A. Tahan .PhD  Faculty of Applied ArtsGarments Technology Dept                            1
Mansoura University  Egypt                      2
Textile Technology and Skin DiseaseMedical textilesBiomedical textiles                      3
Medical textilesThey are used for first aid, clinical or hygienicpurposes and rehabilitation.Examples of their application...
Biomedical textilesBiomedical textiles are fibrousstructures designed for use in specificbiological environments, where th...
EPIDEMIOLOGYPresent worldwide, tinea pedis and tinea Manusare the most common derma tophy toses.The prevalence of tinea pe...
Foot Fungus                        Ringworm   Ringworm is a skin infection caused by a fungus.Ringworm can affect skin on ...
Types of tinea includeringworm, athletes foot andjock itch. These infectionsare usually not serious, butthey can be uncomf...
Symptoms depend on the affectedarea of the body:Ringworm is a red skin rash thatforms a ring around normal-lookingskin.Ath...
A research has shown that the 100% micro-  polyester knit fabric treated with chemicalsThe outer side of the fabric is wat...
11
Foot fungus can survivein inanimate objects forlonger time and whenthey find favorablecondition [moist andwarm] multiply f...
As per the researchstatistics nearly 70 % ofthe people will have footfungus at some point oftime in their life time.      ...
In some cases, when the thebacteria enter the skinthereafter ,it can bring aboutnecrosis,purificationresulting in bad smel...
The mechanism of the next to skin fabric                                           15
The cooling effect of perspiration evaporation makes use of thevery large heat of vaporization of water. This heat ofvapor...
So fungi thrive in warm, moist  areas. Your risk for getting   athletes foot increases if you:• Wear closed shoes, especia...
It was found that friction blisters wasreduced from 55.7 % by using acrylicsocks to 44.3 % by using cotton socks,this with...
Celliant is a specially formulatedfiber that is knit or woven intofabrics used in garments andbedding materials containing...
Fabrics for the care sectorPolyester Plain fabric is used for clothing in the nursingsector and is a hydrophilic warp knit...
Ultra-Fresh Silpure (silver-based antimicrobials forthe textile market) promises ease of application forprotection for opt...
Silpure: uses thenatural ability of silverto limit the growth ofodor-causing bacteriain textiles such assportswear, intima...
SQASilicone Quaternary AmineThe purpose of addingthese chemical compoundson the fabrics are for:                          ...
• Kills Bacteria and inhibit odor• Permanent antimicrobial capacity• Not Extracted from the fabric in use• Maintains its e...
The Application of SQA onto thesurface of textiles has beenfound to inhibit the growth ofmicroorganisms and to aid in thec...
however when such S Q A areapplied to a non-woven substrate itwas found that the substrate wasrendered hydrophobic, thusaq...
Absorbent Micro-bio-cidal FabricThis invention relates to an absorbent fabricsuitable for use as a surgical drape, dressin...
The Environmental Protection Agency ofthe United States Government (EPA No.34292-1) and it has also been acceptedby the (F...
Process for dyeing absorbent             microbiocidal fabricDyed, absorbent bioactive wettable fabrics are preparedby mix...
Using Organosilicon AminesThe growth of bacteria and fungi areinhibited by contacting the organisms withcertain organosili...
Such fabric is colored, highlywettable, bioactive and servesto lower the amount ofmicrobial contamination whilelowering th...
Treatment of textile fabrics with epoxy-polyoxyalkylene modified organo siliconesis claimed to:1. An absorbent, bioactive,...
This type of chemicals present in anamount from about 0.15% to about1.05% on the basis of the weight ofthe substrate; as a...
TEXTILENANOTECHNOLOGY?                  34
Textile NANOTECHNOLOGY?Nanotechnology is the technical process ofworking on the nano-scale – each nano-scale molecule is o...
Nano-Fabric              36
The nano technology is expandingin all the disciplines. About 1500patterns were registered in the year2004 alone. The nano...
