*TODAY’S OBJECTIVES*TODAY’S GOAL IS TO UNDERSTAND THE CONCEPT OF NOTAN.1. First we will learn about the artistic elements involved in the creation of Notan. These elements are: -Positive and Negative space -Geometric and Organic shapes -Symmetry and Asymmetry2. Next, we will look at the architecture of Frank Gehry; and how his work relates to the conceptof Notan.3. Last, we will look at student examples of Notan Squares and make some of our own!
Positive and Negative Space The POSITIVE space The NEGATIVE spaceWhat is positive space in this Is black Is blackpicture?
You can draw the stool simply by drawing the negativespace that surrounds the stool.
The positive space is white and thenegative is black
Geometric and Organic Shapes SHAPE is an ELEMENT of artGeometric Shapes Organic Shapes
Symmetrical Balance BALANCE is a PRINCIPLE of Art SYMMETRY AsymmetrySymmetry means a mirror image -- one side is the mirror image of Asymmetry means without symmetry. There is no the other. (Same on all sides) mirror image. (Sides are different)
Frank Gehry. Architect & Artist.Here are some things to think about when you view the work ofFrank Gehry:1.Why do you think Gehry used the artistic elements that we just learned about?2.Is Gehry’s architecture geometric, organic, or both?3.Is Gehry’s architecture symmetrical or asymmetrical?4.Do you think Gehry thought about negative and positive space when he designed a building and why?
The Experience Music Project (EMP)is a museum of music history,located on the campus of Seattle,Washingtons Seattle Center. Thestructure itself was designed byFrank Gehry,Is this Organic or Geometric?
Symmetrical or Asymmetrical?Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles. Designed by Frank Gehry
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain. Designed by Frank Gehry.
Do you think the negative space created by these structures is just as important as the positive space? Why?Do you think Frank Gehry thought aboutnegative space when he created this structure?
Now that we have learned about all the elements involved in Notan, WHAT IS NOTAN!?! Let’s take a look at some examples of Notan….
Notan• Notan is the Japanese word for the relationship between dark and light
Notan is a Japanese word which means "dark-light". The word, however, means more than that. The principle of Notan as it relates to design isdefined as the interaction between positive and negative space.Western culture tends to emphasize the positive aspect of design, with less emphasis on the negative (background) space. The Eastern culture from which Notan arose, seeksa more balanced view of the world, and of design as it relates to the world. The classic yin/yang symbol is a reflection of this desire for balance.
•Notan, the interaction of positive and negative, or field and ground, is the basis of all good design and exists all around us. The"Expansion of the Square" exercise is one Notan exercise designed to study the interaction of positive and negative space.
Lao TseWe put thirty spokes together and call it a wheel;But it is on the space where there is nothing that the utility of the wheel depends.We turn clay to make a vessel;But it is on the space where there is nothing that the utility of the vessel depends.We pierce doors and windows to make a house; and it is on these spaces where there is nothing that the utility of the house depends.Therefore, just as we take advantage of what is, we should recognize the utility of what is not.--Lao Tse (Translated by Arthur Waley in The Way and its Power.(Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston 1935)
“This poem, attributed to Lao Tse, was written two thousand years ago in China. It is a poem aboutNotan the basis of all design. Before Notan or the meaning of this poem can be understood, it must be experienced.” Excerpt from: Notan: The Dark-Light Principle of Design by Dorr Bothwell and Marlys Mayfield
“What is dark is not light and what is light is not dark. This is the basis of all design andan important guiding principle of art. It seems so simple but an artist can spend a lifetime exploring the possibilities of light and dark.”
Is this example mostly aGeometric or Organic shape Notan?
So what now? You are going to create your own Notan Design• Take your black paper square, and begin to cut shapes into the sides. DO NOT cut into the corners of the square. You want to maintain the shape ofthe square.• You may choose to cut geometric, organic shapes, or both to create your design.• Every time you cut out a shape from the square, it must be glued down as the mirror image from where it was originally cut.• No pieces can be discarded. Every piece you cut away from the square needs to be glued down in its opposing position on the paper.•Cutting through the center makes it hard. You will have to figure out which side to put the piece on. Beginners should avoid cutting through the center.Students who are advanced may challenge themselves by cutting through the center.
This use of light and dark translates shape and form into flat shapes on a two- dimensional surface