NAME : SOLANKI BINITA M.
ROLL NO : 05.
CLASS : M.A. , SEM : 02.
PAPER NO : 08
SUBJECT : THE CULTURE STUDIES.
TOPIC : POSTMODERNISM.
SUBMITTE TO : DR. DILIP BARAD.
What is Postmodernism?
Postmodernism is a term that encompasses a
wide-range of developments in philosophy,
film, architecture, art, literature, and culture.
postmodernism then take an additional step,
arguing that since life (or much of life) is a
fiction or since fiction is all we can know, we
should join in the drama ourselves and live a life
Postmodernism suggests that power relations
Structure all social truths, approaches and even
Conception of reality.
There is not a clear and defined definition
of postmodernism because of the little
agreement of the concepts and
characteristics and ideas within
In Literature it collapses the distinction between
genres and conventions.
Irony ,Black Humor
Irony, playfulness, black humor
Example: The Crying Lot of 49,
Pynchon uses childish wordplay
while discussing serious subjects.
An example of his wordplay can be
found in the names of his
characters: Mike Fallopian, Stanley
Koteks, Mucho Maas, and Dr.
Authors often combine multiple
elements in the postmodern genre.
Example: Pynchon includes elements from
science fiction, pop culture references,
and detective fiction to create fictional
cultures and concepts.
Writing about writing, often used
to undermine the authority of the
author and to advance stories in
Example: In Italo Calvino’s novel, If
On a Winter’s Night a Traveler, is
about a reader attempting to read
a novel of the same name. In Kurt
Vonnegut’s novel, Slaughterhouse
Five, the first chapter is about the
writing process of the novel.
The belief that there is something
out of the ordinary, while
everything remains the same.
Example: In Kurt Vonnegut’s novel,
Breakfast of Champions, a
character becomes violent when
he imagines everyone else as a
robot and he is the only human.
Some famous writer
Kurt Vonnegut , Alan Moore.
Virginia Woolf , Joseph Heller.