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Dr. Shiyali Ramamrita     Ranganathan        (1892 – 1972)   Julinah Sabria Binte Abu Bakar        Free Powerpoint Templat...
About S.R. Ranganathan (S.R.R.)  • Mathematician and library science scholar from    India  • Father of library science, d...
Growing up    • Born on August 9, 1892 in Shiyali (present day Sirkazhi)      Madras, India          o Father: Ramamrita A...
Education  • Earned B.A. (1913) and M.A. (1916) degrees in    Mathematics from Madras Christian College  • Shared excellen...
Career  Taught at Mathematics faculties at Universities in  Mangalore, Coimbatore and Madras  His classes were lively and ...
Family   • Married to Rukmani when he was 15 years old,     in 1907        o Rukmani died in an accident in 1928   • In 19...
Some interesting facts about S.R.R.  • Workaholic, spent hours in the library; even    during his leisure hours  • Had a s...
Stepping into the librarianship….• Had applied for the post of University Librarian in  the University of Madras (UM) in 1...
Stepping into the library world• Initially reluctant to pursue the position (as he had  forgotten about it when he was cal...
Role as an University Librarian• Found the solitude of the job unbearable• Begged the university administration for a teac...
Library Education  • Left for England in September 1924 for a 9-month    studies & observation tour  • Went to University ...
Library Education  • W.C. Berwick Sayers, Chief Librarian of Croydon    Public Library and lecturer in the School of    Li...
Contributions  • Wrote large mass of literature about    librarianship; particularly classification  • Was awarded the Pad...
PublicationsIndian Library, A., & Ranganathan, S. R. (1951). Indian library directory. Delhi.Kaula, P. N., & Ranganathan, ...
PublicationsRanganathan, S. R. (1938). Theory of library catalogue. Madras; London: Madras libraryassociation; E. Goldston...
PublicationsRanganathan, S. R. (1950a). Library catalogue; fundamentals and procedure. [Madras:Madras Library Association....
PublicationsRanganathan, S. R. (1957b). Prolegomena to library classification. London: The LibraryAssociation.Ranganathan,...
PublicationsRanganathan, S. R. (1963d). Documentation periodicals: coverage, arrangement, scatter,seepage, compilation. Ba...
PublicationsRanganathan, S. R. (1967b). Ramanujan : the man and the mathematician. Bangalore:Sarada Ranganathan Endowment ...
PublicationsRanganathan, S. R., & Bhattacharyya, G. (1970). Conflict of authorship; corporate body vscorporate body. Banga...
PublicationsRanganathan, S. R., & Gopinath, M. A. (1966). Library book selection. Bombay; New York:Asia Publishing House.R...
PublicationsRanganathan, S. R., & Muthukumaraswamy, R. (1961). Commemoration bibliography of thefirst 1008 books published...
PublicationsRanganathan, S. R., Neelameghan, A., & All-India Seminar on Public Library, S. (1972).Public library system: I...
PublicationsRanganathan, S. R., Sivaraman, K. M., & Sundaram, C. (1940). Reference service andbibliography. With a forewor...
Notable ContributionsImage source:             Image source:http://tower.com   Free Powerpoint Templates                  ...
Image source: http://vulpeslibris.wordpress.com               Free Powerpoint Templates
Law No. 1      Books are       for use            Free Powerpoint Templates
Law No. 1: Books are for use• S.R.R. observed that books were often chained to  prevent their removal and that the emphasi...
Law No. 2      Every reader       his [or her]          book            Free Powerpoint Templates
Law No. 2: Every reader his [or her] book• This law suggests that every member of the  community should be able to obtain ...
Law No. 3    Every book     its reader            Free Powerpoint Templates
Law No. 3: Every book its reader• Each item in a library has an individual or individuals  who would find that item useful...
Law No. 4      Save the    time of the       reader            Free Powerpoint Templates
Law No. 4: Save the time of the reader• This law is a recognition that part of the excellence  of library service is its a...
Law No. 5     The library is      a growing      organism            Free Powerpoint Templates
Law No. 5: The library is a growing organism• This law focused more on the need for internal  change than on changes in th...
Literature about S.R.R. & his five laws                   Free Powerpoint Templates
Relevance of the Five Laws today                  Free Powerpoint Templates
Relevance of the Five Laws today• Ranganathan sees the library as an institution that is  active in a constantly changing ...
