Complex sentences are sentences that have a main
(independent) clause and at least one dependent
A main clause has a subject and verb and can stand alone.
It is a complete sentence.
EX : we’ll take a long vacation.
A dependent clause also has a subject and verb, but
it is not complete sentence.
EX :After we have finished the project.
In a complex sentence, the dependent clause is connected to the
main clause by a subordinating conjunction.
The most common subordinating
conjunctions are "after," "although,"
"as," "because," "before," "how,"
"if," "once," "since," "than,"
"that," though," "till," "until,"
"when," "where," "whether,” and
A variety of connecting words may be used to join
There are three basic types of dependent clauses:
We are working on a project that is very difficult.
Connecting Words used in Adjective Clauses (Relative Pronouns)
Animals and Things
Who, whom, that
Common Connecting Words Used in Adverb Clause
More (less, -er ….than, as…as)
If, unless, as long as, provided that, whether or
Although, even though, though, while, where
As, as if, as though
So that, in order that
As, because, since
After, as long as, as soon as, before, once, when
Common Connecting Words Used in Noun Clause
that (or no conjunction)
How, if, what, when, whether,
why, and all other question