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  • Selector: the thing I want to make styled: a paragraph, a table, a header, etc. Declaration: what I want to do to my paragraph, table, header, etc.
  • This is if you are writing an embedded style rule!
  • This is if you are writing an embedded style rule!
  • This is if you are writing an embedded style rule!
  • This is if you are writing an embedded style rule!
  • We just saw an example of “inlined” style. Are there any Qs?
  • css

    1. 1. Web Workshop: CSSWeb Workshop: CSS Objectives: - “What is CSS?” - Structure of CSS - How to use CSS in your webpage
    2. 2. What is CSS? (1)What is CSS? CSS stands for “Cascading Style Sheets” Cascading: refers to the procedure that determines which style will apply to a certain section, if you have more than one style rule.
    3. 3. What is CSS? (2)What is CSS? CSS stands for “Cascading Style Sheets” Style: how you want a certain part of your page to look. You can set things like color, margins, font, etc for things like tables, paragraphs, and headings.
    4. 4. What is CSS? (3)What is CSS? CSS stands for “Cascading Style Sheets” Sheets: the “sheets” are like templates, or a set of rules, for determining how the webpage will look.
    5. 5. What is CSS? (4)What is CSS? So, CSS (all together) is a styling language – a set of rules to tell browsers how your webpage should look.
    6. 6. What is “Style”?What is “Style” “Style” is a command that you set to tell the browser how a certain section of your webpage should look. You can use style on many HTML “elements” (like <p> <h1> <table> etc)
    7. 7. How to write style rules (1)How to write style rules Two parts: (1) selector and (2) declaration. Selector: the HTML element you want to add style to. <p> <h1> <table> etc Declaration: the statement of style for that element. Made up of property and value.
    8. 8. How to write style rules (2)How to write style rules Selector {declaration;} Declaration = {property: value;} Property: what aspect you want to change ex: color, font, margins, etc. Value: the exact setting for that aspect. ex: red, italic, 40px, etc.
    9. 9. How to write style rules (2)How to write style rules selector {property: value;} Essentially means: The thing I want to change {the aspect of that thing I want to change: what I want it to be;}
    10. 10. How to write style rules (3)How to write style rules Selector {property: value;} h1 {color: red;} Means: Speaking of my heading1, I want the text color to be red.
    11. 11. How to write style rules (3)How to write style rules Selector {property: value;} I want the color of the text in my paragraph to be yellow. p {color: yellow;} This is the text in this paragraph.
    12. 12. How to write style rules (4)How to write style rules Selector {property: value;} h1 {color: blue; background-color: green;} Means: Speaking of my heading1, I want the text color to be blue and the background color to be green.
    13. 13. How to write style rules (4)How to write style rules Selector {property: value;} I want the text color of my link to be red and the background color to be yellow. a {color: red; background-color: yellow;} This is my link
    14. 14. Three types of styleWhere do I put my style rules? There are three types of style-rule-places that we will cover: - Inlined - Internal Style Sheet - External Style Sheet
    15. 15. <html> <head><title>My Wonderful Example</title> </head> <body> <p>What was I thinking?</p> </body> </html> a) Inlined example-1 Original html code
    16. 16. a) Inlined example-2 <body> <p style=“text-align: center; font- weight: bold; color: yellow;”>What was I thinking?</p> </body> What was I thinking?
    17. 17. <head><title>My Wonderful Example</title> <style type=“text/css”> body { text-align: left; font-family: trebuchet, verdana;} </style> </head> b) Internal-1
    18. 18. b) Internal-2 <head><title>My Wonderful Example</title> <style type=“text/css”> body { text-align: left; font-family: Trebuchet, verdana; } </style> </head>
    19. 19. Internal: Statement of style <style type=“text/css”> … </style> this is a style sheet (style type) written (text) in css (CSS) language
    20. 20. Internal: Brackets & Declaration <style type=“text/css”> body { text-align: left; font-family: trebuchet, verdana; } </style> I want the “align text” property to be given the value of “left”
    21. 21. c) External <html> <head><title>My Way</title> <link rel="stylesheet" href="http://www2.hawaii.edu/~myway. css" type="text/css“> </head> <body> </body> </html> Link to a separate css page
    22. 22. The end of Basic CSS On to the exercises!

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