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UAE Economy

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UAE Economy

  1. 1. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (UAE) By: Yahya Alshehhi 1
  2. 2. CONTENTS  UAE DEMOGRAPHY  POLITICAL SYSTEM  EDUCATION AND HEALTHCARE  UAE WOMEN  UAE DRESSING  SPORTS  ECONOMY OUTLOOK  ECONOMIC INDICATORS, ECONOMIC TRENDS, ECONOMIC KEY-SECTORS  INFRASTRUCTURE  EXPO 2020  MISSION TO MARS.  REFERENCE 2
  3. 3. UAE Demography 3  Area: 71023.6 Sq. km.  Climate: desert; cooler in eastern mountains  Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas  Capital: Abu Dhabi, also center for political cultural & industrial activities.  Official Language: Arabic (official), English, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of 7 states. Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain, Ras al-Khaimah, and Fujairah
  4. 4. UAE Demography 4 Currency: UAE Dirham (AED) = $3.67 Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write Male: 93.1% Female: 95.8% (2005 est.). Life expectancy: Male: 74.67 years Female: 80.04 years (2015 est.) Religion: Islam is the official religion. The UAE National Day, 2nd Decembe
  5. 5. UAE Political System 5 1. Supreme Council of Rulers (7members) (rulers of each Emirate), which elects the president and vice president; prime minister is selected by president. 2. The ruler of Abu Dhabi is President of the United Arab Emirates, the head of states, and the ruler of Dubai is the Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, the head of government. 3. Federal National Council (40 – members). President Vice president
  6. 6. Education and Healthcare 6 Education  Education at primary and secondary levels is compulsory (ninth grade).  Schools divided in four age groups, kindergarten (4 to 5 years) elementary (6 to 11 years) intermediate (12 to 14 years) secondary (15 to 17 years). Healthcare The country is home to 70 hospitals, 15 of which are federal institutions, and more than 150 primary health-care centers and clinics. There are also 11 school health centers, 10 centers for mothers and children and 110 special units for mothers and children in hospitals and primary health-care centers. No. of schools Publi c Privat e UAE* 342 156 Abu Dhabi 265 186 Dubai 77 153 * Excluding Dubai and Abu Dhabi
  7. 7. UAE Women 7 ‘Don’t think because we are covered, we are not empowered,’ said Rafia Ghobash, one of the UAE’s most influential women, at the opening of her new Women’s Museum in Dubai. Indeed, women are recognized as critical partners in the UAE’s development and institutional changes at both the national and the emirate level and the role of women in social and economic life continues to expand.For 2012, the UAE was ranked fortieth out of 148 countries, and ahead of all other Arab nations, by the UN’s Gender Inequality Index, which reflects gender-based inequalities in three dimensions – reproductive health, empowerment and economic activity.
  8. 8. Dressing 8
  9. 9. Sports 9  Equestrian Sports  Sky Diving  Ice Hockey  Jiu-jitsu  Motorsports  Tennis  Waters ports  Golf  Football  Shooting Clubs  Rugby
  10. 10. Economic Outlook 10  Since the UAE was established, its economy has grown 200-fold.  The second biggest economy in the Arab world after Saudi Arabia, and accounts for more than a quarter of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).  Nearly 14 % of the combined GDP of the countries in the Middle East/ North Africa region.  Growth in the UAE has averaged 4.8% over the last four years driven by in (Services, Real estate and Infrastructure spending). Source: UAE Yearbook2013
  11. 11. Economic Indicator (GDP) 11 Year 200 4 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 $Billio n 147.8 180.6 222.1 257.9 315.5 253.5 286 347.5 372.3 402.3 401.6 Rate 9.6 4.9 9.8 3.2 3.2 -5.2 1.6 5.2 6.9 4.3 4.6 Item 2012 2013 2014 W.Ran k GDP (purchasing power parity): $565.70 $590.20 $617.10 31 GDP - real growth rate: 7.20% 4.30% 4.60% 30 GDP - per capita (PPP): $60,800 $63,400 $66,300 31 Consumer price inflation 0.66 1.10 +2.34 97
  12. 12. 12 Economic Indicators(Inflation) The projected annual inflation rate in 2015 and 2016 is 2.3% and 2.5% with biggest increase in housing expenditure by 2.48% due to increase in housing cost. However, inflation is still below its historic average, which indicates that the economy is steadily growing with unemployment rate Inflation Rate 2008 12.25 2009 1.56 2010 0.8789 2011 0.8768 2012 0.6641 2013 1.101 2014 2.345
