A Celebration of Rabindranath Tagore’s work and philosophy <ul><li>This slideshow contains translations of Rabindranath’s ...
THE STANFORD HINDU STUDENTS COUNCIL PRESENTS RABINDRA JAYANTI 2005 CELEBRATING TAGORE
 
Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high  Where knowledge is free Where the world has not been broken up i...
Hey Nuton Dekha Dik Aarbaar Janmero  Prothomo Shubhokhaan
Hey Nuton Dekha Dik Aarbaar Janmero  Prothomo Shubhokhaan Hey nuton, Dekha dik aar-baar Janmer pratham subhokhan. Tomaro p...
Tagore &  Social Reform
Aamaar Maatha Nato Korey
Amaar Maatha Nato Korey Amaar maatha nato korey dao hey tomar Charano dhularo toley Shakalo ahankaare aamaar Dobaao chokhe...
Bajilo Kahar Beena
<ul><li>Bajilo kahar bina, Modhur swarey </li></ul><ul><li>Amar nibhrito nabo jibon porey </li></ul><ul><li>Probhat kamals...
Tumi Kemon Korey Gaan Koro  Hey Guni Tum Kaise Sur Mein Gaa Rahey  Hey Guni
Tum Kaise Sur Mein Gaa Rahey  Hey Guni Tum kaise sur mein gaa rahe,  Hey guni Main to awaak, hoke sunoo,  kewal sunoo Sur ...
Deconstructing the role of the  Female Heroine in Rabindranath Tagore’s Works Tagore and Feminism: Deconstructing the role...
Overview <ul><li>Feminism as a central aspect within all modes of Tagore’s work </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of the Fema...
Females in the Limelight <ul><li>Short Stories </li></ul><ul><li>Drama </li></ul><ul><li>Dance </li></ul><ul><li>Rabindras...
The Female Heroine <ul><li>Female’s emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Feminine empowerment </li></ul>
Charulata <ul><li>Based on Tagore’s &quot;Nastanirh“ </li></ul><ul><li>(“The Broken Nest”) </li></ul><ul><li>Satyajit Ray’...
Charulata <ul><li>Film Clip </li></ul>
Charulata <ul><li>Themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Female emotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul></ul></ul><ul>...
“ Performing Rabindranath” <ul><li>Women performers of Tagore’s works in the forefront </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great perform...
Global Perspectives <ul><li>Women’s movement as a humanist construct </li></ul><ul><li>Role of women </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>“ Kadombini moriya proman korilo je she more nai” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Kadombini commits death to prove she was ali...
Shuneel Shagorey
<ul><li>Shuneel shaagorer shyamal kinarey </li></ul><ul><li>Dekhechhi pothey jete tulonahinari </li></ul><ul><li>E kotha k...
 
 
 
 
Chal Akela Rey
Aami chini go chini tomaarey, ogo bideshini
Aami Chini Go Chini Tomaarey,  Ogo Bideshini I know you, I so know you,  O Lady of the Foreign Land I know you, I so know ...
Aaguner Parasmoni Chhoao Praaney Touch my Soul with the magic of  your Fire (O Lord)
Aaguner Parasmoni Chhoao Praaney Touch my soul with the magic of your fire. Make my life a pious offering. Lift me in your...
Tagore and Education Tara Beteille, Rashmi Raghu Stanford University VISHWA BHARATI,  SHANTINIKETAN
Purpose of Education <ul><li>Achieving unity with truth </li></ul><ul><li>Harmony with all existence </li></ul><ul><li>Acq...
What should such an education be? <ul><li>Freedom of thought </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of movement  </li></ul><ul><li>Free...
The ‘School’ <ul><li>Alienates the child from nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stresses humankind’s superiority; defines a hie...
“ A mind all logic is like a knife all blade. It makes the hand  bleed that uses it.”   … . Rabindranath Tagore
Shantiniketan <ul><li>Learning from nature,  life and the teacher </li></ul>Open, free, abundant and spontaneous
Shantiniketan <ul><li>The teacher as  </li></ul><ul><li>friend & guide:  </li></ul><ul><li>liberates individual  </li></ul...
Shantiniketan <ul><li>Children should be  free   </li></ul><ul><li>To organize their own  </li></ul><ul><li>environment </...
Shantiniketan <ul><li>Education: gradual and progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Begin with the training of instincts and emotio...
Vishwa-Bharati: The University <ul><li>Vishwa-Bharati - ‘Knowledge of the World’ – a new kind of ‘university’ </li></ul><u...
What can we learn? <ul><li>We must be willing to engage in processes of negotiation and redefinition </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>“… respect all the differences that are real, yet remain conscious of our oneness; and to know that perfection of ...
