DEFINITION OF STANDERIZED TOOLS:
“It is defined as a systematic procedure to find
out the answer to the same question with
uniformity direction, time limit and performance
should observed one to one and compare the
result is known as scandalized test.”
TYPES OF STANDERIZED TOOLS:
•Test of intelligence
•Socio economic status test for special mental and physical
•Test for scoring
In Latin ,the word 'interest' means 'it concerns' or 'it matters'.
Interest is the feeling that prompts us to spontaneous
activity. Once interests is aroused in studies, games, literature
and good conduct, the child will consider no sacrifice and
effort too great to attain proficiency .
“Interest is a feeling or emotion that causes attention to focus on
an object or an event or a process.”
'An interest is a tendency to become absorbed in an experience
and to continue it.’
“A state of curiosity or concern about or attention to something”
IMPORTANCE OF INTERESTS IN DEVELOPMENT:
•One's interest offers the best clue for finding out one's
•Interests in painting or music in adulthood, usually originate
•A girl who is the interested in matters of health or in the
functioning of human body may aspire to be a nurse or doctor
when she grows up, while a boy who has strong interest in
sports may want to become an athletic coach
•Interest inventories are used to assess interests
by a variety of institutions including high
schools and college advising officers, social
service agencies, employment agencies,
consultations firms and community
STRONG INTEREST INVENTORY
The Strong Interest Inventory (SII) is an interest inventory use in
For appropriate carrier opportunities.
The test was develop in 1927 by psychologist E. K.Strong,jr. to
help the people existing the military find suitable jobs
The test will be typically being taken in the 25 minutes after which
the result must be scored by the computer. After scoring an
individual can than view how their personal interests compare with
the interests of people in specific career field.
THE RESULT INCLUDES:
•Scores on the level of the interest on each of six Holland codes or
general occupation themes.
•Scores on 30 basic interest scales (eg; art, science, and public speaking)
•Scores on 244 occupational scales which indicates the similarity
between the respondents and interest and those of people working in122
•Scores on 5 personal style scales (learning working, leadership, risk
taking and team orientation).
•Scores on 3 administrative scale used to identify a test errors on usually
LASSI (LEARNING AND STUDY STRATEGIES
The LASSI is a 80-item assessment of students'
awareness about and use of learning and study strategies
related to skill, will and self-regulation components of
Anxiety Scale —Measures how tense or concerned a student is when approaching
a task—a student feels panicky or globalizes the effects of an exam. LEARN to
break larger tasks down in to smaller, more manageable tasks.
Attitude Scale —Measures general motivation for succeeding in school. FOCUS
on higher level goal setting and reassess how school fits in to the bigger picture.
Concentration —Measures a students ability to focus (when studying and
listening) and not being distracted.
Information Processing —Measures a student’s ability to learn by the use of
elaboration, creativity, and organization strategies.
Motivation —Measures a student’s general motivation to perform specific tasks
related to achieving success and the degree to which he accepts responsibility for
daily tasks. SET goals to accomplish specific tasks.
Self Testing —Measures a student’s ability to test her own level of understanding
Selecting Main Ideas —Measures how well a student can identify important
material. DEVELOP skills on how to separate out critical information by asking
“What is really being asked?” or “What is the author or my professor really trying
Study Aids —Assesses student’s use of resources to help him learn or retain
Time Management —Measures a student’s ability to apply time management
principles to academic situations. REFLECT on your behavior, your various energy
levels, and procrastination by making a clear time management plan.
Test Strategies —Assesses a student’s use of test preparation and test taking
The SDS is a guide to educational and career planning. It was
first developed by Dr. John Holland in 1971 and subsequently
has been revised three times.
The SDS is the most widely used interest inventory in the world.
The test takes just 20-30 minutes to complete
It is based upon the theory that people can be loosely classified
into six different groups: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social,
Enterprising, and Conventional (RIASEC)
Realistic (R) people like realistic careers such as auto mechanic,
aircraft controller, surveyor, electrician, and farmer.
The R type usually has mechanical and athletic abilities, and
likes to work outdoors and with tools and machines..
Investigative (I) people like investigative careers such as
biologist, chemist, physicist, geologist, anthropologist, laboratory
assistant, and medical technician.
The I type usually has math and science abilities, and likes to
work alone and to solve problems.
Artistic (A) people like artistic careers such as composer, musician,
stage director, dancer, interior decorator, actor, and writer. The A type
usually has artistic skills, enjoys creating original work, and has a good
The A type generally likes to work with creative ideas and self-
expression more than routines and rules.
Social (S) people like social careers such as teacher, speech therapist,
religious worker, counselor, clinical psychologist, and nurse.
The S type generally likes to help, teach, and counsel people more than
engage in mechanical or technical activity. .
Enterprising (E) people like enterprising careers such as buyer, sports
promoter, television producer, business executive, salesperson, travel
agent, supervisor, and manager.
The E type usually has leadership and public speaking abilities, is
interested in money and politics, and likes to influence people.
Conventional (C) people like conventional careers such as
bookkeeper, financial analyst, banker, tax expert, secretary, and radio
The C type has clerical and math abilities, likes to work indoors and
to organize thing.
The word "personality" originates from
the Latin persona, which means mask.
"Personality" can be defined as an organized set
of characteristics possessed by a person that uniquely
influences his or her cognitions, emotions,
interpersonal orientations motivations,
and behaviors in various situations
Personality is the particular combination of
emotional, attitudinal, and behavioral response
patterns of an individual
Measurement of Personality
•Observational skills play an important part
in most assessment procedures.
