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Topic 1:Sociology of educationPresented by Mr. SoeungSophaEducational SociologyTopic
Overview Sociology Psychology Philosophy2
Content1- Sociology as a Discipline2- Primary Social Institutions3- Sociology of Education4- Theoretical Approaches5- Summ...
Objectives of Topic 1By the end of this topic, you will be able to:Discuss the basic concepts in sociology;Identify the ...
1- Sociology As A Discipline When? Who invented this term? Connected fields? How it is defined Works of Sociologists...
A- When and Who? In 1780 by a French essayist – EmmanuelJoseph Sieyes in an unpublished manuscript. Auguste Comte (Frenc...
B- Connected Fields Sociology ties with other disciplines that alsodiscuss the study of society: Anthropology, Economics...
Connected field (con.)8Auguste Comte stated that a society’sacquisition of knowledge passes through 3basic stages:
D- How It is Defined Is a systematic study of social life created bypeople and in turn influencing their behavior in acon...
Definition (con.)10 Is the study of human social behavior, especiallythe study of origins, organizations, institutions,an...
E- Works of Sociologists11 To study social interaction, whether they occuron a local, national, or global scale (Ferrante...
F- Why “Sociology”?12
Discussion13 Work with your friends to explore theimportance of sociology to future teachers,list and briefly explain why...
2- Primary Social Institutions14 Social Institutions? Basic areas Basic performances
Social Institutions (SI.)15 Social Institution V.S Social Group? (Ferrante, 2008) Group is only composed of a specific i...
Basic Areas16Sports &MilitaryScience &MedicineMassmediaideologies and standardized patternof behaviors that organizes fam...
2-a. Family17 What does “Family” mean? Family is a universal social institution. It isclaimed as a social group that liv...
Family (con.) Family is a small group that serves basicfunction for the larger society (Talcott Parsons,1951). Family is...
2-b. Education19 Education? Abroad Sense: Edu. refers to any act or experience that hasformative effects on the mind, c...
Education (con.) Technical Sense: Edu. is the process by which society, through schools,colleges, universities, and othe...
Education (Con.) Edu. refers to all experiences in which studentscan learn something: Instruction (intentional facilitat...
223 Mainstreams ofGlobal EducationTo be a means of overcoming handicaps, achieving greater equality &acquiring wealth and ...
2.c. Religion23 Religion? Is an institution that provides answers toquestions of ultimate concern like (Schaefer,1995):...
2-d. Economic and PoliticalInstitutions24 Economic institution is defined as theorganizing, production and distribution o...
25
Basic Performances26 Replacing member Teaching/socialize new members Producing, distributing, and consuming goodsand se...
Discussion27 Why do we have so many forms of socialinstitutions? How do these forms of social institutiondevelop and whe...
3. Sociology of Education28 Definition Areas concerned
 a fundamentally optimistic human endeavorcharacterized by aspirations for progress andbetterment. Is a means to overcom...
What will we exactly study in the areaof sociology? We will study on How public institutions andindividual experiences af...
What is the idea of education? To impart knowledge to students, BUT To equip students with habits and attitudes whichthe...
3.1 Definition of Education32 Durkheim (1895) convinced education as thesocialization of the younger generation, whichis ...
Definitions SE. Is the study on How public institutions andindividual experiences affect education and itsoutcomes (Corwi...
3.2 Main Areas of Concern (Ballantine,2001)34 Are children of parents who are involved in theirschooling more successful ...
 How does professionalization of teachers affect theschool system? Do teacher proficiency exams increase teachingquality...
4. Theoretical Approaches Basic Theories Recent Theories36
4.1 Basic Theories37
4.1.1 Functionalism or StructuralFunctionalism38 Assumes that institutions within a society aremade up interdependent par...
What Durkheim are concerned: With parts of community and with solidarityand cohesion as it moves from the traditionalto m...
Durkheim Pointed: The importance of education in creating moralvalues as the function of the society that helpsto instil ...