Dariye Aachho Tumi Aamar
<ul><li>You stand on the other side of my songs </li></ul><ul><li>My tune finds their hold, I cannot find you </li></ul><u...
Klaanti Meri Kshama Karo Prabhu Forgive My Fatigue, O Lord
Klaanti  Meri Kshama Karo Probhu Klanti meri kshama karo prabhu Path mein peeche peeche rahun kabhi Hriday mera thara thar...
Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
Ekla Chalo, Ekla Chalo, Ekla Chalo Ekla Chalo Rey Go on alone, go on alone, go on alone, Go on alone
Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
Jodi Keyu Kotha na koy If no one speaks up
Orey orey O Obhaaga, Keyu kotha na koye   O Unfortunate One, if no one speaks up
Jodi shobai thaake mukh phiraye, Shobai kore bhoy If all have turned their face away and are fearful
Jodi shobai thaake mukh phiraye, Shobai kore bhoy If all have turned their face away and are fearful
Tobey poran khuley O Tui Mukh phutey tor moner kotha Ekla Bolo Rey Then, open your heart, and speak your mind on your own
Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
Jodi shobai phirey jaye If all are leaving you
Orey orey O Obhaaga shobai phirey jaye O Unfortunate One, if all are leaving you
Jodi gahan pathey jabar kaaley Keyu phirey naa chaaye   As they leave, if no one even glances back
Jodi gahan pathey jabar kaaley Keyu phirey naa chaaye   As they leave, if no one even glances back
Tobey Pother Kaanta O Tui Raktomakha Charan Toley Ekla Dolo Rey   Then with your blood-soaked feet, Trample the thorns in ...
Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
Jodi aalo na dhorey   If the flame does not hold
Orey orey O Obhaaga Aalo naa dhorey   O Unfortunate one, i f the flame does not hold
Jodi Jhor Badoley Aandhar Raatey Duaar Daye Ghorey If on a stormy night, all have shut their doors to you
Jodi Jhor Badoley Aandhar Raatey Duaar Daye Ghorey If on a stormy night, all have shut their doors to you
Tobey bajra noley, Aapon buker paanjor jaliye neeye Ekla jolo rey   Then, let the lightning set your breastbone ablaze and...
Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
Ekla Chalo, Ekla Chalo, Ekla Chalo Ekla Chalo Rey Go on alone, go on alone, go on alone, Go on alone
Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
NATIONALISM
Tagore composed two songs that were adopted as the national anthems of India and Bangladesh
INDIAN NATIONAL ANTHEM JANA GANA MANA
Jana Gana Mana  A  Spiritual Prayer <ul><li>The people of this land celebrate the glory of the controller of their destiny...
Glory to the ruler of the minds of all people, the controller of India's destiny .
Thy name arouses all, from the hearts of the Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, to the Southern lands Orrisa and Bengal,...
They all seek thy blessing and sing to thy glory.
Glory to the well-wisher of this sea of humanity, the controller of India’s destiny. Glory to thee, Glory to thee, Glory t...
<ul><li>Jana Gana Mana </li></ul><ul><li>Adhinayaka Jaya Hey </li></ul><ul><li>Bharata Bhagya Vidhaata </li></ul>Glory to ...
<ul><li>Punjaaba Sindha Gujarata  </li></ul><ul><li>Marathaa Dravida Utkala  </li></ul><ul><li>Banga </li></ul><ul><li>Vid...
<ul><li>Tava Shubha Ashisha Maange </li></ul><ul><li>Gahey Taba Jaya Gaatha </li></ul>They all seek thy blessing and  sing...
<ul><li>Jana Gana Mangala Dayaka </li></ul><ul><li>Jaya Hey,  </li></ul><ul><li>Bharata Bhagya Vidhaata </li></ul><ul><li>...
When asked what he thought of Western culture, Gandhi thought  “ it was a good idea.”
Tagore opposed British Rule, not Western culture and civilization
Stressed Synthesis of cultures “ To get on familiar terms with the local people is a part of your education. To know only ...
Rebelled against strongly nationalist form of independence movement “ He was afraid that a rejection of the West in favor ...
Criticized Patriotism “ Patriotism cannot be our final spiritual shelter; my refuge is humanity. I will not buy glass for ...
Criticized Patriotism “ I am willing to serve my country; but my worship I reserve for Right which is far greater than my ...
Gandhi & Tagore Tagore popularized the term “Mahatma” when referring to Gandhi “ Great as he is as a politician, as an org...
Gandhi & Tagore Gandhi and Nehru both appreciated the important role Tagore played in the national freedom struggle, altho...
On Freedom “ When Freedom is not an inner idea which imparts strength to our activities and breadth to our creations, when...
