List of companion plants - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia                                                               ...
List of companion plants - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia                                                               ...
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Vegetables Companion Plant Table - Urbangrange


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Vegetables Companion Plant Table - Urbangrange

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Vegetables Companion Plant Table - Urbangrange

  1. 1. List of companion plants - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 1 of 3List of companion plantsFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaThis is a list of companion plant relationships. Many more are in list of beneficial weeds.The purpose of this list is to provide plants that assist in the growth of others, be it attracting beneficial insects, repelling harmful insects, providing nutrients or in some cases simply shade / support.Contents 1 Vegetables 2 Herbs 3 Flowers 4 Other 5 Trees 5.1 Apple 5.2 Apricot 5.3 Walnut 6 References 7 See alsoVegetables Vegetables Common Repels / scientific name Helps Helped by Attracts Avoid Comments name Distracts fruit trees, nightshades slugs, (tomatoes, peppers, aphids, beans, peas, Alliums include onions, garlic, leeks, shallots, chives,Alliums Allium potatoes, etc), carrots carrot fly, parsley and others brassicas (cabbage, cabbage broccoli, kohlrabi, worms[1] etc) carrots Aster Family flowers, Asparagus Dill ,Coriander, Tomatoes, Onion, Garlic,Asparagus Tomatoes Marigolds will deter beetles. officinalis Parsley, Basil, Comfrey, Potatoes Marigolds geraniums, dill, alliums mustards, (onions, shallots, garlic, nightshades Brassicas are a family of species which include broccoli,Brassicas Brassica etc), rosemary, nasturtium, (tomatoes, cabbage, brussels sprouts, kholrabi, and cauliflower. borage peppers, etc) Corn (see Three Tomatoes, chili Sisters), Spinach, peppers, lettuce, rosemary, sunflowers, summer savory, dill, California Hosts nitrogen-fixing bacteria, a good fertilizer for someBeans, Phaseolus Eggplant, Summer savory alliums (onions, carrots, brassicas, beetles plants, too much for others garlic, etc), kales beets, radish, (cabbage, strawberry and broccoli, etc) cucumbers Good for adding minerals to the soil through composting lettuce, kohlrabi, Runner or poleBeets, Beta Vulgaris Catnip, Garlic, Mint leafs which have up to 25% magnesium. Runner or pole onions and brassicas beans beans and beets stunt each others growth. geraniums, dill, alliums, Rosemary repels cabbage fly, geraniums trap cabbage worms, Brassica mustards,Broccoli rosemary, nasturtium, same general companion profile as all brassica (cabbage, oleracea Tomatoes, peppers borage kolhrabi, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, etc) mustards, Rosemary repels cabbage flies, geraniums trap cabbage Brassica geraniums, dill, alliums, Tomatoes, peppersCabbage worms, same general companion profile as all brassica oleracea rosemary strawberries, and (cabbage, kolhrabi, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, etc) pole/runner beans Tomatoes grow better with carrots, but may stunt the carrots growth. Beans (which are bad for tomatoes) provide the nitrogen carrots need more than some other vegetables. assassin bug, Aromatic companion plants repel carrot fly. Sage, rosemary, lacewing, and radishes are recommended by some as companion Tomatoes, Alliums alliums (leeks, shallots, parasitic wasp, Dill, parsnip, plants, but listed by others as incompatible. alliumsCarrots Daucus carota (onions, chives, etc), etc), rosemary, wormwood, yellow jacket radish interplanted with carrots confuse onion and carrot flies. For lettuce sage, beans, flax and other the beneficial insect-attracting properties of carrots to work, predatory they need to be allowed to flower; Otherwise, use the wild wasps carrot, Queen Annes Lace, for the same effect. Flax produces an oil that may protect root vegetables like carrots from some pests. corn, Aster Apium Cosmos, Daisies, flowers, these canCelery, graveolens Snapdragons transmit the aster yellows disease Sunflowers, legumes (beans, peas, soybeans etc), peanuts, curcubits (squash,Corn / provides beans with a trellis, is protected from predators and Zea mays beans cucumbers, melons, etc), Tomato, CeleryMaize dryness by cucurbits, in the three sisters technique amaranth, white geranium, lambs quarters, morning glory, parsley, and potato Nasturtiums, radishes, Cucumis Beneficial forCucumber marigolds, sunflowers peas, Tomato, Sage Sativus ground beetles beets, carrots, and Dill Common Repels / scientific name Helps Helped by Attracts Avoid Comments name Distracts