4.1.2 Conflict Theory Sadonilk (2001) claims that society is heldtogether by the ability of dominant groups tokeep others...
Compare with Functionalists Agree with functionalist that social institutionswere organized to meet basic social needs H...
4.1.3 Interpretivistic and InteractionTheory Interpretivist: understanding one’s behavior isto discover how they interpre...
4.2 Recent Theories44
4.2.1 Code Theory To connect macro understanding of class relationsto micro understanding of educational process inschool...
4.2.2 Cultural Capital & SymbolicViolence School appears to serveeveryone, but actually itbenefits those of higherSES. H...
4.2.3 Critical Education Theory Localization by connecting theory and practiceto response to authoritarianism andtotalita...
Critical Edu turns to CriticalPedagogy Schools must provide s democratic education. Ethics is a part of education proces...
Discussion How do you use of standardized testscontribute to the problems of inequality in ourschool today? What are the...
5. Summary What are the basic concepts of education? What is Social Institution? How many theories have you learnt so f...
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Sopha_Topic 1_Sociology of Education

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Sopha_Topic 1_Sociology of Education

  1. 1. Topic 1:Sociology of educationPresented by Mr. SoeungSophaEducational SociologyTopic
  2. 2. Overview Sociology Psychology Philosophy2
  3. 3. Content1- Sociology as a Discipline2- Primary Social Institutions3- Sociology of Education4- Theoretical Approaches5- Summary of the Topic 13
  4. 4. Objectives of Topic 1By the end of this topic, you will be able to:Discuss the basic concepts in sociology;Identify the social institution; andDefine the concept and theories of sociology ofeducation4
  5. 5. 1- Sociology As A Discipline When? Who invented this term? Connected fields? How it is defined Works of Sociologists Why “Sociology”?5
  6. 6. A- When and Who? In 1780 by a French essayist – EmmanuelJoseph Sieyes in an unpublished manuscript. Auguste Comte (French thinker) known as “Father of Sociology” in 19 centaury.6
  7. 7. B- Connected Fields Sociology ties with other disciplines that alsodiscuss the study of society: Anthropology, Economics, Political sciences, andPsychology. Why are these connected? Prescribes suitable remedies for social ills; and Responding to the academic challenges of modernityand urbanization ( based on Auguste Comte’sargument)7
  8. 8. Connected field (con.)8Auguste Comte stated that a society’sacquisition of knowledge passes through 3basic stages:
  9. 9. D- How It is Defined Is a systematic study of social life created bypeople and in turn influencing their behavior in acontinuous interaction. (Meighan & Siraj-Blatchford) Is not a question of truth, but of social aspects(Schaefer) Is the study of human behavior as they are affectedby social interactions within groups, organizations,societies and the planet (Ferrante)9
  10. 10. Definition (con.)10 Is the study of human social behavior, especiallythe study of origins, organizations, institutions,and development of human society. Analysis of asocial institution or societal segment as a self-contained entity or in relation to society as awhole. (American Heritage Dictionary of EnglishLanguage) Is the study of development, organization,functioning, and classification of human societies.(Collins Essential English Dictionary)
  11. 11. E- Works of Sociologists11 To study social interaction, whether they occuron a local, national, or global scale (Ferrante,2005). To study social facts which are ideas, feelingsand ways of behaving “that possess theremarkable property of existing outside theconsciousness of the individual (Durkheim, 1895).