Nanoparticles have a larger surfacearea and hence higher efficiencythan larger size particles. Besides,nanosize particlesa...
Fashion Showand Treatment                39
It is the development of fabrics that go beyondof just fashion. An innovative generation ofproducts with bioactive charact...
“   Functional clothing. a garment have been designedthat can prevent colds and flu andnever needs washing, and coulddestr...
The two-toned gold dress and Thedenim metallic jacket includes a hood,sleeves and pockets with soft, graytweed cotton embe...
The Cornell Design League Fashion Show.                                Thy designed Dress and Jacket                      ...
The addition of silver nano-particles to fabricfibers or coatings provides antimicrobial andreduced odor properties.

Silv...
45
Transmission Electron Microscopy TEM images of cottonfibers coated with gold (L) and palladium (R) Nanoparticles.Potential...
Also: using nanotechnology chemicalcomponent(e.g. titanium dioxide or zincoxide nano-particle additives in coatingformulat...
Finishing with nanoparticles can convert fabrics intosensor-based materials.If nanocrystalline piezoceramic particles arei...
Nanosize particles of Ti02, Al2O3, ZnO, and MgOare a group of metal oxides that possess photocatalytic ability, electrical...
Fabrics could be of self-cleaning byrobotic devices similar to mites couldperiodically scour the fabric surfaces. integral...
51
Nano-Fabric is the raw material, which iscapable of emitting large amounts of FarInfrared Rays (FIR), under specificcondit...
This Type of FIR that activates many biologicalfunctions of the human body.Nano-Fabric absorb the heat produced by thebody...
Far Infrared Anti Bacterial Socks get rid              of foot odor.                                      made of pure cot...
The rays penetrate into the skin andinteract with the body, stimulating bloodmicrocirculation and cellular metabolism.FIR ...
56
Scientific researches verified the followingbenefits of the nano fabric garments:• Increases skin elasticity.• Reduces cel...
Flushes toxins and fat from the lymphareas, increasing metabolism andblood flow.• Reduces the acidity in our bodies.• Impr...
Ευχαριστούμε Thank You               59
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  • Textiles and skin desease

    1. 1. A. Tahan .PhD Faculty of Applied ArtsGarments Technology Dept 1
    2. 2. Mansoura University Egypt 2
    3. 3. Textile Technology and Skin DiseaseMedical textilesBiomedical textiles 3
    4. 4. Medical textilesThey are used for first aid, clinical or hygienicpurposes and rehabilitation.Examples of their application include:•Protective And Healthcare Textiles•Dressings, Bandages, Pressure Garments AndProsthetics•Hygiene Products•Antiseptic Wound Dressings. 4
    5. 5. Biomedical textilesBiomedical textiles are fibrousstructures designed for use in specificbiological environments, where theirperformance depends onbiocompatibility with cells andbiological tissue or fluids.For example, in tissue engineering,biocompatible fibrous scaffolds uponwhich new tissue is grown for implants. 5
    6. 6. EPIDEMIOLOGYPresent worldwide, tinea pedis and tinea Manusare the most common derma tophy toses.The prevalence of tinea pedis is approximately10 percent, primarily attributable to modernsynthetic footwear, The incidence of tineapedis is higher among those using communalbaths, showers, or pools. 6
    7. 7. Foot Fungus Ringworm Ringworm is a skin infection caused by a fungus.Ringworm can affect skin on your body (tinea corporis), scalp(tinea capitis), groin area (tinea cruris, also called jock itch), orfeet (tinea pedis, also called athletes foot). 7
    8. 8. Types of tinea includeringworm, athletes foot andjock itch. These infectionsare usually not serious, butthey can be uncomfortable. 8
    9. 9. Symptoms depend on the affectedarea of the body:Ringworm is a red skin rash thatforms a ring around normal-lookingskin.Athletes foot causes itching,burning and cracked skin betweenyour toes.Jock itch causes an itchy, burningrash in your groin area. 9
