictures the existing situation about the situation described above. It will show the living conditions of these people trying to survive within the rules of adat. The film also deals with the conflicts about the natural resources. The District of Ransiki The Ransiki district is about 118 km south of the town Manokwari an altitude of 5 to 100 m. above sealevel. There are 33 villages with an area of 1,180 km² and the number of inhabitants amounts to 7,836 (1,958 families). A trip to the principal place takes about 4 hours and costs Rp.125,000 by taxi (±€9,00) and Rp.75,000 (±€5,00) by bus. Most of the people work as farmers or fishermen, a few work at the cacao plantation of PT Cokran and some work as civil servants or are self-employed. The original inhabitants of this district belong to the Wamesa and Sougb boho tribes. Ransiki is usually identified with PT Cokran since 1978.2 The people of Ransiki believe that the progress made cannot be seen separately from this company’s presence with all kinds of 1 In 2005 the situation escalated with a local demonstration at which the WWF director was beaten up. The population ventilated their disappointment about their non-involvement in the decision- making process concerning the nature reserve Tambrau. 2 The PT. Cokran concern is established in Ransiki and exploits a cacao plantation of approximately 3643 ha.
  19. 19. common economic amenities, such as markets, shops and other facilities. The same applies to the necessary communication. However, for a number of other matters the population still prefers the town of Manokwari, particularly when it concerns bigger transactions. In the Ransiki district market economy remains limited. Opportunities and dangers Ransiki can boast of an abundance of fishing grounds (the sea), forests and minerals. Therefore a lot of research has already been done, on products from the forest but also regarding plans for the mining industry. At the moment coal, limestone and tin among other things are already being extracted. As far as limestone is concerned it has been estimated that the quantity still exploitable is about 3 billion tons, of which 200 million m³ consists of different kinds of special rock, such as crystal, quartz, muscovite and more.3 The quantity of coal is estimated at 4.5 million m³ tons, how much tin is left unexploited is yet unknown. Up to this moment two companies are interested and have already investigated various possibilities for investment. The vast forest of 43,500 hectares with its natural resources extends over three districts, Kabupaten Manokwari, Kabupaten Bintuni and Kabupaten Wondama. This wealth could be a blessing for the adat population in this region and they might well profit from it, but if they do not have the strategy to manage their natural resources, this will most certainly become a serious threat for themselves as rightful claimants to the land. The population is directly dependent on their natural environment. An example of such a threat is the increasing deforestation because the authorities do not monitor the activities of the companies that clear the forest. Another matter that requires attention is the plan to convert the region into a separate Kabupaten, with the name Kabupaten South Manokwari.4 This future district will consist of 6 sub-districts: Ransiki, Oransbari, Momi Waren, Neney, Tahota and Dataran. The local population, however, is not ready for such a development. Instead of involving the people in the local administration, the result will be that the region will become a defenceless victim of stronger powers which will further marginalize the original population. Background of the film A documentary film will portray the situation of the local population before the various companies will start their operations and it will also show to what extent the people are ready and what problems they will have to face. The District of Masni The Masni District is an extensive lowland plain in the Kabupaten Manokwari covering an area of 1,406.10 km². Situated at about 75 km from the town of Manokwari this region can be reached by car or motorcycle in about 1,5 to 2 hrs. via an asphalt road. Travelling by public transport costs from Rp.35,000,- to Rp.50,000.- (€2.50 - €3.50). The number of inhabitants is at the moment 13,313 (6,759 male, 6,554 female in 3,664 families) and the population density is 9.47 per km². In common with other regions in Papua the education level of the population is very low: only primary education, often unfinished. There are even people who have not had any education at all. The tribe with land rights to the largest area is the Meyakh tribe, the rest of the land is owned by tribes such as Hattam and Sougb. The family names in this case are: Moktis, Waramui, 3 Government presentation of Manokwari concerning opportunities and challenges for investments in Manokwari 2008. 4 Based on the Decision DPRD Kabupaten Manokwari Nr. 03/KPTS/DPRD-MKW/2007 on the 6th of March 2007 concerning the establishment of Kabupaten Manokwari-South; Proposal of the Bupati of Manokwari Nr. 720/0265 on the 20th of March 2007, Proposol to develop the Kabupaten Manokwari South.
