Orthomolecular psychiatry began with Abram Ho er and Humphry Osmond in the 1950s and was
continued by Carl Pfei er of the ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5

Depression and why you Need Bio Chemical Balancing and the Alternative Vitamin Therapy


Published on

Depression can be treated with certain Lab Tests such as Kryptoprrole, Histamine, Copper, Zinc and a Metaobolic Panel to have our Doctors tell you what Vitamins to take and why. Feel Better with the Proper Nutrients and Vitamins

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Depression and why you Need Bio Chemical Balancing and the Alternative Vitamin Therapy

  1. 1. Orthomolecular psychiatry began with Abram Ho er and Humphry Osmond in the 1950s and was continued by Carl Pfei er of the Pfei er Treatment Center,[2] although proponents of orthomolecular psychiatry say that the ideas behind their approach can be traced back to the 1920s and '30s.[3][4] Orthomolecular psychiatry's goal of weaning patients from conventional neuroleptic drugs[5] follows "Pfei er's Law", "For every drug that bene ts a patient, there is a natural substance that can achieve the same e ect".[6] In 1968, Linus Pauling used the term "orthomolecular".[7][8] The assertions by proponents of orthomolecular psychiatry were rejected in 1973 by a panel of the American Psychiatric Association.[1][9][10] Orthomolecular psychiatry has subsequently found little support in mainstream psychiatry[11] and is currently considered to be unproven and potentially harmful. After 1975, orthomolecular psychiatry research was primarily reported in Orthomolecular Psychiatry, now the Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine, a fringe publication founded by Abram Ho er to counter what he considered to be a medical conspiracy against his ideas.[12] [edit]Diagnosis Proponents of orthomolecular psychiatry claim to have identi ed the causes of some psychiatric syndromes, in particular those that cause psychosis; according to orthomolecular proponents, testing for these causes guides diagnosis and treatment. Diagnostic measures and therapies commonly employed include "individual biochemical workup", fasting, identifying suggested allergies, dietary changes, megavitamin therapy, amino acids, and other so-called "pharmacologic nutrients".[5] These diagnoses have not been accepted by mainstream medicine.[11] [edit]Speci c conditions Orthomolecularists claim that the causes of psychotic disorders include food allergy, hypoglycemia, hypothyroidism in the presence of normal thyroid values, heavy metal intoxications including those allegedly due to dental llings, as well as several hypothesised conditions they call pyroluria, histade- lia and histapenia.[5] These conditions are not recognized by the medical community. [edit]Pyroluria Pyroluria (or malvaria from the term mauve factor) involves hypothetical excessive levels of pyrroles in the body resulting from improper hemoglobin synthesis.[13] Carl Pfei er believed that pyroluria is a form of schizophrenic porphyria, similar to acute intermittent porphyria where both pyrroles and porphyrins are excreted in the human urine to an excessive degree.[14] and orthomolecular psychia- trists have alleged that pyroluria is related to diagnoses of ADHD, alcoholism, autism, depression, down syndrome, manic-depression, schizophrenia, celiac disease, epilepsy, and psychosis.[15] Pfei er's methods have not been rigorously tested,[16] and pyrroles are not considered related to schizophrenia. Studies have either failed to detect hemopyrrole and kryptopyrrole in the urine of normal controls and schizophrenics, or found no correlation between these chemicals and mental illness.[17][18][19][20][21][22] Few, if any, medical experts regard the condition as genuine, and few or no articles on pyroluria are found in modern medical literature;[23] the approach is described as "snake oil" by pediatrician and author Julian Haber.[16] [edit]Histadelia Histadelia is a condition hypothesised by Carl Pfei er[24][25] to involve elevated serum levels of histamine and basophils,[5] which he says can be treated with methionine and vitamin B6 megadoses.[26] Pfei er claims that "histadelia" can cause depression with or without psychosis, but no published clinical trials have tested the e ectiveness of this therapy.[27] [edit]Histapenia Histapenia in orthomolecular medicine is the condition of high serum copper with low histamine. [edit]Bipolar disorder A 1999 review study found that a "substantial body of direct and indirect evidence" supports the use of omega-3 fatty acids in treating bipolar disorder.[28][29] [edit]Relationship to mainstream psychiatry Orthomolecular psychiatry has been rejected by the mainstream medical community.[30] Critics have