    10. 10. A research has shown that the 100% micro- polyester knit fabric treated with chemicalsThe outer side of the fabric is water-repellent (hydrophobic), whereas the inner side is water-absorbent (hydrophilic). Moisture is transported efficiently from the inner-side to the outer-side.The special treatment, which calls 2H (Hydrophilic/Hydrophobic),“ 10
    11. 11. 11
    12. 12. Foot fungus can survivein inanimate objects forlonger time and whenthey find favorablecondition [moist andwarm] multiply fasterand cause infection. 12
    13. 13. As per the researchstatistics nearly 70 % ofthe people will have footfungus at some point oftime in their life time. 13
    14. 14. In some cases, when the thebacteria enter the skinthereafter ,it can bring aboutnecrosis,purificationresulting in bad smell. 14
    15. 15. The mechanism of the next to skin fabric 15
    16. 16. The cooling effect of perspiration evaporation makes use of thevery large heat of vaporization of water. This heat ofvaporization is 540 calories/gm at the boiling point, but is evenlarger, 580 cal/gm, at the normal skin temperature. 16
    17. 17. So fungi thrive in warm, moist areas. Your risk for getting athletes foot increases if you:• Wear closed shoes, especially if they are plastic-lined• Keeping feet wet for prolonged periods of time• Sweating a lot• Developing a minor skin or nail injury 17
    18. 18. It was found that friction blisters wasreduced from 55.7 % by using acrylicsocks to 44.3 % by using cotton socks,this without any added chemicals 18
    19. 19. Celliant is a specially formulatedfiber that is knit or woven intofabrics used in garments andbedding materials containingCelliant have been clinicallyproven to enhance oxygen levelsin the body and reduce pain. 19
    20. 20. Fabrics for the care sectorPolyester Plain fabric is used for clothing in the nursingsector and is a hydrophilic warp knit made from 100%polyester. The clever combination of polyester filamentyarn on the outer-side and a special yarn on the inner-side is said to give the fabric the feel of cotton,excellent moisture transportation properties and make itvery wearable.Piqué Bioactive fabric , a hydrophilic circular knit madefrom 100% polyester, is designed for piqué polo shirts,is permanently antibacterial and was awarded the 1.0mark (very good) by the Prüfinstitut Hohenstein for itswearable properties. 20
    21. 21. Ultra-Fresh Silpure (silver-based antimicrobials forthe textile market) promises ease of application forprotection for optimal performance. Plant trials haveestablished that antimicrobial performance of Ultra-Fresh Silpure remains strong after 50 or more washesis a powerful benefit for consumers of sports andleisure wear.By using typical application processes on 100 %polyester fabrics, bacterial survival was less than0.1%, even after 50 washes. 21
    22. 22. Silpure: uses thenatural ability of silverto limit the growth ofodor-causing bacteriain textiles such assportswear, intimategarments, householdand healthcare textiles. 22
    23. 23. SQASilicone Quaternary AmineThe purpose of addingthese chemical compoundson the fabrics are for: 23
    24. 24. • Kills Bacteria and inhibit odor• Permanent antimicrobial capacity• Not Extracted from the fabric in use• Maintains its effectiveness over a period of time• Non-toxic,• Not inhibited by sterilization, storage or handling. 24
    25. 25. The Application of SQA onto thesurface of textiles has beenfound to inhibit the growth ofmicroorganisms and to aid in thecontrol of the bacteria. 25
    26. 26. however when such S Q A areapplied to a non-woven substrate itwas found that the substrate wasrendered hydrophobic, thusaqueous-based fluids, includingnormal body fluids, were repelledby such a coated substrate. 26
    27. 27. Absorbent Micro-bio-cidal FabricThis invention relates to an absorbent fabricsuitable for use as a surgical drape, dressing orthe like .This is used to isolate a surgical incision site andat the same time provides an absorbentantimicrobial field which becomes substantive onthe fabric and services to destroy migrating andcross-contaminating bacteria, fungi and algae.. 27