  20. 20. Kasi, Dowansiba, Mandacan, Manim, Mosioi, Matabua, Infanindo, Farian, Wariki, Isba, Sora, Mnifos, Meidodga, Manseni and Mansaburi. On the basis of their (mythical) stories, these names originate in the names of the rivers on the Prafi plateau of Masni as far as the tableland of Arfak. Even though their names occur quite frequently and though they use the land for farming, the local population is not dominant as far as numbers are concerned. There are many newcomers: Papuas (Biak, Serui, Wamesa and Wandamen), and non-Papuas (Java, Sunda, Manado, Buton, Ambon and other places). They have found employment as civil servants, farmers and traders, but they also work in the army and the police force. The adat people in the Masni region depend for their living on horticulture, looking for/gathering food and hunting. Apart from garden agriculture Masni is a good place for gathering food for several family groups, which makes this area a special place to provide them with their daily necessities. They subsist on the wealth of the forests and the land without strong competition. Not until 1984 did the original population begin to experience problems, when the national transmigration programme became noticeable in their region with the arrival of all kinds of people of different cultures. Only then did the population find out what it means having to compete in order to survive. What they experienced was that through the Department of Transmigration, the government made the forest in their adat area available for horticulture, rice fields and residential areas. On adat land houses were being built for the migrants and these people were given the right to own the land and to cultivate it. Hopefully the Papuas will be able to share in this development process. However, until now the indigenous population can only stand by helplessly and watch the (transmigration) villages being built. Threat A large flat area with fertile soil, an abundance of water and the enormous riches of the forest, that’s what the Masni region was. Now the area is looked upon with greedy eyes by all kinds of interested parties with a view to development and profitable activities, among them BUMIN (Badan Usaha Milik Negara), big state enterprises in the field of forest management (INHUTANI) and horticulture/plantations (PTPN). The activities which have been carried by PTPN since 1983 have to do with making the Warmare area more accessible.5 But even before the PTPN started work here to prepare the land for building, INHUTANI was already felling trees without compensation to the original population as owners of land and forests, without sharing the proceeds. At the time the people felt pressured by the military and the authorities, in such a way that they gave up their land to be used for oil palm plantations. During the period of reform (after Suharto), the threat to the Masni area really became perceptible. The government made the region accessible to investors under the pretence of improving the welfare of the population and raising the local income (PAD, Pendapatan Asli Daerah, local income). An example of this is the moment when they brought in a big multi- sectorial company, PT.MEDCO Indonesia, with a palm oil plantation the size of 13,850 hectares.6 Although the MEDCO activities take place in post-Suharto times, the population sustained enormous losses because they were pressed to accept a lease (HGU, Hak Guna Usaha, company law) at Rp.45.— per m² for a period of 35 years, which is a totally unacceptable price. The oil palm plantation not only poses a threat to nature, but also to Papuan culture. In all the places where the activities of this PTPN company take place, the local people are caught unawares by modernity, resulting in consumptive behaviour which is not supported by 5 The unclear process under which this soil has been given in use by PTPN hasn’t been clarified to this date. 6 Based on Grant Bupati Manokwari Nr.592.2/1226 dated on the 8th of August 2007 and Business License Bupati Manokwari Nr.520/1225 dated on the 15th of August 2007.
  21. 21. knowledge about modern economics. People pursue a new lifestyle without having the ability to deal properly with it, with the consequence that problems arise, such as alcoholism and conflicts between groups of people. Best-known are the conflicts and fights about landownership in the Warmare and Sidey region between the original population and migrants.7 Mnukwar holds the view that capacity strengthening is very important for the Masni population, because thereby they will adopt a critical attitude towards new developments, so that all kinds of undesirable developments as in Warmare may be prevented. The most important aspect, however, is that the population will be strong enough to find ways to retain their rights, identity and natural resources. Background of the film. A documentary film is made which describes the situation and living conditions of a population that, unfortunately, has to learn to live with the proximity of a big company. The problems are visualized and as well as the state of the natural environment. Objectives Growth of the mental resilience of the population by transfer of knowledge, stock-taking, documentation, publication and information. Recording the original way of life, including the potential and management of the natural resources, and giving publicity to it. Informing the local authorities and the general public in Papua, with the aim of offering the basis for a correct development of forestry. Management and exploitation remain in the hands of the local population. Adat land rights are acknowledged and supported by authorities and general public and subsequently safeguarded against the interests of mining companies or large-scale plantations. Activities Mnukwar Media Center, several members of which have been active in this field for many years and have produced various films, are going to record the original way of life, together with the local population. An inventory will be made of the problems and potential of each specific area. The local people will be instructed how to film these things themselves. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement? Questions. Mnukwar expects that by producing the video films in a participative way the local population will learn how to deal with their problems and to convince the authorities of alternative ways of raw materials and forest management. In all this and on their own conditions, the rights of the original population to the management of their natural resources and the forests will be recognized 7 Without financial compensation for the use of the soil by the immigrants, the adat population are of the opinion that this soil is their property. The immigrants, however, maintain that the land certificate distributed by BPN (Badan Pertanahan Negara, Kadaster) is a legal document that proves their real property.
