Ballet history


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Ballet history

  1. 1. Ballet Histor y8th Grade Physical Education
  2. 2. Ballet Beginnings Catherine de Medici- Italian Princess, brought Italian performers & culture to France  October 15, 1581- First ballet performed called Comique de la Reine, political satire Became very fashionable for all the wealthy to learn to dance The first ballet “stars” were all kings
  3. 3. Ballet Codified Louis XIV, Sun King- 1650’s  Used dance as a way to control his court. Where you danced & how good you were affected your power with the king. Everyone was so busy trying to win favor with their dance skill, no one tried to plot against him.  Opened Paris Opera & Paris Opera Ballet School Louis hired Pierre Beauchamps to define specific steps, name them, turn-out, positions, & technique Marie Camargo- shortened skirt to show off her feet when she jumped, scandalous! Costumes- heavy tight, constricted use of arms, high heels Ballet d’Action- story is told though gesture & pantomime
  4. 4. Louis XIII, the SunKing, performing asApollo, the Sun God Marie Camargo
  5. 5. Romantic Ballet: Early 1800’s Themes:  foreign lands  escaping daily human life- the working class became more important during the French & Industrial Revolution, fewer stories about royalty  Feminine- ballerina worship  unattainable love- supernatural beings, depressing endings,  Forest settings- more magical than cities, most people lived in cities & worked in factories, new technology for forest effects (gas lights, pointe shoes, tulle-light, hid human legs, floating & supernaturally white) Famous Ballets: Giselle, La Sylphide, & Pas de Quatre August Bournonville- began Danish school of Ballet Technique, have the same class for each day of the week! Marie Taglioni-huge star of the era, first to dance en pointe, “In 1837 she traveled to Russia, where sweets and hairstyles were names after her. After her last performance a group of ardent fans purchased a pair of her pointe shoes for two hundred roubles and put them into a sauce which they ate.”
  6. 6. La Sylphide Pas de Quatre GiselleMarie Taglioni
  7. 7. Classical Ballet 1783, Catherine II, the Great, Czarina of Russia, began the Marriinsky Ballet Theatre (Kirov Ballet) in St. Petersburg, government paid for everything Marius Petipa- Russian ballet master & renowned choreographer, choreographed over 50 ballets, Petipa/Classical Style: Showed off technique while the plot was secondary  5-6 acts long, at least two acts were pantomime or party scenes  Lavish and expensive  Usually about royalty, nobility or fantasy & fairy tales  Divertissement- diversion from the story, danced just to show off technique, lots of peasant character dances from around the world Bigger Corps de Ballet
  8. 8.  Grand Pas de Deux- for male & female principal dancers, four parts  Entrée (entrance) & Adagio  Male Variation  Female Variation  Coda Famous Ballets: Swan Lake, The Nutcracker, Sleeping Beauty, Coppelia, Pharoh’s Daughter, La Bayadere, Les Corsaire, Don Quixote, Paquita Classical Tutu- designed by Petipa to show off his choreography, has as much fabric as length of a football field (100 yards) Enrico Cecchetti- developed Italian training method
  9. 9. Sleeping Beauty Swan Lake The NutcrackerLa Bayadere Coppelia
  10. 10. Contemporary Era, 1909- Now Diaghilev- began the Ballet Russe company Sergei that toured all over the world  Diaghilev Style: total theatre- idea that music, dance, costume, setting, light, & design were all equally important, collaboration in the arts  The dancing told the story not the mime, full body expressiveness, less corps de ballet  Many famous dancers: Vaslav Nijinksy, Anna Pavlova  Artists, Choreographers, & Musicians- Bakst, Benois, Mikhail Fokine, Vaslav Nijinsky, George Balanchine & Igor Stravinsky, Picasso, Dali  Famous Ballets: Les Sylphides, Petrushka, La Spectre de la Rose, Afternoon of a Faun, Rite of Spring, Les Noches, Apollo, Prodigal Son
  11. 11. Petrushka Apollo Les Noches Afternoon of a Faun Les Sylphides La Spectre de la Rose
  12. 12.  George Balanchine-  Invited by Lincoln Kirstein to leave Russia & Ballet Russe & come to America  1948-first to create a successful American company, New York City Ballet Famous Ballets: Serenade (based on rehearsal mishaps), Jewels, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Concerto Barocco, Prodigal Son, Apollo, Stars & Stripes, Steadfast Tin Soldier, Sylvia Pas de Deux, Western Symphony,
  13. 13. Jewels- Rubies Western SymphonySylvia Serenade Stars & Stripes
  14. 14. Major Companies Around the World United States  American Ballet Theatre (JKO School)  New York City Ballet (School of American Ballet) Russia  Mariinsky Theatre Ballet, called Kirov Ballet during Communism, (Vaganova Institute)  Bolshoi Ballet Theatre England  Royal Ballet Theatre (Royal Ballet School, Royal Dance Academy) France  Paris Opera Ballet (Paris Opera School) Denmark  Royal Danish Ballet (Bournonville School) Italy  La Scala (Checcitti School)