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QUAIL ( BATER)
• The common quail (Coturnix coturnix) is a small
ground-nesting game bird in the pheasant
family Phasianidae.
• Kingdom:Animalia
• Phylum:Chordata
• Class:Aves
• Order:Galliformes
• Family:Phasianidae
• Subfamily:Perdicinae
• Genus:Coturnix
• Species:C. coturnix
Characteristics of Quail
• Quails are very small sized bird.
• An adult quail weights between 150 to 200 grams and an egg
weights around 7 to 15 grams.
• Female quails start laying eggs within their 6 to 7 weeks of age and
continuously lay one egg daily.
• They lay about 300 eggs in their first year of life. After that they
produce about 150 to 175 eggs in second year. Eggs production
gradually decrease after their first year of laying period.
• Quail egg is very suitable for human health. It contains 2.47 % less
fat than chicken egg. Many people believe that ‘quail eggs help to
prevent blood pressure, diabetic, etc’.
• Quail meat is very tasty and nutritious. Fat is very low in their meat.
So quail meat is very suitable for blood pressure patients.
• Eggs are very beautiful with multiple color.
• Quails do not incubate their eggs. So you have to use an incubator
or brooder chickens for hatching their eggs.
Benefits of Quail Farming
The main benefits of starting quail farming business are
listed below.
• Quails are smaller sized bird, so they can be raised
within small place.
• Feeding cost of quails are comparatively lower than
chickens or other poultry birds.
• Diseases are less in quails, and they are very hardy.
• Quails grow very fast and gain maturity faster than any
other poultry birds.
• They start laying eggs within their 6 to 7 weeks of age.
• It takes about 16 to 18 days to hatch their eggs.
• Meat and eggs of quail are very tasty, delicious and
nutritious. So it’s a great source of food and nutrition.
• You can raise 6 to 7 quails in the same place that
is required for one chicken.
• As the quail eggs are smaller in size, so the price
is also lower than other bird’s egg. As a result, all
types of people can buy quail eggs and you can
easily sell the eggs.
• As the primary costs are less, so you can start this
business with a very little investment.
• You can raise about 6 to 8 quails within
0.91 square meter area.
Life Cycle of Quails
• Quail generally survive for 3 to 4 years.
• An adult quail weighs between 150 to 200 grams.
• Female quails start laying eggs from their 6 to 7 weeks of
age. Each egg weighs between 7 to 15 grams.
• They lay more than 300 eggs per year. Their eggs are very
beautiful.
• Presence of light increase the egg productive efficiency of
quails. They usually lay eggs at afternoon. It takes about 17
days to hatch their eggs.
• A newly born quail chick weights around 6 to 7 grams. Quail
never incubate their eggs. For successful breeding purpose
keep one male quail with every five female quails.
• Quail chicks become very sensitive and take about two
weeks to be strong enough.
• Eggs of 9 to 11 grams weight with smooth and hard
eggshell are perfect for hatching and producing chicks.
Select Quail Breeds
• At present there are 18 breeds of quails are
available, which are very suitable for
profitable quail farming business.
• Some of these breeds are famous for egg
production and some are popular for meat
production.
• According to their production, quail breeds are of
two types such as
• broilers and
• layers.
Quail Breeds
• Tuxedo
• Pharaoh
• British Range
• English White
• Manchurian
Golden
Housing
• Housing is very important for quail farming. Follow the instructions
mentioned below while making house or cages for your quails.
• Quail can be raised in both litter and cage systems. But quail
farming in cage system is more suitable than raising them in deep
litter system. In cage system, management is very easy and diseases
or other problems are less.
• Make a proper ventilation system and ensure proper flow of air and
light inside their house.
• You can raise 50 quails in a cage measuring 120 cm
length, 60 cm wide and 25 cm height.
• Use wire net for making their cages.
• Measurement of the net would be 5 mm x 5 mm for
adult quails.
• Plastic cages are most convenient for quail farming business.
• The house must have to be out of the reach of wild animals. Also
prevent all types of predators.
Feeding
• For keeping your quails healthy, proper
growing and highly productive, provide them
balanced feed regularly.
• An adult quail consumes about 20 to 25 grams
of food daily.
• Chick feed should contain 27% and adult feed
22-24% of protein.
• A chart of balanced feed for quails
Balanced diet
Ingredients Age
0-3 Weeks 4-5 Weeks Adult
Broken Wheat 48 50 50
Sesame Cake 23 22 22
Kipper Fish 20 16 14
Rice Bran 6 8 9
Broken
Oyster shell
2.25 3.25 4.25
Salt 0.50 0.50 0.50
Mineral Mix 0.25 0.25 0.25
Total
(Percentage)
100 100 100
Egg Production
• Presence of adequate light is highly recommended for
desired egg production from your quails.
• You can provide artificial light and heat by using electric
bulb or heater. You can use 40 to 100 watt bulb for this
purpose.