Relevance of the Five Laws today• In order to do that the academic library must expand  its boundaries and position itself...
References Bates, M. J., & Maack, M. N. (2010). Encyclopedia of library and information sciences: Boca Raton, FL : CRC Pre...
References Ranganathan, S. R. (1988). The five laws of library science / by S.R. Ranganathan: Bangalore : Sarada Ranganath...
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Dr. S. R. Ranganathan : a biographical presentation

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Biographical presentation of Dr. S.R. Ranganathan for H6715, Perspectives on Information Science.

Presented by Julinah Sabria and V Somasundram 3 April 2012

Published in: Education
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Dr. S. R. Ranganathan : a biographical presentation

  1. 1. Dr. Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan (1892 – 1972) Julinah Sabria Binte Abu Bakar Free Powerpoint Templates V. Somasundram
  2. 2. About S.R. Ranganathan (S.R.R.) • Mathematician and library science scholar from India • Father of library science, documentation and information science in India • Contributions has worldwide influence S.R.Ranganathan, 1964 Free Powerpoint Templates
  3. 3. Growing up • Born on August 9, 1892 in Shiyali (present day Sirkazhi) Madras, India o Father: Ramamrita Ayyar, Mother: Seethalakshmi o First child and first grandchild of both maternal and paternal parents Sitalakshmi (1872 - 1953),Sirkazhi S.R.R.’s mother Free Powerpoint TemplatesImage source: http://municipality.tn.gov.in/sirkazhi/
  4. 4. Education • Earned B.A. (1913) and M.A. (1916) degrees in Mathematics from Madras Christian College • Shared excellent teacher-student relationships • Lifelong goal: To teach mathematicsRanganathan as a student, 1913 Free Powerpoint Templates Madras Christian College, 1895
  5. 5. Career Taught at Mathematics faculties at Universities in Mangalore, Coimbatore and Madras His classes were lively and purposive, earned the name “born teacher” Had thrilling intellectual experiences with students & faculties Presidency College, Madras SRR and G.A. Srinivasan, Madras (1923) Free Powerpoint Templates
  6. 6. Family • Married to Rukmani when he was 15 years old, in 1907 o Rukmani died in an accident in 1928 • In 1929, he married Sarada o She was very devoted to S.R.R. o Helped S.R.R. to work ceaselessly for library profession o Only had one son, Shri. R. Yogeshwar Free Powerpoint Templates SRR with son, YogeshwarSarada and SRR in Zurich (summer 1954) (June 1937)
  7. 7. Some interesting facts about S.R.R. • Workaholic, spent hours in the library; even during his leisure hours • Had a stammering problem which he gradually overcame during his professional life • Initiated the first graduate course in Library Science in 1948, in Delhi University Discussing with Free Powerpoint Gupta, 1949 S. Das Templates
  8. 8. Stepping into the librarianship….• Had applied for the post of University Librarian in the University of Madras (UM) in 1923• University Management created the post to oversee their poorly organized collection• They required someone with research background; SRR’s papers on mathematics met the requirements Free Powerpoint Templates
  9. 9. Stepping into the library world• Initially reluctant to pursue the position (as he had forgotten about it when he was called for interview)• Took charge of the University Library on 4th January 1924Welcome as First Madras University Librarian (1924) Free Powerpoint Templates Library Madras University
  10. 10. Role as an University Librarian• Found the solitude of the job unbearable• Begged the university administration for a teaching position• A deal with the administration o Travel to London to learn contemporary Western practices in librarianship. o If he still rejected librarianship after the trip, he will be offered the mathematics lectureship o Went to University College London, where his mathematical knowledge came in handy for classification Free Powerpoint Templates
  11. 11. Library Education • Left for England in September 1924 for a 9-month studies & observation tour • Went to University College London, where his mathematical knowledge came in handy for classification School of Librarianship, University Free Powerpoint Templates College London
