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De Moortel Deborah & Vanroelen Christophe
Index
1. Objective
2. Results
3. Limitations and strengths
4. Policy implications
WP3. Labour market and employment relate...
O1. Study prevalence, distribution and health equity consequences of
employment and work characteristics; time trends (200...
2. Results of working paper
2.1. Background, method, measures
• Background:
• The quality of work (QOW) is related to work...
2. Results of working paper
WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Results of working paper.
2.2. Measures of...
WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Results of working paper.
2. Results of working paper
Employment quali...
WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Results of working paper.
2. Results of working paper
Employment quali...
2. Results of working paper
Table 1. QOW characteristics
Variables Categories
INTRINSIC JOB CHARACTERISTICS
Country compar...
WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Results of working paper.
2. Results of working paper
2.3. Outcomes
• ...
2.6. Results
2.6.1. Intrinsic job characteristics
WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Research design.
Fig...
2.6. Results
2.6.1. Intrinsic job characteristics
Figure 3 Distribution of job quadrants (sorted by high
strain jobs) acro...
2.6. Results
2.6.2. Employment quality
Figure 2 Percentage of full-time, part-time and involuntary part-time jobs
across 1...
2.6. Results
2.6.3. Distribution of the QOW across populations and work
environments
0.00
10.00
20.00
30.00
40.00
50.00
60...
2.6. Results
2.6.3. Distribution of the QOW across populations and work
environments
-6.00 -4.00 -2.00 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00...
2.6. Results
2.6.4. Cross-national changes in the prevalence the QOW
Figure 34 Percentage of change in precarious working ...
2.6. Results
2.6.5. Health outcomes
Figure 52 Percentage of change in health and safety risk of a job across 14
EU-member ...
3. Limitations and strengths
1. We see some changes over time:
• Effect of the crisis?
• Other mechanisms?
2. Content of e...
4. Policy implications
• The crisis did not hit equally hard in every country (e.g.
Greece, Ireland)?
•Between country dif...
Thank you for your
attention
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Cross-national variations in the prevalence of health-related employment- and working conditions. Descriptive report.

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"Cross-national variations in the prevalence of health-related employment- and working conditions. Descriptive report", by De Moortel Deborah & Vanroelen Christophe, from Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Presented at the Advisory Board and Steering Committee meeting in Amsterdam. Oct. 2013.

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Cross-national variations in the prevalence of health-related employment- and working conditions. Descriptive report.