• Demand of light and heat varies depending on the season.
If you want successful breeding and want to hatch their
eggs, then keep one male with every five female quails.
• For getting better egg production, select highly
productive breeds and always keep their house dry and
clean.
• Egg production also depends on temperature, feeding ,
water, care and management.
• To get desired egg production from your quails, light play a
vital role.
Lighting period of laying quails is
shown below
Age Temperature (o
Celsius)
Light (Hour)
1 Week 35 24
2 Week 30 24
3 Week 25 12
4 Week 21-22 12
5 Week 21 12
6 Week 21 13
7 Week 21 14
8 Week 21 15
9 Week 21 16
Other Time 21 16
Raising Quail Chicks
• Quails never incubate their eggs. So, you can
produce chicks by hatching their eggs through
chickens or artificially through using incubators.
• Incubation period for quail egg is about 16 to 18
days. For maximum egg production, 16 hours of
lighting period is required daily inside the quail
house.
• Keep newly born quail chicks in a brooder house.
Chicks need artificial heat and temperature
management system for 14 to 21 days from their
birth.
• Quail chick become very sensitive. They can be
raised in both litter and battery system.
factors while raising quail chicks.
• Adequate temperature
• Sufficient light
• Proper air movement
• Density of quail chicks
• Supply of food and water
• Hygienic rearing rules
Diseases
• Diseases are less in quails, compared to other
poultry birds. But you have to take good care and
manage them properly, to keep them free from
all types of diseases or illness.
• Generally they are not provided any disease
preventive vaccines.
• Quail chicks can’t tolerate weather change, and
sudden temperature change. So they get affected
by disease, if they experience sudden
temperature or weather changes.
• Be very careful during this period. Following
diseases are very harmful for the quails.
Following diseases are very harmful
for the quails.
• Coccidiosis: (protzoan disease) If the quails
get affected by coccidiosis disease, serve them
coaxial 20 by mixing with water (two grams
per litter) for three days. Otherwise feed this
according to the advice of a veterinarian.
• Ulcerative Enteritis: Mix one gram
streptomycin with one liter water and serve it
to the quails for three days. This will stop
ulcerative enteritis disease.
Marketing
• Quail meat and eggs are very tasty and highly
enriched with nutrient elements. So there is
already an established market for quail
products.
• As quail birds and their eggs are small in size,
so it is cheap in price and all types of people
can purchase. So you don’t have to worry
much about marketing your products.
• You can easily sell the eggs and meat in your
local market. But it will be better if
you determine your marketing strategies
before starting this business

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quail.pptx

  • 1. QUAIL ( BATER) • The common quail (Coturnix coturnix) is a small ground-nesting game bird in the pheasant family Phasianidae. • Kingdom:Animalia • Phylum:Chordata • Class:Aves • Order:Galliformes • Family:Phasianidae • Subfamily:Perdicinae • Genus:Coturnix • Species:C. coturnix
  • 2. Characteristics of Quail • Quails are very small sized bird. • An adult quail weights between 150 to 200 grams and an egg weights around 7 to 15 grams. • Female quails start laying eggs within their 6 to 7 weeks of age and continuously lay one egg daily. • They lay about 300 eggs in their first year of life. After that they produce about 150 to 175 eggs in second year. Eggs production gradually decrease after their first year of laying period. • Quail egg is very suitable for human health. It contains 2.47 % less fat than chicken egg. Many people believe that ‘quail eggs help to prevent blood pressure, diabetic, etc’. • Quail meat is very tasty and nutritious. Fat is very low in their meat. So quail meat is very suitable for blood pressure patients. • Eggs are very beautiful with multiple color. • Quails do not incubate their eggs. So you have to use an incubator or brooder chickens for hatching their eggs.
  • 3. Benefits of Quail Farming The main benefits of starting quail farming business are listed below. • Quails are smaller sized bird, so they can be raised within small place. • Feeding cost of quails are comparatively lower than chickens or other poultry birds. • Diseases are less in quails, and they are very hardy. • Quails grow very fast and gain maturity faster than any other poultry birds. • They start laying eggs within their 6 to 7 weeks of age. • It takes about 16 to 18 days to hatch their eggs. • Meat and eggs of quail are very tasty, delicious and nutritious. So it’s a great source of food and nutrition.
  • 4. • You can raise 6 to 7 quails in the same place that is required for one chicken. • As the quail eggs are smaller in size, so the price is also lower than other bird’s egg. As a result, all types of people can buy quail eggs and you can easily sell the eggs. • As the primary costs are less, so you can start this business with a very little investment. • You can raise about 6 to 8 quails within 0.91 square meter area.