  12. 12. Library Education • W.C. Berwick Sayers, Chief Librarian of Croydon Public Library and lecturer in the School of Librarianship, University College London • Inducted S.R.R. into the library profession • Under Sayers’ guidance, S.R.R. visited a large number of libraries • Libraries  community reading centres • Services rendered to various strata • Discovered a social mission for library profession and himself Powerpoint Templates Free W C Berwick Sayers
  13. 13. Contributions • Wrote large mass of literature about librarianship; particularly classification • Was awarded the Padmashri Award by the Government of India for valuable contributions to library science Padmashri.Investiture in Delhi, SRR Birth Centenary, 29 October 1957 by August 1992. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Indian Post Office Free Powerpoint President of India Templates issues postage stamp
  14. 14. PublicationsIndian Library, A., & Ranganathan, S. R. (1951). Indian library directory. Delhi.Kaula, P. N., & Ranganathan, S. R. (1965). Library science today : Papers contrib. on the 71-st birthday of S. R. Ranganathan. London: Asia.Library Seminar on Research in the Social, S., Ranganathan, S. R., & Girja, K. (1960). Socialscience research and libraries; papers and summary proceedings, Bombay; New York.Madras Library, A., & Ranganathan, S. R. (1953). Library legislation. Handbook to theMadras Library Act. Madras & London.Madras Library, A., & Ranganathan, S. R. (1963). The five laws of library science. Bombay &London.Parkhi, R. S., & Ranganathan, S. R. (1964). Decimal classification and Colon classification inperspective : with a foreword by S. R. Ranganathan. London: Asia Publishing House.Ranganathan, S. R. (1965). The colon classification, New Brunswick, N.J.Ranganathan, S. R. (1934). Classified catalogue code. Madras; London: Madras libraryassociation; E. Goldston. Free Powerpoint Templates
  15. 15. PublicationsRanganathan, S. R. (1938). Theory of library catalogue. Madras; London: Madras libraryassociation; E. Goldston.Ranganathan, S. R. (1942). School and college libraries. Madras; London: Madras libraryassociation; E. Goldston.Ranganathan, S. R. (1944a). Library classification: fundamentals & procedure; with 1008graded examples & exercises. Madras; London: Madras library association; E. Goldston.Ranganathan, S. R. (1944b). Post-war reconstruction of libraries in India, a scheme. Lahore:Modern Librarian. Punjab Library Association. Forman Christian College Library.Ranganathan, S. R. (1945). Elements of library classification : based on lectures delivered atthe University of Bombay in December 1944. Poona: N.K. Pub. House.Ranganathan, S. R. (1946a). National library system : a plan for India. Lahore: IndianLibrarian.Ranganathan, S. R. (1946b). Suggestions for the organization of libraries in India. [Madras,New York: Indian Branch, Oxford Univ. Press.Ranganathan, S. R. (1949). Rural adult education. [S.l.]: Blunt. Free Powerpoint Templates
  16. 16. PublicationsRanganathan, S. R. (1950a). Library catalogue; fundamentals and procedure. [Madras:Madras Library Association.Ranganathan, S. R. (1950b). Library development plan : thirty-year programme for Indiawith draft library bills for the Union and the constituent states. Delhi: University of Delhi.Ranganathan, S. R. (1951a). Classification and communication. Delhi: University of Delhi.Ranganathan, S. R. (1951b). Philosophy of library classification. Copenhagen; New York: E.Munksgaard; Hafner.Ranganathan, S. R. (1951c). Public library provision and documentation problems : papersfor discussion at the ninth All-India Library Conference, Indore, 11-14 May 1951. Delhi;London: Indian Library Association ; G. Blunt & Sons.Ranganathan, S. R. (1952). Dictionary catalogue code. Madras: Madras Library Association.Ranganathan, S. R. (1953). Rendering of South Asian names : a report. S.l.: s.n.].Ranganathan, S. R. (1955). Heading and canons; comparative study of five catalogue codes.Madras: S. Viswanathan.Ranganathan, S. R. (1957a). Library science and the resilience of its laws. London: North-western Polytechnic, School of Librarianship. Powerpoint Templates Free
