Prepositions sohail ahmed


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Prepositions sohail ahmed

  1. 1. Sohail AhmedM.A English Sohail Ahmed 1
  2. 2. Identify prepositions. Recognize prepositional phrases, objects of prepositions, and compound prepositions. Differentiate between infinitive phrases and prepositional phrases.Recognize the functions of prepositional phrases asadjectives and adverbs.Determine inclusion, exclusion, and placement ofprepositions. Sohail Ahmed 2
  3. 3. Differentiate between commonly confusedprepositions.Use the correct idiomatic prepositional combinations. Sohail Ahmed 3
  4. 4. Use a preposition to connect the object of thepreposition (noun or pronoun) to another word or setof words in a sentence.Our manager recognizes our strengths andcompensates for our weaknesses.Top executives spend approximately 90 percent oftheir time with others.The need for constant approval at work can becounterproductive. Sohail Ahmed 4
  5. 5. about behind during on throughoutabove below except onto toacross beneath for opposite towardafter beside from out underagainst besides in outside underneath Sohail Ahmed 5
  6. 6. A compound preposition consists of a combination of words that is often considered as one preposition and connects the object of a preposition to another word or set of words. Examplesaccording to in place of ahead ofin regard to along with in spite ofapart from instead of because ofby means of in front of out of Sohail Ahmed 6
  7. 7. ExamplesI gave the company tour on behalf of my manager.In addition to Sara, we have five vice presidents in our company.Because of my positive attitude, Mary chose me as group leader. Sohail Ahmed 7
  8. 8. Use the objective case of a pronoun as the object of apreposition.Objective Caseher him you me us them it whom We awarded the Web design project to them. Between you and me, I prefer working in theaccounting department. Sohail Ahmed 8
  9. 9. Do not omit a preposition when it is needed. The cancelled flight prevented Lynn from going to the leadership seminar.Use separate prepositions when words cannot berelated to one object by the same preposition. Doug has knowledge of and experience with various management techniques. Sohail Ahmed 9
  10. 10. Use beside as a preposition to mean “by the side of” or“not connected with something.” Darrell usually sits beside me during management staff meetings.Use besides as a preposition to mean “in addition to” or “other than.” Besides Sherry, the manager promoted Joyce and Bob. Sohail Ahmed 10
  11. 11. Use between to refer to two persons, places, activities,ideas, things, or qualities. Our manager distributed the work between the two programmers.Use among to refer to more than two persons, places,activities, ideas, things, or qualities. I was among those who voted for Andy as the team leader. Sohail Ahmed 11
  12. 12. Use the preposition to to indicate “toward.” Please e-mail this message to all the other managers. Use to as an infinitive or as a part of an infinitive phrase. She plans to promote Gale next month. Use too as an adverb to indicate an “excessive amount” or “also.”The president made the hiring decision too quickly.Our company is moving to Minneapolis too. Sohail Ahmed 12
  13. 13. agree in (principle) agree on (plan) agree with (a person)Oscar agreed in principle with the plan for the new building.The staff agreed on the need to lengthen our customer service hours.The managers agreed with the employees about replacing the copy machine. Sohail Ahmed 13
  14. 14. live at (address, place) live in (area) live on (street, amount)We decided that those lawyers must live at their offices.Most federal workers live in the Washington, D.C. area.I could not live on the salary that they offered me during the interview. Sohail Ahmed 14
  15. 15. talk to (tell something to someone or to an audience)talk with (converse with an individual or small group)Have you talked to your coworkers aboutyour concerns?Loretta and I talked with our managerabout job sharing. Sohail Ahmed 15
  16. 16. wait at (location)wait for (person, thing)wait on (customer)EXAMPLE:Please wait at the front door for a security clearance.We waited for our manager’s response to thescheduling problem.Waiting on a customer is always a first priority for us. Sohail Ahmed 16
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