On the West and India “ The civilization of the West has in it the spirit of the machine which must move; and to that blin...
On the West and India The present civilization of India has the constraining power of the mould. It squeezes living man in...
On the West and India In both of these traditions life is offered up to something which is not life… … Tagore in his essay...
On the West and India The West is continually producing mechanical power in excess of its spiritual control, and India has...
Freedom Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high  Where knowledge is free Where the world has not been bro...
What is India?
What is India? Indian Indian
What is India? Indian Indian Indian American
What is India? Indian Indian Indian American Indian XXX
What is India? Indian Indian Indian American Indian XXX Indian Subcontinent
The Indian Ethos
The Indian Ethos “ I do not think that it is the spirit of India to reject anything, reject any race, reject any culture. ...
An International Hymn <ul><li>“ Hark O children of the Immortal, </li></ul><ul><li>Listen O Divine beings, </li></ul><ul><...
Tomaar Holo Shuru Aamaar Holo Shaara Tera Yeh Ath Hai, Iti Hai Yeh Mera
Tera yeh ath hai Iti hai yeh mera Tum hum mile yunhi Behti rahe dhara   Tere jale baati Tere ghar saathi Mere yahan raatri...
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Rabindra Jayanti

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A Celebration of Rabindranath Tagore’s work and philosophy

This slideshow contains translations of Rabindranath’s poems made by a few people who put together a presentation to celebrate his life. Note that these slides were meant to accompany singing performances for the benefit of the audience. All translations are imperfect and should be considered as evolving work. Please feel free to copy and improve this as you see fit.

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  • Rabindra Jayanti

    1. 1. A Celebration of Rabindranath Tagore’s work and philosophy <ul><li>This slideshow contains translations of Rabindranath’s poems made by a few people who put together a presentation to celebrate his life. Note that these slides were meant to accompany singing performances for the benefit of the audience. All translations are imperfect and should be considered as evolving work. Please feel free to copy and improve this as you see fit. Version 1.0 </li></ul>
    2. 2. THE STANFORD HINDU STUDENTS COUNCIL PRESENTS RABINDRA JAYANTI 2005 CELEBRATING TAGORE
    3. 4. Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high Where knowledge is free Where the world has not been broken up into fragments By narrow domestic walls Where words come out from the depth of truth Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit Where the mind is led forward by Thee Into ever-widening thought and action Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake            From- Rabindranath Tagore's Geetanjali
    4. 5. Hey Nuton Dekha Dik Aarbaar Janmero Prothomo Shubhokhaan
    5. 6. Hey Nuton Dekha Dik Aarbaar Janmero Prothomo Shubhokhaan Hey nuton, Dekha dik aar-baar Janmer pratham subhokhan. Tomaro prakash hog, Kuhulika kori udhgatan Shurjer moton. Riktata-r bakkha bhedi Aapnar-e karo unmochan. Byakta hok jivener jaya, Byakta hok Toma-majhe asima-r chir-bismay. Uday-digante shankh baaje, More chitta-majhe Chir-nutoner-e dilo daak Pacchis-e baisakh. O invigorating one, Reveal yourself again-and-again Beautiful first moments of your birth May your light manifest itself To p enetrate the mist Like the Sun. Piercing the embodiment of emptiness Reveal yourself to us. Let there be assertion of Life’s triumph In you, let there be expression Of that ever-wondrous limitless. In the morning horizon, The c onch plays within my heart. Ever-new has been called the 25 th of Baisakh.
    6. 7. Tagore & Social Reform
    7. 8. Aamaar Maatha Nato Korey
    8. 9. Amaar Maatha Nato Korey Amaar maatha nato korey dao hey tomar Charano dhularo toley Shakalo ahankaare aamaar Dobaao chokher jale amaar Nije rey korite gauraba daan Nije rey kebali kori apamaan Aponaare shudhu gheriya gheryia Ghure mori paley paley Amare na jano kori prochaar Amaro apono kaajey Tomari iccha koro hey purna Amaro jibano majhey Jachi hey tomaro charomo shanti Poraney tomar karamo kanti Amare Aar Koriya Daarao Hridaya Padda Daley Lower my head Beneath the dust of Thy feet Drown my self-conceit In the depth of my tears. In order to glorify myself I constantly insult my (inner) self Dead tired I become, revolving around myself. May I not promote myself In any of my deeds. Fulfill Thy mission, O Lord, Through this life of mine. Grant me Thy ultimate peace, Thy permanent grace in life. Let the lotus heart feel Thy presence As the shield of love.
