Natural resources of pakistan by Sohail Ahmed Solangi


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Natural resources of pakistan by Sohail Ahmed Solangi

  2. 2. NATURAL RESOURCES Soil Mountains Rivers and Canals Forests Animals Minerals The resources gifted by the nature to the country and the people are called National Resources. SOHAIL AHMED 2
  3. 3. SOIL • Fertile Plains and deserts are important part of natural resources. • More fertile plain a country has means more Agricultural department. • Allah has gifted many fertile plains to Pakistan. • Pakistan Can Cultivate a number of different foods. SOHAIL AHMED 3
  4. 4. MOUNTAINS • Mountains are the gift of the nature. • They protect from the cool winds • Mountains are rich in minerals. • Mountain provide water to our rivers. • Mountains of Pakistan are rich in minerals especially the Western Mountain Ranges. SOHAIL AHMED 4
  5. 5. RIVERS AND CANALS • The underground water, rivers and oceans are natural resources • The river system of Pakistan is consisted of Indus and other associated rivers. • We use water for drinking purposes and store the water of the rivers and use it for different purposes like irrigation, for hydroelectricity etc. SOHAIL AHMED 5
  6. 6. FORESTS • They are helpful in improvement of weather • Protect against windstorms • Help in slow melting of snow to stop floods. • Much More to explain • Normally 25 percent area of a country should be covered with forest. But in Pakistan it is only 4 to 5 percent. SOHAIL AHMED 6
  7. 7. ANIMALS • Animals provide milk, meat, hide and skins, wool etc. • They are also used for agriculture and transportation. • They are a source of foreign exchange. • Pakistan is Gifted by Nature a lot of Different types of Animals SOHAIL AHMED 7
  8. 8. MINERAL RESOURCES The term Mineral Resource is used to refer to any of a class of naturally occurring solid inorganic substances with a characteristic crystalline form and a homogeneous chemical composition. SOHAIL AHMED 8
  9. 9. MINERALS OF PAKISTAN In Pakistan there is wide scale availability of mineral resources, but these resources remained unexploited for years. It is due to lack of technical skill, finance and technology. SOHAIL AHMED 9
  10. 10. IMPORTANT MINERALS OF PAKISTAN • Coal • Natural Gas • Iron ore • Chromite • Gypsum • Sulphur • Oil • Uranium SOHAIL AHMED 10
  11. 11. COAL • The annual coal production of Pakistan is 3.2 million tones. • Coal is used in power generation. It is basically used as fuel. • It is mostly found in Sindh (Thatta, Tharparkar, Manara) Balochistan (Deegari, Maach), Punjab (Makarwal, Dandot),NWFP (Cherat and Noshera). SOHAIL AHMED 11
  12. 12. NATURAL GAS • It is itself a source of energy and fuel. • Used as a source of power generation. • It is found in Sui, Mari, Uch, Khairpur, Jacobabad etc. • Now some new discoveries are also found. SOHAIL AHMED 12
  13. 13. IRON ORE • Iron Ore is used for industry, especially steel industry. • Its deposits are found in Chitral, Chaghai, Kohat, Kurram Agency, Mardan, Hazara, Mianwali (Kalabagh) and DG Khan. SOHAIL AHMED 13
  14. 14. CHROMITE • Chromite is used in preparing other metals, leather tanning, making of steel products, armament and stainless steel. • Found in Zoab (Muslim Bagh), Chaghai, Malakand, Mahmand, Waziristan, Fort Sandaman etc. SOHAIL AHMED 14
  15. 15. GYPSUM • Gypsum is used for plaster of Paris, Paints and Cement. • It is found in Jhelum, Mianwali, DG Khan, Kohat and Loralai. SOHAIL AHMED 15
  16. 16. SULPHUR • Sulphur is used by chemical industry. • Its deposits are found in Kalat, Khairpur, Mardan, and Jacobabad etc. SOHAIL AHMED 16
  17. 17. OIL • It is a major source of energy. • It is mostly imported from Iran and Gulf states. • Now some valuable reserves are found in Jhelum, Mianwali, Attock, Balkasar, Mial, Chakwal, and Dhodak. SOHAIL AHMED 17
  18. 18. URANIUM • It is the basic element for atomic power, indispensable for the defence. • Its deposits are in DG Khan, Hazara and Kohat. SOHAIL AHMED 18
  19. 19. Pakistan is blessed with considerable mineral resources. Some of them are explored but much remains to be done for the search for more SOHAIL AHMED 19
  20. 20. SOHAIL AHMED 20