Designer babies


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By Jessica Sokol and Abigai Kaliff Per 1

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Designer babies

  1. 1. Designer Babies <ul><li>By Jessica and Abbie </li></ul>
  2. 2. Genetic Disorders <ul><li>Genetic Disorders occur when mutations, or changes go on in a person’s DNA. </li></ul><ul><li>Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that produces unusual thick mucus in the lungs and intestines. It makes it hard to breath and can cause lung damage. </li></ul><ul><li>Down Syndrome occurs when there are either too many or too few chromosomes given to the fetus. It causes learning disabilities and physical disabilities as well. </li></ul><ul><li>The tools used to diagnose genetic disorders are amniocentesis and karyotypes. Amniocentesis is when doctors use the liquid surrounding the fetus to find out if the child is a boy or girl and if it has disabilities. Karyotypes are when the chromosomes are mapped out. </li></ul><ul><li>Sickle-Cell disease is when blood cells lack hemoglobin causing the blood cells to have a lack of oxygen. It also causes blood cells to break apart prematurely and after breaking they look sickle-shaped, hence the sickle cell disease. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Principals of Heredity <ul><li>The Heredity traits are determined by distinct genes. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone carries 2 genes for each trait, one from each parents sex cell. </li></ul><ul><li>When an individual reproduces, the two genes split and end up in different gametes. </li></ul><ul><li>Traits are controlled by dominant and recessive alleles because if there’s two dominant alleles the trait would be the dominant trait. If there were two recessive alleles the trait would the recessive trait. If it was one dominant one recessive then the offspring would have the dominant trait. In the end depending on the alleles you have and which ones are dominant or recessive, it affects the official trait expressed in the offspring. </li></ul><ul><li>Traits are controlled with co-dominant alleles by mixing the two together to create one trait. </li></ul><ul><li>Alleles of two parents combine to create offspring by </li></ul>
  4. 4. Human Genome Project <ul><li>The Human Genome Project was made in the 1980s. It was made so researchers can know the genetic basis of all disease. A genome is genetic information that makes up an organism. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Thought’s of designer babies <ul><li>In the words of Jessica’s youth group leader Amanda says: This is a really interesting topic, because I'm sure you have found people feel pretty strongly one way or the other.I personally just think its one more way to vastly separate those who can afford it and those who can't. With this kind of &quot;designer baby&quot; imagine the new form of teasing that could take place, instead of &quot;Susie has down syndrome&quot; it would be &quot;Susie has down syndrome because her parents couldn't afford to &quot;design her&quot;People have never been able to choose what they look like or what (if any) developmental disabilities they have. This new form of science -impressive though it is- seems to me to be a huge step in the wrong direction. This is the kind of eugenics and master race thing that Nazi Germany tried to perfect so long ago and how sad to think there is now science to defend their endeavors. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Argument 1 <ul><li>Designer babies aren’t very ethical. We think that because parents are changing the appearance of their child to fit your standards. If this is something that is going to happen repeatedly everyone is going to be smart, athletic, pretty, handsome etc. no one will look like their parents because their parents are changing them to look the way they want. Most people will be so much alike because everyone wants to be smart, athletic, pretty, and handsome because that’s most likely how you parents are going to make you. So just what Amanda said if your parents cant afford to “design” their kid no one is going to accept him/her if the kid isn’t smart or if it has a genetic disorder. People might start ridiculing people with imperfections and forget the importance of uniqueness. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Argument 2 <ul><li>Some say that they have designer babies because it's to balance out their families. I'm still against it. It's like saying that you wouldn't love your kid because he/she is that sex. Not only is that horrible, it's against the laws of nature. Not only do people choose the sex,  but how their kid looks too and they choose mostly not to have it have genetic defects. It's like saying you wouldn't love your kid if they had brown hair or down syndrome. It's unethical and obnoxious! Pretty cruel... Not just that but it doesn’t always work out. Would the parent still love them? Or would they be selfish enough to abandon a kid who didn’t even choose to be a certain way. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Argument 3 <ul><li>Another reason I’m against Designer Babies is because it messes up with nature and destiny. What if the embryo you killed was one day going to save us from disaster? Or find cures for what is today considered incurable? When you think about it, you’re killing a child. Some people may not think of it like that though because the child hasn’t matured. They’re killing a human being that hasn’t experienced the world yet or proven their purpose in life. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Argument 4 <ul><li>One way we think designer babies are, in a sense, good, is that you can try to make sure your child doesn’t have a genetic disorder. What if your family had a history of, let’s say, cystic fibrosis. I would think a parent wouldn’t want they’re kid to have mucus stuck in their lungs and intestines. Even taking chances could have the parent worrying. Or what if the family has a history of severe mental illness and didn’t want their child to have to endure that sort of life? It’s enough to make parents wonder if they shouldn’t have the baby in the first place. Designer Babies would help at least lessen the chance of a child having issues that could affect their day to day life as they mature. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>In conclusion, we are still against designer babies. Even after learning all that we learned about the procedure. Actually, we’re even more against it. That’s saying something. The motives are irrational most levels and therefore the procedure shouldn’t happen in the first place. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Charts and Graphs This is a chart displaying how designer babies are created. This is a chart showing how embryos are made.
  12. 12. Citations <ul><li>&quot;Custom Newspaper Product  Logout.&quot; GaleNet. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <,,):FQE=(KE,None,15)Designer Babies$&sgHitCountType=None&inPS=true&sort=DateDescend&searchType=BasicSearchForm&tabID=T004&prodId=SPN.SP00&searchId=R1&currentPosition=5&userGroupName=nysl_se_tap&docId=CJ232701924&docType=IAC>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;A Revolution in Progress: Human Genetics and Medical Research.&quot; Office of History, National Institutes of Health. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;New Era of Designer Babies with Three Parents and No Hereditary Diseases Designer Babies – Impact Lab.&quot; Impact Lab - A Laboratory of the Future Human Experience. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; - Website Built by Sahilsl Based on Creative Solutions.&quot; Free Website Builder | Create a Free Flash Website at Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <!process>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Sickle Cell Disease - Genetics Home Reference.&quot; Genetics Home Reference - Your Guide to Understanding Genetic Conditions. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Designer BABIES !!!&quot; Canadian Content Forums. Web. 24 Mar. 2011. <>. </li></ul>