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Pawan Kumar, IRRAD

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Pawan Kumar, IRRAD

  1. 1. Improving rural livelihoods through better agricultural practices Together, We Empower Rural India IDCA , 2014 Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  2. 2. Issues in agriculture - land Degradation Approximately 50% of cultivable land is degraded in India Area of concern for soil degradation http://www.icrisat.org/what-we-do/agroecosystems/TATA/introduction.htm More than 50% of area is degraded http://enviro.lclark.edu/groups/scholarship/wi ki/53369/ Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  3. 3. Issues in agriculture – Water Shortage Every region of India facing water shortage Water Risk Country Water exploitation is largest in the world Source : http://www.wri.org/resources/maps/aqueduct-water-risk-atlas Source : India groundwater image: Adapted from National Geophysical Research Institute via Science NOW http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/india_water.html Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  4. 4. Issues in agriculture – Stable productivity India’s 78% of food and nutrition security is ensure by Wheat and Rice The area and productivity of Wheat and Rice are almost constant in past five years Rice 3000 2500 2802 2202 2907 2178 Wheat 2988 2830 2130 Rice 2239 3140 2372 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 45.5 43.9 28 2007-08 Productivity ( kg/ha) Wheat 41.8 42.86 43.97 27.8 28.5 29.07 29.09 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Area under crop ( MH) Source : http://www.niir.org/information/content.phtml?content=162 Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  5. 5. Issues in agriculture – Demand Vs Supply Widening gap between food production and population growth Food production ( MT) 250 209.8 275 2001 2011 2050(P) 176.4 200 150 100 218.2 108.4 14.57 129.6 82 50 0 1961 1971 1981 1991 1.6 Population (billion) 1.5 1.21 32.23% 1.03 1 0.5 0.85 0.44 0.55 0.68 0 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 P- Projected Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) 2050(P)
  6. 6. Issues in agriculture – Deficient Soil Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  7. 7. Soil Mapping -Mewat Nitrogen Nitrogen (MA) Sulphur Iron Phosphorus Zinc Potash Manganese Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) Saline soil Alkaline soil
  8. 8. Krishi Jyoti – Project Location India Haryana State Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of S.M. Sehgal Foundation) Mewat district
  9. 9. Krishi Jyoti- Model One Acre Plot Control Plot Demo Plot ( 0.5 acre) ( 0.5 acre) Seed Best Management Practices Traditional Practices Best Management Practices ( BMP’s) • Soil Testing • Quality Seed • Appropriate seed rate • Balance Fertilizers • All Micronutrient • Right Quality and Quantity of Pesticides • Regular Advice Traditional Practices • No soil testing • Local seed • Very high seed rate • Skewed use of Fertilizers • No Micronutrient • No Pesticides • Lack of regular advice Farmers observation Realization and Sensitization through field days High Yield Vs Low Yield Increase farmers confidence Adoption of knowledge Scaling up / adoption of Practices Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  10. 10. Krishi Jyoti –Achievement      Project duration - 2008-13 ( conti...) Partner – Mosaic India Fertilizers Pvt. Ltd Villages - 30 Household - 4783 Population - 45000 Agriculture Water management Soil Micro analysis 2600 Checkdams 2 Land Covered 4230 ha Recharge well 47 Total Demo 6693 Culvert Structure 6 Soak pit/ Soak well 765 Well 12 Vegetable IPNM demo 200 Sprinkler 9 RWH 56 School repair 5 Water bodies / Ponds 9 Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of S.M. Sehgal Foundation)
  11. 11. Impacts 25% 35% 22% 4.19 5.21 3.79 Wheat Mustard Millet Productivity Benefit Cost ratio Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of S.M. Sehgal Foundation)
  12. 12. Impacts Gross income increase/ acre: • Wheat 15-17% (US$ 59 to 61) • Mustard 18-21% (US$ 78 to 82) • Millet 28-33% (US$ 17 to 21.75) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  13. 13. Impacts INM practices increases nutritive value of fodder Mg (ppm) - % high in DP over FP 130 45 96.00 34.52 30.33 27.13 25 15 30 9.14 -15.62 S-1 S-2 S-3 -15.72 -7.62 S-4 S-5 5 -5 Zn (ppm)- % high in DP over FP 195 36.11 35 80 -20 K (ppm)- % high in DP over FP S-2 S-3 S-4 45 110.00 133.33 36.56 35 57.89 45 15 18.42 -5 S-2 S-5 25 95 S-1 S-1 Fe (ppm)- % high in DP over FP 180.00 145 -4.16 S-3 S-4 S-5 8.84 13.91 5.76 5 -5 -0.78 S-1 S-2 Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of S.M. Sehgal Foundation) S-3 S-4 S-5