  22. 22. 1 Project number BIK 0901 2 Project name Teaching@Biak-Utara, community learning centre 3 Desa or Kecamatan Biak Utara (North Biak) 4 Target/category Women/children and youth 5 # direct beneficiaries 325 (50/50) 6 Implementing organization GKI 7 Duration 1 year, from December 2009 onwards 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project Accommodation, appliances (a.o computers) and electricity 10 Requested contribution Hapin Hapin IDR 220,753,250.- 11 Recommended contribution Hapin IDR 136,753,250.- Background/Problems Computer skills as well as English are very important to get on in life in this globalizing world, but they are also essential for a good school career. Unfortunately the level of education is Papua is very low, including that of the poor region of North-Biak. Objectives Generally speaking the mission is: “Teaching@Biak-Utara works hard at trying to establish a society in which everyone is making the most of his/her capacities. This will be achieved by full access to education and culture.” In order to realize this Teaching@Biak-Utara carries out the following: Carrying out educational programmes which will provide young people, women and children with better abilities to deal with the challenges of society. Experimenting with cheap, attractive, participative and interactive teaching methods for the students and for those who make use of the teaching facilities. Involving the local community in the activities of the training centre. Activities Continuation of the existing (small) training centre. Except for when classes are held it is open to visitors for 27 hours per week. The centre is equipped with computers (part of the project), a small library and audio-visual material in English. Training aimed at improving computer skills and English for 98 persons in all (women, young persons and children). The courses last 44 weeks, during which 4 groups of 12 participants have classes during 2 hours a week. Once every fortnight there are film sessions with high-grade films in English, sub-titled in Indonesian. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions The proposal is top-grade, with a logical framework, risk management plan and objective tree. It includes all the necessary indicators and evaluation moments.
  23. 23. 1 Project number BAL 0901 2 Project name Cattle breeding project Lenyo Sili 3 Desa or Kecamatan Desa Wesaput, district of Wamena 4 Target/category Strengthening of village economy 5 (In)direct beneficiaries Directly 10, indirectly 35 – male/female 33/67 6 Implementing organization Group of pig farmers Lenyo Sili Wesama 7 Duration From June 2008 to June 2009 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project Rp.7,000,000.- 10 Assistance from third parties In the past Rp.2,000,000.- from local authorities. 11 Requested contribution Hapin Rp.39,000,000.- 12 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp.39,000,000.- = € 2888.- (€ 1 = Rp.13,500) Background/problems Partly influenced by the authorities attempts were made in the past to get a process going to adopt more modern methods in traditional pig breeding. One of the suggestions was to put the pigs in different sties. The counselling of this process, however, was definitely inadequate and there was not sufficient working capital. This has most certainly done no good to the ties among the various families. Money is needed for schooling and medical expenses. Objectives Due to a better assessment of the requirements to start a small-scale business on a solid basis, the group has again sufficient confidence to pick up the original idea and implement it. Activities During the time needed to purchase all the necessary materials, other members of the group will be able to prepare the land, such as clearing, levelling and survey. In this way all the members of the group have their own tasks. All the activities are now carried out collectively with renewed enthusiasm and will motivate and benefit the group as a whole. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions It is precisely due to the strength of their own tradition that lesser disputes are more easily settled and that mutual trust is soon restored. A new initiative may play a positive role in all this.