    9. 10. Bajilo Kahar Beena
    10. 11. <ul><li>Bajilo kahar bina, Modhur swarey </li></ul><ul><li>Amar nibhrito nabo jibon porey </li></ul><ul><li>Probhat kamalsamo Uthilo Hridoy Mamo </li></ul><ul><li>Kar duti nirupamo charantorey </li></ul><ul><li>Jege otho sab shova, sob madhuri </li></ul><ul><li>Palokey palokey hia, pulokey puri </li></ul><ul><li>Kotha hotey somiron, aaney nabo jagoran </li></ul><ul><li>Poraner aboron mochano korey </li></ul><ul><li>Laage bukey, sukhey dukhey kato je betha </li></ul><ul><li>Kemoney bujhaye kabo na jani kotha </li></ul><ul><li>Amar basona aaji, tribhuboney uthey baaji </li></ul><ul><li>Kaapey nodi banoraji,bedonabhorey </li></ul>Bajilo Kahar Beena Whose lyre(veena) is playing such a sweet tune At the feet of my silent, new life Like a morning lotus, my heart blossoms For whose two beautiful feet Wake up all slumberers, all inebriated Wakes up every moment my heart and fills my home From where the wind brings a new awakening Breaking the cover of life My heart feels the pain of happiness and sorrow I do not have words to explain My desire today rings out in the three-worlds Causing the river and the forests to tremble in pain
    11. 12. Tumi Kemon Korey Gaan Koro Hey Guni Tum Kaise Sur Mein Gaa Rahey Hey Guni
    12. 13. Tum Kaise Sur Mein Gaa Rahey Hey Guni Tum kaise sur mein gaa rahe, Hey guni Main to awaak, hoke sunoo, kewal sunoo Sur ki abha chaye bhuvan mein Sur ki hawa bahe gagan mein Pathar toote vyakul veg mein Bahe jaa rahi sur ki surdwani Man karta hai tere jaisa gaaoon Kanth mein main swar khoj na paaoon Kehna kya hai kehte kanth roondhe Haar maankar praan merae roye Mujhpar tune daale kaise phande Chouhun ho rahi sur ki jaalbuni How dost thou sing so melodiously, O Talented One! Amazed, I listen captivated, I simply listen. The glow of your melody pervades this Universe The breeze of Your melody floats across the sky Stones break in its gutsy force And it flows on, The sound of melodies. My heart yearns to sing like you, In my throat, I cannot find my voice My voice chokes as I try to utter your words, Failed, my being weeps What noose have you thrown around my neck? Everywhere You weave this web of melodies.
    13. 14. Deconstructing the role of the Female Heroine in Rabindranath Tagore’s Works Tagore and Feminism: Deconstructing the role of the Female Heroine in Rabindranath Tagore’s Works Tagore and Feminism:
    14. 15. Overview <ul><li>Feminism as a central aspect within all modes of Tagore’s work </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of the Female Heroine: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Female’s emotions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feminine empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Performing Rabindranath” as a feminist construct </li></ul>
    15. 16. Females in the Limelight <ul><li>Short Stories </li></ul><ul><li>Drama </li></ul><ul><li>Dance </li></ul><ul><li>Rabindrasangeet and Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Viswa Bharathi and Shantiniketan </li></ul>
    16. 17. The Female Heroine <ul><li>Female’s emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Feminine empowerment </li></ul>
    17. 18. Charulata <ul><li>Based on Tagore’s &quot;Nastanirh“ </li></ul><ul><li>(“The Broken Nest”) </li></ul><ul><li>Satyajit Ray’s Adaptation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1870s, India under British rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charu, “The Lonely Wife” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bhupati, her husband and an intellectual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amal, Bhupati’s younger cousin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charu transcends her role as wife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Through writing, she is liberated, but is society willing to accept this new woman? </li></ul></ul>
    18. 19. Charulata <ul><li>Film Clip </li></ul>
    19. 20. Charulata <ul><li>Themes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Female emotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liberation through writing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is Charu ultimately seen as an equal by her husband? By society? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Emergence of the modern woman in the upper-class of colonial India </li></ul>
    20. 21. “ Performing Rabindranath” <ul><li>Women performers of Tagore’s works in the forefront </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great performers, teachers, musicians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female actresses as empowered leaders </li></ul></ul>
    21. 22. Global Perspectives <ul><li>Women’s movement as a humanist construct </li></ul><ul><li>Role of women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intrinsic to Bengal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparison to rest of world </li></ul></ul>
    22. 23. <ul><li>“ Kadombini moriya proman korilo je she more nai” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Kadombini commits death to prove she was alive” </li></ul><ul><li>-Tagore, Chokher Bali </li></ul>Conclusion: Is the world yet able to accept Tagore’s vision of the strong, liberated woman?