    28. 28. The Environmental Protection Agency ofthe United States Government (EPA No.34292-1) and it has also been acceptedby the (FDA)Food and DrugAdministration of the U.S. Governmentfor use on textile surfaces and in medicaldevices association with humans andanimals. 28
    29. 29. Process for dyeing absorbent microbiocidal fabricDyed, absorbent bioactive wettable fabrics are preparedby mixing together a wettable hydrophilic organosiliconepolymer, a tinctorial amount of a compatible direct dyeand a bioactive silyl quanter nary amine. The mixture is applied to a non-woven cellulose-containing substrateFabric so produced is useful as an absorbent surgicaldrape or dressing to isolate a surgical incision site whileproviding an absorbent antimicrobial field. 29
    30. 30. Using Organosilicon AminesThe growth of bacteria and fungi areinhibited by contacting the organisms withcertain organosilicon amines and theircorresponding amine salts. 30
    31. 31. Such fabric is colored, highlywettable, bioactive and servesto lower the amount ofmicrobial contamination whilelowering the risk of post-operative infection. 31
    32. 32. Treatment of textile fabrics with epoxy-polyoxyalkylene modified organo siliconesis claimed to:1. An absorbent, bioactive, highly wettable non-woven cellulosic medical substrate incorporated thereon a non-leachable, bioactive amount of -(Trim ethoxy silyl)-(Propyl-octa-decyl) dim-ethyl ammonium chloride 32
    33. 33. This type of chemicals present in anamount from about 0.15% to about1.05% on the basis of the weight ofthe substrate; as a wettablehydrophilic coupling agent, 33
    34. 34. TEXTILENANOTECHNOLOGY? 34
    35. 35. Textile NANOTECHNOLOGY?Nanotechnology is the technical process ofworking on the nano-scale – each nano-scale molecule is one million times smallerthan a grain of sand. Nanotechnology refersto not only the small size of the materialsbeing used, but also how those materialsare engineered to perform specific functions. 35
    36. 36. Nano-Fabric 36
    37. 37. The nano technology is expandingin all the disciplines. About 1500patterns were registered in the year2004 alone. The nano technology isgrowing in development of fibers,composites and novel finishingmethods. 37
    38. 38. Nanoparticles have a larger surfacearea and hence higher efficiencythan larger size particles. Besides,nanosize particlesare transparent, and do not blurcolor and brightness of the textilesubstrates. 38
    39. 39. Fashion Showand Treatment 39
    40. 40. It is the development of fabrics that go beyondof just fashion. An innovative generation ofproducts with bioactive characteristics thatprovides a new level of fabric-skin interaction.Besides comfort and beauty, clothes madewith nano fabric provide improved health andwell being. 40
    41. 41. “ Functional clothing. a garment have been designedthat can prevent colds and flu andnever needs washing, and coulddestroy harmful gases and protectsthe wearer from smog and airpollution. 41
    42. 42. The two-toned gold dress and Thedenim metallic jacket includes a hood,sleeves and pockets with soft, graytweed cotton embedded with palladiumnanoparticles, about 5-10 nanometers inlength. To create this material, it wasplaced negatively charged palladiumcrystals onto positively charged cottonfibers. 42
    43. 43. The Cornell Design League Fashion Show. Thy designed Dress and Jacket The dress and jacket contain Nanoparticles with antibacterial and air-purifying qualities. The upper portion of the dress contains cotton coated with silver nanoparticles. created positively by charging cotton fibersThe resultant colors are not using ammonium- and epoxy-basedthe product of dyes, butrather, reflections of reactions, inducing positive ionization.manipulation of particle sizeor arrangement. The silver particles, were synthesized in citric acid, which prevented Nanoparticles agglomeration. 43
    44. 44. The addition of silver nano-particles to fabricfibers or coatings provides antimicrobial andreduced odor properties.