  13. 13. 13 Economic Indicators (Unemployment Rate) Source: http://iasir.net/AIJRHASSpapers/AIJRHASS14-607.pdf Figure 26 presents the unemployment trend line in United Arab Emirates in the long term. Forecasts show an unemployment rate assumed to be 3.6% in year 2015, 5.4% in 2020, and 6.04% in 2030.
  14. 14. 14 Economic Indicators (Balance of Trade) Balance of Trade: United Arab Emirates has been recording trade surpluses since 2000, mostly due to shipments of oil and natural gas (40 percent of total exports). Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency 480600.00 529700.00 529700.00 40840.00 2000 - 2014 AED Million Yearly
  15. 15. Economic Indicator(Population Growth) 15 Source: Trading Economics 2015 The fact that the population and the economic growth are related positively.
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. 17 Economic Trends (Government Expenditure) Government Expenditure UAE cabinet approved AED 49.1 billion-draft federal budget for the year 2015, an increase of 6.5% as compared to 2014.
  18. 18. Economic Trends (Trade) 18 Trade: Exports, Imports and Re-Exports;  The world’s twentieth biggest exporter in merchandise trade in 2011, according to WTO.  25th largest export economy in the world according to (ECI).  The UAE is the world’s third- largest re-export market (trailing only Hong Kong and Singapore) and trades with more than 220 countries.  24th largest importer in the world (2013).
  19. 19. UAE Export Products (Made in UAE) 19 Agriculture Products Dates Vegetables Watermelons Poultry Eggs Dairy Products Fish Industry Products Petroleum and petrochemica ls Aluminum. Cement. Fertilizers. Commercial ship repair. Construction materials. Handicrafts. Textiles.
  20. 20. Economic Trends 20 Banking and Financing:  The sector is governed by UAE central Bank established in 1980 Banks No Local Banks 23 Foreign Banks 28 Total 51 The UAE’s financial sector largely escaped the buffeting felt by international banks in 2012 in the wake of the euro-zone crisis. Indeed national banks performed better in 2012, with their net earnings increasing by around 11.4 per cent.
  21. 21. Economic Trends 21 Equity Markets:  The UAE was upgraded from ‘frontier’ to ‘EMERGING MARKET’ status by Morgan Stanley Capital International in June 2013, joining countries such as China, Brazil and Turkey and opening up new source of longer-term investment flows.  The UAE has three separate stock exchanges:  Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange (ADX).  Dubai Financial Market (DFM).  NASDAQ Dubai, a bourse which operates out of the free zone of the Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC).
  22. 22. Infrastructure Transport and Logistics 22  Airports and Seaports Item Number Airports 43 Seaports 6
  23. 23. National Airlines 23
  24. 24. Abu Dhabi Airport 24 Current New
  25. 25. Telecommunication and Digital Economy 25  The UAE ranks third in the Arab World in the World Economic Forum’s Network Readiness Index (NRI) for 2011-12, and thirtieth out of 142 countries assessed.  The UAE has a mobile penetration rate of 168% one of the highest in the world.  Satellites, Thuraya, the world’s first GSM/Satellite dual-mode satellite phone, and the XT-Hotspot, the world’s fastest handheld hotspot. Al YahSat Satellite Communications Company, owned by Mubadala, is the region’s first hybrid military and commercial satellite firm.
  26. 26. Shopping Center Supply in GCC 26
  27. 27. Dubai Expo 2020 27 DUBAI CONFIRMED AS WORLD EXPO HOST IN 2020 Dubai: Five key industries: hospitality, transportation, retail, banking and finance as well as real estate and infrastructure will witness key growth and so will need to expand. Source: Gulf News
  28. 28. Aerospace 28
  29. 29. 29 UAE Mission to Mars Project
  30. 30. Thank You. Any Questions? 30
  31. 31. Reference 31 http://www.researchkonnection.com/uae-economic-outlook-2015/ http://ecologicalfootprint.heroesoftheuae.ae/en/article/what-is-our-role/the- households-role.html http://www.heritage.org/index/country/unitedarabemirates http://iasir.net/AIJRHASSpapers/AIJRHASS14-607.pdf http://gulfnews.com/business/economy/dubai-expo-2020-how-5-key-industries- will-benefit-1.1314613 http://www.theglobaleconomy.com/compare-countries/ http://www.uaeyearbook.com/yearbook-library.php

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