    23. 24. Shuneel Shagorey
    24. 25. <ul><li>Shuneel shaagorer shyamal kinarey </li></ul><ul><li>Dekhechhi pothey jete tulonahinari </li></ul><ul><li>E kotha kobhu aar paari naa </li></ul><ul><li>ghuchitey </li></ul><ul><li>Aachhe she nikhiler madhuri ruchitey </li></ul><ul><li>E kotha shikhanu je amar binary </li></ul><ul><li>Ganetey chinalen se chiro chinarey </li></ul><ul><li>She kotha surey surey chhorabo </li></ul><ul><li>pichhoney </li></ul><ul><li>Swapanofasoler bichhoney bichhoney </li></ul><ul><li>Modhupgunjey se lahari tulibey </li></ul><ul><li>Kusumkunje se pabaney dulibey </li></ul><ul><li>Jhoribey shraboner badolosichoney </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Walking by the dark banks of the blue ocean I saw the incomparable lady I am unable to organize my thoughts She is the loving idea of the endless I taught this to my lyre (veena) I introduced the ever-known through my songs These words shall follow my tunes In the beds of fruits of dreams In the garden of love, they will ride the waves They will roll in the winds of the flower gardens They will shed in the rains of the monsoon Shuneel Shagorey
    25. 30. Chal Akela Rey
    26. 31. Aami chini go chini tomaarey, ogo bideshini
    27. 32. Aami Chini Go Chini Tomaarey, Ogo Bideshini I know you, I so know you, O Lady of the Foreign Land I know you, I so know you, O lady of the foreign land. Across the ocean, you live O lady of the foreign land. On a soft wintry morning I see you, I see you in those inebriated nights, I see you in the center of my heart O lady of the foreign land. Lending my ears to the skies, I hear your songs. I have surrendered my life to you, O lady of the foreign lands. Traversing the whole World I have come to this new country. I am guest at your door, O lady of the foreign land. Ami chini-go-chini tomare Ogo Bideshini Tumi thaako sindhu pare Ogo bideshini.   Tomaye dekhechi sharad-pratey, Tomaye dekhechi madhobi-raatey, Tomaye dekhechi hridi-majharey Ogo bideshini.   Aami aakash-e patiya kaan, Shunechi shunechi tomar gaan, Aami tomare sonpechi pran Ogo bideshini.   Bhubano bhramiya seshey, Aami eshechi nuton deshey, Aami atithi tomari dware Ogo bidesini.
    28. 33. Aaguner Parasmoni Chhoao Praaney Touch my Soul with the magic of your Fire (O Lord)
    29. 34. Aaguner Parasmoni Chhoao Praaney Touch my soul with the magic of your fire. Make my life a pious offering. Lift me in your arms Make me the flame to light your temple, Day and night, let me burn in your songs In every dark corner I sense your touch, Night is replete with new stars. From these enlightened eyes, Darkness shall vanish Wherever my sight rests, I will see light. Let my pain burn away with the flame. Aaguner parasmani chuaao prane Ey jiban punna karo Dahan dane. Amar-e deho-khani tule dharo, Tomare-e devalaye pradip karo- Nishidin aalok sikha jaluk gane. Adhare-r gaye gaye parash tav Sara rat phutak tara nav nav. Nayane-r drishti hote goonchbe kalo, Jekhane porbe sethaye Dekhabe aalo- Betha mor uthbe jale urdhva-pane.