  12. 12. F- Why “Sociology”?12
  13. 13. Discussion13 Work with your friends to explore theimportance of sociology to future teachers,list and briefly explain why it is useful for youto study and understand the field of sociology
  14. 14. 2- Primary Social Institutions14 Social Institutions? Basic areas Basic performances
  15. 15. Social Institutions (SI.)15 Social Institution V.S Social Group? (Ferrante, 2008) Group is only composed of a specific identifiablepeople. Institution is a standardized way of doingsomething and is a relatively stable and predicablearrangement among people that have emerged overtime to coordinate human interaction and behaviors inways that meet some human needs (food, shelter,clothing or medical attention) SI. is a set of organized beliefs and rules that
  16. 16. Basic Areas16Sports &MilitaryScience &MedicineMassmediaideologies and standardized patternof behaviors that organizes familylifesocial construction where itspatterns act back to define our worldKnowledge acquired by learning andinstructiondeal with the production,distribution and consumption ofgoods and services and theirmanagementthe activities or affairs engaged in bya government, politicians, or politicalparty
  17. 17. 2-a. Family17 What does “Family” mean? Family is a universal social institution. It isclaimed as a social group that lives together,sharing resources, works as a unit and rearschildren (Murdock, 1949). Family is also known as a Domestic Societyand it is the original and primary manifestationof human sociability.
  18. 18. Family (con.) Family is a small group that serves basicfunction for the larger society (Talcott Parsons,1951). Family is the cornerstone of society(Murdock,1949): Nuclear family Extended family18
  19. 19. 2-b. Education19 Education? Abroad Sense: Edu. refers to any act or experience that hasformative effects on the mind, character, orphysical ability of individual (George F. Kneller,1941) Edu. is the influence exercised by adultgenerations on those that are not yet ready for
  20. 20. Education (con.) Technical Sense: Edu. is the process by which society, through schools,colleges, universities, and other institutions, deliberatelytransmits its cultural heritage – its accumulatedknowledge, values and skills – from one generation toanother (George F. Kneller, 1941) limit our thought to the context of teachers instructingstudents. Understand a particular subject to impart knowledge20
  21. 21. Education (Con.) Edu. refers to all experiences in which studentscan learn something: Instruction (intentional facilitating of learning towardsidentified goals, delivered either by an instructor or otherforms) Teaching (the actions of a real live instructor designed toimpact learning to the students) Training (learning with a view toward preparing learners withspecific knowledge, skills, or abilities that can be appliedimmediately upon completion)21
  22. 22. 223 Mainstreams ofGlobal EducationTo be a means of overcoming handicaps, achieving greater equality &acquiring wealth and status for all by developing every individual to their
  23. 23. 2.c. Religion23 Religion? Is an institution that provides answers toquestions of ultimate concern like (Schaefer,1995): Why is there so much suffering in the world? What will happen to me when I die? Is a unified set of beliefs and practices relative toscared things
  24. 24. 2-d. Economic and PoliticalInstitutions24 Economic institution is defined as theorganizing, production and distribution ofgoods and service for basic needs of human. Political Institution demonstrates types ofpolitical system a country adhere to andbelieve in.
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. Basic Performances26 Replacing member Teaching/socialize new members Producing, distributing, and consuming goodsand services Preserving order Providing and maintaining a sense of purpose
  27. 27. Discussion27 Why do we have so many forms of socialinstitutions? How do these forms of social institutiondevelop and when do the forms of theseinstitutions change?
  28. 28. 3. Sociology of Education28 Definition Areas concerned
  29. 29.  a fundamentally optimistic human endeavorcharacterized by aspirations for progress andbetterment. Is a means to overcoming handicaps,achieving greater equality, and acquiringwealth and status. Is a place where children can develop andgrow based on their unique needs and29
  30. 30. What will we exactly study in the areaof sociology? We will study on How public institutions andindividual experiences affect education and itsoutcomes30 Sociology of Education began with EmileDurkheim’s work on Moral Education as abasic for Organic Solidarity.