SolanumEggplant Beans, Peppers Marigolds, tarragon, mints Runner beans Marigolds will deter nematodes. melongena cabbage Allium worms, Legumes (beans, Same companion traits as all alliums (onions, garlic, shallots,Leek ampeloprasum Celery, apple trees carrots aphids, peas, etc) chives, etc) v. porrum carrot fly, others Radish, Kohlrabi, beans, celery, cabbage, Mints (including hyssop, sage, and various "balms") repelLettuce Lactuca sativa carrots cress, parsley slugs, a bane of lettuce and cabbages Cabbage, Brassicaceae, cauliflower, radish, various same general companion profile as all brassica (cabbage,Mustard Sinapis alba brussels sprouts, pests kolhrabi, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, etc) turnips beans, black walnuts, corn, Nightshade plants include tomatoes, tobacco, chili carrots, alliums, mints fennel, dill,Nightshades Solanaceae peppers (including bell peppers), potatoes, eggplant, and (basil, oregano, etc) brassica (broccoli, others cabbage, cauliflower, etc) Common Repels / scientific name Helps Helped by Attracts Avoid Comments name Distracts Pepper plants like high humidity, which can be helped along by planting with some kind of dense-leaf or ground-cover beans, kale Solanaceae, themselves, tomatoes, geraniums, companion, like majoram and basil; they also need directPeppers (cabbage, brussels Capsicum marjoram petunias sunlight, but their fruit can be harmed by it...pepper plants sprouts, etc) grown together, or with tomatoes, can shelter the fruit from sunlight, and raises the humidity level. Tomatoes, Kales aphids, beans, peas, Same companion traits as all other alliums (chives, garlic,Onion Allium cepa (broccoli, cabbage, Carrots carrot fly, parsley, leeks shallots, leeks, etc) etc) other pests Sunflower, SolanumPotato Horseradish Tomato, horseradish increases the disease resistance of potatoes tuberosum Cucumber Spiders,Pumpkin Buckwheat, catnip, tansy, Flea Beetles are warded off by radishes, Curcurbita can be Curcurbita spp corn, beans GroundSquash radishes used in the three sisters technique Beetles SpinaciaSpinach Peas, Beans The peas and beans provide natural shade for the spinach oleracea Black walnut, basil, oregano, parsley, corn, fennel, peas, Black walnuts inhibit tomato growth, in fact they are carrots, marigold, Alliums, dill, potatoes, Solanum roses, peppers, asparagus allelopathic to all other nightshade plants (chili pepper,Tomatoes celery, Geraniums, beetroot, kales lycopersicum asparagus beetle potato, tobacco, petunia) as well, because it produces a Petunias, Nasturtium, (kohlrabi, chemical called juglone. Borage cabbage, etc), rosemary 2/25/2009
  2. 2. List of companion plants - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 2 of 3Herbs HerbsCommon name scientific name Helps Helped by Attracts Repels / Distracts Avoid Comments is said to make tomatoes taste better, tomato, peppers, oregano, chamomile, asparagus beetle, mosquitoes chamomile and anise are supposed toBasil Ocimum basilicum butterflies common rue, sage asparagus, petunias anise and flies increase the essential oils in many herbs like basil Almost everything, especially strawberry, Predatory insects, Borage is the magic bullet ofBorage Borago officinalis many pests cucurbits (cucumber, honeybees companion plants gourds), tomatoes Parasitic wasps, parasiticCaraway Carum carvi Strawberries flies Growing near herbs Matricaria Basil, Wheat, Onion,Chamomile Hoverflies, wasps will increase their recutita Cabbage, Cucumber oil production. loves shade, fortunately it grows well Anthriscus with shade-tolerant food plants; willChervil Radish, lettuce, broccoli aphids cerefolium make radishes grown near it taste spicierCilantro / Coriandrum spinach beans, peas tachinid fly aphidsCoriander sativum Apples, carrots, Same companion traits as all alliums tomatoes, brassica Allium cabbage worms, carrot fly, (onions, garlic, shallots, leeks, etc)chives (broccoli, cabbage, carrots beans, peas schoenoprasum aphids said to prevent apple scab after 3 mustard, etc), many years planting at base of apple trees othersCommon name scientific name Helps Helped by Attracts Repels / Distracts Avoid Comments Hoverflies, Wasps, Anethum Cabbages, Corn, Lettuce, Tomato Horn Worms, Aphids, spider mites, squash one of the few plants said to growDill carrots, tomatoes graveolens Onions, Cucumbers honeybees, Ichneumonid bugs, cabbage looper with fennel Wasps Fennel is allelopathic to most garden Foeniculum ladybugs, syrphid fly,Fennel Dill Dill aphids Almost everything plants, inhibiting growth, causing to vulgare tachinid fly bolt, or actually killing many plants Apple trees, Pear trees, Deters rabbits, same companion Aphids, cabbage looper, ants,Garlic Allium sativum Roses, Cucumbers, Peas, traits as all alliums (onions, chives, rabbits, cabbage