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Argumentativeessay

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Argumentativeessay

  1. 1. Argumentative Essay Writing & Research Presented by: Megan Lowe ULM Reference Librarian
  2. 2. Session Overview  What Is It?  Examples  Getting Started  Research  Quotations & Citations  Q & A Time
  3. 3. What is an argumentative essay?  Is like a persuasive essay  Should present pros and cons of the issue  Should contain an argument  Should contain evidence or support for the issue (facts, statistics, anecdotal evidence)  Should concern a manageable topic Derived from the Bogazici University Writing Lab
  4. 4. Examples of Argumentative Topics  Selling marijuana in public places should be illegal *  Polygamy is a natural state, and should be legal *  Assisted suicide should be legal ¤  Animal testing should be illegal ¤  Graphic video games make kids aggressive and/or violent  Vistas is a better operating system than XP * From Bogazici University Writing Lab ¤ From Glendale Community College English Department
  5. 5. Getting Started  Picking a topic  Something of interest to you  Something interesting  Something controversial  Something argumentative  Getting organized  Outlining your paper  Creating a keyword list  Getting research
  6. 6. General Outline of a Paper  Introduction | Thesis statement  Argument-evidence paragraph #1  Argument-evidence paragraph #2  Argument-evidence paragraph #3  Summary of Argument | Conclusion
  7. 7. Example Outline Thesis: Beans are a more healthy source of protein than beef. 1. Beans are fat-free. (Or, you can point out that beef is not fat-free) 2. Beans are low-sodium. (Or, you can point out that beef is not low-sodium) 3. Beans are cholesterol-free. (Or, you can point out that beef is not cholesterol-free) Conclusion: Based on the facts that they are fat-free, low- sodium, and cholesterol free, beans are definitely a more healthy source of protein than beef.
  8. 8. Research  Evidence for argumentative essays can be objective – like facts, statistics, and case studies – or anecdotal – your personal experiences  Objective evidence will require research – you can use sources like books, articles, websites, and even people!
  9. 9. Research  Books can be found using the Library’s online catalog.  Articles in magazines, newspapers, and journals can be found using the Library’s databases.  Good websites can be found using engines like Google and Ask
  10. 10. Keywords  Regardless of where you seek resources – books, articles, or websites – the best way to search for resources is keyword searching  Keywords represent the most important parts of your thesis statement or argument  Before you start searching, develop a list of keywords from your argument
  11. 11. Keywords: Example  Thesis: Beans are a more healthy source of protein than beef.  Beans  legumes  Source  Healthy – health  Protein  Beef = red meat  Cholesterol You will combine them together using AND! Remember: you aren’t limited to the actual words from the thesis – use related words or alternate ideas! Also, look to your arguments for keywords, too – those are key ideas!
  12. 12. The Library’s Resources: Books
  13. 13. Looking Up Books: Catalog beans and health
  14. 14. Catalog The Stacks are the books that CAN be checked out. They are housed on the 2, 3, 4, and 5 floors of the Library. The first letter will help you figure out which floor. • A-F = 2nd floor • G-P = 3rd floor • Q = 4th floor • R-Z = 5th floor Delta Stacks are in our Stacks, so no worries! Look! Additional keyword ideas!
  15. 15. The Library’s Resources: Articles Remember: to find articles, you have to check the databases! Articles = Databases!
  16. 16. Databases by Name
  17. 17. Databases by Subject
  18. 18. Databases by Subject
  19. 19. Databases: Ebscohost
  20. 20. Databases: Ebscohost Full-text articles in Ebsco will either be HTML, PDF, or both. If you don’t see HTML or PDF (or both), then the article is not available in full.
  21. 21. Databases: Ebscohost Possible keywords! Abstracts are a summary of the article. This will cite the article for you!
  22. 22. Databases: Ebscohost
  23. 23. Quotations & Citations  Quotations: when you use text from a resource in your own writing  Citations: how you acknowledge resources you’ve used in your paper
  24. 24. Quotations Indirect Quotation: Some researchers note that "children are totally insensitive to their parent's shyness" (Zimbardo 62). Direct Quotation: Zimbardo notes that "children are totally insensitive to their parent's shyness" (62). Paraphrase: While not all children are, research has shown that some children are insensible to the introversion or timidity of their parent or parents (Zimbardo 62).
  25. 25. Citations  Book Langland, William. Piers the Ploughman. Baltimore: Penguin Books, Ltd., 1974.  Journal article Thibodeau, P.L., and S.J. Melamut. "Ergonomics in the Electronic Library." Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 83.3 (July 1995): 322-329.
  26. 26. Citations  Journal article from a database Becker, Karen. "The Characteristics of Bibliographic Instruction in Relation to the Causes and Symptoms of Burnout." RQ 32.3 (Spring 1993): 346-357. EBSCO ERIC. ULM University Library, Monroe, LA. 19 May 2009. <http://www.epnet.com>.
  27. 27. Citations  Website Lowe, Megan. “Citations Guide: MLA Style.” Megan Lowe @ ULM. 8 June 2006. University of Louisiana at Monroe. 12 June 2007 <http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/MLAcitationguide.html>.  Remember: citations are important for two reasons  They allow you to give credit where credit is due, which keeps you from plagiarism and cheating charges  Allows readers to retrace your research steps and look at the actual resources you used
  28. 28. Question & Answer Time
  29. 29. Argumentative Essay FYI  Presentation http://www.ulm.edu/~lowe/argumentativeessay.ppt  Sites Consulted for Presentation Bogacizi University Writing Center Glendale Community College English Dept.  Don’t forget: the OWL at Purdue! http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/  My Contact Info Email: lowe@ulm.edu
  30. 30. Thanks for coming! Remember, if you need help, just ask at the Reference Desk; email us at reference@ulm.edu; or call us at (318) 342-1071! You can also email me at: lowe@ulm.edu

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