    30. 35. Tagore and Education Tara Beteille, Rashmi Raghu Stanford University VISHWA BHARATI, SHANTINIKETAN
    31. 36. Purpose of Education <ul><li>Achieving unity with truth </li></ul><ul><li>Harmony with all existence </li></ul><ul><li>Acquiring fullness in person </li></ul><ul><li>Freeing the soul </li></ul>
    32. 37. What should such an education be? <ul><li>Freedom of thought </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of movement </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to create </li></ul><ul><li>“ To discover freedom of outlook, the mind must soar into the upper air of abstraction, swim into the very heart of the infinite for the mere joy of it, and then fly back to its nest in the world.” </li></ul><ul><li>… Tagore in “My School” </li></ul>
    33. 38. The ‘School’ <ul><li>Alienates the child from nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stresses humankind’s superiority; defines a hierarchy that restricts freedom and the learning process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alienates the child from itself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uniformity and averages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transmitting information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardized curriculum and examinations </li></ul></ul>
    34. 39. “ A mind all logic is like a knife all blade. It makes the hand bleed that uses it.” … . Rabindranath Tagore
    35. 40. Shantiniketan <ul><li>Learning from nature, life and the teacher </li></ul>Open, free, abundant and spontaneous
    36. 41. Shantiniketan <ul><li>The teacher as </li></ul><ul><li>friend & guide: </li></ul><ul><li>liberates individual </li></ul><ul><li>initiative and enterprise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature as an unending source of learning </li></ul></ul>
    37. 42. Shantiniketan <ul><li>Children should be free </li></ul><ul><li>To organize their own </li></ul><ul><li>environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No desks, chairs or classrooms </li></ul></ul>
    38. 43. Shantiniketan <ul><li>Education: gradual and progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Begin with the training of instincts and emotions and in self-reliance and communal cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Next: art, music and play </li></ul><ul><li>Medium of instruction to be the mother tongue </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed religious instruction </li></ul>
    39. 44. Vishwa-Bharati: The University <ul><li>Vishwa-Bharati - ‘Knowledge of the World’ – a new kind of ‘university’ </li></ul><ul><li>Motto: “Yatra Vishwum Bhavatyekanidam” – all the world in one place. Emphasized the need for a mutually beneficial relationship between the east and the west. </li></ul><ul><li>“ a school in which men of different civilizations and traditions may learn to live together.” </li></ul><ul><li>Sriniketan – center for helping rural and village community developments. </li></ul>
    40. 45. What can we learn? <ul><li>We must be willing to engage in processes of negotiation and redefinition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What should progress and civilization be? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How important are power and success to true development? </li></ul></ul>
    41. 46. <ul><li>“… respect all the differences that are real, yet remain conscious of our oneness; and to know that perfection of unity is not in uniformity but in harmony.” </li></ul><ul><li>… . Tagore in Creative Unity </li></ul>
    42. 47. Dariye Aachho Tumi Aamar
    43. 48. <ul><li>You stand on the other side of my songs </li></ul><ul><li>My tune finds their hold, I cannot find you </li></ul><ul><li>Wind blows softly, do not bind me anymore </li></ul><ul><li>Come, come, cross over, into the center of my heart </li></ul><ul><li>With you I play the game of songs, but this game is still at a distance </li></ul><ul><li>All day, the flute plays in my sadness </li></ul><ul><li>When will you take my flute and play it yourself </li></ul><ul><li>In the happy and quiet darkness of the night </li></ul>Daariye aachho tumi amar gaaner o paarey Aamar surgulee paaye charan aami paayine tomaarey Baataash bohey mori mori, aar bedhe rekho na tori Esho esho paar hoye mor hridoy-o majhamre Tomar saathey gaaner khela, durer khela je Bedonate baasi bajaye sakol bela je Kobey neeye amar baasi, bajabe go aapni aasi Anondomoy neerob raater goviro aadhaarey Dariye Aachho Tumi Aamaar
    44. 49. Klaanti Meri Kshama Karo Prabhu Forgive My Fatigue, O Lord
    45. 50. Klaanti Meri Kshama Karo Probhu Klanti meri kshama karo prabhu Path mein peeche peeche rahun kabhi Hriday mera thara thara Kaampe aaj rahe rahe Yehi vedna kshama karo kshama karo prabhu Meri deenta kshama karo prabhu Peeche dekhu murhke jo kabhi Din taape yeh rudra jwaala Sukhi tere pooja maala Yehi mlanta kshama karo Forgive my fatigue, O Lord, If I’ve fallen behind on my journey Forgive my fatigue, O Lord. My body shivers today all over Forgive my pain, Forgive me, O Lord. Forgive my destitution, O Lord, If I look back sometimes. In the dreadful heat of day, Your garland has dried up. Forgive my soiled offering, O Lord.