  24. 24. 1 Project number MER 09 22 2 Project name Extracurricular practical training 3 Desa or Kecamatan Kelurahan Samkakai/Merauke 4 Target/category Schoolchildren/practical training 5 (In)direct beneficiaries 100 f/m : 30/70 6 Implementing organisation SMU Negeri II Merauke (public higher secondary education) 7 Duration July 2009 – June 2010 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project 10 Requested contribution Hapin 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp. 50,000,000.- Background/Problems This secondary school is situated close by areas where many Papuans are living. This means that the percentage of Papuans at this school is the highest as compared with that of other secondary schools in Merauke. However, Papuans are by birth at a disadvantage as compared with non-Papuans, for example with regards to computer skills. There is no such thing as a computer in the home of a Papua child. No special attention is given to groups of people who are lagging behind in their development. The little computer training that is being given is quite insufficient, and in their adult lives these Papua children will not be able to compete adequately with others on the labour market. Objectives Reducing the lost ground in computer skills for Papuan pupils. Secondly making it easier for them to practise athletics with the aim of advancing the creativity, motivation and mental fighting spirit of Papua pupils. Activities With the money: 5 computers will be bought and installed equipment for athletics will be bought and prepared for use a sports field will be built Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions The interesting thing about this project is the fact that the school is situated in the middle of a neighbourhood where many Papuans are living. In this way the pupils and their parents have an emotional interest in the school, and therefore the school takes its responsibility for extracurricular training. Such a relationship between school, parents and pupils is important for the continuation of the extra-curricular activities using the school facilities. As regards to athletics many Papuans are in the national Indonesian team. Practising sports can be a means of advancement, as generally speaking sports activities stimulate physical and mental self-confidence.
  25. 25. 1 Project number MER 09 23 2 Project name Documenting culture, natural resources and adat landrights in Wamal 3 Desa or Kecamatan Wamal/Tubang district 4 Target/category Entire community / protection of adat rights 5 (In)direct beneficiaries 1000 m/f 6 Implementing organisation Almamater foundation and the Wamal adat village organisation 7 Duration July 2009 – june 2010 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project 10 Requested contribution Hapin 11 Recommende contribution Hapin Rp. 45,500,000.- Background/Problems The people in Wamal live on the food provided by their natural surroundings: the sea, the marshes and the forest. Manufacturing products in order to make some money has become more important in the last few years. The result of this is that old agreements made in accordance with customary law are no longer observed. The younger generation often does not know any more what the ancient agreements are, often resulting in conflicts between families, clans and villages. Objectives Keeping a record of customary law in a participative way, so that knowledge about adat rights can be passed on and authenticated again. By doing so the number of conflicts will diminish. Activities Organising participative meetings in and between families, clans and villages in order to record stories and information about culture and boundaries of (usufruct of) land in accordance with customary law. All this information will be documented and made known to the authorities and the population in the district. A final seminar will be organised. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions It is very important that the adat village organisation implements the project itself. Almamater only facilitates matters. Documents with adat information are products of this project.
  26. 26. 1 Project number MER 09 24 2 Project name Documenting culture, natural resources and adat landrights in Dokip 3 Desa or Kecamatan Dokip/Tubang district 4 Target/category Entire community / protection of adat rights 5 (In)direct beneficiaries 1000 m/f 6 Implementing organisation Almamater foundation and the Dokip adat village organisation 7 Duration July 2009 – June 2010 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project 10 Requested contribution Hapin 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp. 45,500,000.- Background/Problems The people in Dokip live on the food provided by their natural surroundings: the sea, the marshes and the forest. Manufacturing products in order to make some money has become more important in the last few years. The result of this is that old agreements made in accordance with customary law are no longer observed. The younger generation often does not know any more what the ancient agreements are, often resulting in conflicts between families, clans and villages. Objectives Keeping a record of customary law in a participative way, so that knowledge about adat rights can be passed on and authenticated again. By doing so the number of conflicts will diminish. Activities Organising participative meetings in and between families, clans and villages in order to record stories and information about culture and boundaries of (usufruct of) land in accordance with customary law. All this information will be documented and made known to the authorities and the population in the district. A final seminar will be organised. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions It is very important that the adat village organisation implements the project itself. Almamater only facilitates matters. Documents with adat information are products of this project.
