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MARLEEN TEMMERMAN - HET IS NOG NIET IN DE ‘SACOCHE’

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Presentatie door Marleen Temmerman over vrouwenrechten op de Trefdag sociaal-cultureel werk op 22 november 2018.

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MARLEEN TEMMERMAN - HET IS NOG NIET IN DE ‘SACOCHE’

  1. 1. Vrouwen gezondheid en vrouwenrechten in een globale wereld Prof dr Marleen Temmerman SOCIUS 2018, GENT
  2. 2. Korte biografie • Opleiding: arts, gynaecologe, tropische geneeskunde en volksgezondheid • Academisch; Universiteiten Gent, Nairobi, ITG • Politiek: Senator • WHO Director Reproductive Health and Research • Aga Khan University, East Africa
  3. 3. University of Nairobi 1985- Prof Peter Piot, Ndinya-Achola, Job Bwayo
  4. 4. Onderzoeks agenda 1986 • Kunnen vrouwen besmet worden met het HIV virus? • En wat is het impact op zwangerschap en kind
  5. 5. Kenia 1985 • Bevolking: 22 miljoen • Groei 1.27% • Levensverwachting 47 jaar • Vruchtbaarheid 4.5 kind/vrouw • Zuigelingensterfte 68/1000 • HIV/AIDS 14% • Onder armoedegrens 42%
  6. 6. Tekort aan material en overbezette bedden
  7. 7. HIV onderzoek
  8. 8. Opleiding en onderzoek Pumwani Maternity Hospital
  9. 9. © Lieve Blancquaert
  10. 10. International Centre for Reproductive Health • A research centre established in 1994 in response to the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD, Cairo, 1994) • Multidisciplinary centre within Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at Gent University. • Focus on sexual and reproductive health and training • Satellite NGO in Kenya, Mozambique, South-Africa, Ruanda • WHO collaborating centre for research on sexual and reproductive health
  11. 11. Founding Director International Centre Reproductive Health 1994
  12. 12. 23
  13. 13. Growth of ICRH during the years 2000: projects and offices in Kenya, Mozambique, China,
  14. 14. ICRH is now a stable, professional organization, with a proven track record in research, while displaying social responsibility.
  15. 15. Coast General Hospital, Mombasa
  16. 16. OFFICIAL OPENING of the GBVRC, Mombasa First public hospital GBV clinic was opened on May 25th 2007; PPP GPGH and ICRH
  17. 17. GBVRC- CPGH • Medical exam & forms • Immediate trauma counseling, follow-up appointments • Lab tests, follow-up treatment if required • VCT and PEP; Emergency Contraception • Police statement & forms • Legal follow-up care • •
  18. 18. Community involvement
  19. 19. GBVRC 2017 • Over 7300 survivors • 85% women and girls • 80% under 18, more than half younger than 15 years old • 75 % neighbours or family • 169 court cases- 5 convictions
  20. 20. Filename
  21. 21. Filename
  22. 22. Filename
  23. 23. 40
  24. 24. WHO HQ Geneva
  25. 25. World Health Organisation • Human Reproduction and Family Planning • Adolescents and at risk groups • Maternal and Newborn Health • Violence against women and girls • Traditional Harmful Practices • STI/HIV • …
  26. 26. Quality of care in RMNCHealth Filename Tuncalp et al. Quality of Care for pregnant women and newborns- the WHO vision. BJOG 2015
  27. 27. "We will spare no effort to free our fellow men, women, and children from the abject and dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty, to which more than a billion of them are currently subjected." United Nations Millennium Declaration September 2000
  28. 28. Millenium Development Goals
  29. 29. The MDGs and the Global Strategy 2010-15 The UNSG’s 2015 progress report: • Health of women and children is now higher on the political agenda • Over 300 stakeholders from all constituencies made 400 commitments • US$45 billion in new financing, almost 60% (US$ 34.2 billion) disbursed • New global initiatives were launched • 1000 innovations have been selected and supported • More Research has been carried out • Landmark accountability framework for women and children’s health
  30. 30. MDG 5: Improving maternal health Since 1990 the global maternal mortality has dropped over 40%
  31. 31. No newborn born to die 303,000 die No child dying or stunted 2.7 million die Almost 9 almillion deaths of women and children, 6 million related to pregnancy and birth Progress slower than for child or maternal mortality At the end of the Millennium Development Goals era… No baby stillborn No woman should die while giving life 303,000 die 2.6 million die 2.7 million die 3.2 million die Almost 9 million deaths of women and children, 6 million related to pregnancy and birth
  32. 32. "Women are not dying of diseases we can't treat. ... They are dying because societies have yet to make the decision that their lives are worth saving.“ Mahmoud Fathalla
  33. 33. Two Key Interventions to save Women’s lives
  34. 34. IN 3 DEATHS COULD BE AVOIDED IF ALL WOMEN HAD ACCESS CONTRACEPTIVES
  35. 35. MATERNAL DEATHS 13% UNSAFE ABORTIONS 47,000 DEATHS ©PATH/EricBecker
  36. 36. Quality of care at Childbirth: a triple return on investment! Reducing Maternal and Newborn Mortality, preventing Stillbirths
  37. 37. REBIRTH 18,000 S IN 35 YEARS © PATH / Amy MacIver
  38. 38. GIRLS AND WOMEN LOST THEIR LIVES 72DUE TO PREGNANCY AND BIRTH COMPLICATIONS d © PATH / Eric Becker
  39. 39. MDG 5: Improving maternal healthMaternal mortality has nearly halved since 1990 Filename 26 16 400 210 870 430 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Maternalmortalityrate More developed countries Global Least developed countries
  40. 40. Boeken en verhalen
  41. 41. The AKU East-Africa Centre of Excellence for Women and Child Health
  42. 42. Aga Khan University Hospital
  43. 43. The AKU East-Africa Centre of Excellence for Women and Child Health
  44. 44. • Training effective and relevant health care professionals, capable of leadership at all levels of the health system. • Appropriate models for clinical care and planning for national, regional and global policy in RMNCH. • Appropriate, cutting edge research and advocacy to promote effective interventions in urban and rural settings, as well as probing the frontiers of knowledge. • Appropriate models for monitoring and evaluation to support progress in RMNCH. Centre of Excellence in Women and Child Health, including Adolescent Health
  45. 45. Partnerships
  46. 46. Yes, we can, if we care! “ It takes two to make a child but a village to raise a child”. We are all part of that global village!
  47. 47. Marleen Temmerman Fund at Ghent University The Marleen Temmerman Fund will help to structure and attract donations that will benefit projects such as • Gender based Violence in Mombasa, Kenya • Family Planning programs in many African sites • An Internship Programme for African researchers More information and online donations: www.fondsmarleentemmerman.ugent.bewww.fondsmar leentemmerman.ugent.be www.fondsmarleentemmerman.ugent.be

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