  17. 17. PublicationsRanganathan, S. R. (1957b). Prolegomena to library classification. London: The LibraryAssociation.Ranganathan, S. R. (1959b). Elements of library classificaton : based on lectures delivered atthe University of Bombay in December 1944 and in the Schools of Librarianship in GreatBritain in December 1956. London: Association of Assistant Librarians.Ranganathan, S. R. (1959c). Library administration. Bombay: Asia Pub. House.Ranganathan, S. R. (1959d). Retrospective bibliography of Asian learned periodicals. Paris:Service photographique, UNESCO.Ranganathan, S. R. (1960). Library manual, for library authorities, librarians, and honorarylibrary workers. New York: Asia Pub. House.Ranganathan, S. R. (1961a). Education for leisure. New York: Asia Pub. House.Ranganathan, S. R. (1961b). Reference service. London: Asia Pub. House.Ranganathan, S. R. (1963b). Documentation and its facets : being a symposium of seventypapers by thirty-two authors. New York: Asia Pub. House. Free Powerpoint Templates
  18. 18. PublicationsRanganathan, S. R. (1963d). Documentation periodicals: coverage, arrangement, scatter,seepage, compilation. Bangalore: Documentation Research and Training Centre.Ranganathan, S. R. (1963f). Library week souvenir. Bangalore: Mysore Library AssociationRanganathan, S. R. (1963g). The organization of libraries. London: Oxford University Press.Ranganathan, S. R. (1964). Comments on Model Public Libraries Bill prepared by the CentralMinistry of Education : an evaluation. Pune: Si. Ra. Satkara Samiti.Ranganathan, S. R. (1966a). Library development plan with a draft library bill for KeralaState. Trivandrum: S.G.P., Govt. Press.Ranganathan, S. R. (1966b). Seminar technique. New Delhi: Indian Adult EducationAssociation.Ranganathan, S. R. (1967a). A descriptive account of the colon classification. Bombay; NewYork: Asia Pub. House. Free Powerpoint Templates
  19. 19. PublicationsRanganathan, S. R. (1967b). Ramanujan : the man and the mathematician. Bangalore:Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science.Ranganathan, S. R. (1968). Free book service for all. Bombay: Pub. for the Mysore LibraryAssoc. by Asia Pub. House.Ranganathan, S. R. (1971). Education and library system of the nation. Bangalore: MysoreLibrary Association.Ranganathan, S. R. (1972). Difficulties of government documents, James Childs, GilbertMudge Award (1971). Bangalore: Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science.Ranganathan, S. R. (1973). Documentation: genesis and development. Delhi: Vikas Pub.House.Ranganathan, S. R. (1988). Library manual : for library authorities, librarians and libraryworkers. Bangalore; New Delhi: Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science ;Distributors UBS Publishers Distributors Ltd.Ranganathan, S. R. (1990). Indian library manifesto. New Delhi: ABC Pub. House.Ranganathan, S. R., & All India Library, C. (1953). Depth classification and reference service& reference material : papers for discussion at the tenth All-India Library Conference,Hyderabad, 1-4 June 1953, Delhi. Free Powerpoint Templates
  20. 20. PublicationsRanganathan, S. R., & Bhattacharyya, G. (1970). Conflict of authorship; corporate body vscorporate body. Bangalore: Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science.Ranganathan, S. R., & Bhattacharyya, G. (1974). Cataloguing practice : [by] S.R.Ranganathan. London: Asia Pub. House.Ranganathan, S. R., & Conference, I. (1963). Documentation and the spiral of library service: IASLIC Conference, presidential address, 5, Poona, 1963. Poona?: s.n.].Ranganathan, S. R., & Dobrowolski, Z. (1964). Classification research 1957-1963 : Trendreport (India). Copenhagen: Danish Centre of Documentation.Ranganathan, S. R., Donker Duyvis, F., & Kaula, P. N. (1965). Library science today :Ranganathan Festschrift. London: Asia Publ. House.Ranganathan, S. R., & Girja, K. (1960). Social science research and libraries : papers andsummary proceedings ot the library seminar on research in the social sciences, New Delhi,2-4 Jan 1959. Bombay: Asia Publishing House. Free Powerpoint Templates