  27. 27. 1 Project number MER 09 25 2 Project name Documenting culture, natural resources and adat landrights in Yowit 3 Desa or Kecamatan Yowit/Tubang district 4 Target/category Entire community / protection of adat rights 5 (In)direct beneficiaries 1000 m/f 6 Implementing organisation Almamater foundation and the Yowit adat village organisation 7 Duration July 2009 – June 2010 8 Continuation of - 9 Own contribution to project 10 Requested contribution Hapin 11 Recommended contribution Hapin Rp 44,500,000.- Background/Problems The people in Yowit live on the food provided by their natural surroundings: the sea, the marshes and the forest. Manufacturing products in order to make some money has become more important in the last few years. The result of this is that old agreements made in accordance with customary law are no longer observed. The younger generation often does not know any more what the ancient agreements are, often resulting in conflicts between families, clans and villages. Objectives Keeping a record of customary law in a participative way, so that knowledge about adat rights can be passed on and authenticated again. By doing so the number of conflicts will diminish. Activities Organising participative meetings in and between families, clans and villages in order to record stories and information about culture and boundaries of (usufruct of) land in accordance with customary law. All this information will be documented and made known to the authorities and the population in the district. A final seminar will be organised. Expected results/Indicators/Points for improvement/Questions It is very important that the adat village organisation implements the project itself. Almamater only facilitates matters. Documents with adat information are products of this project.
  28. 28. 1 Project number MER 09 26 2 Project name Training and study trip for agricultural development 3 Village or District Merauke, Bogor, Solo 4 Target group/category Staff NGO’s and farmers. 5 Number of beneficiaries f/m : 3/5 6 Executive organisation Polytechnic School Foundation Yasanto, Foundation Almamater and Health Development Service Merauke 7 Duration June 2009 – Dec 2009 8 Follow up - 9 Own contribution project Contribution Caritas Australia Rp. 35.000.000,- 10 Requested contribution by Hapin 11 Recommended contribution by Hapin Rp. 37.500.000,- Background/Problems Agriculture has an enormous potential in the Merauke area. Agriculture is marginal, however, and produces little. It is important to gather knowledge outside Papua to develop agriculture. Objectives. To develop agricultural techniques based on the existing practice and knowledge of the population. Its objective being to produce healthier food for their own consumption, to increase their income by selling meat and agricultural products, and to generate electricity through biogas. Activities. 5 People visit Bogor and Solo. In Bogor (Taman Sringganis) knowledge is acquired about medicinal plants and agricultural development based on traditional knowledge and agriculture. In Solo (LPTP) they concentrate on cattle, organic manure, meat production and the use of manure for biogas installations. Expected results/Indicators/Points of improvements/Questions. The Government has followed too long the wrong development strategies and imposed new agricultural methods which did not take into account the existing practice and knowledge. Thus, this project promotes appropriate, local agricultural techniques. However, one of the objectives is to generate electricity with biogas installations. Partner Caritas Australia is also a great supporter of this . Hapin has gathered more information about it, among others at the biogas project of Hivos in Indonesia. The region of Merauke appears to be not very suitable for the construction of biogas installations owing to the limited infrastructure (e.g. for carrying out repairs). It is even less suitable for the generation of electricity. That is expensive and inefficient. The installations are being used for gas production which is directly burnt in cooking apparatus. The latter are not used in Papua. Caritas is more positive. For a possible second phase we will review this point again.
  29. 29. 1 Project number MER 09 27 2 Project name Test plot and laboratory for agricultural practical education 3 Village or District Department Mandala, Merauke town 4 Target group/category College students/agricultural practical education 5 Number of beneficiaries 75 m/f 6 Executive organisation Polytechnic School Foundation Yasanto 7 Duration June 2009 – June 2010 8 Follow up - 9 Own contribution project 10 Requested contribution by Hapin 11 Recommended contribution by Hapin Rp. 50.000.000,- Background/Problems Agriculture has an enormous potential in the Merauke Area. Many Papuans have limited knowledge and abilities in that field. There is agricultural education, but the school lacks the facilities for good practical education. Objectives. The promotion of (organic) agricultural practical education by fitting out facilities. The school finds it important that the population is also involved in education. Non-students are also invited for practical teaching at the test plot. Activities. The building of a fence around the test plot. The development of a plot the seed-improvement and cultivation Organic agricultural education for students and farmers. Expected result/Indicators/Points of improvement/Questions Knowledge and abilities of the students and others involved are improved, and are directly brought into practice.
