Muslim league

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Muslim league

  1. 1. THE MUSLIM LEAGUE LESSON -6
  2. 2. We will learn…. Factors leading to the formation of Muslim League. Objectives of the Muslim League .
  3. 3. THE GROWTH OF COMMUNALISM REVOLT OF 1857 DEMAND FOR MUSLIM LEAGUE 1906
  4. 4. FACTORS- FORMATION OF MUSLIM LEAGUE • LOSS OF SOVEREIGNTY OF THE MUGHAL EMPIRE • PARTICIPATION IN REVOLT 1857 • BRITISH DISCRIMINATION TOWARDS MUSLIMS • AFTER 1870 APPEASEMENT OF MUSLIMS
  5. 5. THE BRITISH POLICY OF DIVIDE AND RULE
  6. 6. • Unity of the Muslims and Hindus was a threat. • Encouraged communal and separatist politics. • Under Lord Mayo’s rule, Urdu was made the medium of instruction and huge grants were given to schools run by Muslims. • To Hindus- they portrayed Muslims as foreigners who plundered Indian wealth and the rule of the Rajputana Dynasty. • Justified the partition of Bengal to create Muslim majority and Muslim state, as Hindus would not work for the welfare of Muslim population
  7. 7. • Use the caste system- Brahmins and lower castes. • Treated Hindus , Muslims and Sikhs as different communities and recognized their respective leaders as authentic. • Spread communal hatred- through posters, literature and public platform.
  8. 8. BACKWARDNESS OF THE MUSLIMS • Backward in Education, Trade and Industry. • Upper class Muslim, against modern education, so majority of Muslims remained uneducated. • Very few Muslims received modern western education. • British discrimination in recruitment of civil and military services. • Not involved in growth of organized industry.
  9. 9. BACKWARDNESS OF THE MUSLIMS • Muslims were too proud of their literature , did not accept western education. • Western education necessary for the government jobs. • Muslims continued to remain backward whereas Hindus accepted the western education and developed.
  10. 10. Role of Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan • Educationist and Social reformer. • Regarded Hindus and Muslims as one nation. • Founded Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College at Aligarh with the patrons of Hindu as well as Muslims • Later changed his views…….
  11. 11. Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan Changed View • Political interests of Muslims and Hindus are different. • Opposed the formation of INC. • Founded the United Indian Patriotic Association in 1888 to oppose the INC. • Supported by Mr Beck, Principal of MAO college. • Beck opined- Anglo- Muslim unity is possible but Hindu – Muslim unity is impossible
  12. 12. Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan Changed View • Hindu population is in majority , they would dominate after the Britishers have left. • The British Rule is advantageous for the growth and welfare of the Muslim Community. • Educated Muslims should support the British so that they are rewarded with government jobs and special favours.
  13. 13. Mis-interpretation of History • Divided Indian history into two phases- – Hindu History : Hindu rule- Rana Pratap, Shivaji – Muslim History- Turks, Akbar, Aurangzeb. • Failed to interpret to Composite culture. • Hindu culture was not developed in the Muslim period, but Muslim literature and culture was developed. • Communalism propagated through poetry, drama, novels and newspapers.
  14. 14. Assertive Nationalism • Speech and Actions of the some the Assertives hurt the feelings of the Muslims. • Propagation of the Shivaji and Ganpati festivals. • Aurobindo’s concept of India as Mother and Nationalism as religion. • Dips in Ganga and barefoot march near the Ganga as anti partition movement ( Bengal)
  15. 15. THE FORMATION OF MUSLIM LEAGUE
  16. 16. • Hindi Vs Urdu: Court language in Muslim dominated areas was Urdu, many hindu sections unhappy about this, so govt made the also included hindi as court language. This hurt the sentiments of Muslims. • Congress became more popular than the MAO. • President of MAO Nawab Mohsin- ul- Mulk (after the death of Sir Sayyed) raised the agitation for hindi – urdu controversy. • Lt Governor of UP, Macdonnel very angry, asked Nawab to resign. • Muslim decided to form political party.
  17. 17. • Muslims in East Bengal happy to have independent state and supported the Partition of Bengal. • Lord Minto announced more representation to Indians in the Legislative council. • Muslims decided to address the Viceroy. Content of their address was decided by Mr Archibald new principal of MAO. – Begin the address with pledging loyalty to British rule. – request for representation on basis of religion.
  18. 18. The Demands.. • 35 influential Muslims presented the address to Viceroy in Shimla on 1 Oct 1906. • Representation to Muslim as per political importance and not numerical strength. • Separate Electoral Constituencies. • Preference should be given to Muslims while filing the nominations. • Reservation of seats for Muslims in State services. • State aid for Muslim universities.
  19. 19. • December 1906, all the emminent muslims met at Dacca and proposed to form a centrally orgainsed political party named – All India Muslim League. – President : Nawab Salimullah – Permanent President : Agha Khan. – Head Quarters : Aligarh – Central Office : Lucknow – Formed a party constitution in Karachi on December 1907 – Held the first session in Amritsar on Decemeber 1908 – Session Chairman : Syed Ali Imam
  20. 20. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
  21. 21. • Support British government and earn a good rapport with them. • protect and advance the political rights of the Muslims. • Maintain peace between Muslims and other communities.
  22. 22. THE IMPACT….
  23. 23. • More importance to political representation than welfare of the muslim masses. • Morley – Minto reforms formed the separate electorate for the muslims. • Turko- Italian and Balkan War ( where British Massacred many muslims) hurt the feelings of the Indian Muslims and they criticized the British for such policies and launched the Khilfat Movement • Annulment of the Partition of Bengal- detrimental for the Muslim • Young member of the League disliked the loyalty to the British.
  24. 24. The rapprochment • The Lucknow Pact- 1916 – Congress and Muslim League came to an agreement – Congress accepted communal electorate. – in 1930 the League made a demand for a separate nation PAKISTAN.

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