  31. 31. What is the idea of education? To impart knowledge to students, BUT To equip students with habits and attitudes whichthey can successfully face the future. Our social and technical skills are acquired viadeliberate institution called Education (Worsley,1998)31
  32. 32. 3.1 Definition of Education32 Durkheim (1895) convinced education as thesocialization of the younger generation, whichis a continuous effort to impose on the childways of seeing, feeling and acting which hecould not have arrived at spontaneously. Formal education is designed to inculcatecrucial skills and values central to the survivalof society or to those who hold effective
  33. 33. Definitions SE. Is the study on How public institutions andindividual experiences affect education and itsoutcomes (Corwin, 1965) SE focuses much on public schooling system(Marshall, 1998) SC. is philosophical and sociological concept, thatdenotes ideologies, curricula, and pedagogicaltechniques of inculcation and management ofknowledge as well as the social reproduction of33
  34. 34. 3.2 Main Areas of Concern (Ballantine,2001)34 Are children of parents who are involved in theirschooling more successful in school? How effective are different teaching techniques,styles of learning, and classroom organizationin teaching students of various types andabilities? What are some community influences of theschool, and how these affect decision marking
  35. 35.  How does professionalization of teachers affect theschool system? Do teacher proficiency exams increase teachingquality? How do issues such as equal opportunity andintegration affect schools? Can minority students learn better in anintegrated school? How does education affect income potential?35Ballantine, 2001 (Con.)
  36. 36. 4. Theoretical Approaches Basic Theories Recent Theories36
  37. 37. 4.1 Basic Theories37
  38. 38. 4.1.1 Functionalism or StructuralFunctionalism38 Assumes that institutions within a society aremade up interdependent parts all workingtogether, each contributing some necessaryactivities to the functioning of the wholesociety (Ballantine, 2001) Emily Durkheim (1895-1917) centered muchon the relationship between society and itsinstitutions which he strongly believed are all
  39. 39. What Durkheim are concerned: With parts of community and with solidarityand cohesion as it moves from the traditionalto modern society (of Ballantine, 2001). The needs of different segments in society inrelation to education, discipline in school, andthe role of schools in preparing young peoplefor society.39
  40. 40. Durkheim Pointed: The importance of education in creating moralvalues as the function of the society that helpsto instil values in children.40
  41. 41. 4.1.2 Conflict Theory Sadonilk (2001) claims that society is heldtogether by the ability of dominant groups tokeep others subordinate, thus inequality islegitimized. Argues that schools train those in workingclasses to accept their position as a lower-class member of society. Besides that,education is assumed as a powerful means of41
  42. 42. Compare with Functionalists Agree with functionalist that social institutionswere organized to meet basic social needs However, do not agree that social institutionswork for the common good of everyone in thesociety.42
  43. 43. 4.1.3 Interpretivistic and InteractionTheory Interpretivist: understanding one’s behavior isto discover how they interpret their actions. Sociologists: how people experience the worldand explore for the reasons why they behave acertain way. Interactionist: limit their analysis to whathappening in classroom. More, the result ofability grouping of students and school as43
  44. 44. 4.2 Recent Theories44
  45. 45. 4.2.1 Code Theory To connect macro understanding of class relationsto micro understanding of educational process inschool. Low-class students: forms of communication“Restrict code”. Middle and High-class students: “Elaborated code” School tends to have different teaching and curricula)45
  46. 46. 4.2.2 Cultural Capital & SymbolicViolence School appears to serveeveryone, but actually itbenefits those of higherSES. High-SES students are scommodity that can betraded in high status inschool and later in46
  47. 47. 4.2.3 Critical Education Theory Localization by connecting theory and practiceto response to authoritarianism andtotalitarianism. All socio-political discourse is related to power. Encourages teachers and students to exploreconflicts to realize greater understanding. Sees classroom as a site for political action,and teachers are agents of change.47
  48. 48. Critical Edu turns to CriticalPedagogy Schools must provide s democratic education. Ethics is a part of education process. Classroom must be made for competing viewsand challenges. Critical pedagogy creates new knowledge +previously silenced voices where educationshould enrich students with new form ofknowledge that reflects our pluralistic society.48
  49. 49. Discussion How do you use of standardized testscontribute to the problems of inequality in ourschool today? What are the major problems confrontingschools in your country today? What do youthink you should do about these problem?49
  50. 50. 5. Summary What are the basic concepts of education? What is Social Institution? How many theories have you learnt so far? Which one do you think it works best?50

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