  30. 30. 1 Project number MER 09 28 2 Project name Repairs and fitting out of sports facilities for youth 3 Village or District Okaba 4 Targetgroup/category Drop outs/ practical education 5 Number of beneficiaries 30 f/m : 30/70 6 Executive organisation Boxing school ‘Animha’ Okaba 7 Duration June 2009 – June 2010 8 Follow up - 9 Own contribution project 10 Requested contribution by Hapin 11 Recommended contribution by Hapin Rp 37.900.000,- Background/Problems Also in Papua there is a drop-out problem. The costs for further education are often a problem. Youngsters are unemployed and at a certain moment the motivation will also drop to do something useful. Their capabilities are limited. There is a lot of motivation to become a professional sportsman/woman. Objectives. By making available boxing facilities youngster can develop boxing techniques. More important is to motivate them again and bring back a certain discipline. The boxing club is used to coach, to motivate and activate youngsters. Activities The funds are used for The repairs of the boxing school The purchase of boxing equipment Organisational expenses, incl fund raising. Expected results/Indicators/Points of improvement/Questions Using sports purposefully to motivate youngsters is a relatively new activity in Southern Papua. Not many youngsters will become professional boxers. The promotion of motivation, creativity and physical and mental resilience is the most important for a good many young people, but difficult to measure. It is also important to develop and re-activate the organisation around boxing.
  31. 31. 1 Project number MER 09 29 2 Project name Pitching a ”reading bivouac” in Wamal 3 Village or District Wamal/Tubang District 4 Target group/category Preparation for education/children 5 (In)direct beneficiaries 200 m/f 6 Executive organisation Polytechnic school Yasanto 7 Duration June 2009 – June 2010 8 Follow up - 9 Own contribution project 10 Requested contribution by Hapin 11 Recommended contribution by Hapin Rp 41.500.000,- Background/Problems Wamal is situated far from the main town of Merauke. The educational facilities (there is one elementary school) are very limited. The traditional way of life and the relative isolation do not promote motivation for school. The children have very limited reading, writing and arithmetic skills. Objectives. The ”reading bivouac” is a method to make children and adults more enthusiastic for the subject-matter offered at school. It stimulates going to school and a more studious but critical attitude towards the outside world. It also promotes the involvement of the parents with the school. Activities. A bivouac is fitted out with book shelves, books and a seating arrangement. Children and adults are going to read together. The driving force is the local teacher. Besides the local government, local leaders and staff of Yasanto are also involved in the organisation around the reading bivouac.
  32. 32. 1 Project number MER 09 30 2 Project name Pitching a “reading bivouac” in Dokip 3 Village or District Dokip/Tubang District 4 Target group/category Educational preparation/children 5 (In)direct beneficiaries 200 m/f 6 Executive organisation Polytechnic school Yasanto 7 Duration June 2009 –June 2010 8 Follow up - 9 Own contribution project 10 Requested contribution by Hapin 11 Recommended contribution by Hapin Rp 40.000.000,- Background/Problems Dokip is situated far from the main town of Merauke. The educational facilities (there is one elementary school) are very limited. The traditional way of life and the relative isolation do not promote motivation for school. The children have very limited reading, writing and arithmetic skills. Objectives. The ”reading bivouac” is a method to make children and adults more enthusiastic for the subject-matter offered at school. It stimulates going to school and a more studious but critical attitude towards the outside world. It also promotes the involvement of the parents with the school. Activities. A bivouac is fitted out with book shelves, books and a seating arrangement. Children and adults are going to read together. The driving force is the local teacher. Besides the local government, local leaders and staff of Yasanto are also involved in the organisation around the reading bivouac.
  33. 33. 1 Project number MER 09 31 2 Project name Pitching a “reading bivouac” in Yowit 3 Village or District Yowit/Tubang District 4 Target group/category Educational preparation/children 5 (In)direct beneficiaries 200 m/f 6 Executive organisation Polytechnic school Yasanto 7 Duration June 2009 –June 2010 8 Follow up - 9 Own contribution project 10 Requested contribution by Hapin 11 Recommended contribution by Hapin Rp 45.000.000,- Background/Problems Yowit is situated far from the main town of Merauke. The educational facilities (there is one elementary school) are very limited. The traditional way of life and the relative isolation do not promote motivation for school. The children have very limited reading, writing and arithmetic skills. Objectives. The ”reading bivouac” is a method to make children and adults more enthusiastic for the subject-matter offered at school. It stimulates going to school and a more studious but critical attitude towards the outside world. It also promotes the involvement of the parents with the school. Activities. A bivouac is fitted out with book shelves, books and a seating arrangement. Children and adults are going to read together. The driving force is the local teacher. Besides the local government, local leaders and staff of Yasanto are also involved in the organisation around the reading bivouac. Reeds gecorrigeerd: MAN 0903, BIK 0901, BAL 0901

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