  21. 21. PublicationsRanganathan, S. R., & Gopinath, M. A. (1966). Library book selection. Bombay; New York:Asia Publishing House.Ranganathan, S. R., & Indian Adult Education, A. (1953). Literature for neo-literates beingreport of the 3rd National Seminar of the Indian Adult Education Association held at JamaiMillia, Okhla, 20 to 26 December, 1952. Delhi: Atma Ram.Ranganathan, S. R., & Indian National Scientific Documentation, C. (1954). Annals of libraryscience. Annals of library science.Ranganathan, S. R., & Kaula, P. N. (1965). Library science today : papers contributed on the71st birthday of S.R. Ranganathan, 12 August 1962. Bombay: Asia Publishing House.Ranganathan, S. R., & Kaula, P. N. (1992). A Librarian looks back : an autobiography of Dr.S.R. Ranganathan. New Delhi: ABC Pub. Hosue : Exclusive distributors, UBS PublishersDistributors.Ranganathan, S. R., Kaula, P. N., & Das Gupta, A. K. (1965). Ranganathan festschrift. NewYork: Asia Pub. House.Ranganathan, S. R., & Kumar, G. (1960). Social science research and libraries. Bombay: AsiaPublishing House. Free Powerpoint Templates
  22. 22. PublicationsRanganathan, S. R., & Muthukumaraswamy, R. (1961). Commemoration bibliography of thefirst 1008 books published by the South India Saiva Siddhanta Works Publishing Society,Tinnevelly, Limited. Madras: South India Saiva Siddhanta Works Publishing Society,Tinnevelly, Ltd.Ranganathan, S. R., & National, L. (1993). Dr. S.R. Ranganathan : a tribute : on the occasionof his centenary celebrations. Calcutta: National Library.Ranganathan, S. R., Navalani, K., & Satija, M. P. (1993). Petits petales : a tribute to S.R.Ranganathan. New Delhi: ABC Pub. House.Ranganathan, S. R., & Neelameghan, A. (1966). Library service for all. Bangalore: MysoreLibrary Association.Ranganathan, S. R., & Neelameghan, A. (1975). Physical bibliography for librarians. NewYork: Asia Pub. House. Free Powerpoint Templates
  23. 23. PublicationsRanganathan, S. R., Neelameghan, A., & All-India Seminar on Public Library, S. (1972).Public library system: India, Sri Lanka, U.K., U.S.A.; comparative library legislation based onthe papers and proceedings of the All-India Seminar on Public Library System, Bangalore,28 to 20, April, 1972. Bangalore: Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science.Ranganathan, S. R., Neelameghan, A., & Gupta, A. K. (1968). Free book service for all; aninternational survey. Bombay; New York: Published for the Mysore Library Association byAsia Pub. House.Ranganathan, S. R., & Palmer, B. I. (1972a). Impact of growth in the universe ofclassification / view through a bibliography / by Bernard I. Palmer. Copenhagen: DanishCentre for Documentation.Ranganathan, S. R., & Palmer, B. I. (1972b). Ranganathan memorial issue. Copenhagen:Danish Centre for Documentation.Ranganathan, S. R., & Quayyum, Z. (1993). New horizons for jute. Ahmedabad, India:National Information Centre for Textile and Allied Subjects.Ranganathan, S. R., & Sivaraman, K. M. (1951). Library manual. Delhi: Indian LibraryAssociation. Free Powerpoint Templates
  24. 24. PublicationsRanganathan, S. R., Sivaraman, K. M., & Sundaram, C. (1940). Reference service andbibliography. With a foreword by Sir Maurice Linford Gwyer. Madras; London: The Madraslibrary association; E. Goldston.Ranganathan, S. R., Social Science Documentation, C., & International Conference onRanganathans, P. (1985). Dr S.R. Ranganathan : a bibliography. New Delhi: Social ScienceDocumentation Centre, Indian Council of Social Science Research.Ranganathan, S. R., & Sundaram, C. (1940). Reference service and bibliography. Madras;London: The Madras Library Association ; E. Goldston.Ranganathan, S. R., & Tamil Nadu Librarians, C. (1969). Library-science-based libraryservice. Madras: New Century Book House.Ranganathan, S. R., & Unesco. (1950). Classification, coding and machinery for search.Paris: UNESCO.Ranganathan, S. R., & Unesco. Field Science Cooperation Office for South, A. (1953). Unioncatalogue of learned periodical publications in South Asia. London: Indian LibraryAssociation.Tirunelveli Tennintiya Caivacittanta Nurpatippuk, K., Ranganathan, S. R., &Muthukumaraswamy, R. (1961). Commemoration bibliography of the first 1008 bookspublished by the South India Saiva Siddhanta Works Publishing Society, Tinnevelly, Limited. Free Powerpoint TemplatesTirunelveli.