Silver possesses natural antibacterial qualitiesthat are strengthened at the nanoscale, thusgiving dress the ability to deactivate manyharmful bacteria and viruses.The silver infusion also reduces the need towash the garment, since it destroys bacteria,and the small size of the particles preventssoiling and stains. 44
    45. 45. 45
    46. 46. Transmission Electron Microscopy TEM images of cottonfibers coated with gold (L) and palladium (R) Nanoparticles.Potential applications include catalytic mantles, structuralcoloration (color without dyes) and antibacterial flexiblesubstrates 46
    47. 47. Also: using nanotechnology chemicalcomponent(e.g. titanium dioxide or zincoxide nano-particle additives in coatingformulations) to improve or add specialcharacteristics to product surfaces, whichcan include stain-resistance, colordurability, self-cleaning, wrinkleresistance, UV-protection, flameretardancy, water-resistance, staticresistance (medical dressings). 47
    48. 48. Finishing with nanoparticles can convert fabrics intosensor-based materials.If nanocrystalline piezoceramic particles areincorporated into fabrics, the finished fabric canconvert exerted mechanical forces into electricalsignals enabling the monitoring of bodily functionssuch as heart rhythm and pulse if they are wornnext to skin. 48
    49. 49. Nanosize particles of Ti02, Al2O3, ZnO, and MgOare a group of metal oxides that possess photocatalytic ability, electrical conductivity, UV absorptionand photo-oxidizing capacity against chemical andbiological species.Nylon fiber filled with ZnO Nanoparticles canprovide UV shielding function and reducing staticelectricity of nylon fiberA composite fiber with Nanoparticles of Ti02/ MgOcan provide self-sterilizing function. 49
    50. 50. Fabrics could be of self-cleaning byrobotic devices similar to mites couldperiodically scour the fabric surfaces. integral conveyors could transport thedirt to a collection site, Repels lint,dust, or even pet hair or molecule-selective membrane couldtransport water to one side or the otherfor a cleaning rinse. 50
    51. 51. 51
    52. 52. Nano-Fabric is the raw material, which iscapable of emitting large amounts of FarInfrared Rays (FIR), under specificconditions and influence of thetemperature of the human body and dueto its unique molecular structure, itcontinuously emits FIR of a specificrange of wavelength (4 -16 microns). 52
    53. 53. This Type of FIR that activates many biologicalfunctions of the human body.Nano-Fabric absorb the heat produced by thebody and emit long infrared rays;It will have bio stimulating and therapeuticproperties that can help in many differenttreatments by acting on circulatory andlymphatic systems. 53
    54. 54. Far Infrared Anti Bacterial Socks get rid of foot odor. made of pure cotton and is embedded with 26 kinds of ceramic magnetic powders which emit Far Infrared Ray that has functions of anti- bacteria, disinfections and deodorization. 54
    55. 55. The rays penetrate into the skin andinteract with the body, stimulating bloodmicrocirculation and cellular metabolism.FIR is widely used as a natural and safealternative as a complimentary treatmentfor many chronic ailments.•Heat effect of water molecules and proteosome clashing•Neck, lumbar vertebra and knee joint pain ,Those with gastropathy,•Thinning the abdomen, suffering from dysmenorrhea and extreme chilliness•Get rid of the wind-cold-wetness in a human’s body, 55
    56. 56. 56
    57. 57. Scientific researches verified the followingbenefits of the nano fabric garments:• Increases skin elasticity.• Reduces cellulite dimpling.• Improves physical yield as a better thermal balance is achieved quickly.• Increases muscular yield and resistance and relieves muscle spasms. 57
    58. 58. Flushes toxins and fat from the lymphareas, increasing metabolism andblood flow.• Reduces the acidity in our bodies.• Improves the immune system.• Reduces edema (an accumulation ofan excessive amount of watery fluid incells, tissues, or serous cavities) 58
    59. 59. Ευχαριστούμε Thank You 59

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