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Open science

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Open Science overview, 5 schools, technical instances, research cultur, obstacles
by
Sascha Friesike (Humboldt institut for internet and society)
and
Sönke Bartling (German Cancer Research Center)

CC-BY if not otherwise stated.

Published in: Education
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Open science

  1. 1. OPEN SCIENCE SÖNKE BARTLING (dkfz) SASCHA FRIESIKE (Humboldt Institut für Internet und Gesellschaft)
  2. 2. Monde des Jupiters Cosimo di MediciGallileo
  3. 3. Saturn
  4. 4. Kepler und Kollegen
  5. 5. smaismrmilmepoetaleumibunenugttauirasAltissimum planetam tergeminum observavi
  6. 6. Ringe des Saturns Cosimo di MediciGallileo
  7. 7. Closed ScienceNielsen 2012
  8. 8. Seite10/16/12 | Bartling Medizinische Physik in der Radiologie
  9. 9. Seite10/16/12 | Bartling Medizinische Physik in der Radiologie
  10. 10. BUT SCIENCE IS OPEN!
  11. 11. » … when the journal system was developed in the 17th and 18th centuries it was an excellent example of open science. The journals are perhaps the most open system for the dissemination of knowledge that can be constructed — if you’re working with 17th century technology. But, of course, today we can do a lot better.« — Michael Nielsen
  12. 12. Curriculum vitae
  13. 13. »Open science is the idea that scientific knowledge of all kinds should be openly shared as early as is practical in the discovery process.« — Michael Nielsen
  14. 14. OPEN SCIENCE: ONE TERM FIVE SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT
  15. 15. INFRASTRUCTURE SCHOOL
  16. 16. PUBLIC SCHOOL
  17. 17. MEASUREMENT SCHOOL
  18. 18. DEMOCRATIC SCHOOL
  19. 19. PRAGMATIC SCHOOL
  20. 20. INSTANCES OF OPEN SCIENCE
  21. 21. Paul Schultze Motel
  22. 22. www.dkfz.de/de/medphys/download/oa_dkfz_130529.pdf
  23. 23. WHAT IF ?
  24. 24. HISTORY AND ATTRIBUTION IS ALWAYS ASSURED …
  25. 25. DYNAMIC PUBLICATION FOR CLINICAL STUDIES  Outline registration  Constant adding of new patients  When significane niveau is reached beginning conclusion  Mulitcentric cooperation
  26. 26. NEUE COPYRIGHTCONCEPTE Plagiate VS Reuse
  27. 27. INDIVIDUELLE FORSCHER-ID
  28. 28. Abstract / Talk Paper Review Book Completeness / Audience / Maturity Timeliness / Promptness Letter
  29. 29. Abstract / talk Paper Review Book Microblog Status update Comment/blog Wiki update Letter Timeliness / Promptness Completeness / Audience / Maturity
  30. 30. Abstracts, papers, ... Assessment phase Create phase Publication phase RESEARCHTODAY PositiveresultsNegativeresults Lost ideas Lost knowledge
  31. 31. RESEARCHINTHEFUTURE Micro blogs, wiki updates, online discussions, abstracts, blog posts, papers … Micro blogs, wiki updates, online discussions, abstracts, blog posts, papers … Abstracts, papers, ... Assessment phase Create phase Publication phase RESEARCHTODAY PositiveresultsNegativeresults Lost ideas Lost knowledge PositiveresultsNegativeresults
  32. 32. WHAT DRIVES ACADEMIC DATA SHARING?
  33. 33. CROWD SCIENCE
  34. 34. PROJECTPARTICIPATION openclosed closed open DISCLOSURE OF INTERMEDITAE INPUTS Crowd Science Traditional Science with disclosure of data and logs (e.g., as required by funding agencies, journals) Traditional »mertonian« science Innovation contests crowdsourcing (e.g., Innocentive, Mechanical Turk) Franzoni, C., Sauermann, S. (2014). Crowd science: The organization of scientific research in open collaborative projects. Research Policy
  35. 35. TYPICALSKILLREQUIREMENT NATURE OF THE TASK OUTSOURCED Independent subtask well-structured Interdependent subtask ill-structured Common human skill Specialized human skill Domain-specific (expert) skill eBird Collective problem-solving Distributed data-problems Distributed coding Distributed sub-problems connect2decode Polymath folditopen dinosaur whale songs Franzoni, C., Sauermann, S. (2014). Crowd science: The organization of scientific research in open collaborative projects. Research Policy
  36. 36. SO WHAT SEEMS TO BE THE PROBLEM?
  37. 37. THAT BE ALL FOR TODAY

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