  25. 25. Notable ContributionsImage source: Image source:http://tower.com Free Powerpoint Templates http://openlibrary.org
  26. 26. Image source: http://vulpeslibris.wordpress.com Free Powerpoint Templates
  27. 27. Law No. 1 Books are for use Free Powerpoint Templates
  28. 28. Law No. 1: Books are for use• S.R.R. observed that books were often chained to prevent their removal and that the emphasis was on storage and preservation rather than use.• He asserted that the purpose of such activities was to promote the use of them. Without the use of materials, there is little value in the item.• By emphasizing use, Ranganathan refocused the attention of the field to access-related issues, such as the librarys location, loan policies, hours and days of operation, as well as such mundanities as library furniture and the quality of staffing. Free Powerpoint Templates
  29. 29. Law No. 2 Every reader his [or her] book Free Powerpoint Templates
  30. 30. Law No. 2: Every reader his [or her] book• This law suggests that every member of the community should be able to obtain materials needed.• Librarians should have excellent first-hand knowledge of the people to be served.• Collections should meet the special interests of the community, and libraries should promote and advertise their services extensively to attract a wide range of users. Free Powerpoint Templates
  31. 31. Law No. 3 Every book its reader Free Powerpoint Templates
  32. 32. Law No. 3: Every book its reader• Each item in a library has an individual or individuals who would find that item useful.• Ranganathan argued that the library could devise many methods to ensure that each item finds it appropriate reader.• One method involved the basic rules for access to the collection, most notably the need for open shelving. Free Powerpoint Templates
  33. 33. Law No. 4 Save the time of the reader Free Powerpoint Templates
  34. 34. Law No. 4: Save the time of the reader• This law is a recognition that part of the excellence of library service is its ability to meet the needs of the library user efficiently.• Ranganathan recommended the use of appropriate business methods to improve library management.• Centralizing the library collection in one location provided distinct advantages.• Excellent staff would not only include those who possess strong reference skills, but also strong technical skills in cataloging, cross-referencing, ordering, accessioning, and the circulation of materials Free Powerpoint Templates
  35. 35. Law No. 5 The library is a growing organism Free Powerpoint Templates
  36. 36. Law No. 5: The library is a growing organism• This law focused more on the need for internal change than on changes in the environment itself.• Library organizations must accommodate growth in staff, the physical collection, and patron use.• Allowing for growth in the physical building, reading areas, shelving, and in space for the catalog. Free Powerpoint Templates
  37. 37. Literature about S.R.R. & his five laws Free Powerpoint Templates
  38. 38. Relevance of the Five Laws today Free Powerpoint Templates
  39. 39. Relevance of the Five Laws today• Ranganathan sees the library as an institution that is active in a constantly changing environment, and according that, the institute should change and adapt itself with spirit of time so it can serve best those who need it.• Even in the 1930s, Ranganathan realized the importance of placing the readers and their needs at the center, making him ahead of his time.• This understanding is not new to academic libraries, but although an effort is being made to satisfy users information needs, there is still more to be done in this critical field. Free Powerpoint Templates
  40. 40. Relevance of the Five Laws today• In order to do that the academic library must expand its boundaries and position itself as a significant player in the new information environment, as an important aid in the creation and distribution of academic information and knowledge, to create a reality in which the library is indeed a living, growing organism.• Innovation and creativity is needed for pro-activism. Success in such initiative is a road in which the academic library can turn Ranganathans vision into the evolutionary reality. Free Powerpoint Templates
  41. 41. References Bates, M. J., & Maack, M. N. (2010). Encyclopedia of library and information sciences: Boca Raton, FL : CRC Press, c2010. 3rd ed. / Marcia J. Bates, editor-in-chief ; Mary Niles Maack, associate editor. Gorman, M. (1998). The five laws of library science then & now. [Article]. School Library Journal, 44(7), 20. Kuronen, T., & Pekkarinen, P. (1999). Ranganathan revisited: a review article. [Feature Article]. supplements to the five laws of library science, 31(1), 45-48. McMenemy, D. (2007). Ranganathans relevance in the 21st century. [Article]. Library Review, 56(2), 97-101. doi: Free Powerpoint Templates 10.1108/00242530710730268
  42. 42. References Ranganathan, S. R. (1988). The five laws of library science / by S.R. Ranganathan: Bangalore : Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science ; New Delhi : Exclusive distributors, UBS Publishers Distributors, 1988. Ed. 2 reprinted. Satija, M. P. (1987). Sources of research on Ranganathan bibliographical essay (Vol. 19, pp. 311-320). Images source: Krishnamurthy, M. Dr. S. R. Ranganathan : access portal to works by and on him. Retrieved 1st April, 2012, from http://www.isibang.ac.in/~library/portal/ Free Powerpoint Templates
  43. 43. Q&AFree Powerpoint Templates
  44. 44. Thank you! Free Powerpoint Templates

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