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Sopha_Chapter 2_Teaching Profession


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Sopha_Chapter 2_Teaching Profession

  1. 1. Chapter 2: The Teaching Profession Presented by Soeung Sopha
  2. 2. Is Teaching a Profession? What is “Profession”? Is teaching a profession? Why?
  3. 3. Characteristics of a Full Profession
  4. 4. Teaching seems to lag of Profession Control over licensing standard and/or entry requirement High prestige and economic standing
  5. 5. A- A Define Body of Knowledge Members of the profession establish their expertise by mastering this defined body of knowledge, and they protect public from untrained amateur by denying membership to those who have not mastered it. Teacher preparation has 3 components: Accreditation Council of Cambodia The National Council for Accreditat ion of Teacher Education
  6. 6. B- Controlling Requirement for Entry and Licensing Variation in certificate:  Usually, most profession is uniform  Preparation and condition for entering teacher are required to pass minimum tests in reading, writing and math. Standard and assessment  Teachers are recruited based on the rank of experienced college graduates.
  7. 7. C- Autonomy in Deciding about Spheres of Work Every member is assumed to be qualified to make professional judgments on the nature of work involved. Control by laypeople is considered the natural enemy the a profession; it limits a professional power and open the door to outside interference. Teachers have less input in curriculum decision. They become vulnerable when seeking to introduce new textbooks or discuss topic. School hire outside experts.
  8. 8. D- High Prestige and Economic Standing Occupational prestige Salary trend:
  9. 9. Trends Toward Professional Although teaching probably should not be considered as fully professionalized occupation, certain trends have helped it moved in that direction. Like, Collective Bargaining – enhance teacher’s capacity to make decision about their classroom work.
  10. 10. Collective Bargaining Is it a professional?  Sometimes it is not like in law or medicine.  It has increasingly focused on concerned other than the fundamental salary.  Mediated Entry:  Lack of assistance for new teachers  Staff Development:  Keep up to date (self-development)  Rising staff development
  11. 11. School-Based Management Decision making at the school level Teacher as an expert School-based management
  12. 12. Teacher Organization Benefit of the membership Specialized professional organization  Subject-related association  Student-related organization Parent-Teacher Association (PTA)
  13. 13. Discussion Is teaching profession? What changes might make teaching a true full profession? Are staff development program essential? Why?