CompTIA Green IT Objectives

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CompTIA Green IT Objectives

  1. 1. CompTIA Green IT Certification Exam Objectives 1 of 8Copyright © 2010 by the Computing Technology Industry Association. All rights reserved.The CompTIA Green IT Specialist Objectives are subject to change without notice.FC0-GR1INTRODUCTIONThe CompTIA Green IT Certification exam is designed to show that the successful candidate has theknowledge and skills to implement environmentally sound techniques such as disposal, preservation ofpower, and reduction of an organization’s carbon footprint. Furthermore, a successful candidate will beable to identify organizations and standards, implement virtualization on IT systems, and calculate theROI involved in implementing green IT. This test is intended for candidates who have decision makingauthority over their company’s IT infrastructure such as: IT Manager, System Administrator, IT SecurityManager, Network Administrator, Network Security Manager, IT Supervisor, Data Center Manager, andOperations Manager. CompTIA A+ and CompTIA Server + are recommended prerequisites.Domain % of Examination1.0 Green IT Techniques and Technologies 80%2.0 Green IT Policies and Standards 20%Total 100%**Note: The bulleted lists below each objective are not exhaustive lists. Even though they are notincluded in this document, other examples of technologies, processes or tasks pertaining to eachobjective may also be included on the exam.(A list of acronyms used in these objectives appears at the end of this document.)
  2. 2. CompTIA Green IT Certification Exam Objectives 2 of 8Copyright © 2010 by the Computing Technology Industry Association. All rights reserved.The CompTIA Green IT Specialist Objectives are subject to change without notice.1.0 Green IT Techniques and Technologies1.1 Implement environmentally sound techniques to dispose of hazardous materials.• Environmentally hazardous substance disposalo Battery disposalo CRT disposal-replace with LCDso General RecyclingRecycling of computers for reuse or partso Toner disposal / ink cartridge recyclingo Cleaning supply disposalo Materials that meet RoHS guidelineso Retired equipment disposalo Use of third party approved vendors for disposalShreddingIncineratingHard drive wiping1.2 Identify and implement environmentally sound techniques to preserve power.• Power management ( Power saving features)o BIOS settingsACPIScreen brightnessPower saving profileWake on LANCPU states• SpeedStep™(Intel processors)• PowerNow!/Cool’n’Quiet™(AMD)• LongHaul™ (Via CPU)• LongRun™ (Transmeta)Fan speedsPower on and power off timerso OS settingsAutomatic standby after a specified time limit of non-useHard disk power down timeWireless and Wired NIC power saving settingsSleep, standby, hibernate modesUSB Suspend settingsPCI Express power managementSearch and Indexing power saving modeWindows Vista DreamScene™ power setting modesMultimedia Power settingsPower utility in control panelo IT policy and proceduresShutdown/power off procedures/policies at end of dayShutdown scripts
  3. 3. CompTIA Green IT Certification Exam Objectives 3 of 8Copyright © 2010 by the Computing Technology Industry Association. All rights reserved.The CompTIA Green IT Specialist Objectives are subject to change without notice.• Group policy• Consolidation of office equipmento Multifunctional deviceso Power management PCs and lower power servers replace large desktops withenergy efficient laptops and thin clientso Consolidation of vendors and/or orders to reduce shipping• Reduce graphic card performance to minimum requirementso Motherboard video output using low 3D performance or powero Select GPU based on average wattage or performance/watt• No video card – use of shared terminals and thin clients• LED monitors and LED lights• Use Power over Ethernet (PoE)• Wireless AP Auto Transmit Power or Manual Transmit Power• Light/power timer on routers and/or networking equipment• Active cooling (water or fan) vs. Passive (heatsink only)1.3 Explain the purpose and application of virtualization technology.• VDI – Virtual Desktop Infrastructure• Virtual Labo On demand Labs and On Demand Applications• Server consolidation• Storage virtualization• Application virtualization• Best practices• Pros and Cons of virtualizationPros:o Power reductiono Reduced infrastructure costo Centralization of computing resourceso Centralized administrationo Thin client vs. full workstationso Enhanced disaster recoveryo Licensing costso Faster deploymento Maximize hardware utilizationo Reduced power and cooling consumptionCons:o Potential single point of failureo Increased administrative overheado More complex administrationo High initial investmento Training personnel costso Increased network traffic within a single nodeo Resource contentiono Increase mean time between failureo Security
  4. 4. CompTIA Green IT Certification Exam Objectives 4 of 8Copyright © 2010 by the Computing Technology Industry Association. All rights reserved.The CompTIA Green IT Specialist Objectives are subject to change without notice.Concerns from shared hardware, shared resources, DOSConcerns from timing/interrupt attacks (Encryption) and VM escaping1.4 Explain different techniques and technologies that will enhance Green IT initiatives• Duplex printing and use lower cost per page network printers• Use Terminal Servers• Blade servers• Use Energy Star rated equipment• Use low power NAS (network attached storage) instead of file servers• Use Solid State drives• Green building infrastructure and renewable energy sourceso Insulation- Eliminate air leaks in building/roomso Passive Solar and passive cooling, Active solaro Heat recovery ventilationo Fluorescent lighting and compact florescent lampso HVAC scheduling and monitoringo Smart light switcheso Proper spacing for cooling IT equipmento Solar panelso Wind powero Other energy sourceso Heat exchangerso Rechargeable batteries• Decrease print margins (increase print area)• Paperless documents / electronic records• Online collaboration technologies• KVM switches to share a single PC or a single monitor• Measurement of energy for IT hardware and infrastructureo Active accountability and management to measure 6-12 monthso Measure each workstation’s power draw2.0 Green IT Policies and Standards2.1 Develop and implement an internal IT strategy analyzing ROI for the Green IT initiative.• State objectives and goals for implementing Green IT initiatives.• Calculate the savings and ROI for Green IT investments• Project management for the implementation of green initiatives• Identify needs and cost effectiveness of power redundancy on a system that does not require24/7 use or access• Understand full life cycle assessment of environmental impacts of any product and/orsolution• Calculate and understand the carbon footprint of an organization2.2 Identify Green IT framework assessment tools, organizations, and standards.