  1. 1. De Moortel Deborah & Vanroelen Christophe
  2. 2. Index 1. Objective 2. Results 3. Limitations and strengths 4. Policy implications WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Index.
  3. 3. O1. Study prevalence, distribution and health equity consequences of employment and work characteristics; time trends (2005-2010) and position of vulnerable groups in the European labour market. 1. Objective Specific objective O1.1: To study cross-national variations in the prevalence of health-related employment- and work-related risk factors. Specific objective O1.2: Cross-national changes in the prevalence of employment- and work-related risk factors and health outcomes. Aim: Provision of general background for WP, identification of groups needing special attention, general context for framing country policies WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Objective.
  4. 4. 2. Results of working paper 2.1. Background, method, measures • Background: • The quality of work (QOW) is related to workers’ health; • Good QOW is socially unequally distributed (SEP, gender, ethnicity); • Cluster tendencies in good/bad QOW (primary and secondary labour market); • Crisis is assumed to affect QOW and so health equity; • Methods: • Analyses on existing data: • ESS 2004/5 – ESS 2010 (QOW modules); • In-depth country stratified analyses of prevalence/time, social stratification and country variations in QOW; • Pooled data • Measures • Intrinsic job characteristics • Employment quality • Socio-demographic factors and work environment • Health outcomes WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Results of working paper.
  5. 5. 2. Results of working paper WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Results of working paper. 2.2. Measures of quality of work (QOW) 1. Task content Skill discretion Autonomy 2. Working conditions Psychological demands 3. Employment conditions 4. Employment relations Employment quality typology Median cut-offs Job quadrants Demands Low Demands High Control High Low-strain jobs Active jobs Control Low Passive jobs High-strain jobs
  6. 6. WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Results of working paper. 2. Results of working paper Employment quality typology
  7. 7. WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Results of working paper. 2. Results of working paper Employment quality typology  Non-permanent contract Subjective income Working time arrangements (involuntary) part-time Career opportunities  Training opportunities   Trade union membership  Say (allowed to influence policy descissions)
  8. 8. 2. Results of working paper Table 1. QOW characteristics Variables Categories INTRINSIC JOB CHARACTERISTICS Country comparison association with various socio-demographic factors and work environment Skill discretion dichotomised at the median of the 2010 sample three-level variables using tertiles of the 2010 sample Autonomy Job control Psych. demands Job quadrants high strain / active / passive / low strain jobs Social support 0 = yes / 1 = no not at all true / a little true/ quite true / very true EMPLOYMENT QUALITY Country comparison association with various socio-demographic factors and work environment Employment instability 0 = permanent / 1 = non-permanent Low income 0 = sufficient income / 0.5 = too low income (contributory earner) / 1 = too low income (mean earner Working time arrangements continuous variable three-level variables using tertiles of the 2010 sample Involuntary part-time 0 = full-time / 0.5= part-time / 1 = involuntary part-time employment Career opportunities continuous variable three-level variables using tertiles of the 2010 sample Training opportunities 0 = yes / 1 = no Collective representation 0 = member or trade union / 1= no member Imbalanced power relations continuous variable three-level variables using tertiles of the 2010 sample
  9. 9. WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Results of working paper. 2. Results of working paper 2.3. Outcomes • Self-reported heath: • Good, fair, bad • Mental well-being: • Based upon WHO five Well-being Index • Constructed out of 3 items (α = 0.79) • Health and safety risk of the job: • Yes (a little true, quite true and very true) • No (not at all true) 2.4. Analyses • χ² test - p ≤ 0.05 2.5. Included countries • 14 EU member states participating in ESS2 and ESS5 • Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Spain, Finland, United Kingdom, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Slovakia
  10. 10. 2.6. Results 2.6.1. Intrinsic job characteristics WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Research design. Figure 1. Percentage of high skill discretion jobs across 14 EU-member states in 2010 Mean
  11. 11. 2.6. Results 2.6.1. Intrinsic job characteristics Figure 3 Distribution of job quadrants (sorted by high strain jobs) across 14 EU-member states in 2010 mean
  12. 12. 2.6. Results 2.6.2. Employment quality Figure 2 Percentage of full-time, part-time and involuntary part-time jobs across 14 EU-member states in 2010 mean
  13. 13. 2.6. Results 2.6.3. Distribution of the QOW across populations and work environments 0.00 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 Belong to ethnic minority Do not belong to ethnic minority Training No training Figure 2 Percentage of training or no training across 14 EU-member states in 2010 mean
  14. 14. 2.6. Results 2.6.3. Distribution of the QOW across populations and work environments -6.00 -4.00 -2.00 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 change in low educated Change in medium educated Change in high educated High control jobs Medium control jobs Low control jobs Figure 13 The percentage of change in level of control for the 14 EU- member states between 2004 and 2010 mean
  15. 15. 2.6. Results 2.6.4. Cross-national changes in the prevalence the QOW Figure 34 Percentage of change in precarious working time arrangements across 14 EU-member states between 2004 and 2010 mean
  16. 16. 2.6. Results 2.6.5. Health outcomes Figure 52 Percentage of change in health and safety risk of a job across 14 EU-member states between 2004 and 2010 mean
  17. 17. 3. Limitations and strengths 1. We see some changes over time: • Effect of the crisis? • Other mechanisms? 2. Content of employment quality? 3. Polarization? 4. The necessity of a country typology? Which one? 5. Labour market dynamics WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Limitations and strengths.
  18. 18. 4. Policy implications • The crisis did not hit equally hard in every country (e.g. Greece, Ireland)? •Between country differences are found in the evolution of the QOW •Policy responses of the governments are important determinants of better or worse coping with crisis •Flexicurity vs. Labour market segmentation •The role of income equality WP3. Labour market and employment related policies. Policy implications.
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention

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