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Definition
Complex sentences are sentences that have a main
(independent) clause and at least one dependent
clause.
 A main clause has a subject and verb and can stand alone.
It is a complete sentence.
EX : we’ll take a long vacation.

...
In a complex sentence, the dependent clause is connected to the
main clause by a subordinating conjunction.
The most commo...
A variety of connecting words may be used to join
the clauses.
There are three basic types of dependent clauses:

Adjecti...
Adjective Clauses
MAIN CLAUSE

DEPENDENT CLAUSE

We are working on a project that is very difficult.
Connecting Words used...
Adverb Clauses
Common Connecting Words Used in Adverb Clause
(Subordinating Conjunctions)
Types

Subordinating Conjunction...
Noun Clauses
Common Connecting Words Used in Noun Clause
(Subordinating Conjunctions)
Types

Subordinating Conjunctions

R...
Complex sentences
Complex sentences
Complex sentences
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Complex sentences

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Complex sentences

  1. 1. Definition Complex sentences are sentences that have a main (independent) clause and at least one dependent clause.
  2. 2.  A main clause has a subject and verb and can stand alone. It is a complete sentence. EX : we’ll take a long vacation.  A dependent clause also has a subject and verb, but it is not complete sentence. EX :After we have finished the project.
  3. 3. In a complex sentence, the dependent clause is connected to the main clause by a subordinating conjunction. The most common subordinating conjunctions are "after," "although," "as," "because," "before," "how," "if," "once," "since," "than," "that," though," "till," "until," "when," "where," "whether,” and while."
  4. 4. A variety of connecting words may be used to join the clauses. There are three basic types of dependent clauses: Adjective Clause Adverb Clause Noun Clause
  5. 5. Adjective Clauses MAIN CLAUSE DEPENDENT CLAUSE We are working on a project that is very difficult. Connecting Words used in Adjective Clauses (Relative Pronouns) Types Relative Pronouns Animals and Things Which, that People Who, whom, that Place Where Possession Whose Reason Why, that Time when
  6. 6. Adverb Clauses Common Connecting Words Used in Adverb Clause (Subordinating Conjunctions) Types Subordinating Conjunctions Comparison More (less, -er ….than, as…as) Condition If, unless, as long as, provided that, whether or not Contrast Although, even though, though, while, where Manner As, as if, as though Place Where, wherever Purpose So that, in order that Reason So…that, such…that Result As, because, since Time After, as long as, as soon as, before, once, when
  7. 7. Noun Clauses Common Connecting Words Used in Noun Clause (Subordinating Conjunctions) Types Subordinating Conjunctions Reported Speech that (or no conjunction) Embedded Questions How, if, what, when, whether, why, and all other question words

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