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How Singapore is Paving the Way for Global Smart Cities


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Singapore is at the leading edge of global smart city initiatives and is a good deal of the way along the path to truly transforming the “city nation” for the benefit of its citizens and the redefinition of its government. Everything is on the table for reinvention in Singapore from smart transportation to smart energy to smart buildings to how its citizens receive smarter healthcare.

But what is a “smart city”? A smart city uses technology to deliver services, uses technology to reduce costs for service providers and uses technology to allow citizens to improve the running of the city. With sensors planted measuring everything from traffic to street lights, Singapore has deep insights into the lessons in IoT deployment and delivery on a truly large scale.

On October 13th, 2016 at the Internet of Things Developer meetup, Sumeet Puri presented a social and technical perspective on the Singapore smart cities initiative from two viewpoints: his role as an architect of several Singapore Smart City projects and as a resident of Singapore living through the transformation of his surroundings. Sumeet will share stories about Singapore’s efforts, and give us insights into the technical decisions needed to make this a reality. Sumeet will talk about architecting for IoT at scale, lessons learned from the Singapore Smart City Initiatives and the response of the public to these changes.

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How Singapore is Paving the Way for Global Smart Cities

  1. 1. 1 How Singapore is Paving the Way for Global Smart Cities Sumeet Puri VP, Systems Engineering, International Internet of Things Developers - IoTD
  2. 2. 2 The Little Red Dot 2
  3. 3. 3 Why Smart Nation Now? Urban Density By 2050 2/3 of world’s population will live in cities; urban travel to triple Aging Population By 2050 more than 2B people will be 60+, with very high healthcare needs Energy Requirements By 2035 global demand for energy will rise by up to 37% Increasingly Necessary Affordable Sensors Better Batteries Better Networks Real TimeBetter Messaging and Integration Big DataTechnically Possible
  4. 4. 4 Smart Nation starts with Smart Sudoku
  5. 5. 5 CONFIDENTIAL Smart Nation Initiatives - Infograph
  6. 6. 6 What can you buy for $200K USD? Oklahoma City Singapore
  7. 7. 7 Smart Transport Initiatives
  8. 8. 8 The Architecture Behind These ProjectsInfrastructure Fog/ Gateway Layer Cloud/ Datacenter Entry Layer Cloud/ Datacenter Core Layer Functional Capture Analyze Store React Predict CICD&Device Management Security Network Fog Cloud Edge Core Event Messaging Bus Multi Protocol Standards Aggregation Throttling Connection Scaling Filtering & Routing Fan in -Burst Handling Persistence Slow Consumer Handling Fanout – Lambda Stream Things & Apps Fog Computing Legacy Integration Real Time Analytics GUIs and Dashboards Legacy Gateways Business Logic & Integration [Big] Data Analytics [Big] Data Store Digital River Management andMonitoring
  9. 9. 9 Big Data River Big Data Lake Enterprise Big Data River AMQP JMS MQTT REST JMSAMQP “Analytics” What value is all this data?
  10. 10. 10 CONFIDENTIAL Smart Cities: Bus Monitoring REST/MQTT Regulator’s Dashboard Commuter’s Apps and RIAs Analytics DWH ESB (if needed) CEP JMS Legacy REST Edge CoreFog Legacy Gateway REST/MQTT UseCase o Collect real-time location, loading information and more from 5,000 buses o Optimize bus movement, fleet management, avoid bunching, forecast arrival time and more Message Bus
  11. 11. 11 CONFIDENTIAL Smart Cities: LTA Next Generation ERP Routing Server Payments Analytics 0 0 0 • MQTT Termination • Request/reply for firmware upgrades • Push Notifications • Persistent Messaging • Burst Handling • High Throughput • Fanout • Slow Consumer Handling MQTT JMS Edge CoreFog UseCase o Connect 1.5M vehicles (200K at a time) in real time for pay per use road tolls o Suggest better routes, traffic management – real time and long term and value added services/analytics MHI OBU Message Bus Message Bus
  12. 12. 12 Smart Transport Initiatives Where are the cabs?
  13. 13. 13 Data River Advanced Analytics
  14. 14. 14 Smart Building - Challenges
  15. 15. 15 CONFIDENTIAL Smart Cities: Building/Asset Monitoring Preventive Maintenance o Collect information from building sensors – Preventive Maintenance and Optimization o Lift Open/Close, Lighting, Water, Electricity etc o Limited block pilot, to scale to all blocks Modern Sensors Aggregator – Collect data from legacy sensors at Residential Blocks. Building Block REST/MQTT ESB Core Business Logic (Event Driven) Scheduling ERP Big Data Store and Analytics Edge CoreFog UseCase o Getting real time/batch data from Housing buildings, such as lift data, pipelines, electricals etc. o For security and preventive maintenance Message Bus
  16. 16. 16 Smart Healthcare – SHINE Seniors SMART HOMES AND INTELLIGENT NEIGHBOURS TO ENABLE SENIORS o Citizens above 65 to grow from 440K to 900K by 2030 o Elderly living alone will increase from 35K to 83K o Motion, Temperature, Noise, Air Quality, Humidity sensors o Panic Buttons installed o Inactivity  Alert caregivers
  17. 17. 17 How is my life affected? Fine!!!Free!!!
  18. 18. 18 And who is the winner Active Challenge winner? Really???
  19. 19. 19 CONFIDENTIAL G2B2G DMZ GovTech Digital River Big “Data Lake” Repository & Real-Time Analytics Cross Agency Message Bus EnergyTransport Home Affairs Environment Domain Service Bus GovTech • Kiosks • Apps • Telephone Dedicated Networks Central Services Integration Services Data GovernanceOrchestration GovTech Digital River DR Building Public Cloud Private Cloud GovTech
  20. 20. 20 Network GovTech Digital River Industry Participation Weaving Smart Projects into a Smart City/Smart Nation o Typically a few pillars drive the initiatives o They provide core ecosystem o Individual projects leverage that and get integrated o Standards and Access Control key GovTech PMO Finance Ministry
  21. 21. 21 Where do we go from here? One Service
  22. 22. 22 Imagine the possibilities CBD AMA Woodlands CBD Plant CBD HQ RC HQ Water SPF PUB LTA HDB NEA http://host:port/onesvc/road/cbd/user123
  23. 23. 23 CONFIDENTIAL Looking Ahead - Fix my *everything* Routing by Jurisdiction and Event Type Location is determined by phone User optionally selects event type Solace Messaging onesvc/assault/cbd/> onesvc/fire/amk/> onesvc/fire/cbd/> onesvc/fire/cbd/> AndMoKioCBD Topic: > MHAHQ Topic: onesvc/> GovTech Message Bus http://host:port/onesvc/assault/cbd/user123
  24. 24. 24 CONFIDENTIAL Real Time Streaming Analytics Stream Event Processing – Riot Backdrop If <location> within <radius> And time within <duration> And events count > <count> And event types in (Fire, Traffic, Vandalism, Assault) Result RIOT Action Mobilize RIOT Police Solace Messaging Streaming Analytics Burst Topic: Fire Topic: Vandal Topic: Riot Message Bus
  25. 25. 25 Thank You