maggot Lettuce, Celery shallots, leeks, etc) Brassica (cabbage, Cannabis sativa L. Repels many types of beetles whichHemp brussels sprouts, other subsp. sativa attack cabbages. kales) Hyssopus Cabbage moth larvae, CabbageHyssop Cabbage, grapes honeybees, butterflies Stimulates growth of grapes. officinalis Butterflies Is thought to improve the health of Levisticum Ichneumonid Wasps, almost all plants, like borage andLovage Almost all plants beans rhubarb officinale ground beetles (good) geraniums, is considered a "magic bullet" of companion planting provides ground cover and much- Tomatoes, peppers, manyOregano Origanum vulgare basil aphids needed humidity for pepper plants if other plants allowed to spread among themCommon name scientific name Helps Helped by Attracts Repels / Distracts Avoid Comments Brassica (cabbage, Repels cabbage flies, has same cabbage fly, ants, cabbagePeppermint Mentha piperita kholrabi, broccoli, and general companion properties as looper the other kales) other mints Rosmarinus sage, cabbage, beans, Deters cabbage flies, repels manyRosemary bean beetle officinalis carrots bean parasites cabbage flies, carrot fly, black rosemary, cabbage, honeybees, cabbage Deters cabbage flies, repels manySage Salvia officinalis flea beetle, cabbage looper, beans, carrots butterfly bean parasites cabbage maggot Artemisia Controls cabbage moths and malariaSouthernwood Fruit trees abrotanum mosquitoes. Controls ants and aphids, has sameSpearmint Mentha spicata ants, aphids general companion properties as other mints.Summer also delays germination of certain Satureja hortensis Green beans, onions,Savoury foul herbs flying insects(Ichneumonid Is reputed to generally repel insects beans, cucurbits Wasps), Japanese beetles, (except for nectar-eating types). ThisTansy Tanacetum vulgare (cucumbers, squash, etc), honeybees striped cucumber beetles, herb should not be consumed, as it is corn, roses squash bugs and ants quite toxic.Flowers Flowers Common Helped Latin Name Helps Attracts Repels / Distracts Avoid Comments Name by A trap crop, attracting pests away from roses and grape vines, distracts Pelargonium Roses, tomatoes, peppers, leafhoppers,Geraniums beet leafhoppers, carrier of the curly top virus, away from Solanaceous spp. grapes Japanese beetles plants like tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, and tobacco Marigolds are a wonder-drug of the companion plant world, invoking the most plants, especially saying "plant them everywhere in your garden". French marigolds Asteraceae tomatoes and peppers, nematodes, beet produce a pesticidal chemical from their roots, so strong it lasts yearsMarigold Calendula cucurbits (cucumbers, leaf hoppers, other after they are gone. Mexican marigolds do the same, but are so strong officinalis gourds, squash), brassicas pests they will inhibit the growth of some more tender herbs. Certain Varieties (broccoli, kale, cabbage) of marigolds (Tagetes) can help manage eelworms (Root-knot nematode) when planted the year before[1]. leafhoppers, cucurbits (squash, Petunia x Japanese beetles,Petunia pumpkins, cucumbers), Is a trap crop almost identical to geraniums in function hybrida aphids, asparagus asparagus beetle Many plants, especially cucurbits (melons, aphids, cabbage Tropaeolum cucumbers, gourds), beans, predatory looper, squash bug, radish, Both works as a trap crop for aphids, and studies say is among the best atNasturtium majus tomatoes, apple trees, insects white fly, cauliflower attracting predatory insects brassicas (broccoli, cabbage, cucumber beetles etc), radish Was grown as a companion for sunflowers before modern Europeans HelianthusSunflower corn, tomatoes aphids arrived in the Americas, supposedly increases their production, ants herd annuus aphids onto sunflowers, keeping them off neighboring plants sugar ants, cucurbits (cucumbers, Tanacetum Japanese beetles,Tansy squash, etc), raspberries and Toxic to many animals, dont plant it where livestock browse vulgare cucumber beetles, relatives, roses, corn squash bugs, mice predatory Achillea wasps, ladybugs, May increase the essential oil production of some herbs. Also improvesYarrow many plants millefolium hoverflies, soil quality, use the leaves to enrich compost, or as mulch. damselbugsOther Other Common Helped Repels / Latin Name Helps Attracts Avoid Comments Name by Distracts Medicago assassin bug, big-eyed bug, Used by farmers to reduce cotton pests, a good crop to improve soil; fixes nitrogen likeAlfalfa Cotton Lygus bugs sativa Ladybug, parastic wasps beans do. Also breaks up hardpan and other tough soil.TreesApple APPLE TREESCommon Name Latin Name Helps Helped by Attracts Repels / Distracts Avoid CommentsApple Malus domestica Clover, Chive, Garlic, Leek, Nasturtium, Southernwood 2/25/2009