Hand out ยีนและโครโมโซม

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Hand out ยีนและโครโมโซม

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  5. 5. Purine Pyrimidine 1XFOHRWLGH ¥²ƒ¯œ–n©¤ 1XFOHRWLGH z ­£»¡¯¬Â¡— 32 m Ï —´§Â ›Ä™¬ & †¹¯ z ›Ë´—´§Â ›Ä™¬ ›Ë´—´§–·¯¯ƒ·Æ¥Äœ¬ Ï ¥Äœ¬ GHR[ULERVH 5 ƛė¥Š· ³ z ƛė¥Š·›¬Âœ¬ 1 4 QLWURJHQRXV EDVH 3 2 Œ›¶– ƖnÃm $GHQLQH 7KPLQH &WRVLQH ç² *XDQLQH By Thanyamon C. 17 By Thanyamon C. Deoxyribose sugar18 ƒ´¥©¶Â†¥´²­qœ¬Å›¬´¤ '1$ 5’ z ¯¯¥q©› Œ´¥qƒ´¡¡l (UZLQ &KDUJDII Ɩn©Â¶ †¥´²­q¥¶£´•¬´¥Å› ¶ Ï m ›„n '1$  œ©m´¯³—¥´¬m©›„¯‰›Ë´—´§ ç²­£º¡¯—¡—†m¯›„n´‰†‰™·Ê ×m ¯³—¥´¬m©›„¯‰Âœ¬ Œ›¶–™·¬ƒ³–Æ–nś¬¶‰£·Œ©—Œ›¶–—m´‰ È Š²Ã—ƒ—m´‰ƒ³› Ê Ê ·¶ z ƒ„¯‰Œ´¥qƒ´¡¡l &KDUJDIItV 5XOH †¹¯ ¯³—¥´¬m©›¥²­©m´‰Âœ¬ $ ƒ„¯‰Œ´¥q &KDUJDIIt Š²Åƒ§n†·¤‰ƒ³œÂœ¬ 7 ç² ¯³—¥´¬m©›¥²­©m´‰Âœ¬ * Š²Åƒ§n†·¤‰Âœ¬ & †¹¯ ¯³—¥´¬m©›¥²­©m´‰ $ 7 ç² & * Š²†‰™·ÂÊ ¬£¯ By Thanyamon C. 3’ 19 By Thanyamon C. 20
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  8. 8. 7UDQVFULSWLRQ ƒ´¥˜¯–¥­³¬ '1$ ƒ´¥¬³‰Â†¥´²­q 51$ Š´ƒ '1$ ãm £ q ¶ ¬´¤Å–¬´¤­›¸‰Š´ƒ '1$ ƒ§·¤©†»m ¸‰Â|›¬m©› Ê Ê ™·£· JHQH ¯¤»m Š²Æ–n P51$ PHVVHQJHU Ê Ê ÆÄ™ §´¬ ę §´¬¸ 51$  ¹¯¬m‰—m¯Æ¤³‰ÆÄ™ §´¬¸£ çn© '1$ 5’ 3’ ™³‰¬¯‰¬´¤Š²Š³œ†»ƒ›Ã§n©œ¶–|›Âƒ§·¤©Â­£¹¯›Â–¶£ Ë m³ By Thanyamon C. 29 By Thanyamon C. 30 51$ z 51$ Š²£·§ƒ«•²Â|› 3ROQXFOHRWLGH ¬´¤ ³ –·¤© VLQJOH VWUDQG ¥²ƒ¯œ–n©¤ PRQRPHU Ê †¹¯ 5LERQXFOHLF DFLG z 5LERQXFOHLF DFLG ­›m©¤ ¥²ƒ¯œ–n©¤ ­£»¡¯¬Â¡— m Ï —´§Æ¥Äœ¬ ›Ë´—´§Æ¥Äœ¬ & ƛė¥Š·›¬Âœ¬ 1LWURJHQRXV EDVH Œ›¶– ƛė¥Š· ³ ƖnÃm $GHQLQH $ 8UDFLQH 8 &WRVLQH & 1XFOHRWLGH „¯‰ 51$ ç² *XDQLQH * By Thanyamon C. 31 By Thanyamon C. 32
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  12. 12. £¶©Â™Œ³›Â‹ ´²™·Ê £¶©Â™Œ³›¥²–³œÄ†¥Ä£Ä£ SRLQW PXWDWLRQ —m¯ z ƒ´¥Â§·Ê¤›Ã§‰Ä†¥‰¬¥n´‰„¯‰Ä†¥Ä£Ä£ ¯´ŠÂƒ¶–ƒ´¥­³ƒ„¯‰Ä†¥Ä£Ä£ ƒ´¥Â ¶£„¸›­¥¹¯„´–­´¤Æ„¯‰›¶©†§·Ä¯Æ™–q Ê Ë ©†§·Ä¯Æ™–q į LQVHUWLRQ ­¥¹¯ GHOHWLRQ ƒ´¥Â§·Ê¤›Ã§‰›·Š²™Ï´Å­n§´–³œƒ¥–¯²£¶Ä› Ë Ï ƒ¥–¯²£¶ —³‰Ã—m—´Ã­›m‰™·ÂÊ ƒ¶–£¶©Â™Œ³››³›Â§·¤›Æ Ë Ï Ë Ê ™³‰­£– Â¥·¤ƒƒ´¥Âƒ¶–£¶©Â™Œ³››·©´ Ë Ëm )UDPHVKLIW PXWDWLRQ By Thanyamon C. 45 By Thanyamon C. 46 £¶©Â™Œ³›¥²–³œÄ†¥Ä£Ä£ —m¯ Ä¥†™·ÂÊ ƒ¶–Š´ƒ£¶©Â™Œ³›¥²–³œ¤·› z ŠÏ´›©›„¯‰Ä†¥Ä£Ä£Â ¶£„¸› ­¥¹¯ §–§‰  ¶£™³‰Ã™m‰ ­¥¹¯ §–™³‰Ã™m‰ Ê Ë Ê Ë Ë Acondoplas ƒ¶–„¸›Â£¹¯£·ƒ´¥Ãœm‰Æ£Ä¯¶¬ †¹¯ KRPRORJRXV FKURPRVRPH Æ£mäƒ Ë Ê Æ£Ä¯¶ äƒ ia ¯¯ƒŠ´ƒƒ³›Å›¥²­©m´‰ƒ´¥Ãœm‰›¶©Â†§·¤¬ Â¥·¤ƒ©m´ ƒ¶– QRQ GLVMXQFWLRQ GAG o GUG Glutamic o Valine Thalassemia Sickle cell anemia Non-disjunction Albinism Non-disjunction By Thanyamon C. 47 By Thanyamon C. Hemophilia 48
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