  5. 5. CompTIA Green IT Certification Exam Objectives 5 of 8Copyright © 2010 by the Computing Technology Industry Association. All rights reserved.The CompTIA Green IT Specialist Objectives are subject to change without notice.• United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)• United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)• Agenda 21• International Federation of Consulting Engineers Project Sustainability Management(FIDIC’s PSM)• IPD Environmental Code• ISO 21931• U.S. Environmental Protection Agency• Energy Star• TCO Certification• Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS)• 2002/96/EC Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) requirements• Climate Savers Computing Initiative (CSCI)• Green Computing Impact Organization, INC. (GCIO)• Green Electronics Council• The Green Grid• International Professional Practice Partnership (IP3)2.3 Identify methods to reduce workforce environmental impacts.• Car pooling• Use public transportation or alternate transportation• Telecommuting / working from home• Working remotely but securelyo VPNo Remote Desktopo Remote third party software• Replace travel with video conferencing• Remote interviews• Remote/Mediated classroom• Compressed work week (e.g. Mon-Thurs 7a.m. - 6p.m.)• Reduced office space heating, lighting, etc
  6. 6. CompTIA Green IT Certification Exam Objectives 6 of 8Copyright © 2010 by the Computing Technology Industry Association. All rights reserved.The CompTIA Green IT Specialist Objectives are subject to change without notice.CompTIA Green IT AcronymsIntroductionThe following is a list of acronyms which could appear on the CompTIA Green IT certification exam.Candidates are encouraged to review the complete list and attain a working knowledge of all listedacronyms as a part of a comprehensive test preparation program.ACRONYM SPELLED OUTAC alternating currentACPI Advanced Configuration and Power InterfaceBIOS basic input/output systemCD compact discCD-ROM compact disc-read-only memoryCD-RW compact disc-rewritableCPU central processing unitCRT cathode-ray tubeCSCI Climate Savers Computing InitiativeDC direct currentDDR double data-rateDDR RAM double data-rate random access memoryDDR SDRAM double data-rate synchronous dynamic random access memoryDHCP dynamic host configuration protocolDIMM dual inline memory moduleDNS domain name service or domain name serverDOS denial of ServiceDSL digital subscriber lineDVD digital video disc or digital versatile discDVD-R digital video disc-recordableDVD-RAM digital video disc-random access memoryDVD-ROM digital video disc-read only memoryDVD-RW digital video disc-rewritableDVI digital visual interfaceEMI electromagnetic interferenceEMP electromagnetic pulseESD electrostatic dischargeFAT file allocation tableFAT32 32-bit file allocation tableFDD floppy disk driveFIDIC International Federation of Consulting EngineersGb gigabitGB gigabyteGCIO Green Computing Impact Organization
  7. 7. CompTIA Green IT Certification Exam Objectives 7 of 8Copyright © 2010 by the Computing Technology Industry Association. All rights reserved.The CompTIA Green IT Specialist Objectives are subject to change without notice.GHz gigahertzHDD hard disk driveHDMi high definition media interfaceHTML hypertext markup languageHTTP hypertext transfer protocolHTTPS hypertext transfer protocol over secure sockets layerHVAC heating, ventilation, & air conditioningIDE integrated drive electronicsIP internet protocolIP3 International Professional Practice PartnershipIPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeIR infraredISDN integrated services digital networkISO International Organization for StandardizationKb kilobitKB Kilobyte or knowledge baseKVM keyboard, video, mouseLAN local area networkLAN local area networkLCD liquid crystal displayLED light emitting diodeMB megabyteMb megabitMHz megahertzMP3 Moving Picture Experts Group Layer 3 AudioMP4 Moving Picture Experts Group Layer 4MPEG Moving Picture Experts GroupNAS network attached storageNIC network interface cardOS operating systemPC personal computerPCI peripheral component interconnectPCIe peripheral component interconnect expressPCIX peripheral component interconnect extendedPCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International AssociationPDA personal digital assistantPoE power over EthernetPSM Project Sustainability ManagementRAM random access memoryRJ registered jackRJ-11 registered jack function 11RJ-45 registered jack function 45
  8. 8. CompTIA Green IT Certification Exam Objectives 8 of 8Copyright © 2010 by the Computing Technology Industry Association. All rights reserved.The CompTIA Green IT Specialist Objectives are subject to change without notice.RoHS Restriction of Hazardous SubstancesROI return on investmentSATA serial advanced technology attachmentSCSI small computer system interfaceSD card secure digital cardSOHO small office/home officeSSID service set identifierSSL secure sockets layerTB terabyteTCO Total Cost of OwnershipTCP transmission control protocolTCP/IP transmission control protocol/internet protocolUNEP United Nations Environment ProgramUPS uninterruptible power supplyURL uniform resource locatorUSB universal serial busVDI virtual desktop infrastructureVGA video graphics arrayVM virtual machineVoIP voice over internet protocolVPN virtual private networkWAP wireless application protocolWEEE Waste Electrical and Electronics EquipmentWEP wired equivalent privacyWIFI wireless fidelityWPA wireless protected access

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