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Arin2600 PPt


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Arin2600 PPt

  1. 1. Guattari’s Machinic Heterogenesis: What the? & De Landa’s “Bloodless Transfusion” Presentation by Edward Colussi
  2. 2. Background: <ul><li>Pierre-Felix Guattari: French Philosopher, militant and psycho therapist. </li></ul><ul><li>Very in depth thought stemming from influences of Lacan and Oury. </li></ul><ul><li>De Land: Writer, Philosopher and professor within many academic communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Both focus on the concepts of value, chaos, the concept of the machine, and finally, that of assemblage. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Machines <ul><li>Machines make the naturally impossible, possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Within each machine, a new outlet of accomplishment is created . </li></ul><ul><li>Not only technology, but living things also. </li></ul><ul><li>Guattari is a bit all over the place. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Being a machine <ul><li>The concept of being a machine is not limited solely to the final material apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Can also be the ideas leading towards it. </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges values, meanings, concepts and relations to allow a better understanding and clarity on not only machines, but many aspects of life. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. the meaning of “assemblage” as just a rigidly set plan of how things go together or combinations of interactions to create different outcomes based on the interacting aspects? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Metal Head, wooden handle </li></ul><ul><li>Even disassembled, still recognisable as a hammer </li></ul><ul><li>Contextually relevant. </li></ul><ul><li>Most relevant within its own “ensemble” of current context as well as historical context. </li></ul><ul><li>Value decreased due to the simplistic nature of “machine”. </li></ul>E.g. The Hammer
  6. 6. <ul><li>The value is based on its relevance within social context . </li></ul><ul><li>However, can also have adverse affects on determining value by changing the values themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Is using technology creating better thought? </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe even an improvement? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it still human if the machine is causing it? </li></ul>What can it mean?
  7. 7. Define:Meaning <ul><li>Signifiers are used to collectively represent certain items based on physical characteristics, similarities in conceptual portrayal or subjective meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>By the constantly evolving machine, the signifiers would constantly change, making their existence redundant, if not less applicable as a definitive value. </li></ul><ul><li>Creates problems for discourse within discussing machines or assemblages theoretically. </li></ul>
  8. 8. So? <ul><li>Guattari uses the concepts of separate universes to divide up each aspect of machines. </li></ul><ul><li>Machines are not just technology, but anything which has independent, yet inter-relative components </li></ul><ul><li>A pile of rocks and a wall are only conceptually different, but are comprised structurally of a relation of stones in a certain configuration. </li></ul>
  9. 9. So, almost anything is a machine? <ul><li>Anything which involves a multitude of different aspects to create a final result, either physically, theoretically or otherwise, can be seen as a machine at work. </li></ul><ul><li>Allopoeitic – Ovens make bread, Matches make fire </li></ul><ul><li>Autopoeitic – Schools further creating students and teachers through replication of education standards and social norms. </li></ul><ul><li>Not all at once; happens at different times in different places. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Discusses Turing machine; simulated other machines. </li></ul><ul><li>The constant progression of machine simulating machine may eventuate in human will being removed. </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative to soldiers who had their free will to function as an individual removed and (eventually) given back. </li></ul><ul><li>War: Artificial intelligence that can kill us all? </li></ul>De Landa: Simulations
  11. 11. Questions: <ul><li>What kind of assemblages have these readings opened your eyes up to and would there be a complication in creating an overarching malleable definition of machines and assemblages? </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly, what are all your thoughts on creating a machine capable of maintaining, replicating itself and being autonomous? Would this help or hinder the human species? What about the species of technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Does one really need to think so deeply into this? What does it achieve for technology, humanity, or philosophy? </li></ul>