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Blockchain For Science at NFAIS Blockchain for Scientific publishing conference

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Status of Blockckchain for science

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Blockchain For Science at NFAIS Blockchain for Scientific publishing conference

  1. 1. The Blockchain and Cryptoeconomy in Science & Research – Current Status and What Should We Do Moving Forward PD Dr. Sönke Bartling (@soenkeba) Founder Blockchain For Science, Associated research Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society
  2. 2. First: What is Blockchain? Some viewpoints & thoughts….
  3. 3. A chain of blocks... Compare: “Internet”
  4. 4. A chain of blocks... • A new way to organize online services – Distributed – Decentralized – Immutable (append only) – Transparent / provable
  5. 5. WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? • A socio-techno-economic-legalo-cultural (r)evolution • A fascination in the triangle of game theory, strong cryptography, tech and money • A hype @fortyfoxes
  6. 6. WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? • A new way to look at user identity/ autonomy Web 2.0 Blockchain
  7. 7. WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? • A new way to look at computer security BLOCKCHAIN for Science ITsecuritytoday Firewall Database Service Buisiness logic VPN Info Another island Content Ports Evil outside world
  8. 8. WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? • A new way to look at computer security BLOCKCHAIN for Science ITsecuritytoday Firewall Database Service Buisiness logic VPN Info Another island Content Ports Evil outside world BLOCKCHAIN for Science ITsecurityinBlockchainworld Blockchain IPFS Smart contracts Content Wallets IPDB
  9. 9. WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? • A detachment of control over hardware from control over content Today Blockchained
  10. 10. WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? • Unnecessary …
  11. 11. Let´s have a 3rd PARTY! First international conference on Blockchain for Science and Knowledge creation 5th – 6th of November, Berlin www.blockchainforsciencecon.com
  12. 12. WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? • Unnecessary #2 …
  13. 13. WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? We should think about including… • novel P2P technologies, like DAT ? IPFS? • Novel data processing concepts based on cryptography • Trusted hardware concepts? • Decentralized data market places? • …. @lambo
  14. 14. TALK “DECENTRALIZATION” ? • Not really technical decentralization • Lack of an intransparent central point of failure • Independency of service provider and control over the service • Lack of artificially constraining business models • Openness • Power
  15. 15. WHAT IS BLOCKCHAIN? • A new economy …
  16. 16. CRYPTOECONOMY • BC creats bullet proof variables=tokens=coins=... • with provable behavior (max. amount, smart contracts, ...) • at near zero costs • without a traditional trusted third party (paper contract, lawyer, notary, banks, stock exchanges ...)
  17. 17. CRYPTOECONOMY • BC creats bullet proof variables=tokens=coins=... • with provable behavior (max. amount, smart contracts, ...) • at near zero costs • without a traditional trusted third party (paper contract, lawyer, notary, banks, stock exchanges ...)
  18. 18. TOKENEVOLUTION… • Protocol level tokens (Bitcoin…) ... • Completely independent token ... • Security token, utility token … • … future: more legal structures….
  19. 19. BITCOIN
  20. 20. Tokenevolution… • Protocol level tokens ... • Completely independent token ... • Security token, utility token … • … future: more legal structures…. But: Will there be really novel value propositions?
  21. 21. CRYPTOECONOMY • A more onboarding, open economy? • No more “a few become really rich”? • Integrating economy that really supports cooperation?
  22. 22. Second: What is Blockchain in Science?
  23. 23. Science structure today? • Legacy structures • Centrality (data repositories, service providers) • Unlimited media breaches • Walled gardens/silos around business models • Admin efforts, artificial competions (grants…) • Lots of overhead • Only parts of the research process open • Control in hands of obscuring third parties
  24. 24. We are doing science! • Grown cultures • Science culture deeply intervened with society and individual´s lifes • Science is important & fun • We want to build something great and not just destroy stuff! BLOCKCHAIN for Science Wearedoingscience! • Grown cultures • Science culture deeply intervened with society and individual´s lifes • Science is important & fun • We want to build something great and not just destroy stuff!
  25. 25. Our enemy US AND OUR SCIENCE CULTURE #COMPL EX
  26. 26. What is different? • Open Science • Science 2.0 • Open Access • … This time science funding is affected!
  27. 27. RESEARCH CIRCLE
  28. 28. ACQUISITION • Research data in Blockchain database • Time stamped • Immutable • Blockchain / Real-world interface problem
  29. 29. BLOCKCHAINIFIED SCIENCE
  30. 30. TRUSTED HARDWARE
  31. 31. PROCESSING • Processing through smart contracts • Unchangeable • Provable processing trail
  32. 32. ANALYSIS • Smart evidence
  33. 33. NEW SUBJECT PRIVACY
  34. 34. RESEARCH DATA STORAGE • Decentralized cloud • 100% cryptography • Storage forever?
  35. 35. BLOCKCHAIN SECURED DATA STORAGE
  36. 36. PUBLICATION • Dynamic publications • Micro contributions • Standard peer-review “on the blockchain” • Incentivation for peer-review
  37. 37. SCIENCE FUNDING • Decentralized research marketplaces
  38. 38. FUNDING – first ICO in Science!
  39. 39. FUNDING • Create token for an idea • Continuous coin offerings • Grow with the project, share with your peers • Todays Crowdfunding <=> Tokens can be sold • The project should be ‘blockchain open’ • Value proposition ? Patent application ? …
  40. 40. Youth of ideas today... Sharing with peers Patent application Publication Commercializati on/ Grants
  41. 41. Youth of ideas blockchain world... Sharing with peers Patent application Publication Commercializati on/ Grants
  42. 42. SCIENCE FUNDING • Expertise systems … • Reputation systems… • Value flow … #COMPL EX
  43. 43. OPEN SCIENCE ECOSYSTEM • Expertise systems … • Reputation systems… • Value flow … #COMPL EX
  44. 44. PAIN POINTS
  45. 45. PAIN POINTS • Identity – Soverin ID – ORCID? – Can ORCID withstand economic pressure? – Traditional trusted third parties? – Social network for scientists?
  46. 46. PAIN POINTS • Technical setup ? – We have trusted third parties – No mining necessary – We already have the best mining BFS: Bitcoin – Combine different blockchains – Ongoing development – How much technical decentralization does science really need?
  47. 47. BUT: Brewer triangle / CAP - THEOREM Consistency Availability Decentralization
  48. 48. BUT: Brewer triangle / CAP - THEOREM Consistency Availability Decentralization
  49. 49. BUT: Brewer triangle / CAP - THEOREM Consistency Availability Decentralization
  50. 50. Supernodes Something at stake
  51. 51. “Trusted channels” e.g. through smart contracts that put something at stake, Negotiated, e.g. Ripples “State channels” Availability limited through how much they trust
  52. 52. PAIN POINTS • Technical setup – Combine many setups – Centralized, non blockchain services will co- exist, for ‘worthless’ transactions – Legal issues – Delegate proof-of-stake – Permissioned BC does not mean … @vldgunter @sherminvo
  53. 53. PAIN POINTS • System gamers • Trust in reserch results??? • UI challenges • Governance • Communication, wording, …
  54. 54. IMPLEMENTATION
  55. 55. And all the rest.. Collectively address the real issue of control and governance of public research. @protohedgehog
  56. 56. Let´s unslice the pie!
  57. 57. First international conference on Blockchain for Science and Knowledge creation 5th – 6th of November, Berlin www.blockchainforsciencecon.com List of Blockchain for Science projects Open Science Ecosystem Telegram
  58. 58. Ideas? • Ideas • Concepts • Observations • New sparks • New interpretations • Serendipities • ...

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