Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups


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Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups

  1. 1. Contrasting Cultures
  2. 2. Ethnic and Religious Groups <ul><li>Ethnic group definition </li></ul><ul><li>Each ethnic group has its own distinct language, traditions, arts and crafts, history, way of life and religion </li></ul><ul><li>Religious group definition </li></ul><ul><li>Share a common belief system, but are not necessarily composed of a single ethnic group </li></ul>
  3. 3. Arabs, Persians and Kurds <ul><li>Kurds, Persians, and Arabs are the ethnic groups for Southwest Asia (Middle East). </li></ul><ul><li>Kurds – p. 452 </li></ul><ul><li>Watch video clip </li></ul><ul><li>Read about Sunni and Shi’ite (Shia) Muslims </li></ul>
  4. 5. Middle East and Ethnic Groups <ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 6. Arabs <ul><li>An ethnic group </li></ul><ul><li>Speak Arabic as a native language </li></ul><ul><li>Some are Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Some are Christians </li></ul><ul><li>Southwest Asia and Middle East </li></ul>
  6. 7. Persians <ul><li>Live in Iran </li></ul><ul><li>Until 1935,Iran was known as Persia. </li></ul><ul><li>Iranians today are not Arabs </li></ul><ul><li>Persians speak Farsi. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Kurds <ul><li>Semi-nomadic, tribal people </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq and Turkey have suppressed the Kurds and their traditions. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Jewish People <ul><li>Considered to be an ethnic group and a religious group </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Jews believe in Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Half of Jewish people living in Israel are secular, with no belief in Judaism. </li></ul><ul><li>In Biblical times, the Jewish people were considered to be a nation. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Review – Which group is it? <ul><li>The majority of people in the Middle East belong to this ethnic group. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, most Iranians speak Farsi and are: </li></ul><ul><li>Kurds live in mountainous parts of the Middle East, an area informally called____. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people consider this group to be both an ethnic and religious group. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Religion in the Middle East <ul><li>Judaism -a monotheistic religion of the Jews based on the Torah and the Talmud </li></ul><ul><li>Began about 1800 B.C.E.(B.C.) when God spoke to Abraham; Moses and Abraham were considered prophets </li></ul><ul><li>Jews are still awaiting the Messiah </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred places – Remains of the Jerusalem temple (Wailing Wall), Hebron, Palestine, burial place of Abraham </li></ul><ul><li>2% of the Middle East is Jewish </li></ul>
  11. 12. Islam <ul><li>Islam: the Muslim religion teaching that there is only one God and that Muhammad is his prophet. </li></ul><ul><li>Began in 7 th century by Muhammad </li></ul><ul><li>Believe in Abraham and Moses as prophets; Muhammad is the last prophet. </li></ul><ul><li>Believe Jesus was a prophet. </li></ul><ul><li>Their holy book – parts of the Bible’s Old Testament and New Testament and the Qur’an. </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Places – Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>90% live in Middle East </li></ul>
  12. 13. Christianity B.C.E. = Before Common Era /C.E. = Common Era A nno Domini is Medieval Latin , translated as In the year of (the/Our) Lord <ul><li>Christianity: a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>Began in first century C.E. (A.D) </li></ul><ul><li>Believe in Abraham and Moses as prophets </li></ul><ul><li>Believe Jesus is the Son of God, the Messiah </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Book – Old and New Testament of the Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Places – Many places in the Holy Land (parts of Israel) where Jesus lived. </li></ul><ul><li>4% of Christians live in Middle East </li></ul>
  13. 14. Quick Review – True or False <ul><li>1. The oldest religion in the Middle East is Judaism. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Christians believe Muhammad was a prophet. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Christianity, Judaism, and Islam believe in all or part of the Bible. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Christianity, Judaism, and Islam believe Abraham was a prophet. </li></ul><ul><li>5. In Judaism, Mecca is a sacred place. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Sunnis and Shi’as – Both Muslims <ul><li>Sunni </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful Iraqis </li></ul><ul><li>(Saddam Hussein) </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid </li></ul><ul><li>90% of Muslims are Sunnis </li></ul><ul><li>Sunnis follow sunnah or custom of Muhammad. </li></ul><ul><li>After Muhammad’s death the Sunnis wanted the best leader to succeed </li></ul><ul><li>Shi’ite / Shi’a </li></ul><ul><li>More willing to accept religious leaders as political leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>In Iran, most are Shi’ite. </li></ul><ul><li>After Muhammad’s death, Shias began to follow Ali, Muhammad’s closest relative. </li></ul><ul><li>Ali was Muhammad’s cousin and was married to his daughter. </li></ul><ul><li>The Shia felt that leadership should stay within the prophet’s family. </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Saddam Hussein – Former leader of Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Osama bin Laden – Leader of the Alqaida Terrorist Group said to be the cause of September 11 attacks </li></ul>Muslim Men in the Media