  • 5. Life Cycle of Quails • Quail generally survive for 3 to 4 years. • An adult quail weighs between 150 to 200 grams. • Female quails start laying eggs from their 6 to 7 weeks of age. Each egg weighs between 7 to 15 grams. • They lay more than 300 eggs per year. Their eggs are very beautiful. • Presence of light increase the egg productive efficiency of quails. They usually lay eggs at afternoon. It takes about 17 days to hatch their eggs. • A newly born quail chick weights around 6 to 7 grams. Quail never incubate their eggs. For successful breeding purpose keep one male quail with every five female quails. • Quail chicks become very sensitive and take about two weeks to be strong enough. • Eggs of 9 to 11 grams weight with smooth and hard eggshell are perfect for hatching and producing chicks.
  • 6. Select Quail Breeds • At present there are 18 breeds of quails are available, which are very suitable for profitable quail farming business. • Some of these breeds are famous for egg production and some are popular for meat production. • According to their production, quail breeds are of two types such as • broilers and • layers.
  • 7. Quail Breeds • Tuxedo • Pharaoh • British Range • English White • Manchurian Golden
  • 8. Housing • Housing is very important for quail farming. Follow the instructions mentioned below while making house or cages for your quails. • Quail can be raised in both litter and cage systems. But quail farming in cage system is more suitable than raising them in deep litter system. In cage system, management is very easy and diseases or other problems are less. • Make a proper ventilation system and ensure proper flow of air and light inside their house. • You can raise 50 quails in a cage measuring 120 cm length, 60 cm wide and 25 cm height. • Use wire net for making their cages. • Measurement of the net would be 5 mm x 5 mm for adult quails. • Plastic cages are most convenient for quail farming business. • The house must have to be out of the reach of wild animals. Also prevent all types of predators.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11. Feeding • For keeping your quails healthy, proper growing and highly productive, provide them balanced feed regularly. • An adult quail consumes about 20 to 25 grams of food daily. • Chick feed should contain 27% and adult feed 22-24% of protein. • A chart of balanced feed for quails
  • 12.
  • 13. Balanced diet Ingredients Age 0-3 Weeks 4-5 Weeks Adult Broken Wheat 48 50 50 Sesame Cake 23 22 22 Kipper Fish 20 16 14 Rice Bran 6 8 9 Broken Oyster shell 2.25 3.25 4.25 Salt 0.50 0.50 0.50 Mineral Mix 0.25 0.25 0.25 Total (Percentage) 100 100 100
  • 14. Egg Production • Presence of adequate light is highly recommended for desired egg production from your quails. • You can provide artificial light and heat by using electric bulb or heater. You can use 40 to 100 watt bulb for this purpose. • Demand of light and heat varies depending on the season. If you want successful breeding and want to hatch their eggs, then keep one male with every five female quails. • For getting better egg production, select highly productive breeds and always keep their house dry and clean. • Egg production also depends on temperature, feeding , water, care and management. • To get desired egg production from your quails, light play a vital role.
  • 15.
  • 16. Lighting period of laying quails is shown below Age Temperature (o Celsius) Light (Hour) 1 Week 35 24 2 Week 30 24 3 Week 25 12 4 Week 21-22 12 5 Week 21 12 6 Week 21 13 7 Week 21 14 8 Week 21 15 9 Week 21 16 Other Time 21 16
  • 17. Raising Quail Chicks • Quails never incubate their eggs. So, you can produce chicks by hatching their eggs through chickens or artificially through using incubators. • Incubation period for quail egg is about 16 to 18 days. For maximum egg production, 16 hours of lighting period is required daily inside the quail house. • Keep newly born quail chicks in a brooder house. Chicks need artificial heat and temperature management system for 14 to 21 days from their birth. • Quail chick become very sensitive. They can be raised in both litter and battery system.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20. factors while raising quail chicks. • Adequate temperature • Sufficient light • Proper air movement • Density of quail chicks • Supply of food and water • Hygienic rearing rules
  • 21. Diseases • Diseases are less in quails, compared to other poultry birds. But you have to take good care and manage them properly, to keep them free from all types of diseases or illness. • Generally they are not provided any disease preventive vaccines. • Quail chicks can’t tolerate weather change, and sudden temperature change. So they get affected by disease, if they experience sudden temperature or weather changes. • Be very careful during this period. Following diseases are very harmful for the quails.
  • 22. Following diseases are very harmful for the quails. • Coccidiosis: (protzoan disease) If the quails get affected by coccidiosis disease, serve them coaxial 20 by mixing with water (two grams per litter) for three days. Otherwise feed this according to the advice of a veterinarian. • Ulcerative Enteritis: Mix one gram streptomycin with one liter water and serve it to the quails for three days. This will stop ulcerative enteritis disease.
  • 23. Marketing • Quail meat and eggs are very tasty and highly enriched with nutrient elements. So there is already an established market for quail products. • As quail birds and their eggs are small in size, so it is cheap in price and all types of people can purchase. So you don’t have to worry much about marketing your products. • You can easily sell the eggs and meat in your local market. But it will be better if you determine your marketing strategies before starting this business