Does contemporary employment
arrangements affect employee
mental well-being and
social variations in employee
mental well-...
Introduction
 Frameworks in job stress literature:
 Job Demand-Control(-Support) (Karasek & Theorell,
1990)
 Effort-Rew...
 Multidimensional approach of
employment quality
 Based upon framework of Benach et al.
 Dual labour market
 Vulnerabl...
Methods
Data
 European Social Survey 2010 (ESS5)
 Module on "Work, Family and Wellbeing“
 21 EU-member states
 People ...
Methods
Measures
Dimensions of employment quality
Dimensions of intrinsic quality of work
Methods
Measures
Methods
Measures
 Outcome: poor mental well-being
 Based upon WHO-5 Well-being index
 Only 3 items of the 5 item scale ...
 Gender stratified
 Multivariate linear regression models
 Controlled for age, SES and country dummies
 Listwise delet...
Results
Crude effects on poor well-being
n.s.n.s.
Results
Estimates of the relation between job quality and poor mental well-being in female employees
n.s.
n.s.
n.s.
Results
Full model estimates of the relation between job quality and poor mental well-being
 Additional to a low intrinsic QOW, low QOE
lowers employee well-being
 Higher vulnerability could arise from gender
dif...
 Negative male well-being effect of lack of
representation
– Different type of jobs or sectors
– Important meaning for ma...
Discussion
Limitations
• Cross-sectional data source
• Use of proxies for underlying theoretical
concept
• Psychological d...
Discussion
Future research
 include interaction effects of gender and
family characteristics or housework
responsibilitie...
Thank you for your
attention
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Does contemporary employment arrangements affect employee mental well-being...

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"Does contemporary employment arrangements affect employee mental well-being and social variations in employee mental well-being regardless of intrinsic job characteristics? A gender perspective", by Deborah De Moortel & Christophe Vanroelen from Vrije Universiteir Brussel.

Presented at "2013 Special Interest Meeting on Comparative research in health sociology and social epidemiology in European Societies"

Published in: Healthcare, Business, Technology
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Does contemporary employment arrangements affect employee mental well-being...

  1. 1. Does contemporary employment arrangements affect employee mental well-being and social variations in employee mental well-being regardless of intrinsic job characteristics? A gender perspective. Deborah De Moortel & Christophe Vanroelen
  2. 2. Introduction  Frameworks in job stress literature:  Job Demand-Control(-Support) (Karasek & Theorell, 1990)  Effort-Reward Imbalance (Siegrist, 1996)  …  Recent development: rise of new forms of employment arrangements which affect well- being of working population  Intrinsic features of work tasks need to be complimented with indicators for the quality of the "surrounding" employment arrangement
  3. 3.  Multidimensional approach of employment quality  Based upon framework of Benach et al.  Dual labour market  Vulnerable position of women  Sociological stress model  Gender roles Background
  4. 4. Methods Data  European Social Survey 2010 (ESS5)  Module on "Work, Family and Wellbeing“  21 EU-member states  People in wage employment aged 15 to 65  total sample:  7,197 male workers  7,038 female workers
  5. 5. Methods Measures Dimensions of employment quality
  6. 6. Dimensions of intrinsic quality of work Methods Measures
  7. 7. Methods Measures  Outcome: poor mental well-being  Based upon WHO-5 Well-being index  Only 3 items of the 5 item scale measured  1. positive mood  2. calmness (absence of stress/anxiety)  3. vigour and energy  Continuous outcome - range 0-10
  8. 8.  Gender stratified  Multivariate linear regression models  Controlled for age, SES and country dummies  Listwise deletion  4 steps 1. Null model 2. Crude effects of covariates 3. Effect of QOE 4. Effect of Intrinsic QOW 5. Full model Methods Analyses
  9. 9. Results Crude effects on poor well-being n.s.n.s.
  10. 10. Results Estimates of the relation between job quality and poor mental well-being in female employees n.s. n.s. n.s.
  11. 11. Results Full model estimates of the relation between job quality and poor mental well-being
  12. 12.  Additional to a low intrinsic QOW, low QOE lowers employee well-being  Higher vulnerability could arise from gender differences in the investment in family responsibilities – Income situation: single parents – Part-time work: increases opportunity for housework – Irregular unsocial hours: increases WLB  Positive female well-being effect of lack of training – Training opportunities could have effect on WLB Discussion
  13. 13.  Negative male well-being effect of lack of representation – Different type of jobs or sectors – Important meaning for male identity – Different coping styles  Women with high QOE relations have a higher well-being because they have better intrinsic QOW, compared to women with a low QOE relations – Insider-outsider divide Discussion
  14. 14. Discussion Limitations • Cross-sectional data source • Use of proxies for underlying theoretical concept • Psychological demands scale • Reverse causation
  15. 15. Discussion Future research  include interaction effects of gender and family characteristics or housework responsibilities when researching the mental well-being effect of job quality  Include mediator effect of welfare regimes and social context  Always use gender-stratified analyses when researching employment quality
  16. 16. Thank you for your attention

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