  14. 14. Technology introductions- agriculture Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of S.M. Sehgal Foundation)
  15. 15. Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  16. 16. Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of the S.M. Sehgal Foundation) Augmenting productivity of lead crop through sustainable agricultural practices in Mewat Supported by :- National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development NABARD Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of S.M. Sehgal Foundation)
  17. 17. NABARD VDC Bhadas VDC VDC Karhedi VDC VDC Village level operation Shsihwana Mandikehra Nagina CDC PMC NABARD HO Finance , Admin and monitoring Project progress, monitoring , Approvals and finance Finance and monitoring Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  18. 18. Work Progress Intervention Quantity Compost Unit 17 Demonstration Wheat Mustard 20 40 Soil test 100 Animal Insurance 78 Animal Nutrition's 50 Animal Vaccination 496 Farmers training 28 Village Library 5 Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of S.M. Sehgal Foundation)
  19. 19. Composting Units 12 ft 4 ft 2 ft Total capacity = 40 qtl approx Days for complete decomposition = 45-60 days Microorganism Solution for fast decomposition Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of S.M. Sehgal Foundation)
  20. 20. Technology Transfer Centre Facility Computer with Internet connection Printer Display Board for IEC materials Information and education material Journals and Patrika Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of S.M. Sehgal Foundation)
  21. 21. Application of ICT in the project • Use of Mobile based Interactive Voice Response Services (IVRS) • Calls per month 2000-3000 • Content Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) (An initiative of S.M. Sehgal Foundation)
  22. 22. IRRAD Agriculture Projects for women's Farmer empowerment in Rajasthan Krishi Chetna ( Agriculture Awareness) Unnat Krishi ( Improved Agriculture ) Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  23. 23. Agriculture projects Enhancing decision making capacities of women’s farmer in agriculture  Location- Laxmangarh and Umrian Block , Alwar district – Rajasthan  28 villages India Rajasthan  18 Krishi Sakhi trained  25000 Farm families  More than 5000 women farmers trained Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD) Alwar Lacchmangarh
  24. 24. Krishi Sakhi  Member of self help group  Get additional training ,exposure and IEC material on agriculture  Responsible for selection, input distribution and field monitoring  Training to other women farmers on agriculture – group-non group  Ensuring beneficiary contribution- collection and deposited with federation  Organizing field days  Productivity increase by 34% in Millet , 23% in Wheat and 25% in Mustard Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  25. 25. Impacts Quantitative impacts  Productivity Increase  Millet 35-62%  Wheat 21-26%  Mustard 25-32%  Sustainability funds  Unnat Krishi – Rs 78040 ,  Krishi Chetna – Rs 475000 Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  26. 26. Impacts Qualitative impacts Women understanding / knowledge increased on  Seed rate  Methods of Soil sample collection  Importance of Soil testing  Role and importance of Micronutrients in soil  Health , sanitation, water conservation  Package of practices for major crops  Interaction / communication with male farmers  Self confidence – as farmers  Decision making capacity Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  27. 27. Annual Project Review meeting – Krishi Chetna project Laxmangarh Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  28. 28. On and Off farm women farmers training – Unnat Krishi Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  29. 29. Women SHG Meeting Womens Farmers Field days Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)
  30. 30. Institute of Rural Research and Development (IRRAD)

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