    46. 51. Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
    47. 52. Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
    48. 53. Ekla Chalo, Ekla Chalo, Ekla Chalo Ekla Chalo Rey Go on alone, go on alone, go on alone, Go on alone
    49. 54. Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
    50. 55. Jodi Keyu Kotha na koy If no one speaks up
    51. 56. Orey orey O Obhaaga, Keyu kotha na koye O Unfortunate One, if no one speaks up
    52. 57. Jodi shobai thaake mukh phiraye, Shobai kore bhoy If all have turned their face away and are fearful
    53. 58. Jodi shobai thaake mukh phiraye, Shobai kore bhoy If all have turned their face away and are fearful
    54. 59. Tobey poran khuley O Tui Mukh phutey tor moner kotha Ekla Bolo Rey Then, open your heart, and speak your mind on your own
    55. 60. Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
    56. 61. Jodi shobai phirey jaye If all are leaving you
    57. 62. Orey orey O Obhaaga shobai phirey jaye O Unfortunate One, if all are leaving you
    58. 63. Jodi gahan pathey jabar kaaley Keyu phirey naa chaaye As they leave, if no one even glances back
    59. 64. Jodi gahan pathey jabar kaaley Keyu phirey naa chaaye As they leave, if no one even glances back
    60. 65. Tobey Pother Kaanta O Tui Raktomakha Charan Toley Ekla Dolo Rey Then with your blood-soaked feet, Trample the thorns in your path and move on
    61. 66. Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
    62. 67. Jodi aalo na dhorey If the flame does not hold
    63. 68. Orey orey O Obhaaga Aalo naa dhorey O Unfortunate one, i f the flame does not hold
    64. 69. Jodi Jhor Badoley Aandhar Raatey Duaar Daye Ghorey If on a stormy night, all have shut their doors to you
    65. 70. Jodi Jhor Badoley Aandhar Raatey Duaar Daye Ghorey If on a stormy night, all have shut their doors to you
    66. 71. Tobey bajra noley, Aapon buker paanjor jaliye neeye Ekla jolo rey Then, let the lightning set your breastbone ablaze and shine on alone
    67. 72. Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
    68. 73. Ekla Chalo, Ekla Chalo, Ekla Chalo Ekla Chalo Rey Go on alone, go on alone, go on alone, Go on alone
    69. 74. Jodi tor daak shuney keu naa ashe tobey ekla chalo rey If no one heeds your call, then go on alone
    70. 75. NATIONALISM
    71. 76. Tagore composed two songs that were adopted as the national anthems of India and Bangladesh
    72. 77. INDIAN NATIONAL ANTHEM JANA GANA MANA
    73. 78. Jana Gana Mana A Spiritual Prayer <ul><li>The people of this land celebrate the glory of the controller of their destiny! </li></ul><ul><li>From Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, to the Southern lands and Bengal, from the Vidhyas, Himachals, the rivers Yamuna and Ganga, the tricolor flutters in the wind. </li></ul>
    74. 79. Glory to the ruler of the minds of all people, the controller of India's destiny .
    75. 80. Thy name arouses all, from the hearts of the Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, to the Southern lands Orrisa and Bengal, from the Vindhyas, Himalayas, the rivers Yamuna and Ganga, to the Indian ocean.
    76. 81. They all seek thy blessing and sing to thy glory.
    77. 82. Glory to the well-wisher of this sea of humanity, the controller of India’s destiny. Glory to thee, Glory to thee, Glory to thee Glory to thee!
    78. 83. <ul><li>Jana Gana Mana </li></ul><ul><li>Adhinayaka Jaya Hey </li></ul><ul><li>Bharata Bhagya Vidhaata </li></ul>Glory to the ruler of the minds of all people, the controller of India's destiny.
    79. 84. <ul><li>Punjaaba Sindha Gujarata </li></ul><ul><li>Marathaa Dravida Utkala </li></ul><ul><li>Banga </li></ul><ul><li>Vidhya Himachala Yamuna </li></ul><ul><li>Gangaa </li></ul><ul><li>Ucchala Jaladhi Taranga </li></ul><ul><li>Tava Shubha Naame Jaage </li></ul>Thy name arouses all, from the hearts in Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, to the Southern lands, Orissa and Bengal, from the Vidhyas and the Himalayas, to the dancing waters of the Yamuna and Ganga
    80. 85. <ul><li>Tava Shubha Ashisha Maange </li></ul><ul><li>Gahey Taba Jaya Gaatha </li></ul>They all seek thy blessing and sing to thy glory.
    81. 86. <ul><li>Jana Gana Mangala Dayaka </li></ul><ul><li>Jaya Hey, </li></ul><ul><li>Bharata Bhagya Vidhaata </li></ul><ul><li>Jaya Hey, Jaya Hey, Jaya Hey </li></ul><ul><li>Jaya Jaya Jaya Jaya Hey </li></ul>G lory to the well-wisher of this sea of humanity, The controller of India’s destiny. Glory to thee, glory to thee, glory to thee, glory to thee!
    82. 87. When asked what he thought of Western culture, Gandhi thought “ it was a good idea.”