Sometimes the things that we observe
confirm the person's self-report, and
at other times the person's overt
behavior appears to be at odds with what he
or she says.
•Observational procedures may be either in
formal or formal.
Informal observations are primarily
The clinician observes the environment in
person's behavior and
which it occurs without attempting to
record the frequency or intensity of
Projective test is a personality test designed to let a person
respond to ambiguous stimuli, presumably revealing
hidden emotions and internal conflicts.
Thematic Apperception Test(TAT)
Sentence completion test
Word association test
Mayer’s brigys personality test
Thematic Apperception Test
TAT was developed by Henry Murray, a
psychologist at Harvard (1938).
Its adherents claim that it taps a
subject's unconscious to reveal repressed aspects of
motives and needs for achievement, power andinti
macy, and problem-solving abilities.
There are 31 cards in the standard form of the TAT
The TAT is popularly known as the picture interpretation
technique because it uses a standard series of provocative
yet ambiguous pictures about which the subject must a story. The
subject is asked to tell as dramatic a story as they can for each picture
•What has led up to the event shown?
•What is happening at the moment?
•What the characters are feeling and thinking?
•What the outcome of the story was?
The test takes its name from that of its creator, Swiss
psychologist Hermann Rorschach (in 1922).
The Rorschach test (also known as Inkblot test) is a psychological
test in which subjects' perceptions of inkblots are recorded and then
analyzed using psychological interpretation, complex scientifically
derived algorithms, or both.
It has been employed to detect an underlying thought disorder,
especially in cases where patients are reluctant to describe their
thinking processes openly.
Goals of Rorschach test
The general goal of the test is to provide data
about cognition and personality variables such as motivations,
response tendencies, cognitive operations, affectivity, and
There are ten official inkblots,
each printed on a separate white
card, approximately 18x24 cm in
size. Each of the blots has near
perfect bilateral symmetry.
Five inkblots are of black ink, two
are of black and red ink and three are
multicoloured, on a white
AREAS OF TAT:
Level of aspiration
Feeling of sexurge
WORD ASSOCIATION TEST:
When the subject gives a quick response word. He is
taking unaware of and his and his unconsciousness.
Process directs his association. Here the has to
answer as quickly as possible with the first word
which comes to his mind when he is given stimulus
A number of incomplete sentence are given and the
subject is required to complete them.
Eg: Often I feel I am…………
The subject is required to complete the sentence as he
or she feels to response.
SENTENCE COMPLETION TEST
A personality inventory is an assessment tool used
to determine which of these personality types a
person falls into.
It is used as part of a self assessment done for
career planning purposes.
Bell Adjustment Inventory
The well known and widely used personality inventory is the Bell’s adjustment
Inventory which measures four areas of adjustment home, health, social,
emotional, separately as well as composite scores.
Total numbers of items are 80.
Do you have many headaches?
Is your mother the dominant member of the family?
Have you ever felt that someone was hypnotizing you and making you act
against your will?
Do you embarrassed when you have to enter a public assembly after
everyone else has been seated?
Do you feel there has been a lack of real affection and love in your home?
Do you day dream frequently?
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI)
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2; MMPI-A)
is a written psychological assessment, or test, used to diagnose mental
It was developed by J.C.McKinley & S.R. Hathway.
It consists of 556 statements.
The subject has to classify the statements into 3 categories--YES, NO,
CANNOT SAY. It is one of the most frequently used personality
tests in mental health
Number Abbreviation Description What is measured No. of items
1 Hs Hypochondriasis Concern with bodily symptoms 32
2 D Depression Depressive Symptoms 57
3 Hy Hysteria
Awareness of problems and
4 Pd Psychopathic Deviate
Conflict, struggle, anger, respect for
society's rules 50
5 MF Masculinity/ Femininity
Stereotypical masculine or feminine
6 Pa Paranoia
Level of trust, suspiciousness,
7 Pt Psychasthenia
Worry, Anxiety, tension, doubts,
8 Sc Schizophrenia Odd thinking and social alienation 78
9 Ma Hypomania Level of excitability 46
10 Si Social Introversion People orientation 69
Teachers depend upon the achievement tests for
measuring the progress of students. Greenland defines an
achievement test as “a systematic procedure for
determining the amount a student has learned through the
instruction.” Popham believes that “the achievement test
focuses upon an examinee’s at the given point time.
The type of ability test that describes what person has
learned to do. Thorndike and hagen.)
CHARACTERISTICS OF ACHIEVEMENT TEST:
•It is based on learner’s ability.
•It shows objectivity of individual performers.
•To identify the teaching and learning process problems and
•It produced evidence of improvement.
•Achievement test are developed to identify individuals abilities
with supporting events.
•It provides the basis in the promotion of the next grade.
•It finds out where each student stands in various
•It helps determination about the placement of the
student in particular.
•To motivate the student by a new assignment taken up.
Step: 1 formulates the objective:
Starting the objectives in terms of achievement to be verified.
•Spelling out the actions.
Step:2 determining the purpose of testing:
•Determine the test specification
•Select a appropriate type of questions(teacher responsible)
•Preparing the relevant (test) items.
•Assembling the test
•Writing the test items
•Arranging the test items
•Give the instruction how to attain the questions.
•Administering the test
•Scoring the test should be done objectively.
•Appraising the test or item analysis (eg. Which question in attaining mostly)