    83. 88. Tagore opposed British Rule, not Western culture and civilization
    84. 89. Stressed Synthesis of cultures “ To get on familiar terms with the local people is a part of your education. To know only agriculture is not enough; you must know America too. Of course if, in the process of knowing America, one begins to lose one's identity and falls into the trap of becoming an Americanised person contemptuous of everything Indian, it is preferable to stay in a locked room.” … to his son-in-law Nagendranath Gangulee who had come to America in 1907 to study Agriculture
    85. 90. Rebelled against strongly nationalist form of independence movement “ He was afraid that a rejection of the West in favor of an indigenous Indian tradition was not only limiting in itself; it could easily turn into hostility to other influences from abroad, including Christianity… Judaism… Zoroastrianism… and most importantly, Islam .” … N obel Laureate Amartya Sen, on Tagore
    86. 91. Criticized Patriotism “ Patriotism cannot be our final spiritual shelter; my refuge is humanity. I will not buy glass for the price of diamonds, and I will never allow patriotism to triumph over humanity as long as I live .” … in a letter, responding to the criticism of Abala Bose, wife of scientist J. C. Bose
    87. 92. Criticized Patriotism “ I am willing to serve my country; but my worship I reserve for Right which is far greater than my country. To worship my country as a God is to bring a curse upon it.” … the protagonist in Tagore’s novel, The Home and the World
    88. 93. Gandhi & Tagore Tagore popularized the term “Mahatma” when referring to Gandhi “ Great as he is as a politician, as an organizer, as a leader of men, as a moral reformer, he is greater than all these as a man, because none of these aspects and activities limits his humanity. They are rather inspired and sustained by it.” … Tagore in the essay, “Gandhi, the Man”
    89. 94. Gandhi & Tagore Gandhi and Nehru both appreciated the important role Tagore played in the national freedom struggle, although Gandhi and Tagore shared serious differences on nationalism, patriotism and vision. … N obel Laureate Amartya Sen, on Tagore
    90. 95. On Freedom “ When Freedom is not an inner idea which imparts strength to our activities and breadth to our creations, when it is merely a thing of external circumstance, it is like an open space to one who is blindfolded.” … Tagore in his essay, “The Spirit of Freedom”
    91. 96. On the West and India “ The civilization of the West has in it the spirit of the machine which must move; and to that blind movement human lives are offered as fuel, keeping up the steam-power.” … Tagore in his essay, “The Spirit of Freedom”
    92. 97. On the West and India The present civilization of India has the constraining power of the mould. It squeezes living man in the grip of rigid regulations… … Tagore in his essay, “The Spirit of Freedom”
    93. 98. On the West and India In both of these traditions life is offered up to something which is not life… … Tagore in his essay, “The Spirit of Freedom”
    94. 99. On the West and India The West is continually producing mechanical power in excess of its spiritual control, and India has produced a system of mechanical control in excess of its vitality. … Tagore in his essay, “The Spirit of Freedom”
    95. 100. Freedom Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high Where knowledge is free Where the world has not been broken up into fragments By narrow domestic walls Where words come out from the depth of truth Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit Where the mind is led forward by Thee Into ever-widening thought and action Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake            -- Rabindranath Tagore's Geetanjali
    96. 101. What is India?
    97. 102. What is India? Indian Indian
    98. 103. What is India? Indian Indian Indian American
    99. 104. What is India? Indian Indian Indian American Indian XXX
    100. 105. What is India? Indian Indian Indian American Indian XXX Indian Subcontinent
    101. 106. The Indian Ethos
    102. 107. The Indian Ethos “ I do not think that it is the spirit of India to reject anything, reject any race, reject any culture. The spirit of India has always proclaimed the ideal of unity. The ideal of unity never rejects anything, any race, or any culture. It comprehends all, and it has been the highest aim of our spiritual exertion to be able to penetrate all things with one soul, to comprehend all things as they are, and not to keep out anything in the whole universe – to comprehend all things with sympathy and love. This is the spirit of India… India is there to unite all human races.” … Tagore in his Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech
    103. 108. An International Hymn <ul><li>“ Hark O children of the Immortal, </li></ul><ul><li>Listen O Divine beings, </li></ul><ul><li>I have known Him – </li></ul><ul><li>The One beyond all illusion, </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond darkness, ever resplendent- </li></ul><ul><li>Know Him, look at Him. </li></ul><ul><li>That’s the only way to transcend death.” </li></ul>SRinvantu viswe amRitasya putraaH vedehametam purusham mahaantam aditya varnam tamasa parastat tvameva viditvaa amRitvameti … Shwestashwara Upanishad
    104. 109. Tomaar Holo Shuru Aamaar Holo Shaara Tera Yeh Ath Hai, Iti Hai Yeh Mera
    105. 110. Tera yeh ath hai Iti hai yeh mera Tum hum mile yunhi Behti rahe dhara   Tere jale baati Tere ghar saathi Mere yahan raatri Mere rahe taara   Tera hai kinaara Meri jaldhaara Rehna tera nishchal Mera yeh chala chal Rahe jo tere kar mein Kshay ho mere kar mein Bhay hai tere man mein Main hoon bhayahaara Thine is the beginning, My lot is ending You & I thus mingling, Like a stream ever flowing. For you there’s lamp, You have your friend, For me there’s darkness For me stars are twinkling. For you there’s land, I have water below, For you there is waiting, For me is endless rolling. In your hands is creation, In my hands is dissolution, In your mind is fear, I am fearless. Tera Yeh Ath Hai, Iti Hai Yeh Mera

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